The challenges of the vaccination campaign in Brazil, including the state of Amazonas

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This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Juliana Mayra, a sixth-period medical student at Amazonas State University in Brazil, daughter of Luzamere de Araújo, native from Manaus, Amazonas. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


The main challenge for the vaccination campaign to be effective in Brazil, is the lack of an effective public health policy, that confides scientific and scientific information to its population. What we are currently seeing is a frightened and totally uninformed population. A good number of Brazilians claim to be against the vaccination campaign due to the side effects of the vaccine, due to scientifically unsubstantiated information being incorporated into Brazilian homes.

The vaccine should not be based on an individualized issue, its mandatory requirement being removed, it is a collective issue and it covers reducing contamination among people. Since there is no early treatment for COVID-19 with proven scientific literature, the only way to reduce mortality from COVID-19 disease is emergency vaccination, the only really effective way. And this education is being distorted when it is passed on to people, because in addition to an unstructured government, we have a decadent public health policy.

 In the Amazonas, the decay of this public policy is notoriously visible, currently the state is experiencing the worst phase of the disease, the corona virus currently has its greatest increase in mortality, overloading the beds of public and even private hospitals, with a lack of mechanical ventilators and even oxygen for your patients. The state’s public health system is experiencing a complete calamity, people died of asphyxiation due to lack of oxygen. Public health policy in the state of Amazonas was not even able to supply the oxygen demand that the population needed to face the disease.

Lives were lost due to the lack of organization and political planning. These lives did not die because of the disease, they died due to the negligence of the federal and state government. The greatest challenge of Brazilian vaccination campaigns is to face this precarious public health policy, which, in addition to not meeting the needs of the inhabitants as seen recently, does not work on educating them in relation to encouraging vaccination in the population. Another existing challenge is that there are not enough vaccines against covid-19 for all Brazilians, so risk groups have priority in this vaccination process and as seen in Brazilian media, vaccination is being divided into phases, but these phases are not they are being respected, then corruption processes are entering, people who are not included in the risk group are being vaccinated in this first phase, which are exclusive to risk groups, compromising the entire planning and process of the vaccination campaign.

 It’s necessary to implement public educational policies, encouraging the population to be vaccinated, showing the importance of vaccination in the midst of this chaotic scenario that we are experiencing. Implement a truly effective public health policy, which obeys and encourages vaccination campaigns, establishing an education for the Brazilian and Amazonas people, so that they feel safer and encouraged to participate in the vaccination process.

About the author

Juliana Mayra, is a sixth-period medical student at Amazonas State University in Brazil, daughter of Luzamere de Araújo, native from Manaus, Amazonas. Has been in hospitals in Manaus and has closely followed the suffering of the Amazonian people in this pandemic , the state faces its worst moment in relation to COVID-19. Her biggest dream is to be able to help people with their medical training, and dedicate themselves hard for human life. She is a indignated woman  with injustice and violence, and the neglect of human life.

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