How improved data could boost humanitarian investment

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Katherine Garrett-Cox, Chief Executive Officer, Gulf International Bank (UK) Ltd and Chair, Clean Air Fund & Helen Alderson Reat Noch, Director, Financial Resources and Logistics, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)


  • The number of people in need of humanitarian aid has jumped by 40% to 235 million in 2021, according to UN.
  • The private sector has crucial role to play in plugging the humanitarian aid funding gap of over $20 billion.
  • A recent report published by the World Economic Forum, in collaboration with GIB Asset Management, shows that unlocking this finance requires stakeholder collaboration to improve quality of data and metrics.

The COVID-19 crisis has exacerbated the pressing challenges already faced by families and communities in fragile contexts. The Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, together with existing humanitarian appeals, totalled $39 billion. As of November 2020, donors had given $17 billion to inter-agency plans – around a $22 billion shortfall. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) estimates confirm that donor funding and development finance remains insufficient to meet the overall need (Figure 1).

Humanitarian and Resilience Investing (HRI) is defined as capital invested in ways that measurably benefits people and communities in contexts of fragility, conflict and violence, while creating a financial return. Over the past decade, private sector capital deployed in investment activity that considers environmental, social and governance factors and social impact alongside financial returns has increased (Figure 2).

Consistent with that, interest in HRI specifically has also increased. HRI can span the full range of investment strategies from responsible and sustainable through to impact investments (Figure 3), although at present it is concentrated within the impact space, given typically high levels of risk. HRI has not yet become established as an investment theme, and there are relatively few examples of HRI taking place compared with other themes, such as climate finance.

HRI is only suitable for a subset of Sustainable Development Goals targets (SDGs) that are investable and that generate revenue streams. Research has suggested that, in the past, these opportunities have tended to arise in SDG9 (Industry Innovation and Infrastructure) and SDG7 (Affordable and Clean Energy). However, businesses have become increasingly engaged with the SDGs, and investor knowledge and disclosure has developed, resulting in wider opportunities.

What are the challenges with existing information?

One of the barriers previously identified to unlocking more private sector capital is lack of sufficient decision-ready data for potential investors. HRI is still a little known area, not helped by the fact that it does not fall neatly into a specific SDG. HRI also relies heavily on social indicators, for which data is among the most challenging to gather.

While there is a wealth of humanitarian and development data available, there is very little standardized at the project, programme, or business level needed to facilitate investment. Existing data has largely been designed for the interests and priorities of other stakeholders, while investors’ own requirements remain largely unmet.

How is the World Economic Forum helping to improve humanitarian assistance?

With more than 132 million people worldwide requiring humanitarian assistance, humanitarian responses must become more efficient and effective at delivering aid to those who need it most.

Cash assistance has been recognized as a faster and more effective form of humanitarian aid compared to in-kind assistance such as food, clothing or education. Cash transfers give more control to their beneficiaries, allowing them to prioritize their own needs. They also have a proven track record of fostering entrepreneurialism and boosting local economies.

When the UN Secretary-General issued a call for innovative ways to improve cash-based humanitarian assistance, the World Economic Forum responded by bringing together 18 organizations to create guidelines for public-private cooperation on humanitarian cash transfers.

The guidelines are outlined in the Principles on Public-Private Cooperation in Humanitarian Payments and show how the public and private sectors can work together to deliver digital cash payments quickly and securely to crisis-affected populations. Since its publication in 2016, the report has served as a valuable resource for organizations, humanitarian agencies and government leaders seeking to increase the effectiveness of humanitarian aid and advance financial inclusion.

Learn more about this project and find out how you can join the Forum to get involved in initiatives that are helping millions of lives every day.

Case studies shows how addressing data gaps can unlock viable and impactful HRI investment strategies, which – underpinned by more robust revenue streams – can mitigate financial, reputational and compliance risks. For example:

In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Philips, the Dutch multinational, found that data on traceability and verification were critical in ensuring a conflict-free supply chain for tin, while empowering unemployed miners.

ICRC has raised around CHF26 million of capital through its Humanitarian Impact Bond to provide physical rehabilitation for people disabled by conflict and disaster in Nigeria, Mali and DRC. Returns on the bond will be linked to the performance of ICRC’s programme against pre-specified metrics. https://www.youtube.com/embed/ur9NBfbGIqQ?enablejsapi=1&wmode=transparent

Improving data to unlock capital for HRI

Through research on existing data, benchmarks and standards, we have identified three priorities.

1. Increase the disclosure of both standardized initiative and business-level HRI-enabling data

The substantial flow of funds into ESG investment strategies over the past decade would not have been possible without the transparency arising from companies making the necessary disclosures. Equally, it is unlikely there would have been such an increase in disclosures if that had not helped attract capital. An equivalent virtuous circle for HRI-enabling data would be transformational.

2. Widen the adoption of existing standards and make them more relevant for investors

Ideally, existing standards and benchmarks would be used as the foundation for increased data provision. For example, the Minimum Economic Recovery Standards and the IFC Performance Standards are particularly applicable. Additionally, the Corporate Human Rights Benchmark provides detailed indicators that can be widely used across a variety of industries. However, adoption and implementation varies significantly, and there remain gaps on issues such as subcontracted supply chains, essential services and security operations.

3. Leverage digital technologies to make the collection of HRI-enabling data more efficient

Historically, most of the data required by investors would have been collected manually. This consumes valuable time and resources, which is problematic given the humanitarian imperatives at stake. However, with increasing digitization, it has become much easier to collect data while being attentive to the critical issues of data privacy and security.

For example:

The US Environmental Protection Agency has made publicly available daily air quality data and large environmental datasets through its remote sensing information gateway. This has allowed investors to assess the emissions activities, performance and efficiency of individual US states and industrial sites.

UNOCHA worked with the International Organization for Migration to pool satellite and drone imagery with other data to determine variations in the terrain of refugee camps in Bangladesh. Equipped with this information, agencies were able to identify camps that were most at risk of flooding before the rainy season began.

In our report Unlocking Humanitarian and Resilience Investing through Better Data, we call on all organizations with an interest in strengthening crisis resilience – including businesses, investors, standard-setters, donors, philanthropists and humanitarian organizations – to collaborate in creating more effective data solutions to unlock the full potential of investment finance as a force for good among some of the world’s most disaster-affected communities.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

MEPs approve boost to workers’ rights in the gig economy

As many as 330,000 displaced by heavy fighting in south-west Syria – UN agency

State aid: Commission approves €106.7 million restructuring aid and €30.2 compensation for damages suffered due to coronavirus outbreak in favour of French airline Corsair

Economic growth ‘exceeds expectations’ but trade tensions are rising: UN report

A third of young people polled by UN, report being a victim of online bullying

Covid-19 crisis shows supply chains need to embrace new technologies

D-Day for Grexit is today and not Friday; Super Mario is likely to kill the Greek banks still today

Combatting antisemitism requires ‘solidarity in the face of hatred’, says UN chief

Here are three ways organizations can prepare for tomorrow’s world

As Syria conflict enters ninth year, humanitarian crisis ‘far from over’, Security Council hears

This is what different countries are doing to stop coronavirus from spreading

Window for a Brexit deal: Brussels to think again May’s proposal

Nearly a third of the globe is now on Facebook – chart of the day

Car emissions: MEPs set end on gap between lab and real driving emission tests

Factory workers are facing a mental health crisis. Here’s how to respond

Is the European Banking Union an impossible task?

What are underwater farms? And how do they work?

Angola’s President João Lourenço calls for stronger EU-Africa cooperation

The road ahead to building a more sustainable world

The first new university in the UK for 40 years is taking a very different approach to education

Female representation is a weapon against patriarchal prejudice

Sassoli to EU governments: Rise to the challenge. Find new shared ways to finance our recovery

EU Parliament says ‘no’ to austerity budget

End Syria fighting to avoid ‘even greater humanitarian catastrophe’

Libya: Thousands seek shelter in health clinics from Tripoli fighting, UN warns

Empathic AI could be the next stage in human evolution – if we get it right

Chart of the day: The internet has a language diversity problem

Methane levels are increasing – and scientists aren’t sure why

Security Union: political agreement on strengthened Schengen Information System

Predatory labour taxation not an issue for the Commission

Stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte: “Europe must listen to the people”

The real economy is not a side event in the global decarbonization effort

Europe’s far-right launches attacks on neighboring nations

To build a circular economy, we need to put recycling in the bin

Smokers who quit one month before surgery reap benefits: UN health agency

3 ways to humanize HR and create a culture of connections

Taxation: Commission refers Germany to the Court for its failure to apply EU rules on VAT for farmers

Can the Notre-Dame fire freeze the ‘Yellow Vests’ uprising?

UN health agency identifies 5-year-old Congolese boy as first confirmed case of Ebola in Uganda

EU mobilises emergency assistance for Croatia in the aftermath of devastating earthquake

FROM THE FIELD: Changing world, changing families

EU-Vietnam free trade deal gets green light in trade committee

Green economy ‘not to be feared, but an opportunity to be embraced’ says UN chief as COP25 gets underway

Why it’s time to take central banks’ digital currencies seriously

Thursday’s Daily Brief: Women in peacekeeping, the arrest of Sudan’s leader, updates on Libya, Nigeria and Syria

Here are 5 of the biggest threats to our oceans, and how we can solve them

Hundreds of wounded Gaza protesters risk limb amputation without immediate help, warns top UN official

Trump’s trade war splits the EU; Germany upset with Juncker’s “we can be stupid too”

Medicine and mental health: relax, the doctor is a lifelong learner

Shaping the future of democracy in Armenia

How to tackle the perils of air pollution

Italy’s M.Renzi and Germany’s S. Gabriel veto austerity, ask EU leaders to endorse growth measures

How to talk to people about mental health – and support one another

3 ways blockchain can accelerate sustainable development

Draghi’s top new year resolution: Quantitative Easing

What if nature became a legal person?

Prevent future crises and empower youth – now!

EU prepares for the worst case scenario as Turkey seems to be withdrawing from the migration deal

FROM THE FIELD: Faces and Voices of Conflict

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s