Emotional control and introspectivity in times of pandemic

introspective

(Andrik Langfield, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Mr. Augusto Antônio da Fonseca Neto, student of Medicine at the State University of Rio Grande do Norte – UERN, located in the city of Mossoró. He is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


Recently the world has suffered from a pandemic explosion that spread from the Asian continent, specifically in China, to the rest of the planet with great speed and lethality, factors that in themselves caused great commotion and fear for society ¹. Notwithstanding, countless doubts, as well as uncertainties regarding the evolution, treatment and prognosis have led health entities, such as the World Health Organization, to institute and advocate social isolation with as little contact as possible, in order to reduce the spread of the virus that causes the disease ².

Thus, social isolation, extremely strict in some countries, added to the alarming mortality, raises the important and necessary concern with the mental health of individuals who maintain isolation, restricting daily life to confinement at home ³. Thus, this fact raises the discussion about the measures to be taken to overcome situations of impaired mental health, which can lead to anxiety, panic, compulsive disorders and even depressive conditions, facts well elucidated by Freud in his studies on psychoanalysis 4.

In this sense, strengthening measures of emotional control in the face of introspective in times of pandemic is extremely necessary and effective. Adopting practices that stimulate reasoning and logic are very well commented in the literature, since they stimulate the cognitive center, fight the degeneration of the neural cortex and hippocampus like Alzheimer’s, in addition to avoiding depression and compulsive disorders 5,6. Therefore, it is interesting to play board games, puzzles, cards and more, since they combat idleness associated with isolation, stimulate neuronal synapses and enhance mental health 7.

Furthermore, in addition to measures that stimulate cognition, it is worth highlighting other practices that support the maintenance of mental health in the face of social isolation and distance. Among them, reading 8, music 9 and physical activities 10, very effective practices for stimulating the limbic system, whose benefit is the release of neurotransmitters that modulate the reward system of the cerebral cortex, leading to the sensation of pleasure for an achievement and happiness 11. Thus, in addition to combating depressive and anxious signs, such actions as physical practices are effective in preventing and controlling diseases with high blood pressure, diabetes and dyslipidemia, as well as improving quality of life and health.

Therefore, adopting measures that improve mental health are essential to get around the current period. It is up to the individual, then, to recognize the practice that is most comfortable for him, such as reading a book, listening to music, practicing physical activity or playing reasoning games, in order to fill the free time gaps with measures that support emotional control. Such measures corroborate the maintenance of mental health, combating signs of depression and anxiety for the period that extends with social isolation.

References

  1. Aghagoli G, Gallo Marin B, Soliman LB, Sellke FW. Cardiac involvement in COVID‐19 patients: Risk factors, predictors, and complications: A review. J Card Surg. 2020;1–4. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocs.14538.
  2. World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19): situation report – 70. 2020. https://www.who.int/docs/default‐ source/coronaviruse/situation‐reports/20200330‐sitrep‐70‐covid‐19. pdf?sfvrsn=7e0fe3f8_4. Accessed 20 April 2020.
  3. Patel V, Chisholm D, Parikh R, Charlson FJ, Degenhardt L, Dua T, Ferrari AJ, Hyman S, Laxminarayan R, Levin C, et al. Addressing the burden of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders: key messages from Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition. Lancet. 2016;387(10028):1672–85.
  4. Freud, S. (1917 [1916-17]). Introductory Conferences on Psychoanalysis. In: Freud, S. Standard Brazilian edition of complete psychological works by Sigmund Freud. v. 16. Rio de Janeiro: Imago, 1990, p. 287-539.
  5. Guest, C. P. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Proteomics, Metabolomics, Interactomics and Systems Biology. Laboratory of Neuroproteomics. Department of Biochemistry and Tissue Biology. Institute of Biology. Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-42667-5.
  6. Pereira AC, Carvalho MC, Padovan CM. Both serotonergic and noradrenergic systems modulate the development of tolerance to chronic stress in rats with lesions of the serotonergic neurons of the median raphe nucleus. Behavioural Brain Research http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2017.06.037.
  7. Feuerstein, R. Beyond intelligence: mediated learning and the brain’s ability to change / Refael S. Feurestein, Louis H. Falik; foreword by John D. Bransford; translated by Aline Kaehler. – Petrópolis, RJ: Vozes, 2014.
  8. Bear MF, Connors BW, Paradiso MA. Neurosciences: unraveling the nervous system. 3rd. ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2008, 857p.
  9. Batista NS, Ribeiro MC. The use of music as a therapeutic resource in mental health. Rev Ter Ocup Univ São Paulo. 2016 Sep.-Dec.; 27 (3): 336-41.
  10. Kohl, H. W., Craig, C. L., Lambert, E. V., Inoue, S., Alkandari, J. R., Leetongin, G., … & Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. (2012)The pandemic of physical inactivity: global action for public health. The Lancet380(9838), 294-305.
  11. De Martino B, Kumaran D, Seymour B, Dolan RJ. Frames, biases, and rational decision-making in the human brain. Science Magazzine. 2006;313:684-87.

About the author

Mr. Augusto Antônio da Fonseca Neto is studying Medicine at the State University of Rio Grande do Norte – UERN, located in the city of Mossoró. He is an affiliated member of the local IFMSA Brazil committee, in which he has participated for two years.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

No way out for Eurozone’s stagnating economy

COVID-19 lockdown hits working mothers harder than fathers

Global aid appeal targets more than 93 million most in need next year

The Commission favours the cultivation of more GMOs in Europe

Eurozone close to agreeing on a Banking Union

Boeing WTO case: The EU puts in place countermeasures against U.S. exports

GSMA outlines new developments for Mobile World Congress Shanghai 2018

“Only through energy policy we can trigger competitiveness”. The Sting live from #EBS2015: Energy Union – When will it happen?

The COP22 is under full deployment while Donald Trump threatens openly to withdraw the US from the Paris agreement

What cryptocurrencies will do to the integrity of politics

He died so I could live: UN peacekeeper pays tribute to fallen colleague

New tech infrastructure will help economies recover after COVID-19

We can’t tell if we’re closing the digital divide without more data

Embracing technology as a service will fuel the circular economy. Here’s how.

Migration situation at the Greek-Turkish border: ensuring the right to asylum

Airships, solar planes and Soviet-era sea skimmers … here’s how we fix air travel

The EU spent €158 billion on vague, open-ended rural projects

The Parliament sets the way for the European Banking Union

The challenge to be a good healthcare professional

Intel @ European Business Summit 2014: Better decisions now, the new business dashboard 

‘The time for action is now’ senior UN peacekeeping official says, urging support for regional force combating Sahel terrorism

Europe turns out more jobs this summer

EU-U.S. Privacy Shield: Second review shows improvements but a permanent Ombudsperson should be nominated by 28 February 2019

Asylum: MEPs call for more solidarity among EU member states

Why and How: Advocating for the inclusion of Palliative Care in Universal Health Care

The European Parliament declares climate emergency

EU citizens want more competences for the EU to deal with crises like COVID-19

Further reforms in Japan needed to meet the challenges of population ageing and high public debt

EU budget deal struck with Parliament negotiators

China Unlimited: the dragon’s long and winding road

Why precision medicine won’t transform healthcare – but governance could

A 10-step plan to save our seas

Is this a turning point in the fight against slavery?

‘No safe way’ into battle-scarred Afghan city of Ghazni to deliver aid as traumatized children search for parents

The new era of Matriarchy?

Why the 21st century’s biggest health challenge is our shared responsibility

Top global firms commit to tackling inequality by joining Business for Inclusive Growth coalition

Estonia is making public transport free

Why embracing human rights will ensure Artificial Intelligence works for all

The financial world upside-down: debt failure closer

Rise in violent conflict shows prevention ‘more necessary than ever’: UN chief

Sweden is fighting loneliness by housing older and younger generations together

Joint advocacy letter template to sign and ratify the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

Quicker freezing and confiscation of criminal assets to fight organised crime

Five years on from ISIL ‘caliphate’ proclamation in Iraq, Security Council makes first-ever visit

End racist discrimination against Afro-European people in the EU

Deal on EU funds for common asylum, migration and integration policies up to 2027

Climate change is threatening Switzerland’s stunning scenery

Global spotlight on world drug problem ‘is personal’ for many families, says UN chief

Dare to be vulnerable, and three other lessons in leadership

Two States ‘side-by-side’ is the ‘peaceful and just solution’ for Israel-Palestine conflict: Guterres

How do we upskill a billion people by 2030? Leadership and collaboration will be key

November infringements package: key decisions

Capitalism’s greatest weakness? It confuses price with value

End ‘political opportunism’ that’s letting hate speech flourish, urges top UN genocide official

Security Council discusses chemical weapons use in Syria following latest global watchdog report

Safe spaces offer security and dignity for youth, and help make the world ‘better for all’: Guterres

Change is happening – and young people are leading the way forward

Which country offers the cheapest mobile data?

Finnish Council Presidency priorities debated in plenary

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s