Health spending set to outpace GDP growth to 2030

healthcare__9

(Natasha Spencer, Unsplash)

This article is brought to you in association with OECD.


Health expenditure will outpace GDP growth over the next 15 years in almost every OECD country, according to new OECD forecasts. Health spending per capita will grow at an average annual rate of 2.7% across the OECD and will reach 10.2% of GDP by 2030, up from 8.8% in 2018, according to a new OECD report.

Health at a Glance 2019: OECD Indicators says that the United States spent the most on health care in 2018, equivalent to 16.9% of GDP, above Switzerland, the next highest spending country, at 12.2%. Germany, France, Sweden and Japan all spent close to 11% of GDP, while a few countries spent less than 6% of their GDP on health care, including Mexico, Latvia, Luxembourg, and Turkey at 4.2%.

Health at a Glance outlines areas where spending could be more effective:

  • Increased use of generic drugs could save costs, but at the moment are only half  the volume of pharmaceuticals sold across OECD countries. Generics accounted for more than three-quarters of the volume of pharmaceuticals sold in Chile, Germany, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, but less than one-quarter in Luxembourg and Switzerland in 2017.
  • Health and social systems employ more workers now than ever before, with about one in every ten of all jobs in OECD countries found in health or social care. Shifting tasks from doctors to nurses and other health professionals can alleviate cost pressures and improve efficiency.
  • Increasing patient safety not only improves health, it can also save money. Almost 5% of hospitalised patients had a health care associated infection in 2015-17.

Health at a Glance 2019 highlights some worrying patterns in health outcomes and unhealthy lifestyles.

A  person born today can expect to live almost 81 years on average in OECD countries. But life expectancy gains have slowed recently in most OECD countries, especially in the United States, France and the Netherlands. 2015 was a particularly bad year, with life expectancy falling in 19 countries.

The causes include rising levels of obesity and diabetes that have made it difficult to maintain previous progress in cutting deaths from heart disease and stroke. Respiratory diseases such as influenza and pneumonia have also claimed more lives in recent years, notably amongst older people.

Opioid-related deaths have increased by about 20% across OECD countries since 2011, and have claimed about 400,000 lives in the United States alone. Opioid-related deaths are also relatively high in Canada, Estonia and Sweden.

Smoking, drinking and obesity continue to cause people to die prematurely and worsen quality of life:

  • Smoking rates are declining, but 18% of adults still smoke daily.
  • Alcohol consumption averaged 9 litres of pure alcohol per person per year across OECD countries, equivalent to almost 100 bottles of wine. Nearly 4% of adults were alcohol dependent.
  • Obesity rates continue to rise in most OECD countries, with 56% of adults overweight or obese and almost one-third of children aged 5-9 overweight.
  • Air pollution caused about 40 deaths per 100,000 people across OECD countries. Death rates were much higher in countries like India and China, at around 140 deaths per 100,000 people.

The report argues that more attention should be placed on patient-reported outcomes and experiences. Preliminary results from OECD’s new initiative on Patient Reported Indicator Surveys show that hip replacements improve an individual’s quality of life – mobility, activity, pain – by around 20%.

“Health systems can and must do better to improve the health of our populations. Measuring how health systems change people’s lives for the better is essential if we are to put resources where they can have most effect,” said Stefano Scarpetta, OECD Director for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs.

Health at a Glance 2019: OECD Indicators, together with country notes for Australia, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the United Kingdom and the United States, is available at http://www.oecd.org/health/health-at-a-glance-19991312.htm.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

EU: The Member States to pay for national banking problems

We need to talk about big data and genomics. Here’s why – and how

Recreational cannabis poses ‘significant’ health challenges to youth: drugs control body

“They are trying to make improvements, but of course they are quite slow for my generation”, Vice President of JADE Victor Soto on another Sting Exclusive

European Institute of Innovation and Technology: Commission welcomes political agreement on strategy for 2021-2027

Missions of Our Time Shared by China and EU

Renewal of cross-border aid operation critical to northern Syria: UN relief chief

As the year closes out, UN political chief talks the art of diplomacy – and crises to watch in 2019.

Commission welcomes European Parliament’s approval of Recovery and Resilience Facility

How can the EU hit net-zero emissions?

A new European Research Area: Commission sets new plan to support green and digital transition and EU recovery

Here’s how we reboot digital trade for the 21st century

Despite setbacks, ‘political will’ to end Yemen war stronger than ever: top UN envoy

New rules for short-stay visas: EP and Council reach a deal

4 reasons cities should embrace Universal Basic Income

UN updates guidelines to ensure successful return to civilian life for former combatants

Putin becomes the ‘perfect enemy” for the West

A day in the life of a refugee: We should be someone who helps

JADE May Meeting last call for participants – join us in Zagreb

Fostering defence innovation through the European Defence Fund

Amazon indigenous groups want to create a nature sanctuary the size of Mexico

Refugee resettlement: ‘Tremendous gap’ persists between needs, and spaces on offer

Social inclusion: how much should young people hope from the EU? 

‘All efforts must be made’ to ensure peaceful elections for Guinea-Bissau, Security Council hears

EU’s core members are eyeing larger parts of arms trade and of world map

European Commission Joint Research Centre opens world-class laboratories to researchers

Brexit poses ‘particular risk’ to British people in poverty: UN independent expert

MEPs: Juan Guaidó is the legitimate interim President of Venezuela

Religious violence is on the rise. What can faith-based communities do about it?

High internet taxes are restricting access and slowing economic growth

Blockchain can help us beat climate change. Here’s how

Will the EU be condemned by the International Criminal Court for violating migrants’ human rights?

EU’s Mogherini visits Turkey “to step up engagement” and highlight interests

Closing the gaps in accelerating women’s rights: the role of medical students

“Is Europe innovative? Oh, Yes we are very innovative!”, Director General of the European Commission Mr Robert-Jan Smits on another Sting Exclusive

What does global health translate into?

Ahead of State of the Union the European Youth Forum highlights lack of action on youth employment

The planet’s health is our health: why healthcare must go green

The US may be “open” to reviving TTIP, while the EU designs the future of trade with China

‘Essential step’ towards universal health care made at pivotal UN conference

Countries must invest at least 1% more of GDP on primary healthcare to eliminate glaring coverage gaps

The Commission accused of tolerating corruption and fraud in taxation

‘No shortcuts to a healthier world’: WHO chief sets out health priorities for the decade

End Syria fighting to avoid ‘even greater humanitarian catastrophe’

Gender inequality in the medicine field: two commonly issues

UN cultural agency removes birthplace of Jesus from its list of heritage sites in danger

EU Ombudsman must continue push for more transparency in Council and Commission

M360 Security for 5G: Security for 5G Predictions 2020, in association with The European Sting

EU and China sign landmark agreement protecting European Geographical Indications

Irish Presidency: Not a euro more for EU budgets

The world needs carbon-neutral flying. Here’s how to bring it one step closer

4 ways sporting events are becoming more sustainable

Are vaccines enough? To end COVID-19 we need more innovation – and more access

‘Revved up climate action’ needed to counter ‘prolonged’ and deadly storms like Cyclone Idai: Guterres

INTERVIEW: ‘Defend the people, not the States’, says outgoing UN human rights chief

How long will people live in the future?

EU takes again positive action on migration crisis while Turkey asks for dear favors in exchange for cooperation

Australian solar could power Singapore within a decade

Gender Equality and medicine in the 21st Century: we want the fair share

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s