Without enough vaccines, Brazil is heading for the third wave of COVID-19

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Luísa Eugênio Farias, 22 years old, a second-year medical student at UNICESUMAR, in Maringá, Brazil and Ms. Esther Serman Castro e Silva, a third-year medical student at UFF (Universidade Federal Fluminense), in Niterói, Brazil. They are affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writers and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

Brazil has the second highest number of infections and deaths in the world, only behind the USA. In total, the country has registered more than 14,167 confirmed cases and 383,502 deaths since the pandemic began over a year ago. On January 17th, Brazil began to vaccinate its citizens. Today, there are 24,196,145 people with at least the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. This number is still small considering that more than 212 million people live in Brazil. The first year of the pandemic taught us that vaccines are the best strategy to fight the virus.

In 1973, the National Immunization Program – PNI was formulated, as determined by the Ministry of Health, with the objective of coordinating immunization actions. PNI has extensive experience in organizing mass vaccination campaigns, for example the great success in the Polio Vaccination campaigns at the beginning in 1980, eradicating the disease in 1989. Thus, achieving high vaccine coverage and its objective is to protect the health of the population. When high vaccination coverage is achieved, in addition to reducing cases of disease in the target population established for vaccination, it contributes to reduce the circulation of infectious agents in the communities, positively impacting the health of those who will not be vaccinated, once they become indirectly protected (collective or herd immunity). Therefore, the importance of vaccination is not just about individual protection, but also the prevention of mass spread of COVID-19 that can lead to death or a difficult recovery process.

In Brazil, there are currently several problems that prevent the population’s wide vaccination against covid-19. Among them, low amounts of immunizers, sharing fake news discrediting vaccines, lack of planning, problems in the collection of information and flaws in the Ministry of Health system. Since last year, the country has known that immunization is the solution to end the pandemic, but the lack of government investment also reflects in the current situation. In other words, necessary actions to save lives have not been taken. The combination of numbers of new cases on the rise, an irregular vaccination campaign and with few doses culminate in a probable third wave of COVID-19.

Strong coordination by the ministry of health and international cooperation will be required between researchers, funders, public health agencies and governments, in order to ensure that available vaccines can be manufactured in sufficient quantities and provided equitably to all affected areas of Brazil. Hopefully, in a few months the health crisis will be under control.


About the authors

Luísa Eugênio Farias, 22 years old, is a second-year medical student at UNICESUMAR, in Maringá, Brazil. She is a member of the Academic League of Family and Community Medicine and of the Maringaense Academic League of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery. Luísa is affiliated and LEO-D (Local Exchange Officer) to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA).

Esther Serman Castro e Silva, 23 years old, is a third-year medical student at UFF (Universidade Federal Fluminense), in Niterói, Brazil. She is a director of The Telemedicine and Innovation League and a member of Academic Radiology League.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Coronavirus: European roadmap shows path towards common lifting of containment measures

MasterCard @ MWC14: Innovation in times of regulatory uncertainty

Ending the era of dirty textiles

Big data is coming to agriculture. Farmers must set its course

A reality check on inclusive innovation

Trump’s Russophiles under investigation, Europe remains ‘en garde’

How a trade war would impact global growth

This Japanese experiment shows how easily coronavirus can spread – and what you can do about it

UNESCO lists wrestling, reggae and raiho-shin rituals as global treasures to be preserved

Eurozone’s sovereign debt not a problem anymore?

Does the EU want GMOs and meat with hormones from the US?

Why your next work meeting should be a ‘walk-and-talk’

Meet Alice, the battery-powered plane that could herald the age of electric air travel

WEF Davos 2016 LIVE: “You just don’t know if the oil price will be 20$ or 100$ in the next 2-3 years!” top Harvard economist Kenneth Rogoff underscores from Davos

Mobile health technology: Advances, Facilitations and Promotion of Autonomy

A Sting Exclusive: “Cybersecurity Act for safer European Industries and Consumers against cyberthreats”, by MEP Niebler

Why collective action is the key to saving our forests

Commission’s Youth Initiative fails first hurdle by not sufficiently consulting young people

With potential to boost profits by up to 20 per cent, a woman’s place is at work, says UN labour agency

Environmental liability rules need revamping

Lack of involvement, or lack of opportunities?

A roadmap for destination management in the digital economy

ECB: Euro area should smooth out the consumption and income shocks of its members

Coronavirus Global Response: the Commission’s contribution to the COVID-19 Vaccine Global Access Facility (COVAX)

Why protesters disrupted London Fashion Week

‘Think beyond farm jobs’ to reach sustainable development, UN agriculture chief advises African youth

Top officials say UN will support Bahamas’ rescue, relief efforts as Hurricane Dorian churns in Atlantic

From underestimation to valorization: how mobile technology is transforming global health

All sides in Yemen conflict could be guilty of war crimes, UN experts find

MWC 2016 LIVE: Verizon boasts momentum for IoT platform

“At the Environment Assembly citizens expect clean, not hot air”, the Head of UN Environment in Europe underscores in a Sting Exclusive

Mobile Technology Saving Lives: Changing healthcare systems with simple technological solutions

Stop the waste: UN food agencies call for action to reduce global hunger

Don’t dismiss start-ups founded by millennials. This is how they succeed

Myanmar: Departing UN rights expert still hopeful for democratic transition

Will the end of QE come along with ECB’s inflation target?

Permafrost is thawing so fast it’s gouging holes in the Arctic

Brexit mission impossible: Theresa May was so desperate that had to appoint Boris Johnson as Foreign Secretary

European Super League: Why more football is an imperfect solution to sport’s business model problem

Texting is a daily source of stress for 1/3 of people – are you one of them?

ACP-EU Parliamentary Assembly: strengthening the partnership

Everybody against Japan over yen’s devaluation

Nicaragua: MEPs demand an end to repression of political opponents

COVID-19 vaccine development is more global than you might think

What little Cameron got in Brussels seems enough to keep Britain in the EU

It ain’t over until Google says it’s over

Azeri natural gas will keep the EU warm soon

From Policy to Reality: Discrepancies in Universal Health Care Systems across the EU

Is there a de facto impossibility for the Brexit to kick-start?

Militias force nearly 2,000 to leave Libyan capital’s largest shelter for internally-displaced: UNHCR

Visa liberalisation: Commission reports on fulfilment of visa-free requirements by Western Balkans and Eastern Partnership countries

UN chief calls for ‘enlightened self-interest’ from world leaders to save ‘the whole planet’ from climate change

A Europe that Protects: Commission calls for more efforts to ensure adoption of security proposals

World is ‘on notice’ as major UN report shows one million species face extinction

New York City has a plan to fight fast fashion waste. Here’s how it works

Changing world of work needs new jobs strategy

How LA plans to be 1.6°C cooler by 2050

VP McGuinness on women’s rights: “Not an option, but a duty”

Security Union: Commission welcomes political agreement on removing terrorist content online

Discussions kick off among MEPs and national MPs on economic governance

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s