Mental health and suicide: from the 19th century to present


(Matt Flores, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Cristiene Neta de Sá Araújo, a second semester medicine student at the Federal
University of Maranhão campus Pinheiro. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

Produced in the nineteenth century by the artist Goethe, the book “Young Werther’s Sufferings” shows how mental issues of unrequited love can lead an individual to irreversible consequences such as the act of suicide. Not unlike today, what has is observed today is a society that is mentally ill and disturbed by dynamism, thus constituting a striking feature of contemporary times.

According to the World Health Organization: Health is not restricted to just the absence of pathology, but a state of harmony between the physical, social and mental state of the individual. The implementation of the Unified Health System (SUS), based on the principles of comprehensiveness, equity and universality, allowed individuals to have greater access to health services in Brazil. Concomitant with the other services available, mental health services have been widely sought throughout the country, requiring improvements and more accessible forms for the population.

Not unlike the Brazilian scenario, the city of Pinheiro found in the interior of Maranhão, also feels the lack of measures that allow the population access to mental health services, since the suicide cases of depression are have accentuated in the region. According to WHO records, suicide annually accounts for 1 million deaths, equivalent to 1.4% of all deaths. This fact is often a reflection of mental health issues, which for many reasons are have ignored by the majority of the population, and the performance of social insurance, social assistance and health policies, reaffirming the State’s obligation to provide assistance universal, public and free medical care at all levels of complexity under decentralized and participatory management.

Given the current situation of the population of Pinheiro, lacking comprehensive health care, which requires greater financial and professional investment in the mental health of residents. Regarding mental health as a primordial component for the realization of social life, health services such as CAPS (Center for Psychosocial Care) and centers for the integration of people with fragile mental health are indispensable in the city of Pinheiro. Thus, to ensure access to mental health services, there is a need for established relationships between the agencies responsible for health delivery, allied to other health sectors in Brazil, thus establishing a strong relationship between the components involved in the mental health issue of health. pinewood population.

It is important to advance in the construction of a policy that allows involving the mental health of Brazilians. Finally, the time has come for modern society to understand young Werther’s true suffering as a feature of 21st century society.


1-INVESTIMENTO em saúde mental devem aumentar para atender as necessidades atuais das Américas. OPAS/OMS Brasil, 2018. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16, out 2019.

2- LOUREIRO, adeilson; MARIA, Sônia et al. Suicídio. Saber, agir e prevenir, 2017 Disponível em:–ao-a-sa–de.pdf. Acesso em: 16, out 2019.


3- CYNTHIA, karenn; MARINHO, Julia; LAMAS, Laura et al. O cuidado no CAPS numa região de saúde maranhense, 2018. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16, out 2019.


4- D’ECA, aurean; SANTOS, livia; PINHEIRO, edivaldo et al. Mortalidade por suicídio na população brasileira, 1996-2015: qual é a tendência predominate?, 2019. Artigo orinal. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16, out 2019.

About the author

Cristiene Neta de Sá Araújo is a second semester medicine student at the Federal
University of Maranhão campus Pinheiro. She is currently part of the Local Board of
Publication, Research and Extension of the UFMA-Pinheiro committee affiliated to
IFMSA Brazil. Binder of the Primary Care Academic League, LAABS. Passionate about
literature and admirer of science. 








the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

The next Google in biotech: will it be Chinese?

Italy should boost spending and strengthen cooperation and integration of employment services to help more people into work

JADE Testimonial #2: Jacques @ Process mapping

Federalist EU ‘naively’ believes Washington shares her TTIP high fever

World-famous cultural institutions closed due to coronavirus are welcoming virtual visitors

Economic growth ‘exceeds expectations’ but trade tensions are rising: UN report

European Energy Union: Integration of markets and need for in-house energy production

OECD presents revised Codes on capital flows to G20

Brexit: Is there anybody supporting a non-violent separation?

An open letter from business to world leaders: “Be ambitious, and together we can address climate change”

EU security and defence industry prepares positions for ‘producers’ and ‘customers’

Thousands risk lives fleeing fighting in Syria’s last ISIL stronghold

Markets can accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy

Coronavirus: Commission presents practical guidance to ensure continuous flow of goods across EU via green lanes

‘Reasons to hope’ for sustainable peace in Central African Republic – UN Mission chief

Commission presents review of EU economic governance and launches debate on its future

WEF Davos 2016 LIVE: Banking moguls continue brandishing financial Armageddon to intimidate us all but in Davos they worry about the very distant future

Here’s what a Korean boy band can teach us about globalization 4.0

Nearly three million more displaced year-on-year, warns refugee agency chief, but solutions are within reach

3 ways blockchain can revolutionize global supply chains

Commission’s report shows that targeted investment and robust digital policies boost Member States’ performance

Immigrants make good entrepreneurs. This study proves it

Getting African Women into the Boardroom

3 steps to making multistakeholder partnerships a powerful force

Creating shared value: an opportunity and challenge for entrepreneurship

Insurer CEOs Reveal Marketing Strategies that Communicate the True Value of Insurance Products & Services to the Customer

MEPs reject making EU regional funding dependent on economic targets

Here are three technology trends changing the way you travel

75 years after Auschwitz liberation, antisemitism still threatens ‘foundations of democratic societies’

What does global health translate into?

Impact investment favours expats over African entrepreneurs. Here’s how to fix that

Robot inventors are on the rise. But are they welcomed by the patent system?

What we know about the Wuhan coronavirus and urgent plans to develop a vaccine

Polluted lungs: health in the center of environment discussion

Thomas Cook bankruptcy: Better consumer and employee protection needed

The Americans are preparing for the next financial crisis

Rare earths are the new battlefront in the US-China trade war. But what are they?

The challenges of the universalization of the health system in Brazil. What can we change?

Strawberries and child support; a Thai partnership

Despite progress towards peace, Afghanistan facing ‘daunting challenges’ ahead of presidential vote

UN calls for action to tackle ‘ubiquitous but invisible’ global road safety crisis

COP21 Breaking News_04 December: Commitments Made to Reduce Black Carbon, Methane and HFCs

The movement of anti-vaccers: taking humanity back 200 years

Pedro Sánchez: We must protect Europe, so Europe can protect its citizens

Multilateralism’s ‘proven record of service’ is focus of first-ever International Day

The Czech economy is thriving but boosting skills and productivity and transitioning to a low-carbon productive model is vital to sustainable and inclusive growth

A day in the life of a refugee: We should be someone who helps

Global aid appeal targets more than 93 million most in need next year

State aid: Commission invites comments on simplified rules for State aid combined with EU support

5 ways to integrate Syrian refugees into the workforce

Global Citizen – Volunteer Internships

VW emissions scandal: EU unable to protect its consumers against large multinationals

Poland: €676 million worth of EU investments in better rails and roads

The European Sting live from the World Economic Forum 2015 in Davos

South Africa’s economy in 5 charts

What can we do about the crisis in trust in public institutions?

Why is Merkel’s Germany so liberal with the refugees? Did the last elections change that?

New labour laws in Qatar benefiting migrant workers a ‘momentous step forward’: ILO

Yemen: 11 more ‘terrible, senseless’ civilian deaths reported, following attack in Sana’a – top UN official

Sacrifice of fallen ‘blue helmet’ to be honoured with UN’s highest peacekeeping award

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s