Multiculturalism, social diversity and tolerance

Brazil 2019.jpeg

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Unsplash, 2018)

This article was exclusively written for the The European Sting by Ms. Bárbara Okabaiasse Luizeti, a third year medical student from Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


Cultural formation from Social Institutions (Family, School, Church) permeates the individual throughout his development process, adds in personal and cultural identity, manifesting from habits, attitudes and policies.

If you feel as part of something, having cultural and religious ideologies similar to those of the people around, you can bring comfort, but at the same time passivity in the face of attitudes that hurt human rights. In addition, the contact between civilizations with distinct cultural identities often brings with them incomprehension, prejudice and ethnocentrism.

The individual often grew up in a social enviroment that strongly advocated the protection and perpetuation of his culture and religion. This aspect, when added to an egocentric personal identity, can result in various types of aggression when faced with people of different cultures. This applies throughout human history.

For example, the Genocide of indigenous peoples in Brazil, whose territory was occupied by the formation of a new nation-state by a colonial power, which considered the natives a “primitive generation”. Cultural shock was evident, cultural understanding no longer.

The term “Discovery of Brazil” refers to the official arrival, on April 22, 1500, of the fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral to the Brazilian territory. Does something bother you in this widely used term? Because it should.

The word “discovery” ignores the existence of indigenous peoples in that place and refers to those who “discovered” as holders of a superior culture and categorical religion, indifferent to indigenous cultures. Indigenous populations have been seen as a large contingent to be indoctrinated, so today this view is perpetuated in many places in Brazil, and makes these populations vulnerable to acculturation, prejudice and physical/psychological aggression.

On the other hand, a person with an empathic personal identity, facing a distinct culture, can feel curious and respectful. This is the case of the “Maria Luisa Project”, conceived in May 2017, by Professor Márcia Kamei, based on the need to know and help indigenous people from the city of Maringá, in the state of Paraná, Brazil.

In it, we health volunteers and academics experience incredible involvement with indigenous tribes every weekend, when we can learn a little about their local customs and also pass on health information, it is an impressive exchange of cultures. We also distribute food, furniture, clothing and basic hygiene products collected at university events and donations.

Many tribes are displaced because of growth of cities in territories that were once their home, where they grew their own food and bought their medicines. Now they depend on the sale of ornaments and handicrafts in the city to survive.

We should have this empathy and respect, which may be characteristic of an inherent personality or apprehended in their social environment. This learning requires the effort of society as a whole, the dissemination of projects and the elaboration of local, regional, national and global actions/policies that stimulate the search for an understanding of multiculturalism.

The aim should be the understanding of cultural differences, and respect for the plurality of ethnicities.

About the author

Bárbara Okabaiasse Luizeti is 19 years old and a third year medical student. She is working as Vice President of the Miguel Nicolelis Academic Center, LPR-D (Local Officer on Publications and Research Director) at IFMSA Brazil UniCesumar and Vice President of the Academic League of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology of Maringá (LAOOM). She has always been dedicated to helping vulnerable populations from extracurricular projects, and disseminating health information to lay people and academics.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

How Japan became the world leader in floating solar power

World Health Organisation and young doctors: is there any place for improvement?

Bankers don’t go to jail because they are more equal than us all

Botswana has decriminalized gay sex. But, it’s still illegal in 70 countries

From cheeseburgers to coral reefs, the science of decision-making can change the world

Portugal’s pension system needs to prepare for rapid population ageing

Parliament adopts new rules for short-stay visas

The story of 2018, in 10 charts

EU, Brazil to hold high level Summit in Brasilia

Deutsche Bank chased away from US, threatened with more fines

Britain heading to national schism on exit from EU

EU gas market: new rules agreed will also cover gas pipelines entering the EU

Portugal: €4.66 million in aid for 1,460 dismissed workers and jobless young

Central Asia: the European Union matches political commitment with further concrete support

Is China about to launch its own cryptocurrency?

Nuclear weapons in Lithuania: defence against Russia or target for terrorists?

European Citizens’ Initiative: A game of much publicity and one big lie

How drones can help rural Africa take flight

A voice from Syria: the positive prospect of clinical research despite the excruciating circumstances

UN rights experts call on Philippines Government to halt ‘unacceptable attacks’ on Victoria Tauli-Corpuz

Draghi joined Macron in telling Germany how Eurozone must be reformed

How India’s globalized cities will change its future

Siege of Syria’s eastern Ghouta ‘barbaric and medieval’, says UN Commission of Inquiry

The opportunity of studying Medicine abroad

EU consumer rules: Airbnb cooperates with European Commission and EU consumer authorities improving the way it presents offers

Germany openly seeks more advantages for its banks

EU Budget 2019: no deal before the end of the conciliation period

UN Envoy ‘confident’ deal can be reached to avert further violence around key Yemeni port city

EU-Russia relations: the beginning of a warmer winter?

Erdogan’s electoral win on a ‘me or chaos’ dilemma means trouble for everybody

MEPs cap prices of calls within EU and approve emergency alert system

MEPs want robust EU cyber defence and closer ties with NATO

Climate change recognized as ‘threat multiplier’, UN Security Council debates its impact on peace

1.4 million refugees set to need urgent resettlement in 2020: UNHCR

What little Cameron got in Brussels seems enough to keep Britain in the EU

Sustainable development funding is broken. Here’s how to fix it

Take-home pay growing at lowest level since 2008, as gender-gap persists: UN labour agency

EU opens a third antitrust file against Google

UNESCO experts ready to assist reconstruction of iconic Notre Dame, following devastating blaze

UN rights experts call on Russia to release Ukrainian film-maker whose life is in ‘imminent danger’

In this Tokyo cafe, the waiters are robots operated remotely by people with disabilities

EU imposes provisional anti-dumping tariffs on Chinese solar panels

UN welcomes ‘milestone’ release of 833 Nigerian children from anti-Boko Haram force

Ethiopia is Africa’s fastest-growing economy

Mali’s ‘self-defence’ groups must face justice, after deadly intercommunal attacks

Factories are no longer the sure route to prosperity. Here’s why

UN cooperation with League of Arab States ‘pivotal’, UN chief tells Security Council

Parliament votes reform for better European Co2 market but critics want it sooner than later

Outgoing UN official praises Iraq’s ‘exemplary peaceful transfer of power’ at the top

EU to scrutinise foreign direct investment more closely

The world’s landmine stockpiles in numbers

South Sudan ‘heading towards lasting peace and stability’, UN General Assembly told

These are the United States’ most exported products

Google and Apple suddenly realise that doing business in EU is tough?

A Sting Exclusive: Young people are right about climate change; it’s time to listen

Alexis Tsipras against internal and external “enemies” in pursue of a two-phase deal now

EU Banks still get subsidies from impoverished citizens

Libya: Thousands seek shelter in health clinics from Tripoli fighting, UN warns

Disintegrating Tories will void May’s pledge for Brexit deal in seven weeks

The cost of housing is tearing our society apart

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s