UN member states express their will to tackle global migration but specific actions are still missing

Summit for Refugees and Migrants, Signing Ceremony of UN-IOM Agreement During the opening of the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants, Secretary-General Ban-Ki Moon seated right) and William Lacy Swing (seated left), Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), sign the agreement to make the IOM a Related Organization of the UN. Date: 19/09/2016. Location: United Nations, New York. Copyright © 2016 United Nations. Photo:Rick Bajornas

Last Monday the world leaders convened at the UN’s summit in New York and adopted the New York Declaration for Migrants and Refugees; a document that contains commitments about dealing with the global issue of the large movements of refugees and migrants around the globe. All 193 countries have agreed to share global responsibility in order to address the migration crisis and save lives while protecting human rights.

This is the first UN summit to target migration but its commitments are not legally binding for the member states, something that creates some doubts about whether it will substantially contribute towards a better management of the refugee flows.

The U.S. President mentioned yesterday during his last speech at the UN General Assembly that there is a need for a “course correction” in order not to allow migration to be the reason for border closures and abandonment of the most vulnerable people.

New York Declaration at a glance

The commitments that were signed between the heads of governments include the protection of human rights and refugees while ensuring that all migrant children will receive education within a short period of their arrival. The prevention of sexual and gender-based violence and the support of countries that host a great number of migrants are among the actions that all parties pledged to implement.

Furthermore, more emphasis will be given to the positive contributions made by migrants to the economic and social development of their host countries. Particularly, Ban Ki-Moon, United Nations Secretary-General, stated on the issue that: “Refugees and migrants are not to be seen as a burden; they offer great potential, if only we unlock it”.

Another main commitment is the condemnation of xenophobia against refugees and migrants and the creation of a global campaign that will be able to face it. However, the link between the migration crisis and terrorism, especially in Europe, could make this goal hard to achieve while extreme right parties are becoming more popular and gaining more and more power in the Old Continent.

Obama cries out for help

The day after the UN Summit, a Leader’s Summit on the Global Refugee Crisis took place where the US president urged all countries to provide additional aid to migrants. More specifically, Barack Obama stated that: “Together, now, we have to open our hearts and do more to help refugees who are desperate for a home”.

The global refugee crisis was characterized by the US president as “the most urgent test of our time”, showing the humanitarian and security challenge that the world is facing. This crisis could be dealt only if collective actions are taken. However, the words of the US President, even if they may have strong influence on many states, sound quite void as his incumbency is soon coming to an end.

EU hopes on NY Declaration and EU-Turkey deal

Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council, expressed his wish that the commitments of the New York Declaration will be the tool to tackle the influx of refugees globally. Donald Tusk also mentioned that the EU’s aim is to restore order on its external border which together with the previewed financial assistance for those in need will reduce the number of refugees coming to the EU.

However, the EU’s objective seems quite promising at the moment when is struggling to stabilise the migration agreement signed with Turkey last March or one of its hotspots in Moria, Lesvos burns to ashes in one single night amidst migrant riots. Moreover, the EU Summit which took place last Friday in Bratislava was not successful on migration. The Italian Prime Minister was not pleased by the fact that nothing was achieved as far as the refugee crisis is concerned and Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Czech Republic (Visegrad Group) refused to commit to any mechanism that could force them to receive refugees.

NY Declaration short in specific plans

The Declaration contains plans on how its commitments could be implemented and address the large movements of refugees and migrants. Those consist of a process of negotiations that is going to start this year and lead to the adoption of a Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular migration in 2018 at an intergovernmental conference. What is more, there are some guidelines developed on how migrants in vulnerable situations should be treated, supporting the foundation of the Declaration’s commitments.

All in all, the UN’s Summit that was concluded two days ago together with the signing of the New York Declaration was certainly the commencement of setting the fundamentals to address the fundamental challenges of human mobility in the world. The document though still needs a more thorough planning with possibly legally binding commitments for the parties at stake in order to be able to tackle the root causes of this plaguing humanitarian issue.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Brexit: MEPs concerned over reported UK registration plans for EU27 citizens

Iraq protests: UN calls for national talks to break ‘vicious cycle’ of violence

MEPs criticise “America first” policy

A clean energy future with hydrogen could be closer than we think

EU Summit/Migration: Parliament calls for joint solutions based on solidarity

Capital markets selloff: The financial moguls send messages to monetary authorities

The banks dragged Eurozone down to fiscal abyss

Guatemala: UN anti-corruption body will continue working, as Constitutional Court blocks Government expulsion

How COVID-19 might help us win the fight against climate change

CLIMATE CHANGE FOCUS: The fruits of sustainability and decent work

EU-US Trade: European Commission endorses rebalancing duties on US products

Coronavirus: a common approach for safe and efficient mobile tracing apps across the EU

Catalysing change for gender equality, co-authored by two United Nations Under-Secretary Generals

EU27 leaders unite on Brexit Guidelines ahead of “tough negotiations” with Theresa May

New Eurobarometer Survey: Protecting the environment and climate is important for over 90% of European citizens

These EU countries have the most government debt

The five stages of the Chief Digital Officer – and why they often fail

A record one million Syrians displaced over six months, during six key battles: UN investigators

Reduce costs, save lives: how healthcare data can help emerging economies

Is there a way out of the next financial crisis? Can more printed money or austerity save us all?

Malta: investigation risks being compromised while Prime Minister is in office

Why Eurozone needs a bit more inflation

My disability, my identity

China repels EU allegations of export subsidies

Coronavirus: a Disease that spreads as fastly as its fake news

After Brexit and Grexit, Brussels to deal with Poloust

ILO discusses world of work response to global refugee crisis

At last some rules on banks

UN agency chief calls Ethiopia’s revised refugee law ‘one of most progressive’ in Africa

At last Britain considers a super-soft Brexit

State aid: Commission approves €20 billion Spanish guarantee schemes for companies and self-employed affected by coronavirus outbreak

Security Council should ‘nurture’ Colombian consensus against return to violence, top UN official urges

Want a more inclusive society? Start with mobility

The Commission accused of tolerating corruption and fraud in taxation

Energy: EU priority projects should be aligned with 2050 climate objectives

COP21 Breaking News_03 December: Argentina Accepts KP Amendment

MWC 2016 LIVE: Mobile has power to tame transaction fees – PayPal CEO

Working from home? Here are 5 tips for a more human digital experience

MEPs urge EU states to ensure better care of transported animals

Will ECB win against low inflation by not following Quantitave Easing?

Global health challenges require global medical students

New roadmap toward healthier and cleaner oceans adopted by UN Environment and European Commission

How to stop data leaks

New research reveals the true extent of corruption in fisheries

Data is the oil of the digital world. What if tech giants had to buy it from us?

As Saudi women take the wheel, UN chief hopes end of driving ban creates more opportunities for kingdom’s women and girls

Consumer protection: Deal on EU-wide rules for those sold faulty products

Renewed pressures on Berlin to adopt growth policies

The Great Reset after COVID-19 must put people first

Boosting the EU’s green recovery: Commission invests €1 billion in innovative clean technology projects

Syria: UN chief warns Idlib offensive may set off ‘humanitarian catastrophe’

3 ways to fight short-termism and relaunch Europe

Preparing for developing countries the ‘Greek cure’

Ozone on track to heal completely in our lifetime, UN environment agency declares on World Day.

Will the outcome of the UK referendum “calm” the financial markets?

The impact of mobile and rapid digital adoption on how India consumes

We must treat cybersecurity as a public good. Here’s why

Two States ‘side-by-side’ is the ‘peaceful and just solution’ for Israel-Palestine conflict: Guterres

Can privatisation be the panacea for the lack of growth in Europe?

UN forum spotlights cities, where struggle for sustainability ‘will be won or lost’

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s