Post the EU’s mild and “comme il faut” joined declaration earlier this morning, the UN Secretary General, HE Mr Ban Ki-moon, arrived to the International Media Center with one aim, to heat up the discourse at the G20 Leaders Summit in Antalya right from the beginning.
Comprehensive plan to dismantle terrorism
The Secretary General, in contrast to the EU leaders who made a very “diplomatic” and soft introduction earlier, this afternoon proved to be the audacious and brave maestro who gave the strictest tone to his “orchestra”. Words like “no Grievance or cause can justify such a violence!”, “terrorism is a threat to all human kind” certainly set the grounds for what was about to follow in his vibrating speech. Referring obviously to the deadliest Paris attacks of last Friday, Mr Ban Ki-moon added to that horrific coordinated barbarism that “in Beirut and Baghdad dozens of people have been killed” during the last few days as well.
“Our response needs to be robust (long pause) but always within the rule of law and with respect for human rights”, “otherwise we will only find the fire we are trying to put out”, the UN leader left no ambiguity in his words. Apparently the UN is examining a rough reaction to demolish global terrorism via a “UN comprehensive plan of action”, as he described he would present soon to the Security Council of the organisation.
Later Mr Ban Ki-moon, tried to release the tension of his bold statement: “at this time of heightened tension I caution against the action that will only perpetuate the hatred and violence”. This means that the UN will indeed take a decisive action that can possibly and not exclusively include a dynamic and bold engagement in the very near future while at the same time forcing “accurate surgical incisions” to the complex global issue.
Paris Climate Conference
Following his first crucial point on counter-terrorism action, the UN Secretary General did not omit to make a reference to the upcoming very important UN Climate Change Conference that is taking place in a couple of weeks from now in Paris. He then, as it was expected, provided the audience of the Press Briefing Conference Room 1 of the International Media Center here at G20 in Antalya with a glimpse of UN’s tactics in the upcoming highest possible climate conference in the world.
The Secretary General cited “4 elements of success” for the high-level Paris UN Climate meeting: “durability, flexibility, solidarity and credibility”. Durability refers to the clear signal that Paris meeting needs to bring to the markets that “low carbon is inevitable and beneficial”. Flexibility, according to the UN leader, means that the agreement to be cut at the end of the Climate Conference should strike a good balance in the global economy.
Third, the UN imposes that the way to climate change encompasses a great deal of solidarity, as they will have to implement a comprehensive technology transfer aid towards developing countries. Last, but not least, Mr Ban Ki-moon envisages the new climate agreement to be ruled by a strong monitoring mechanism.”We are on a path of low carbon economy as science demands”, the Secretary General of the United Nations concluded the climate section of his dynamic speech with.
Resolving refugee crisis
Everybody expected at the room Mr Ban Ki-moon’s position and declaration on the unprecedented refugee crisis that puzzles the world. The Secretary General described this as the “biggest crisis of forced displacement since the second World War. “This is not only a crisis of numbers; it is a crisis of global solidarity”, the powerful diplomat highlighted.
He further elaborated by adding: “I pay tribute to Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon for hosting over 4 million Syrian refugees”…”we must ensure the support to these other countries accommodating the raising numbers of refugees”…”I strongly appeal to European countries to finance the cost of refugee flows” and I “urge G20 Leaders to hear the global call for a recovery plan”. It was with crystal clear words thus that the UN Secretary General pointed towards a global cooperation for the solution to the “global mobility” phenomenon.
Consequently, the Syrian crisis issue was brought to his table as well. The UN leader kept on repeating that “reaching a settlement for Syria should be a top priority”. Openly he also commended the US Secretary of State Mr Kerry and Russia’s foreign affairs minister, Mr Sergey Lavrov, and all the others involved in the Vienna talks to resolve peacefully the Syrian crisis. Mr Ban Ki-moon then supported emphatically a nationwide ceasefire in Syria and he described the present moment as a “rare moment to end violence and find solution”. The efforts being put need to be “coordinated”.
“Strong actions in the name of humanity”, was certainly a phrase that set fire on the audience of the IMC earlier this afternoon at G20 as it is a statement that leaves wide open possibilities for a possible dynamic intervention. The next sentence was even bolder and it went like that: “we are working very hard to present the comprehensive plan of action to combat violent extremism and terrorism at the General Assembly of the UN”.
“I sincerely hope leaders will be united this time!”. It needs to be utterly underscored that the last sentence of the Mr Ban Ki-moon was accompanied by a strong hand gesture with his fist that signifies power and strength in all cultures.
Reforms in the UN
Answering to a stimulating question from the public, the UN Secretary General admitted that the Security Council needs to be reformed in a more “democratic” and “representative” way. He also expressed his firm belief though that 5 most prominent members of the UN Council have already started taking more inclusive and balanced decisions and actions by giving as example the “good agreement”, as he described the Iran Nuclear deal.
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