Brain Drain remains a crucial and unresolved issue

UN Youth 2018

UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras Young people at the launch of the International Year of Youth, celebrated annually on 12 August 2011.

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Msİrem Aktar, student in the first year of  İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine in İstanbul,Turkey. . She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA). However, the opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

The loss of qualified human source is not a new concept which is known as ‘Brain Drain’but medical brain drain has started  to emerge as a concern at the Edinburgh Commonwealth Medical Conference in 1965.To explain,medical brain drain is the migration of healthcare workers in search of better standard of living and life quality, in different places worldwide.

In Europe,this flow is inclined to occur from less developed Eastern countries to developed Western countries.According to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the number of medical doctors trained in foreign countries in some Western European countries has rapidly increased between 1970 and 2005.For example,this number among all healthcare workers raised from %5 to %16,1 in Sweden and from %1 to % 6 in France and Hollande.

There are ‘push’and ‘pull’ factors behind the scenes.In many Eastern countries,the governments are still trying to cope with political instability,wars,security issues,terror in today’s world. Working under tough conditions and gaining relatively low salaries are also not appealing.The research  opportunities remain limited  due to lack of funding, poor facilities.Workload is extremely high for a qualified physician since the human resource is inadequate.

The chance of building a flexible career plan is almost impossible. Considering all these elements,Western European countries with better living conditions,less workload,higher salaries are more demanded by medical students for specializing.As a result,  the healthcare delivery in Eastern Europe is doomed to worsen depending on the scale of brain drain.The economic loss occurs due  loosing taxes of the workers and the expenses for the medical education.

Ethical debates on recruitment of foreigners,recruitment expenses,dissatisfaction among the local workers are negative consequences for the country of immigration.At the same time, the migration helps the elimination of the shortage in qualified human resource and provides the needed healthcare workers with less costs in Western Europe but these results that look like profit do not change the fact that brain drain is a serious issue to be solved with more negative results than positive ones for both sides.

Rather than taking small steps, the governments should openly interact with physicians and medical students to look for a more decisive step in right direction as well as addressing the structural, political, and economic problems that lead to the brain drain. Increasing post-graduation seats in the health sector, offering research funding,decreasing the workload by training more of healthcare workers,improving working and living conditions,allowing health professionals in the public sector to do private practice should be taken into consideration. Implementing a comprehensive reverse brain drain programme offering to provide the demands of workers would also make a major change to gain physicians back.

The main goal must be creating an environment for professional growth with adequate funding, facilities and a vibrant intellectual community both for reducing the brain drain and the development of the country.

References

1. http://www.todaie.edu.tr/resimler/ekler/7bafc9d7c99d609_ek.pdf?dergi=Amme%20Idaresi%20Dergisi

2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5345397/

3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1122434/

About the author

My name is İrem Aktar.I study in the first year of  İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine in İstanbul,Turkey. I am an active member in EMSA İstanbul. I took part in Spring Assembly in Macedonia and National Spring Assembly in 2018.My article about the development of HIV vaccines was selected to be published in EUROMEDS.I am going to participate TNT 2018. I was awarded to make the third best oral presentation with my study called ‘Association of HLA-B Alleles and HIV Infection’in BAUIMSC’18. I attended multiple MUN conferences as well as two LIONS youth camps.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

How electrification will make the world more inclusive

“What a Wonderful World”: the unsettled relationship between Climate Change and Human Health

Students in Milan are moving in with the elderly to fight loneliness and save money

A Brussels antithesis reveals where the EU is heading

MEPs agree on future regional and cohesion funding

EU ready to relinquish its internal tax havens

It’s time to strengthen global digital cooperation

Merkel had it her way with the refugees & immigrants but can Greece and Turkey deliver?

How do we design an inclusive energy transition?

Greece may offer to China a European gateway

COP21 Breaking News: “We must accelerate the process”, Laurent Fabius cries out from Paris

Climate change and health: public health awareness in an international framework

After globalization what? Europe’s long, straining shake-up post Davos wreckage

‘Repeated attacks’ could close down key hospital in eastern Libya, says WHO

In Chad, top UN officials say humanitarian response must go ‘hand in hand’ with longer-term recovery

Alarming level of reprisals against activists, human rights defenders, and victims – new UN report

FROM THE FIELD: ‘Hope’ on the horizon as UN Peacekeepers push deep into Mali

Immigrants make good entrepreneurs. This study proves it

Diversity training doesn’t change people’s behaviour. We need to find out what does

Infinite Oath

INTERVIEW: Advancing human rights, a ‘never ending process’ says new UN rights chief

Water reuse: Commission proposes measures to make it easier and safer for agricultural irrigation

2021-2027 EU Budget: €378,1 billion to benefit all regions

FROM THE FIELD: Finding refuge in the ‘beautiful game’

UN chief welcomes formation of unity government in Madagascar

Is there a new debt crisis on the horizon?

UN recorded 64 new allegations of sexual exploitation or abuse in the past three months

UN chief praises Africa for keeping ‘hearts and borders open’ in refugee crisis

‘Bleakest period yet’ in Occupied Palestinian Territory: UN human rights expert

Pharmaceuticals: Commission refines intellectual property rules

What’s behind South Korea’s elderly crime wave?

Conflict and climate change challenge sustainable development effort: UN report

The New Year 2016 will not be benevolent to Europe

UN chief hails victory of ‘political will’ in historic Republic of North Macedonia accord

UN underscores the need to celebrate indigenous peoples, not confine them

China repels EU allegations of export subsidies

Europe’s dirty air kills 400,000 people every year

Safe drinking water, sanitation, are ‘basic human rights’: new UN Water Development report

6 things to know about press freedom around the world

Here are three ways Africa’s youth are defeating corruption

Industrial price dive may lead to point of no return

Parallel downfalls of Merkel and Deutsche Bank threaten Germany and Europe

Uganda’s Ebola preparedness ‘will go a long way’ says WHO chief

Nature is our strongest ally in ensuring global water security

Greece @ MWC14: Greek-born mobile champions at MWC 2014

How trade tariffs could help combat climate change

The ECB accuses the politicians of inaction, continues injecting billions to banks

South Africa still hasn’t won LGBTQ+ equality. Here are 5 reasons why

Pakistan has just planted over a billion trees

What happens when the Eurogroup decides to help Greece

JADE Generations Club: Connecting perspectives, changing Europe.

Smart devices must come with trust already installed

Refugee crisis update: EU seeks now close cooperation with Africa while Schulz is shocked to witness live one single wreck full of immigrants

GSMA Mobile 360 Series – Latin America, in association with The European Sting

‘World’s deadliest sea crossing’ claimed six lives a day in 2018: UN refugee agency

Nicaragua: MEPs condemn brutal repression and demand elections

This is how AI can help you make sense of the world

France: New labour laws for more competitiveness

These countries spend the most on education

168 hours left for MEPs – ECOFIN Council to deliver a Banking Union

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s