SRHR and Ending HIV : Can one be achieved without the other ?

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Mr. Babu Chaudhary, a student at Baroda Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. He is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


What is sexual and reproductive health(SRH) ?

Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is an essential component of the universal right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in other international human rights conventions, declarations, and consensus agreements. Sexual and reproductive health needs must be met for both men and women. Human rights standards require states to respect, protect, and fulfill the right to sexual and reproductive health, and states must also ensure that individuals have the opportunity to actively participate in the development of health care policy and in individual care decisions – including determining whether and when to have children and in protecting the rights of others to sexual and reproductive health, including through ensuring violence-­‐free relationships and homes and in seeking information, education, and care for one’s children.

What are sexual and reproductive rights ?

Sexual and reproductive health rights — including access to sexual and reproductive health care and information, as well as autonomy in sexual and reproductive decision-making — are human rights; they are universal, indivisible, and undeniable. Such rights are grounded in other essential human rights, including the right to health, the right to be free from discrimination, the right to privacy, the right not to be subjected to torture or ill‐treatment, the right to determine the number and spacing of one’s children, and the right to be free from sexual violence.

HIV : Prevention and Control

  • People can get or transmit HIV only through specific activities, such as through sex or injection drug use. HIV can be transmitted only in certain body fluids from a person who has HIV. These fluids are blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.
  • To reduce your risk of HIV, use condoms correctly every time you have sex. Don’t inject drugs. If you do, use only sterile injection equipment and water and never share your equipment with others.
  • If you don’t have HIV but are at risk of getting HIV, talk to your health care provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP involves taking a specific HIV medicine every day to reduce the risk of getting HIV through sex or injection drug use.

How is HIV transmitted ?

The person-to-person spread of HIV is called HIV transmission. People can get or transmit HIV only through specific activities, such as through sex or injection drug use. HIV can be transmitted only in certain body fluids from a person who has HIV:

Blood, Semen, Pre-seminal fluids, Rectal fluids, Vaginal fluids, Breast milk Etc.

.

How can We reduce the risk of getting HIV ?

Anyone can get HIV, but you can take steps to protect yourself from HIV.

  • Get tested for HIV before have sex.
  • Choose less risky sexual behaviors.
  • Use condoms every time you have sex.
  • Limit your number of sexual partners.
  • Get tested and treated for STDs.
  • Don’t inject drugs.

About the author

Babu Chaudhary is a student at Baroda Medical College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. He is an active member of Medical Student Association of India (MSAI) and likes to volunteer for different national and international events. He thinks medicine is a very pious profession and we can help thousands of people and wants to make the whole world a better place to live in for everyone. He is always trying something new because he believes that Learning is the beginning of health. Learning is the beginning of spirituality. Searching and learning is where the miracle process all begins.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

In the future of work it’s jobs, not people, that will become redundant

‘Right to disconnect’ should be an EU-wide fundamental right, MEPs say

The refugee crisis brings to light EU’s most horrible flaws and nightmares

Myanmar Government side-lining democratic reform, resorting to military era repression: UN expert

Around 52 million in Near East, North Africa, suffering chronic undernourishment, new UN food agency report reveals

Missile strike kills at least 12 civilians, including children, in Syria’s Idlib: UN humanitarians

INTERVIEW: ‘Defend the people, not the States’, says outgoing UN human rights chief

Why law enforcement and businesses need to join forces to fight global cybercrime

Reasons to hope and reasons to keep perspective on a vaccine

UK’s Cameron takes the field to speed up TTIP talks. Will “rocket boosters” work?

Five cities short-listed to become the European Youth Capital 2017

Fostering global citizenship in medicine

250+ senior claims leaders under one roof, exchanging transformation strategy

Over 80 per cent of schools in anglophone Cameroon shut down, as conflict worsens

Draghi: A bridge from Brussels to Berlin

Sudan: New political transition, bolstered by peacebuilding, could bring long-term stability to Darfur, Security Council told

State aid: Commission approves €24.7 million of Italian support to compensate Alitalia for further damages suffered due to coronavirus outbreak

European Development Days 2013

What lies ahead for the Korean Peninsula?

“France will be there, it will always be there!”, French President Hollande says in a rather disorganised speech; the Sting reports live from World Economic Forum 2015 in Davos

Seaweed, enzymes and compostable cups: Can ‘Big Food’ take on plastic and win?

UK’s May stresses global cooperation at UN General Assembly

Sustainable finance: Commission publishes guidelines to improve how firms report climate-related information and welcomes three new important reports on climate finance by leading experts

Why is black plastic packaging so hard to recycle?

Gender-Based Violence and HIV/SRHR – The commonly ignored linkages we need to open our eyes for

Strengthening the rule of law through increased awareness, an annual monitoring cycle and more effective enforcement

Venezuela: MEPs call for free and fair elections in the crisis-torn country

How impact finance can alleviate COVID-19’s economic symptoms

Ghana will grow faster than any other economy this year, the IMF says why

ITU Telecom World 2016: it’s all about working together

We have solutions to crime. We just need to scale them

In New Zealand it takes less than a day to start a business

To win combat against HIV worldwide, ‘knowledge is power’, says UNAIDS report

‘Starvation’ now a reality for displaced Syrians stranded in camp near Jordanian border

White Coat, Stained red

The Sahel is engulfed by violence. Climate change, food insecurity and extremists are largely to blame

In the future, no one should be excluded from healthcare

The scary EU elections result and the delayed Council’s repentance

Caravan of Mothers of Missing Migrants kick off a global migration search movement

Mental health in the pandemic: how to stay emotionally stable?

On sidelines of UN climate summit, US President calls for protection of religious freedom

Science is ‘key’ to pushing forward the 2030 Agenda, UN development forum told

End Syria fighting to avoid ‘even greater humanitarian catastrophe’

Terrorist content online should be removed within one hour, says EP

The Junior Enterprise concept: Business & Education

Summer 2018 Interim Economic Forecast: Resilient Growth amid increased uncertainty

Business management: how can you introduce new ideas?

New ECB boss quizzed for the first time by Economic Affairs Committee

Fit for Future platform selects EU initiatives for simplification and modernisation

To recruit younger people, you have to understand them. Here’s a guide

New technologies, artificial intelligence aid fight against global terrorism

Elections in Britain may reserve a surprise for May’s Tories

A good night’s sleep ‘washes’ your brain, scientists say

Health professionals: the frontline in the fight against the Covid-19

Mexico must increase foreign bribery enforcement: full implementation of anti-corruption reforms could help

Draghi hands over to banks €77.7 billion more

Fail fast, fail better: 3 ways companies can master innovation

EU to Turkey: No other ties than €3+3bn to upkeep refugees

Venezuela: UN human rights office calls for ‘maximum restraint’ by authorities in face of new demonstrations

Why Italy will not follow the Greek road; Eurozone to change or unravel

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s