Artificial Intelligence: guidelines for military and non-military use

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article is brought to you in association with the European Parliament.


On Thursday, the Legal Affairs Committee adopted guidelines on the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for military purposes and in the health and justice sectors.

MEPs reiterate their call for an EU legal framework with definitions and ethical principles. These rules need to ensure that human dignity and human rights are respected and that AI systems are subject to meaningful human control, allowing humans to correct or disable them in case of unforeseen behaviour. Humans should therefore be identifiable and ultimately held responsible.


Military use and human oversight


MEPs agreed that lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS) should only be used as a last resort and be deemed lawful only if subject to human control, since it must be humans that decide between life and death.


The text calls on the EU to take a leading role in promoting a global framework on the military use of AI, alongside the UN and the international community.


AI in healthcare and justice


The increased use of AI systems in public services, especially healthcare and justice, should not replace human contact or lead to discrimination, MEPs assert. When AI is used in matters of public health, (e.g. robot-assisted surgery, smart prostheses, predictive medicine), patients’ personal data must be protected and the principle of equal treatment upheld.


Judges use AI technologies more and more in decision-making and to speed up proceedings. However, safeguards need to be introduced to protect the interests of citizens. People should always be informed if they are subject to a decision based on AI and should have the right to see a public official. AI cannot replace humans to pass sentences. Final court decisions must be taken by humans, be strictly verified by a person and be subject to due process.


MEPs also warn of threats to fundamental human rights arising from the use of AI technologies in mass surveillance, both in the civil and military domains. They call for a ban on “highly intrusive social scoring applications” (for monitoring and rating of citizens) by public authorities.


The draft resolution was adopted with 16 votes in favour and 4 votes against.


Background


Parliament has already adopted a wide range of resolutions in the field of AI and most recently approved three reports on Artificial Intelligence in the areas of ethics, civil liability and intellectual property. Ahead of the Commission legislative proposal on AI expected in early 2021, Parliament also set up a new Special Committee on Artificial Intelligence in a Digital Age (AIDA).

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Statement on the Code of Practice against disinformation: Commission asks online platforms to provide more details on progress made

UN working to prevent attacks on civilians in eastern DR Congo

Trump systematically upsets global order and trade: Where does this end?

China rare earth prices soar on their potential role in trade war

Violence on the rise in Darfur following Sudan military takeover, but UN-AU peacekeeping mission maintains ‘robust posture’

This company is breeding millions of insects in the heart of London

People, not technology, shape the future of manufacturing

Women-Friendly Spaces for Rohingya refugees: A place for protection and care

The UN’s unyielding effort to tackle sexual abuse and exploitation: our quarterly update

Energy Union: EU’s effort towards a cleaner climate with integrated energy market

Fertilisers/cadmium: Parliament and Council negotiators reach provisional deal

Yemen war: UN chief urges good faith as ‘milestone’ talks get underway in Sweden

Trump beats Clinton but Americans will learn the hard way that the US can’t change with an election

These are New York Public Library’s 10 most borrowed books

EU Youth Conference in Riga concludes with recommendations for ministers

Fed, ECB take positions to face the next global financial crisis; the Brits uncovered

Hydrogen isn’t the fuel of the future. It’s already here

European Parliament and Eurovision sign partnership for European Elections

Palestinian Bedouin community faces demolition after Israeli court ruling, warns UN rights office

COP21 Breaking News_03 December: Europe’s children urge leaders to commit to climate action at UN Climate Summit in Paris

3 reasons why Singapore is the smartest city in the world

Plants, the ‘core basis for life on Earth’, under increasing threat, warns UN food agency

Earth has more trees than it did 35 years ago – but there’s a huge catch

EP Brexit Steering Group calls on the UK to overcome the deadlock

Coronavirus: Macro-financial assistance agreement provides for €80 million disbursement to North Macedonia

This Belgian restaurant is following COVID rules using camper vans

Financial services are changing. Here’s how

Africa-Europe Alliance: Denmark provides €10 million for sustainable development under the EU External Investment Plan

Impressions of China

Italy can stand the US rating agencies’ meaningless degrading

Food for millions in Yemen at risk of rotting in key Red Sea port, warns UN

Commission takes further action to ensure professionals can fully benefit from the Single Market

Safer products: EP and Council close deal to beef up checks and inspections

UN rights chief bemoans unilateral sanctions on Venezuela, fearing ‘far-reaching implications’

MEPs back measures to reconcile career and private life

Commission disburses €8.5 billion under SURE to five Member States

This is what you need to know about the Iran nuclear deal

India is building a high-tech sustainable city from scratch

Children in crisis-torn eastern Ukraine ‘too terrified to learn’ amid spike in attacks on schools

The historic accomplishment of a seamless EU patent and intellectual property space

Humanitarian Aid 2016: The needs, the highlights, the crisis and the relief

Who really cares for the environment?

Flexible jobs can make work-life balance worse, a German study finds

How to decarbonize shipping without spending billions

Forget 2009, this is the real credit crisis of our time

Implementation of EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey: EU mobilises €663 million in humanitarian assistance

Gaza probe finds ‘reasonable grounds’ Israeli forces committed international human rights violations

To solve the climate crisis, we need an investment revolution

Invisibility outside the closet: health as a right for all

UN chief hails ‘positive developments’ towards ending political crisis in Bolivia

This is what emerging technologies mean for the future of infrastructure

Why support for Latin America’s early tech hubs is vital for the region

COVID-19 and the pursuit of financial inclusion in Pakistan

3+1 issues to haunt tomorrow’s EU Summit

Is the West gradually losing Africa?

Commission presents its response to Antisemitism and a survey showing Antisemitism is on the rise in the EU

GSMA Mobile 360 Series –Digital Societies, in association with The European Sting

EU-Turkey relations: Erdogan plays the refugee card while beefing up gas operations in the Eastern Mediterranean sea

New seat projections for the next European Parliament EU28

Wind farms now provide 14% of EU power – these countries are leading the way

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s