The European giant tourism sector in constant growth

José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission (in the rostrum), went to Berlin, where he participated in the 17th Tourism Summit (Tourismusgipfel). In his speech, the President reminded of the mutually beneficial effects of tourism and European integration, and underlined in particular the importance of the four freedoms of the Single Market for a flourishing tourism sector. (EC Audiovisual Services 02/12/2013).

José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission (in the rostrum), went to Berlin, where he participated in the 17th Tourism Summit (Tourismusgipfel). In his speech, the President reminded of the mutually beneficial effects of tourism and European integration, and underlined in particular the importance of the four freedoms of the Single Market for a flourishing tourism sector. (EC Audiovisual Services 02/12/2013).

The tourism industry is undoubtedly a flourishing sector of the EU economy. However it suffers of an increased sensitivity to events like the 11 September 2001 catastrophe, which can harm its potential on a global scale. Even an airplane accident can undermine its activities for a long time. That’s why it is considered as a non-quite resilient source of income and employment, like, for example, manufacturing. In any case it offers a huge and robust supply of millions of jobs all over the EU. According to Eurostat, the EU statistical service, the activities of the EU tourism sector has been steadily increasing after the above mentioned unprecedented events in New York, with a two years negative interval, during the peak of the financial crisis period of 2008-2009.

Last year, the basic variable measuring the sector’s activities, ‘nights spent in tourist accommodation’, marked another all-time record, with 2.6 billon nights, or 1.6% more than during the preceding year. The heavyweights of the industry are France (405 million nights, +1.1% compared with 2012), Spain (387mn, +1%), Italy (363mn, -4.6%), Germany (355mn, +1.3%) and the United Kingdom (320mn, +6.5%). These five member states accounted for 70% of the total number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments in the EU28.

Sun and sea

In south Eurozone countries Greece, Italy, Spain and Portugal tourism is a major source of income and employment. In Greece more that 15% of the GDP is produced in the tourist sector. According to Eurostat the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments in 2013 increased in “nearly all Member States, for which data are available, except for Italy (-4.6%), Cyprus (-3.7%), the Czech Republic (-1.2%), Finland (-0.7%) and Belgium (-0.5%). The largest increases were recorded in Greece (+11.7%), Malta (+7.8%), Latvia (+7.3%), the United Kingdom (+6.5%), Bulgaria (+6.2%), Slovakia (+5.5%) and Hungary (+5.0%)”.

A crucial parameter which may characterise a country as a major tourist destination is ‘nights spent by non-residents’. Around 45% of all nights spent in EU tourist accommodation establishments last year are attributed to non-residents of the country in question. According to Eurostat, the EU champions in this respect were “the two Mediterranean islands, Malta (96%) and Cyprus (93%), the highest shares of nights spent by non-residents were registered in Croatia (92%), Greece (79%), Austria (71%) and Latvia (70%), and the lowest in Romania (18%), Germany and Poland (both 20%) and Sweden (23%)”.

Non-resident tourists

Of course the bulk of ‘nights spent by non-residents’ has to be attributed to the summer movement of populations, heading from the north of the EU to the south. During the holiday season, from May to September and for a brief time of one or two weeks almost the entire population of countries in the misty and grey north countries travel southwards to the sea and sun. This massive move of people helps revive the sleepy during the winter sea-side resort towns and villages in the seaside resorts. As the European Sting writer Suzan A. Kane observed on 16 April 2013, “In this way the sun thirsty northerners create millions of jobs in the recession stricken regions of Spain, Italy, Greece and Cyprus, but also in mega tourist destinations like Paris, London, Rome and Berlin”.

Despite the fact that there is strong competition all around the Mediterranean, between EU and non EU countries, over the summer holiday market, it seems that the south European countries are winning the battle. Of course this is also a side effect of the political and military turbulence in North Africa and the Middle East. This fact underlines the observation above, about the volatile character of the tourist industry, being susceptible to unexpected developments. In any case the European tourism industry is a huge sector, with no parallel in the entire world. Naturally there are other destinations competing strongly, especially in the ‘sun and see’ segment of the market, but the South of Europe and the Mediterranean islands are world champions.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

The role of employers in the post #MeToo era

As inequality grows, the UN fights for a fairer world

Lack of basic water facilities risks millions of lives globally: UN health agency

Russia won’t let Ukraine drift westwards in one piece

Digital Assembly 2019: new actions on quantum, EU-Africa taskforce report and digital start-ups

Amid Venezuela exodus, UN refugee envoy Angelina Jolie visits camps on Colombian border, appeals for humanity, more support

A Sting Exclusive: “Europe needs decisive progress for stronger cybersecurity”, EU Commissioner Gabriel highlights from Brussels

A Sting Exclusive: “China-Africa Cooperation Sets a Fine Example of South-South Cooperation”, by China’s Ambassador to EU

Sacrifice of fallen ‘blue helmet’ to be honoured with UN’s highest peacekeeping award

Who is to profit from the quasi announced ECB rate cut?

Millions of young people need better job skills. Here’s how businesses can help

‘Crippling to our credibility’ that number of women peacekeepers is so low: UN chief

What living abroad does to your self-awareness

Women must have an equal share in politics, say MEPs and national MPs

Friday’s Daily Brief: UN chief in China, counter-terrorism, updates from Bangladesh, Mali and Mozambique

EU unveils plan to accelerate Capital Markets Union ahead of London’s departure from the bloc

EU deal on electricity market rules to benefit both consumers and environment

What matters most to young Europeans?

GSMA announces speakers for Mobile 360 Series-West Africa

EU to Google: How to dismantle European search engines in 13 steps

COP21 Breaking News_12 December: 195 countries adopt the First Universal Climate Agreement

The EU wants to create 10 million smart lampposts

These 11 EU states already meet their 2020 renewable energy targets

“Smoking steam instead of tobacco, are the E-cigarettes a safer alternative?”

Hunger and obesity in Latin America and the Caribbean compounded by inequality: UN report

3 lessons from running an AI-powered start-up in Africa

UN chief praises Africa for keeping ‘hearts and borders open’ in refugee crisis

LGBTQI+ and medicine: are we prepared to deliver dignified and non-discriminatory health care?

An open letter to Europe’s leaders

Budget Committee backs €2.3 million worth of aid to help 550 redundant media workers in Greece

COP21 Breaking News_03 December: Unprecedented Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction to Combat Climate Change

Storms and snow in Lebanon worsen plight for Syrian refugees

European Parliament the most trusted EU institution

EU finally to extend sanctions on Russia despite arguments; Greece again in Europe’s spotlight

Future of our planet hinges on action by today’s youth – UN deputy chief

A new catastrophic phase in the Syrian carnage

The most unlikely innovators are changing ICT for development – it’s time we took notice

All sides in Yemen conflict could be guilty of war crimes, UN experts find

In West Africa, UN Security Council visits Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea-Bissau

UN ‘prioritizing needs’, ramping up aid, as Hurricane Dorian continues to batter the Bahamas

Economic recovery won’t tackle youth unemployment problem

Armed insurgency in north-east Nigeria ‘has created a humanitarian tragedy’

Why the ECB had to clarify it caters for the entire Eurozone not just Germany?

‘Stealing’ food from hungry Yemenis ‘must stop immediately’, says UN agency

A Sting Exclusive: “Digital iron curtain makes no sense in 5G era”, by China’s Ambassador to EU Mr. Zhang Ming

Businesses can lead a revolution in disability inclusion

Mali not fulfilling its ‘sovereign role’ in protecting its people: UN human rights expert

The remote doctor in the 21st century

Does Indonesia have the world’s most complicated elections?

EU leaders agree to delay Brexit until 31 October

Tobacco is harming the planet, not just our health, says new study

MEPs propose ways to boost plastics recycling

Brexit effect: Public opinion survey shows that EU is more appreciated than ever

6 young leaders who are improving the state of the world on International Youth Day

Will Europe be a different place this Monday?

Britain offers more money for an orderly Brexit but the Irish question resurges

What can the private sector do to alleviate the refugee crisis?

Humans aren’t made for repetition – it’s time AI took over manufacturing

A money laundering case on Vatican Bank’s road to renovation

Mental health of health professionals: the alter ego

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s