A European student just sets the question of the day: What kind of education policies are missing in Europe?

European Youth Insights is a platform provided by the European Youth Forum and the European Sting, to allow young people to air their views on issues that matter to them. The following entry is written by Arif Shala,  doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany.

Arif Shala is a a doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany and executive director at the Institute for Economic Development Studies in Prishtine, Kosovo.

Arif Shala is a a doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany and executive director at the Institute for Economic Development Studies in Prishtine, Kosovo.

The present economic crises is challenging education and training systems of Europe in two major ways. First is the matter of investing in growth policies, a vital part of which are education and training policies, with the pressing issue of consolidating public finance. Additionally, youth unemployment has reached 23.2% which EU structures cannot tolerate to continue. In the economic sense, education and training exert influence on innovation and productivity which is why it is a source of growth and contributes to the employment of population, including youth.

A half of member states have stopped investing in education and training while the current crises urges them to strengthen the results of education and training systems as well as intervene by making systems relevant to labor market needs. Recent studies which evaluate the impact of investment in education are arguing for a better match between education and world of work. In changing policies the responsibility lies with national governments however the EU structures offer significant support. The year 2014 marked the beginning of the new support scheme. The new Erasmus+  program 2014-2020 which is now the only education, training, youth and sports program of the EU has been subject to a 40% increase in its budget amounting to more than 14 billion Euros.

The pie chart below shows the allocation in percentage of the Erasmus +  program 2014-2020 funds. A 77.5% of the funds, which in the mean time constitute the vast majority of funds, are allocated to education and training. Youth programs have received 10% of the funds, which is followed by student loan facility (3.5%), national agencies (3.4%), administrative costs (1.9%), Jean Monnet (1.9%) and finally a 1.8% has been allocated to sport.

pie

It is evident from the chart above that Erasmus+ will concentrate most of its funding in education and training.  This scheme will finance the mobility of 3.59 million students/vocational students/volunteers/lecturers and education staff between 2014 and 2020. Between 2014 and 2020, 11.3 billion Euro will be invested in improving the education and training landscape in Europe. Within this scheme the majority of funds, 4.8 billion, is allocated to higher education ( please see table below).

table

The second most important sector has been considered the VET- Vocational Education Training which will benefit 2.5 billion. This sum will be used to increase the employability and life skills of vocational learners. Schools will be able to spent 1.7 billion in reducing early school leaving, improving learning of basic skills and the establishment of the eTwinning, the online community offering support for teachers, pupils and school leaders.

A sum of 569 million will be used in programs addressing adult education which will be used to improve and modernize adult education programs, encourage cooperation with different sectors and evaluate the utility of non-formal and informal education. Finally, 1.7 billion Euro will be allocated to programs as needed.  Europe is spending a lot of money in education but the same problems remain. In my opinion the three factors that are not being considered are the ones that will make the difference.

Applying new technologies in education and training

The new technologies offer many ways to make learning effective, engaging and inclusive. First, these developments make it possible for education to reach more people at a lower cost. This form of learning can easily be made creative and innovative, but Europe is not using the potential of new technologies to meet the needs of learners. Technology can offer access to quality education and promote individual learning.

In the last years we have seen the emergence of MOOC, known as Massive Open Online Courses, which offer unlimited access to courses provided in the web. Unfortunately, studies show that many professionals in European universities do not even know what MOOCs are, and only 9 European Universities are involved in such initiatives. In order to encourage this form of learning EU structures are considering recognizing the competencies learnt online.

Enhancing digital competences

In order for all individuals to benefit from engaging, effective and inclusive learning more should be done to enhance their digital competencies. Gaining access to this form of learning is conditional upon possessing certain technological skills. Many experts are arguing that the “right” skills for the 21 century are the digital competencies. It is a reason to worry that only 30-35 % of students in EU countries are digitally confident.

Higher education and its components are changing fast and radically by globalization and technological developments. In my opinion this is emphasizing the ability of learners to respond to an ever changing environment by continuously learning. It is expected that the demand for higher education will continue to increase and Europe will have to learn how to respond to this demand as well as how to respond to the competition with other educational powers.

Learning styles

Learning should take place beyond the typical teaching environment and should thus focus on not just the knowledge but also in developing the skills necessary to continue benefiting and learning from experience.  In line with this it should be noted that the pedagogy underneath the concept of experiential learning is one that benefits greatly the organizations assuring that employees learn what businesses want them to learn consequently, experiential learning has been linked to positive impacts in the workplace.

This theory postulates that there are four types of learners: accommodative, convergent, divergent and assimilative. The differences between learners lie on the way they obtain and process information. Many assessment inventories are readily available and can be used to identify learning styles in all settings. It is my argument that if we fit instruction to learning needs of students/participants outcomes will be higher.

Accounting for differences in learning styles will result in providing students with more freedom in terms of choosing course objectives, content, and activities as well as how much time is allocated to each.

About the author

Arif Shala is a a doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany and executive director at the Institute for Economic Development Studies in Prishtine, Kosovo.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Featured Stings

UN chief welcomes ‘positive steps’ towards peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia

Eurozone: GDP development heads to naught; the expensive euro serves only Germany

European Commission: Does Apple, Starbucks and Fiat really pay their taxes?

UN rights expert ‘strongly recommends’ probe by International Criminal Court into ‘decades of crimes’ in Myanmar

Austrian Presidency priorities discussed in committees

Does the Commission subsidise a forced labour scheme in Britain?

COP21 Paris: The Final Agreement Adopted-full text

Industrial products: Lifting the last impediments in the EU single market

Ukrainian civil war: Is this the beginning of the end or the end of the beginning?

COP21 Breaking News: Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation Announced

Deutsche Bank: the next financial crisis is here and the lenders need €150 billion from taxpayers

Rural Bangladesh has already embraced renewable energy. Here’s what the rest of the world can learn

Air quality: Commission takes action to protect citizens from air pollution

Why Microsoft is a regular to Almunia’s

ECB to people: Not responsible if you lose money on Bitcoin, your governments are

Oh, well, you are wrong, Google responds to the European Commission

Health Committee MEPs back plans to boost joint assessment of medicines

EU leads the torn away South Sudan to a new bloody civil war

JADE at European Business Summit 2015

10 Downing street: Another desperate attempt to unite Britain on Brexit


Re-thinking citizenship education: bringing young people back to the ballot box

Investing in working conditions and quality jobs

Free and secure access needed in DR Congo conflict zone to tackle Ebola – WHO

Indonesia: Psychological impact on earthquake survivors turns villages into ‘ghost towns’

The MH17 tragedy to put a tombstone on Ukrainian civil war

Uncovered liabilities of €5 billion may render EU insolvent

The G7 adopted dangerous views about Ukraine and Greece

Catalan Pro-Independence vote: how many hits can Brussels sustain at the same time?

Innovation can transform the way we solve the world’s water challenges

Facts and prejudices about work

Young people are Europe’s biggest value and hope

ECB’s billions fortify south Eurozone except Greece; everybody rushes to invest in euro area bonds zeroing their yields

EU Ombudsman investigates the European Commission

“We need to use the momentum globally to ensure that corporations pay their fare share of taxation”, EU Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis outlines from the World Economic Forum 2017.

YOUTH RIGHTS AT RISK FROM RISE OF EXTREME-RIGHT AND POPULISTS IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Innovation and Entrepreneurship Changing the Face of Europe

Theresa May attempts to ease the EU stance as Britons request another EU referendum

Banks cannot die but can be fined

Draghi’s top new year resolution: Quantitative Easing

The Franco-German axis considers that all EU needs now is more armaments

GSMA head urges regulators to help Europe regain leadership

Commission’s Youth Initiative fails first hurdle by not sufficiently consulting young people

Eurostat confirms a dangerously fast falling inflation in Eurozone

My unlimited China

The Commission tells Berlin it is legally obliged to help Eurozone out of stagnation

Pakistan has just planted over a billion trees

ITU Telecom World 2016: it’s all about working together

Azerbaijan chooses Greek corridor for its natural gas flow to EU

Dark spots on EU humanitarian aid spending

The IMF overstates the risks for Eurozone and downgrades the threats for the US economy

4 reasons why women should lead the G7 agenda in 2018

UN rights chief calls for international inquiry into Kashmir violations

What UK and EU risk if Brexit “wins” these elections

4 reasons cities should embrace Universal Basic Income

The New Year 2016 will not be benevolent to Europe

Eurozone officials play with people’s deposits and minds

ECB to buy corporate bonds: Will government financing be the next step?

3 ways to ensure the internet’s future is creative, collaborative and fair

Guinea President Alpha Condé: “We must tackle the root causes of migration”

Medicine and mental health: relax, the doctor is a lifelong learner

More Stings?

Comments

  1. Thank you so much your blog lists are very helpful to me.

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s