We must prevent a post-COVID ‘carmageddon’. Here’s how

Credit: Unsplash

This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Sheila Watson, Deputy Director, FIA Foundation & Imke Verburg, Programme Coordinator the Netherlands, Bernard van Leer Foundation


  • Now is the time to consolidate the gains we have made in terms of cleaner air.
  • Opening up and repurposing our streets could lower air pollution and improve the health of millions – especially children.
  • We can do this, but we will need creativity and political will to effect real change.

We live in turbulent times. The gap between the world we want and the world we see feels simultaneously closer and more distant. COVID-19 represents an unparalleled global public health crisis, one that affects our collective wellbeing and financial security. This pandemic has consequences for all, and has hit the world’s most vulnerable even harder.

The coronavirus has also exposed the vulnerability of global transport networks. It has highlighted the urgent need for more equitable and innovative use of street space for health and happiness, providing room for safe interactions. Now is the time to consolidate the widespread shift to active travel, protect public transport and remove dirty cars from our streets. The alternative – where people retreat to old private vehicles – creates the prospect of ‘carmaggedon’, with choking air and dangerous roads.

We all need clean air to breathe. Children are particularly vulnerable to dirty air, as their bodies and immune systems are still developing. Young children breathe three times as fast as adults, which means when air is polluted, they breathe in three times the amount of pollution. There is evidence that air pollution can increase vulnerability to pneumonia, as well as causing or exacerbating a range of other developmental impacts, from neurological conditions to asthma.

Air pollution is particularly harmful to children
Air pollution is particularly harmful to children Image: UNICEF / UCLA

We don’t yet fully understand all the connections between the coronavirus and air pollution. Emerging studies indicate links between the two, and it is quite possible that past exposure to air pollution may cause health conditions that increase vulnerability to serious illness, or even that fine particles of air pollution may play a role in transmission. Evidence indicates that exposure to toxic air has worsened the health of communities globally. This leaves people in vulnerable situations more predisposed to the most severe impacts of COVID-19, resulting in more hospitalisations and deaths for the poorest and most vulnerable.

At the same time, during the crisis, air quality has improved near instantly as a result of decisive government actions to protect public health. The lockdowns and increased physical distancing measures caused a short-term pause in emissions, with impacts on air pollution a significant ‘silver lining’ in a stormy sky. Air pollution has plummeted in cities around the world, creating rapid changes that were almost unthinkable previously – such as clear skies, restored vistas and the sound of birdsong. We cannot go back to the way things were, or – even worse – to a future in which polluting private vehicles replace public transport trips, leading to an additional environmental ‘carmaggedon’. Today marks the first International Day of Clean Air for blue skies, a resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly to showcase success stories and promote actions that improve air quality. This is a day that will be celebrated annually to show change is possible.

Five years on from the ‘dieselgate’ scandal that rocked confidence in the official testing system for vehicle emissions, millions of people across the world millions are still driving vehicles that harm public health. In 2017, the ICCT estimated that 100,000 premature deaths globally were associated with on-road vehicle NOx emissions from diesel vehicles in 2015, with around 38,000 of these due to the ‘excess’ emissions that were a direct result of the failure of laboratory testing.

Excess deaths from NOx polllution, by country
Excess deaths from NOx polllution, by country Image: The ICCT

These are staggering numbers that should have caused a fundamental re-think of mobility. However, despite the large fines imposed on Volkswagen, the impacts on purchasing decisions have been relatively modest so far. Electric vehicles made up just 2.6% of global vehicle sales in 2019 and are still just 1% of the vehicle stock.

It is time for change. The Real Urban Emissions Initiative (TRUE) has a ‘clean vehicle checker’ (see figure below) which allows people to better understand the real-world emissions from their vehicle – based on actual on-road measurements of vehicles. The majority of these are rated poor. When exposed with the reality of a polluting vehicle, are we happy to continue driving these, choking the streets?

Image: The Real Urban Emissions Initiative

For many of us, the pandemic has meant more time to reflect and consider the futility of old patterns of commuting. New temporary cycle lanes have transformed streets in Paris and other cities into highways for bicycles and e-scooters. Active travel also has other benefits; increased physical activity is associated with improved health, for example, which is important for building physical resilience ahead of a potential ‘second wave’ of infections over the winter, and also releasing a wave of endorphins that boost mood and contribute to happiness.

Attention is now turning to how we can use unprecedented economic recovery packages to trigger a green industrial revolution which protects our health, wellbeing and livelihoods. As children return to school, will they be walking or taking public transport, or will there be a rise in private vehicle use? London has pioneered the use of school streets – closing off the road immediately outside a school – to create additional space for walking, and to create an incentive for active travel – whether that is ‘park and stride’ or using walking or cycling. Do we all need larger, SUV-type vehicles? The IEA says that this upward shift in vehicle size has been the second-largest contributor to the increase in global CO2 emissions since 2010 after the power sector.

So-called open streets or shared or complete streets could be promising in structuring a concrete COVID-19 response and post-lockdown ‘opening-up’ strategies. This type of street could be seen as open for more uses than vehicular transit and enhances the public space function of the street in addition to its transportation function. There are many variations, but each involves a shared usage of street space for a wider range of users and generations, for more mobility modes, such as people on foot, on bicycle, and on public transport, but also for more activities like lingering and resting, social interaction, play and business. Open streets almost always restrict private vehicular traffic to free space for other uses. Lockdown measures made these possibilities visible. COVID-19 provides a window of opportunity to build upon these measures and see what elements could be maintained when opening up.

We need streets for kids and we must continue to open up. Exciting pilots from around the world show that a different way of designing cities – also at street level – is possible, and that putting kids first creates better spaces to live. While some journeys might require a vehicle, many do not. For those that do, take some time to look into the emissions of your vehicle. And while streets will continue to have transportation functions, their public life functions can be increased.

COVID-19 has shown that this requires less restructuring then you might think, but it will also about creativity, innovative regulations and political will. Let’s reduce unnecessary emissions, and shift to more efficient zero-emission vehicles and new uses of streets to leave a lasting and positive legacy from this situation: cleaner, open, safer streets for children and their caregivers.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

General Elections in Spain: Twitter organises the first digital debate to empower young people.

Educational disadvantage starts from age 10

Italian voters put again the European Peoples in the Brussels picture

Christine Lagarde: the three priorities for the global economy

Measles claims more than twice as many lives than Ebola in DR Congo

DR Congo elections: ‘Excessive use of force’ in campaign must be avoided, says Bachelet

‘Stop and listen’ to victims of terrorism, UN chief urges in message marking international day

MWC 2016 LIVE: Getty chief says one in four new images from phones

UN rights experts call on Russia to release Ukrainian film-maker whose life is in ‘imminent danger’

Syria: ‘Deplorable’ violence in Idlib against civilians, humanitarian workers must ‘stop immediately’: UN Coordinator

Climate activist Greta Thunberg urges MEPs to put words into action

A day in the life of a refugee: We should be someone who helps

Nigeria: Top UN officials say more support needed to ease humanitarian crisis and rebuild lives in conflict-ravaged north-east

GSMA Announces New Keynote Speakers, Event Updates for 2019 “MWC Los Angeles, in Partnership with CTIA”

Tuesday’s Daily Brief: violence surges in Nigeria, anti-Semitism on the march, taxing pollution to tackle climate crisis, and more

Infringement – Commission takes Italy to Court for its incomplete regime of access to genetic resources

How technology will transform learning in the COVID-19 era

UK keeps its Brexit plan secret or there is no strategy at all whatsoever?

Member states jeopardising the rule of law will risk losing EU funds

Factory workers are facing a mental health crisis. Here’s how to respond

Mali: Presidential elections critical to consolidate democracy, says UN peacekeeping chief

A refugee from Syria cries out: “I’m not just a number!”

Why protesters disrupted London Fashion Week

European Commission and European Investment Fund launch €75 million BlueInvest Fund

The Next Web 2014, the biggest European conference on Internet so far and the Absence of Brussels from Amsterdam

Afghanistan can rely on international support along harrowing road to peace, and beyond

Transparency is key to inclusive employment and government integrity

MEP Cristiana Muscardini @ European Business Summit 2014: International Trade in Europe

Europeans show record support for the euro

Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon should be free to earn a living

EU leading in global agri-food trade

Paris agreed with Berlin over a loose and ineffective banking union

‘Spectre of poverty’ hangs over tribes and indigenous groups: UN labour agency

Parliament cuts own spending to facilitate agreement on EU budget

Artificial Intelligence has a gender problem. Here’s what to do about it

A new world that demands new doctors in the fourth industrial revolution

A Sting Exclusive: “Consumer expectations for the 2015 UN summit on climate change”, Director General of BEUC Monique Goyens outlines from Brussels

EU on track to end use of chemicals harming the ozone layer

Strengthening security through an EU-wide information system

Talent is worldwide. Opportunity is not. How can we redistribute it?

COP25: ‘Signals of hope’ multiplying in face of global climate crisis, insists UN chief Guterres

State aid: Commission approves €200 million Danish loan in support of the Travel Guarantee Fund for travel cancellations due to coronavirus outbreak

European Employment Forum 2013 and not European Unemployment Forum 2014

Is deflation a real danger for Eurozone?

The UN supports Europe’s military action in Libya and the Mediterranean; Russia and China agree

Financial markets appear to have rallied. Here’s one way to mitigate further shocks due to COVID-19

‘Score a goal’ for humanity, says Mohammed, celebrating winning link between sport and development

This UK footballer just won free school meals for kids in the summer holidays

Trade in fake Italian goods costs economy billions of euros

Reject passivity and embrace ‘responsibility for our future,’ Lithuania’s President tells UN Assembly

JADE May Meeting last call for participants – join us in Zagreb

Afghanistan: UN envoy urges further extension of ceasefire with Taliban, as Eid ul-Fitr gets underway

New malaria vaccine trial in Malawi marks ‘an innovation milestone’, declares UN health agency

GSMA announces new keynote speakers for 2018 Mobile World Congress

EU integration: MEPs want to end permanent opt-outs from EU law

To Brexit, or not to Brexit…rather not: 10 Downing Street, London

State aid: Commission opens in-depth investigation procedure into measures in favour of Béziers airport in France and Ryanair

UN health agency launches week of action to ban lead paint

At UN, Cuba slams US ‘criminal’ practices undermining country’s development

Taking care of our routes: the elderly in the time of COVID-19

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s