Suicide in postpartum depression

depressions_

(Callie Gibson, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Hyale Melo Lima, a second period medical student at UNICEPLAC – Centro Universitário do Planalto Central Apparecido dos Santos in Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


In the greek culture, there is a tale about Sisyphus which talks about a man who was ordered by the gods to roll a big rock uphill everyday until his death, and every time he got near the top the stone was so heavy that it rolled down the hill all over again. This is how postpartum depression feels like. Woman struggle everyday to meet expectations about being a mother, they try hard to take care of their babies, nevertheless, the more time passes the heavier the emotional, psychic, social, mental and hormonal burdens of those who have this illness become, it can even get to the point of being so unbearable that they end up committing suicide or killing their own son if they don’t have help. In this scenario, risk factors for suicide in postpartum depression are the main maintainers of this condition in Brazil. From this perspective, it is crucial that the Ministry of Health offers more conditions for promotion, protection and recovery of these Brazilian women’s health.

Thusly, there are several factors that can lead a woman to develop postpartum depression, and there are some aggravating factors that are decisive in the possibility of suicide among these women, which are the lack of family support, stress, anxiety, financial problems, lack of pregnancy planning, bipolar disorder, history of premenstrual dysphoric disorder, that is the most severe form of premenstrual tension, domestic violence, sleep deprivation, isolation, inadequate nutrition, sedentary lifestyle and crack or alcohol addiction. As discussed in the Scielo article “Depressive symptoms in postpartum woman at Family Health Units“, in which brazilian woman who had already been diagnosed with postpartum depression and are being treated can have suicidal thoughts, representing an 11.5% prevalence of postpartum suicide risk. In this way, the most important risk factors for suicide are low education level and the presence of psychiatric disorders, including depression.

Given the above, the issue of suicide due to postpartum depression in Brazil is evidenced as a public health problem. Therefore, Public Health Offices should provide greater social education on the subject, especially in pre-natal lectures  with pregnant women, spouse, family and friends, so that everyone is aware of the signs that these women may have in the postpartum, in order to ensure the safety of newborns and mothers considering that this period is extremely vulnerable due to all changes. Moreover, it would be vitally important if the Ancine – Agência nacional de cinema – together with the Ministry of Health, produced movies, TV series and documentaries about postpartum depression and the suicide in this condition, in order to spread the theme and indirectly it would produce a massively and socially expanded health education on the subject. Thus, it would be possible to decrease the weight of the stone that these women carry uphill every day, and they would be able to share this burden with their social circle and thus have a lower suicide rate.

References

ALESSANDRA DA ROCHA ARRAIS & TEREZA CRISTINA CAVALCANTI FERREIRA DE ARAUJO (Brasil) (Ed.). Depressão pós-parto: uma revisão sobre fatores de risco e de proteção. Brasília, 2017. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1645-00862017000300016&gt;. Acesso em: 21 out. 2019.

SYNARA BARBOSA DE MELO RHAYZA RHAVÊNIA RODRIGUES JORDÃO FERNANDA JORGE GUIMARÃES JAQUELINE GALDINO ALBUQUERQUE PERRELLI AMAURY CANTILINO EVERTON BOTELHO SOUGEY (Brasil) (Ed.). Sintomas depressivos em puérperas atendidas em Unidades de Saúde da Família. Recife, 2018. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1519-38292018000100163&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt&gt;. Acesso em: 21 out. 2019

 BRASIL. MINISTÉRIO DA SAÚDE. (Comp.). Depressão pós-parto: causas, sintomas, tratamento, diagnóstico e prevenção. Brasília, 2018. Disponível em: <http://saude.gov.br/saude-de-a-z/saude-mental/depressao-pos-parto&gt;. Acesso em: 21 out. 2019.

About the author

Hyale Melo Lima, second period medical student at UNICEPLAC – Centro Universitário do Planalto Central Apparecido dos Santos, local coordinator of IFMSA UNICEPLAC, with a passion for medicine, life sciences, traveling, music and a medical research reader, always involved with many academic activities, including congress organization, academic leagues board and class representative, she is constantly in hospitals to learn in practice everything presented to her in her readings and studies in the classroom.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

New UN rights report paints bleak picture in eastern DR Congo

Rule of Law: Commission launches infringement procedure to protect the independence of the Polish Supreme Court

The key takeaways of G7 Summit in Canada

Cyprus banks under scrutiny

6.1 billion EUR for sustainable fisheries and safeguarding fishing communities

Commission opens first European Innovation Council calls worth €1 billion

Human trafficking cases hit a 13-year record high, new UN report shows

The EU heads of State and Government about the result of the European Elections 2019

As monsoon rains pound Rohingya refugee camps, UN food relief agency steps up aid

Companies need help to overcome rising

Is Europe misjudging its abilities to endure more austerity and unemployment?

EU budget: Commission helps prepare new Cohesion programmes with Regional Competitiveness Index and Eurobarometer

EU investment budget for 2020: A boost for the climate

Darfur: Inter-communal tensions still high despite improved security, Mission head tells Security Council

Impossible Brexit options: WTO or new referendum?

Work and reforms of the UN ‘at risk’, Guterres warns Member States, amidst ‘record-level’ cash crisis

Mergers: Commission approves acquisition of Raytheon by UTC, subject to conditions

This is how AI can help you make sense of the world

Calculators didn’t replace mathematicians, and AI won’t replace humans

What lies ahead for the Korean Peninsula?

The Collapse of the Brazilian Health Care System

UN chief welcomes re-opening of key Gaza border crossing

COVID-19: latest on evaluation and authorisation of vaccines

It’s getting harder to move data abroad. Here’s why it matters and what we can do

To build back better, we must reinvent capitalism. Here’s how

Iraq: UN human rights report voices concern over conduct of ISIL fighter trials

15 years of risk: from economic collapse to planetary devastation

EU should set goal to end homelessness by 2030

These countries are the most peaceful – in 3 charts

European Investment Bank to borrow €70 billion in 2013

What are antibody tests and can they get the world back to work?

What’s everyone talking about at Davos 2020?

Inaction over climate emergency ‘not an option’ says UN Assembly chief

Why nature is the most important stakeholder of the coming decade

The New Year 2016 will not be benevolent to Europe

Brussels wins game and match in Ukraine no matter the electoral results

Charges against Baha’i in Yemen must be dropped: UN experts urge release of detainees

Reusable packaging: 6 benefits beyond sustainability

COP21 Breaking News_03 December: Transport Industry Drive for Improved Energy Efficiency and Electro-Mobility to Stem High Growth of Emissions

How cultural understanding can help in the cultural shock

Why skills are keeping CEOs awake at night

These are America’s most dangerous jobs

EU to give more power to national antitrust authorities in a bid to secure regulatory fines

Does May have enough time in Parliament to table a soft Brexit deal?

Japan’s population is shrinking by a quarter of a million people every year

The beginning of a revolution in healthcare

FROM THE FIELD: Keeping Morocco’s indigenous culture and conservation in balance

‘World has failed’ victims of genocide too often: Guterres

EU prolongs economic sanctions on Russia by six months

The EU Parliament unanimously rejects Commission’s ideas about ‘seeds’

This is how a smart factory actually works

Protecting European consumers: toys and cars on top of the list of dangerous products

‘Severe’ new US asylum restrictions will put vulnerable families at risk, UN refugee agency says

Thousands returning to Nigeria’s restive Borno state ‘at risk’; UN ‘gravely concerned’

‘Stay together and step up’ action to meet Global Goals, ECOSOC President tells development forum

Commission welcomes the political agreement on the Common Provisions Regulation for shared management funds

European Business Summit 2014 Launch Event: “Energising Industrial Growth”

Everything you need to know about the coronavirus

The revenge of the fallen

How communities are dealing with economy, society and education in COVID-19 crisis     

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s