‘Spectre of poverty’ hangs over tribes and indigenous groups: UN labour agency

ILO/R. Lord Women walk in the street in La Paz, Bolivia.

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Indigenous and tribal communities are around three times more likely to face extreme poverty than others with women “consistently at the bottom of all social and economic indicators”, UN labour experts said on Monday.

Highlighting new data showing that disproportionate numbers of indigenous people live on less than $1.90 a day – 18.2 per cent versus 6.8 per cent of non-indigenous people – the International Labour Organization (ILO) insisted that millions are being held back by a “spectre of poverty”.

The problem warrants global attention because this at-risk population is significantly larger than was previously thought, ILO insists.

According to the UN organization, there are more than 476 million indigenous people globally, the majority of whom live in relatively prosperous countries.

Lacking support

At the same time, support for the only international treaty that protects their rights – Convention No. 169 – is weak, it maintains.

Only 23 of ILO’s 187 Member States have signed the convention on the rights of indigenous peoples in the 30 years since it was adopted.

This means that only around 15 per cent of indigenous peoples stand to benefit from the treaty’s focus on implementing policies and legislation designed to combat poverty and unfair treatment and promote equality through inclusive dialogue and best practice.

Focusing on the world of work as a key indicator of the lives of indigenous people, the ILO found that far more of them are active in the informal sector – by 20 per cent – compared with other workers.

And based on data from 23 countries that are home to more than 80 per cent of indigenous people, the ILO report found that indigenous women face the biggest challenges too.

In addition to having the lowest chance of completing basic primary education, only about one in four indigenous women is in salaried work, compared with one in two non-indigenous female workers.

Indigenous earn less

Researchers also noted that even when they are in salaried work, indigenous people earn around 18 per cent less than the wider workforce.

According to the ILO, there are more than 5,000 distinct indigenous communities worldwide, in some 90 countries.

Regionally, Latin America and the Caribbean are home to the highest proportion of indigenous and tribal people, at 8.5 per cent of the total population – far more than the entire population of Colombia.

Data from nine countries in this same region also showed that these indigenous communities constituted almost 30 per cent of the extreme poor – the highest proportion across all global regions.

Mirroring this trend elsewhere, ILO underlined that in Africa, the more than 77 million indigenous people there – six per cent of the wider population – accounted for 24 per cent of the continent’s extreme poor.

In Asia and the Pacific, the region’s 335 million indigenous people comprised over seven per cent of the total population, and almost 16 per cent of the extreme poor, based on data from five countries.

The trend was also identified to a lesser extent in Northern America, where the over seven million indigenous people constituted over two per cent of the wider population and 3.5 per cent of the poorest members of society.

Let them be heard

ILO believes that indigenous people’s views need to be heard in order to put in place sustainable social justice policies that are detailed in Convention No. 169.

These will help to tackle the problems that indigenous people face, including poverty, inequality, conflict and climate change, the UN organization believes.

Nonetheless, although “several countries” have designated agencies for indigenous affairs and have made the “greatest progress” so far, there have been too few opportunities for engagement with minority communities to date, the ILO maintains.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Women’s rights: MEPs call for action to fight backlash against gender equality

‘Grave consequences’ await if new deadly escalation of violence in Gaza continues – top UN official

7 key authors from Switzerland’s literary scene

System value can power the energy transition in emerging markets

Focus on EU’s external action and building our stronger inner core: von der Leyen at the Special European Council

‘Extinction crisis’ pushes countries to agree stronger protection for global wildlife

Are Halloween pumpkins a problem for the planet?

DR Congo: UN food agency triples aid in strife-hit Ituri province

4 ways to keep the momentum rolling on mental health

The use of mobile technologies in Radiation Oncology: helping medical care

Look no hands: self-driving vehicles’ public trust problem

Commission hardens its stance against carmakers ensuring emissions reductions targets

Rule of Law: Commission launches infringement procedure to protect the independence of the Polish Supreme Court

Consumers and businesses to save money thanks to new EU cross-border payments rules

Canada and EU officially sign the trade agreement that could open-up the road to TTIP

Key Brazilian border crossing for Venezuela refugees reopens as asylum numbers pass last year’s total

Working fewer hours makes you more efficient. Here’s the proof

“Two Pack” approved: Is democracy chased away from Brussels?

Cybersecurity: agreement reached on better protection for citizens and companies

UN launches drive to highlight environmental cost of staying fashionable

We must stop a devastating ‘battle to the end’ in southwest Syria, declares UN envoy

Integrating migrants and refugees into the labour market: Commission and social and economic partners relaunch cooperation

‘Severe’ new US asylum restrictions will put vulnerable families at risk, UN refugee agency says

Protection of workers from biological agents: how to classify COVID-19

What can be done to avoid the risk of being among the 7 million that will be killed by air pollution in 2020?

These European countries produce the most plastic waste per person

3 ways sustainable supply chains can build better business in a post-COVID world

The Parliament defies a politically biased Banking Union

What does ‘excess deaths’ mean – and can it give a clearer picture of the number of coronavirus fatalities?

UN chief welcomes formation of unity government in Madagascar

Will the EU reconsider Frontex’s role in light of accusations about violations of migrants’ human rights?

Desires for national independence in Europe bound by economic realities

Look Mom, even the House of Lords says the #righttobeforgotten is not right

Family-friendly policies benefit all of us. Here are 4 ways to boost them

Food safety critical to development and ending poverty: FAO deputy chief

How to make PHC a favourable career choice for medical students: Strategies and reflections

The COP22 is under full deployment while Donald Trump threatens openly to withdraw the US from the Paris agreement

We need to talk: UN gears up for 75th anniversary with Global Conversations

Czech Babis, Austrian Kurz and others threaten Europe with nationalist populism

Reforms in a few countries drive a decline in average OECD labour taxes

ISIL’s ‘legacy of terror’ in Iraq: UN verifies over 200 mass graves

UK keeps its Brexit plan secret or there is no strategy at all whatsoever?

Primary Healthcare vs Specialization Careers, how to promote PHC to the Young Health Workforce?

New chapters in EU-China trade disputes

Rights experts call for greater protection of indigenous people during migration

EU lawmakers vote to reintroduce visas for Americans over “reciprocity principle”

Vaccine against Ebola: Commission grants new market authorisations

Who is to lose from the 6-month extension of the EU economic sanctions against Russia?

EU elections: Can EU citizens’ awareness eradicate fake news more efficiently than Facebook, Twitter and Google?

Theresa May’s global Britain against Philip Hammond’s Brexit fog

How the coronavirus market turmoil compares to 2008 – and what we can do

Changing healthcare systems with simple technological solutions

Afghanistan: top UN official denounces ‘extreme’ suffering of civilians in Ghazni

Moscow’s Eurasian Union lost significance after the crisis in Ukraine

Kellen Europe Hosts EuroConference 2016

Why the ECB had to clarify it caters for the entire Eurozone not just Germany?

These are the 10 most in-demand skills of 2019, according to LinkedIn

Fleeing violence, Cameroonian refugee arrivals in Nigeria pass 30,000, reports UN refugee agency

Could Rwanda become Africa’s healthcare leader?

Plans to keep EU budget funding in 2020 in the event of a no-deal Brexit

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s