‘Spectre of poverty’ hangs over tribes and indigenous groups: UN labour agency

ILO/R. Lord Women walk in the street in La Paz, Bolivia.

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Indigenous and tribal communities are around three times more likely to face extreme poverty than others with women “consistently at the bottom of all social and economic indicators”, UN labour experts said on Monday.

Highlighting new data showing that disproportionate numbers of indigenous people live on less than $1.90 a day – 18.2 per cent versus 6.8 per cent of non-indigenous people – the International Labour Organization (ILO) insisted that millions are being held back by a “spectre of poverty”.

The problem warrants global attention because this at-risk population is significantly larger than was previously thought, ILO insists.

According to the UN organization, there are more than 476 million indigenous people globally, the majority of whom live in relatively prosperous countries.

Lacking support

At the same time, support for the only international treaty that protects their rights – Convention No. 169 – is weak, it maintains.

Only 23 of ILO’s 187 Member States have signed the convention on the rights of indigenous peoples in the 30 years since it was adopted.

This means that only around 15 per cent of indigenous peoples stand to benefit from the treaty’s focus on implementing policies and legislation designed to combat poverty and unfair treatment and promote equality through inclusive dialogue and best practice.

Focusing on the world of work as a key indicator of the lives of indigenous people, the ILO found that far more of them are active in the informal sector – by 20 per cent – compared with other workers.

And based on data from 23 countries that are home to more than 80 per cent of indigenous people, the ILO report found that indigenous women face the biggest challenges too.

In addition to having the lowest chance of completing basic primary education, only about one in four indigenous women is in salaried work, compared with one in two non-indigenous female workers.

Indigenous earn less

Researchers also noted that even when they are in salaried work, indigenous people earn around 18 per cent less than the wider workforce.

According to the ILO, there are more than 5,000 distinct indigenous communities worldwide, in some 90 countries.

Regionally, Latin America and the Caribbean are home to the highest proportion of indigenous and tribal people, at 8.5 per cent of the total population – far more than the entire population of Colombia.

Data from nine countries in this same region also showed that these indigenous communities constituted almost 30 per cent of the extreme poor – the highest proportion across all global regions.

Mirroring this trend elsewhere, ILO underlined that in Africa, the more than 77 million indigenous people there – six per cent of the wider population – accounted for 24 per cent of the continent’s extreme poor.

In Asia and the Pacific, the region’s 335 million indigenous people comprised over seven per cent of the total population, and almost 16 per cent of the extreme poor, based on data from five countries.

The trend was also identified to a lesser extent in Northern America, where the over seven million indigenous people constituted over two per cent of the wider population and 3.5 per cent of the poorest members of society.

Let them be heard

ILO believes that indigenous people’s views need to be heard in order to put in place sustainable social justice policies that are detailed in Convention No. 169.

These will help to tackle the problems that indigenous people face, including poverty, inequality, conflict and climate change, the UN organization believes.

Nonetheless, although “several countries” have designated agencies for indigenous affairs and have made the “greatest progress” so far, there have been too few opportunities for engagement with minority communities to date, the ILO maintains.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

EU Budget 2019: no deal before the end of the conciliation period

Africa is ‘on the rise’, says UN chief Guterres, urging collaboration for better future

Create conditions for ‘harmony between humankind and nature’, UN chief says on sidelines of G20 in Japan

We need to protect 30% of the planet by 2030. This is how we can do it

European Commission launches EU-wide public consultation on Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan

LETTER FROM AFGHANISTAN: Elections serve up food for thought, for Afghan youth

UN health agency to gauge global threat, as China confirms coronavirus transmission between humans

Euro celebrates its 20th birthday

Improving coverage of mental health services

Four lessons for a successful switch to value-based healthcare

Business is a crucial partner in solving the mental health challenge

Protection of workers from biological agents: how to classify COVID-19

‘Violence, atrocities and impunity’ reign throughout Libya, ICC prosecutor tells UN Security Council

Preferential tariffs to help Western Sahara to develop

MWC 2016 LIVE: Qualcomm looks to pick up Hamilton’s winning ways

Confronting antimicrobial resistance of animal origin

The EU Commission implicates major banks in cartel cases, threatens with devastating fines

A vision for post-pandemic mobility in African cities

These are the countries best prepared for the fight against cancer

Mental health in the times of coronavirus

These 5 charts show our shifting behaviour around coronavirus

Meet Alice, the battery-powered plane that could herald the age of electric air travel

European Investment Bank to borrow €70 billion in 2013

Nature is our strongest ally in ensuring global water security

My Mothers

Here’s how we can tackle the growing cybersecurity skills gap

EU Cohesion policy: Commission and EBRD promote innovative use of data in public procurement involving EU funds

3 things to know about women in STEM

3.7 million lives could be saved by 2025 if health services ramp up nutrition actions: WHO

How to survive the COVID-19 lockdown with a newborn baby

Vital food crops destroyed in Syria amid upsurge in fighting across Idlib, Hama

UN experts report: Business ‘dragging its feet’ on human rights worldwide

Whose interests are protected by the new Mortgage Directive?

UN-backed intercultural dialogue forum urged to keep working to ‘bridge gap between the like-minded’

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health

The United States divorce rate is dropping, thanks to millennials

Future of our planet hinges on action by today’s youth – UN deputy chief

UN chief welcomes decision to delay formation of South Sudan unity government

Data Protection Regulation one year on: 73% of Europeans have heard of at least one of their rights

CO2 can be a valuable raw material, not just a climate killer. Here’s how

Canada needs to increase foreign aid flows in line with its renewed engagement

Humanitarian Aid: EU announces €18.5 million additional package for Latin America and the Caribbean

Banks get trillions and the unemployed ECB’s love…

A win-win strategy for private equity deals

State aid: Commission approves €200 million Danish loan in support of the Travel Guarantee Fund for travel cancellations due to coronavirus outbreak

EU to take action against fake news and foreign electoral interference

3 reasons we should all care about biodiversity

Humanitarian Aid: EU mobilises €6 million for people in need in Colombia

Amsterdam is developing a fleet of autonomous boats to reduce city traffic

‘Unprecedented terrorist violence’ in West Africa, Sahel region

How our food system is eating away at nature, and our future

Conditions deteriorating alarmingly in Yemen, warns senior UN official

What matters most to young Europeans?

A new Europe for people, planet and prosperity for all

Is this a turning point in the fight against slavery?

The scary EU elections result and the delayed Council’s repentance

Ukraine: Temperatures plunge amid rising humanitarian needs

UN chief announces progress on committee to shape Syria’s political future

EU mobilises immediate support for its Western Balkan partners to tackle coronavirus

FROM THE FIELD: Faces and Voices of Conflict

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s