UN member states express their will to tackle global migration but specific actions are still missing

Summit for Refugees and Migrants, Signing Ceremony of UN-IOM Agreement During the opening of the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants, Secretary-General Ban-Ki Moon seated right) and William Lacy Swing (seated left), Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), sign the agreement to make the IOM a Related Organization of the UN. Date: 19/09/2016. Location: United Nations, New York. Copyright © 2016 United Nations. Photo:Rick Bajornas

Last Monday the world leaders convened at the UN’s summit in New York and adopted the New York Declaration for Migrants and Refugees; a document that contains commitments about dealing with the global issue of the large movements of refugees and migrants around the globe. All 193 countries have agreed to share global responsibility in order to address the migration crisis and save lives while protecting human rights.

This is the first UN summit to target migration but its commitments are not legally binding for the member states, something that creates some doubts about whether it will substantially contribute towards a better management of the refugee flows.

The U.S. President mentioned yesterday during his last speech at the UN General Assembly that there is a need for a “course correction” in order not to allow migration to be the reason for border closures and abandonment of the most vulnerable people.

New York Declaration at a glance

The commitments that were signed between the heads of governments include the protection of human rights and refugees while ensuring that all migrant children will receive education within a short period of their arrival. The prevention of sexual and gender-based violence and the support of countries that host a great number of migrants are among the actions that all parties pledged to implement.

Furthermore, more emphasis will be given to the positive contributions made by migrants to the economic and social development of their host countries. Particularly, Ban Ki-Moon, United Nations Secretary-General, stated on the issue that: “Refugees and migrants are not to be seen as a burden; they offer great potential, if only we unlock it”.

Another main commitment is the condemnation of xenophobia against refugees and migrants and the creation of a global campaign that will be able to face it. However, the link between the migration crisis and terrorism, especially in Europe, could make this goal hard to achieve while extreme right parties are becoming more popular and gaining more and more power in the Old Continent.

Obama cries out for help

The day after the UN Summit, a Leader’s Summit on the Global Refugee Crisis took place where the US president urged all countries to provide additional aid to migrants. More specifically, Barack Obama stated that: “Together, now, we have to open our hearts and do more to help refugees who are desperate for a home”.

The global refugee crisis was characterized by the US president as “the most urgent test of our time”, showing the humanitarian and security challenge that the world is facing. This crisis could be dealt only if collective actions are taken. However, the words of the US President, even if they may have strong influence on many states, sound quite void as his incumbency is soon coming to an end.

EU hopes on NY Declaration and EU-Turkey deal

Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council, expressed his wish that the commitments of the New York Declaration will be the tool to tackle the influx of refugees globally. Donald Tusk also mentioned that the EU’s aim is to restore order on its external border which together with the previewed financial assistance for those in need will reduce the number of refugees coming to the EU.

However, the EU’s objective seems quite promising at the moment when is struggling to stabilise the migration agreement signed with Turkey last March or one of its hotspots in Moria, Lesvos burns to ashes in one single night amidst migrant riots. Moreover, the EU Summit which took place last Friday in Bratislava was not successful on migration. The Italian Prime Minister was not pleased by the fact that nothing was achieved as far as the refugee crisis is concerned and Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Czech Republic (Visegrad Group) refused to commit to any mechanism that could force them to receive refugees.

NY Declaration short in specific plans

The Declaration contains plans on how its commitments could be implemented and address the large movements of refugees and migrants. Those consist of a process of negotiations that is going to start this year and lead to the adoption of a Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular migration in 2018 at an intergovernmental conference. What is more, there are some guidelines developed on how migrants in vulnerable situations should be treated, supporting the foundation of the Declaration’s commitments.

All in all, the UN’s Summit that was concluded two days ago together with the signing of the New York Declaration was certainly the commencement of setting the fundamentals to address the fundamental challenges of human mobility in the world. The document though still needs a more thorough planning with possibly legally binding commitments for the parties at stake in order to be able to tackle the root causes of this plaguing humanitarian issue.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

EP leaders call for negotiations on upgraded Transparency Register to continue

Three scenarios for the future of geopolitics

UN honours peacekeepers who ‘paid the ultimate price’, for the sake of others

UN anti-corruption body in Guatemala rebuts government’s reasons for expulsion order

The European Sting @ the European Business Summit 2014 – Where European Business and Politics shape the future

New UN bullying report calls for ‘safe, inclusive’ schools for all children

Only the Americans are unhappy with the ceasefire agreement in eastern Ukraine

“A divided Europe is not in China’s interests”, Ambassador Zhang of the Chinese Mission to EU welcomes Brussels

Global aid needed for healthcare

Rich economies not a promise of education equality, new report finds

Development aid drops in 2018, especially to neediest countries

How Hawaii plans to be the first US state to run entirely on clean energy

Have central banks missed the exit train?

Intel @ European Business Summit 2014: Better decisions now, the new business dashboard 

EU budget 2021-2027: Commission calls on leaders to set out a roadmap towards an autumn agreement

Assassinations in Ethiopia amidst regional ‘coup’ attempt, condemned by UN chief

Facilitating the access to finance and risk capital for SMEs and midcaps

EU Commission – US hasten talks to avoid NGO reactions on free trade agreement

Worldwide terror attacks have fallen for the third year in a row

Utmost hypocrisy emitted by EU’s energy regulation

‘Complacency is still strong’ over stopping genocide, says top UN adviser

6 ways to future-proof universities

EU Parliament and Council: Close to agreement on the bank resolution mechanism

Summertime Consultation: 84% want Europe to stop changing the clock

Press conference by EC Vice-Presidents Valdis Dombrovskis (left) and Jyrki Katainen, on the Commission's proposals in the framework of the financial union (Source: EC Audiovisual Services / Copyright: EU, 2018 / Photo by Georges Boulougouris)

EU Finance ministers agree on new banking capital rules and move closer to Banking Union

Here are three ways blockchain can change refugees’ lives

This is why Dutch teenagers are among the happiest in the world

De-escalation of fighting in Hodeida is key to ‘long-overdue’ restart of Yemen peace talks: UN envoy

The EU wants to create 10 million smart lampposts

This Japanese company pays its employees to get a good night’s sleep

Scientists are growing meat on blades of grass

5 ways to fast-track the transition to a carbon neutral world

The fatal consequences of troika’s blind austerity policy

Halt death sentences on children, UN rights expert urge Saudi authorities

Lack of investment and ambition means Youth Guarantee not reaching potential

EU-U.S. Trade Talks: European Commission presents draft negotiating mandates

COP21 Breaking News_12 December: 195 countries adopt the First Universal Climate Agreement

Can ECB’s €60 billion a month save Eurozone?

How the diaspora is helping Venezuela’s migration crisis

EU and China seize momentum to enhance trade agreements in response to Trump’s administration

A refugee from Syria cries out: “I’m not just a number!”

Juncker Investment Plan for Europe welcomed by European Youth Forum

Tropical Cyclone Idai affects 1.5 million across Mozambique and Malawi, as UN ramps up response

Microsoft says the internet is getting a little nicer

Lithuania should find its own way in the EU

Brexit uncertainty keeps shaking the world’s financial markets

Will the EU ever tackle the migration crisis despite the lack of political will?

Supercomputing could solve the world’s problems, and create many more

The Sting’s Values

‘Step backwards’ for Bosnia’s autonomous Serb region as assembly reneges on Srebrenica genocide report

The US and EU decisively oppose Erdogan’s plans for Turkey and beyond

“We need to accelerate our negotiation on the China-EU Investment Treaty”, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang highlights from the 21st EU-China summit in Brussels

This AI outperformed 20 corporate lawyers at legal work

Quality Education on the table at the European Parliament

‘We are nowhere closer’ to Israeli-Palestinian peace deal, than a year ago, Security Council hears

Currency Union might not let an independent Scotland join the EU as the “Yes” front now leads

MEPs take stock of the EU’s foreign, security and defence policy priorities

Some Prevailing Arguments and Perceptions over the South China Sea Issue Are Simply Wrong

‘Climate change is the battle of my life’, UN chief tells students living on the frontline in Fiji

Syrians ‘exposed to brutality every day’ as thousands continue fleeing ISIL’s last stand

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s