nCoV: An Emerging Respiratory Infection


(Vincent Ghilione, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Rehab A. Rayan, an Ashoka change-maker scholar, a PhD candidate from Egypt  in public health,
epidemiology major and a clinical pharmacist holding a PharmD certificate. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

Infections keep evolving and challenging population health. For instance, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) emerged in 2002, H1N1 influenza emerged in 2009, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) emerged in 2012 and the Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) that has recently emerged in 2019.

The health of animals and mankind, as well as the environment, are inseparably connected. About 70-80% of emerging and re-emerging communicable illnesses are of zoonotic linkage, in other words, they could be communicated among man and animals. The altered climate change, the expanding population, the greater urbanism, and the worldwide migration and travelling altogether spike the danger of evolving and propagating airway infections.

Coronaviruses are a big class of viruses, which induce sickness spanning between the common cold toward higher critical illnesses, for example, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).  In 2019, a new coronavirus (CoV), which has not been distinguished in people before, was recognized in Wuhan, China.

Coronaviruses induce illness as well in a variety of animal species. For instance, in China, SARS-CoV was communicated between civet cats and man in 2002 and in Saudi Arabia, MERS-CoV between dromedary camels and man in 2012. Many of the recognized coronaviruses are running in animals and have not yet transmitted to the man. A spillover event is when a virus, which is running in an animal species is discovered to have been communicated to a man.

Coronaviruses could be communicated from one individual in close contact with another, for instance, providing clinical care to an infected patient in the absence of rigorous measures of hygiene, individuals in close contact with animals, for example, workers in the live animal market, healthcare providers or members of the family who are caring for an infected patient by the emerging coronavirus.

To protect yourself from the infection, you should: clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub, cover your mouth and nose with a medical mask, tissue, or your sleeve or flexed elbow while coughing or sneezing, keep off unsafe close contact with all those who have a common cold or flu-like symptoms and ask for medical help if you are feverish, coughing and hardly breathing, During attending live markets, stay away from direct unsafe contact with live animals and surfaces touched by animals and cook your meals particularly meat adequately.


[1] WHO. Emerging respiratory viruses, including nCoV: methods for detection, prevention, response and control. Geneva, Switzerland: 2020.

[2] Jones KE, Patel NG, Levy MA, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman JL, et al. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 2008;451:990–3.

About the author

Rehab is an Ashoka change-maker scholar, a PhD candidate in public health,
epidemiology major and a clinical pharmacist holding a PharmD certificate. She is
currently working as an assistant lecturer in the pharmacy practice department, College
of Pharmacy, AASTMT. She has participated in several international conferences with
research abstracts & scientific posters. In addition, she is also an associate editor at
NovelMeds and a peer reviewer at URNCST Journal and a researcher in several
international organizations. Rehab is also a certified GIZ trainer, certified Egyptian
Health Informatics Fellow  professional trainer in the Health Informatics Fellowship program.


the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Coronavirus: Commission boosts budget for repatriation flights and rescEU stockpile

Theresa May’s global Britain against Philip Hammond’s Brexit fog

Preventing and resolving conflicts must form ‘backbone’ of collective efforts – UN chief

This woman solved one of the biggest problems facing green energy

The EU to bear the cost of eventual sanctions against Russia

This heroic doctor is waging war on rape and the stigma around it

Glasgow and Edinburgh race to become the UK’s first net-zero emissions city

OECD joins with Argentina to fight financial crime

Do men and women really have different leadership styles?

Amid ‘unprecedented combination’ of epidemics, UN and partners begin cholera vaccination campaign in DR Congo

EU-Turkey relations: EU considers imposing sanctions while Turkey keeps violating Cyprus’ sovereignty

‘Abhorrent’ ambulance attack in Libyan capital imperils life-saving work, warns UN

Bosnia and Herzegovina: MEPs concerned by slow progress in EU-related reforms

Japan’s agro-food sector would benefit greatly from policies to boost innovation, entrepreneurship and sustainable resource use

COP21 Breaking News: Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation Announced

Around 23 million boys have married before reaching 15; ‘we can end this violation’ says UNICEF chief

Real EU unemployment rate at 10.2%+4.1%+4.7%: Eurostat Update

US Middle East peace plan ‘lopsided’, says independent UN rights expert

How a 3-point plan could help rebuild business for the long-term

JADE Generations Club: Connecting perspectives, changing Europe.

US pardons for accused war criminals, contrary to international law: UN rights office

Coronavirus could trigger a hunger pandemic – unless urgent action is taken

Here’s how a circular economy could change the world by 2030

EP supports local authorities fighting the effects of the pandemic

Further reforms will promote a more inclusive and resilient Indonesian economy

Antitrust: Commission fines Google €4.34 billion for illegal practices regarding Android mobile devices to strengthen dominance of Google’s search engine

The Parliament defies a politically biased Banking Union

Europe, US and Russia haggle over Ukraine’s convulsing body; Russians and Americans press on for an all out civil war

Latin America is a mass-transit powerhouse. But it needs fine-tuning

How wealthy people transmit this advantage to their children and grand children

Can technology save life on Earth?

ECB: Monetary policy decisions

Why home is the least safe place to be a woman

Climate change: ‘A moral, ethical and economic imperative’ to slow global warming say UN leaders, calling for more action

Big world banks to pay $ 4.95bn for cheating customers; Is it a punishment or a gentle caress?

London wants new skyscrapers to protect cyclists from wind tunnels

How to talk to people about mental health – and support one another

President Juncker temporarily transfers portfolio responsibilities following departure of two Members of the European Commission

EU budget for 2019: do more for the young, SMEs and the climate, urge MEPs

Copyright: MEPs update rules for the digital age

An Eastern Wind

UN Assembly calls on all States to observe Olympic Truce throughout Tokyo Summer Games

CEOs say these 4 factors will shape business in 2020

Dare to be vulnerable, and three other lessons in leadership

This robot has soft hands. It could be the future of sustainable production

Four major resources for new European young entrepreneurs

ILO warns of widespread insecurity in the global labour market

This city in India swaps plastic for free meals

‘Multi-generational tragedy’ in Israel and Palestine demands political will for two-State solution

European Commission launches infringement proceedings against the UK following its failure to name a candidate for EU Commissioner

When is necessary understand the cultural marks in health-disease process

Bolivia: UN underlines support for ‘credible, transparent and inclusive’ election

MEPs urge the EU to lead the way to net-zero emissions by 2050

How COVID-19 compares to seasonal flu, and why you should take it seriously

Renewal of cross-border aid operation critical to northern Syria: UN relief chief

Supercomputing could solve the world’s problems, and create many more

European Junior Enterprise Network – Ready to take the Step Into the Future?

A Sting Exclusive: China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi on South China Sea issue at the ASEAN Regional Forum

Want to shop more sustainably and recycle better? This app could help

Electronic or conventional cigarettes – which is safer?

More Stings?



  1. Asmaa Ali says:

    That’s a great article. We’re waiting for more articles.

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s