Brain Drain remains a crucial and unresolved issue

UN Youth 2018

UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras Young people at the launch of the International Year of Youth, celebrated annually on 12 August 2011.

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Msİrem Aktar, student in the first year of  İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine in İstanbul,Turkey. . She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA). However, the opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

The loss of qualified human source is not a new concept which is known as ‘Brain Drain’but medical brain drain has started  to emerge as a concern at the Edinburgh Commonwealth Medical Conference in 1965.To explain,medical brain drain is the migration of healthcare workers in search of better standard of living and life quality, in different places worldwide.

In Europe,this flow is inclined to occur from less developed Eastern countries to developed Western countries.According to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the number of medical doctors trained in foreign countries in some Western European countries has rapidly increased between 1970 and 2005.For example,this number among all healthcare workers raised from %5 to %16,1 in Sweden and from %1 to % 6 in France and Hollande.

There are ‘push’and ‘pull’ factors behind the scenes.In many Eastern countries,the governments are still trying to cope with political instability,wars,security issues,terror in today’s world. Working under tough conditions and gaining relatively low salaries are also not appealing.The research  opportunities remain limited  due to lack of funding, poor facilities.Workload is extremely high for a qualified physician since the human resource is inadequate.

The chance of building a flexible career plan is almost impossible. Considering all these elements,Western European countries with better living conditions,less workload,higher salaries are more demanded by medical students for specializing.As a result,  the healthcare delivery in Eastern Europe is doomed to worsen depending on the scale of brain drain.The economic loss occurs due  loosing taxes of the workers and the expenses for the medical education.

Ethical debates on recruitment of foreigners,recruitment expenses,dissatisfaction among the local workers are negative consequences for the country of immigration.At the same time, the migration helps the elimination of the shortage in qualified human resource and provides the needed healthcare workers with less costs in Western Europe but these results that look like profit do not change the fact that brain drain is a serious issue to be solved with more negative results than positive ones for both sides.

Rather than taking small steps, the governments should openly interact with physicians and medical students to look for a more decisive step in right direction as well as addressing the structural, political, and economic problems that lead to the brain drain. Increasing post-graduation seats in the health sector, offering research funding,decreasing the workload by training more of healthcare workers,improving working and living conditions,allowing health professionals in the public sector to do private practice should be taken into consideration. Implementing a comprehensive reverse brain drain programme offering to provide the demands of workers would also make a major change to gain physicians back.

The main goal must be creating an environment for professional growth with adequate funding, facilities and a vibrant intellectual community both for reducing the brain drain and the development of the country.

References

1. http://www.todaie.edu.tr/resimler/ekler/7bafc9d7c99d609_ek.pdf?dergi=Amme%20Idaresi%20Dergisi

2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5345397/

3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1122434/

About the author

My name is İrem Aktar.I study in the first year of  İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine in İstanbul,Turkey. I am an active member in EMSA İstanbul. I took part in Spring Assembly in Macedonia and National Spring Assembly in 2018.My article about the development of HIV vaccines was selected to be published in EUROMEDS.I am going to participate TNT 2018. I was awarded to make the third best oral presentation with my study called ‘Association of HLA-B Alleles and HIV Infection’in BAUIMSC’18. I attended multiple MUN conferences as well as two LIONS youth camps.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Human rights: breaches in Iran, Saudi Arabia and Sudan

“An open China brings opportunities to Europe”, a Sting Exclusive by China’s Ambassador to EU

Security Council unanimously agrees to extend UN Cyprus Mission amid political impasse

Brexit: UK to suffer from EU’s uncompromising stance

How Cameron unwillingly helped Eurozone reunite; the long-term repercussions of two European Council decisions

Parliament to ask for the suspension of EU-US deal on bank data

Security Council extends mandate of UN Interim Force in Lebanon for a year

The scary EU elections result and the delayed Council’s repentance

COP21 Breaking News_09 December: The Draft Agreement Updated

Inflation keeps falling in Eurozone

Why Italy will not follow the Greek road; Eurozone to change or unravel

“InvestEU”: MEPs support new programme to boost financing for jobs and growth

Here’s how to build energy infrastructures fit for the future

Earth already has a perfect recycling system. So why not use it?

Rising insecurity in Central Africa Republic threatens wider region, Security Council told

New EU rules cut red tape for citizens living or working in another Member State as of tomorrow

Moves to create a Kosovo army have ‘deteriorated relations’ with Serbia: UN peacekeeping chief

Chart of the day: This is how many animals we eat each year

Ethiopia is Africa’s fastest-growing economy

G20 World Exclusive Interview: “The world, especially emerging economies and developing countries, require a more sustainable and quality development”, the Spokesperson of Japan underscores live from Antalya Turkey

How ‘small’ is Europe in Big Data?

Indonesia: Psychological impact on earthquake survivors turns villages into ‘ghost towns’

JADE Testimonial #1: Marcello @ Enlargement

IMF: The near-term outlook for the U.S. economy is one of strong growth and job creation

At G20 Summit OECD’s Gurría says collective action vital to tackle global challenges

First-ever EU defence industry fund to finance joint development of capabilities

Terrorists potentially target millions in makeshift biological weapons ‘laboratories’, UN forum hears

War of words in Davos over Eurozone’s inflation/deflation

Parliamentary bid to democratize Myanmar constitution a ‘positive development’ says UN rights expert

The Banking Union may lead to a Germanic Europe

G20 LIVE: G20 Statement on the fight against terrorism

Amazon indigenous groups want to create a nature sanctuary the size of Mexico

European Junior Enterprise Network – Ready to take the Step Into the Future?

UN rights chief welcomes new text to protect rights of peasants and other rural workers

Back to the basics for the EU: Investment equals Growth

Conflicts and extreme climate change threatens access to food in 39 countries – UN agriculture report

Data capture, not disclosure, is the way to meet our climate goals

Germany not famous for easy way outs from political stalemates

Why South Africa is on a path of economic renewal

Agreement reached on new EU Solidarity Corps

West Bank: ‘imminent’ demolition of Palestinian village could be ‘war crime’ – ICC Prosecutor

Britain declares trade war on mainland Europe

A refugee from Syria cries out: “I’m not just a number!”

In Gaza, UN envoy urges Israel, Palestinian factions to step back from brink of a war that ‘everybody will lose’

A Sting Exclusive: EU Commissioner Mimica looks at how the private sector can better deliver for international development

Ambassador Zhang Ming: “Work Together for a Better Globalization”

Draghi keeps the euro cheap, helps debt refinancing, recapitalization of banks and growth

IMF launches a new offensive against Germany

A multipolar world brings back the national champions

Adjust UN force in Abyei to current realities, peacekeeping chief urges Security Council

Reinforcing EU border security: Visa-exempt travelers will be pre-screened

Charles Michel advocates a strong Europe that acts where it can add real value

As inequality grows, the UN fights for a fairer world

WEF Davos 2016 LIVE: “It is the implementation, Stupid!”, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaueble points the finger to Greece from Davos

Sustainability is now mission critical for businesses. Here’s why

12 ways the tech sector can help save the climate in 12 years

Quality Education on the table at the European Parliament

Commission publishes the first report on the issuance of a Eurobond

Why growth is now a one way road for Eurozone

A day in the life of a Rohingya refugee

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s