From books to bikes: 4 unexpected gender gaps

bikes

(Coen van den Broek, Unsplash)

This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Sean Fleming, Senior Writer, Formative Content


  • Gender parity will not be attained for almost 100 years, according to the latest Global Gender Gap Report.
  • Outside of well-known areas such as pay, there are some surprising gaps.
  • These include cycling, reading and heart and kidney treatment.

Equality between the sexes is a long way off. So far off, in fact, that nobody reading this is likely to see it achieved in their lifetime. That’s the sobering conclusion of the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020.

The report looks at political, economic and social markers, everything from access to education to involvement in running businesses. But there are gender gaps in a variety of other areas, too – from exercise to reading. Here are five surprising examples.

1. Cycling

Report on the likelihood to commute among cyclists
Denmark stands out as a female-friendly cycling destination.
Image: Strava

Women are less likely to cycle to work than men, according to data released by exercise app Strava.

Globally, men are 6.7% more likely than women to hop on two wheels for their daily commute. In the US, that gap stands at 17.4% in men’s favour, while in the UK it is 12%. If you want to find a developed country where female cyclists are in the majority, you’ll need to head to Denmark.

It’s often referred to as the world’s most cycle-friendly country, and in Denmark the cycling gender gap is reversed – women are 24.4% more likely to commute via bike there than men.

2. Heart health

If you’re a woman, you face a disproportionate risk from a heart attack, according the British Heart Foundation, a UK charity. In the UK, women fare worse than men “at every stage of their heart attack experience” because the disease is often seen as a male problem. This despite the fact that twice as many women in the country die from coronary heart disease than breast cancer.

Looking at everything from the latest evidence to patient stories, the organization found that women delay seeking medical help for the issue, which can reduce the chances of survival; are 50% more likely to receive a wrong initial diagnosis; and are less likely to receive standard treatments. Risk factors for heart disease, such as smoking and high blood pressure, are often more deadly for women, too.

What’s the World Economic Forum doing about the gender gap?

The World Economic Forum has been measuring gender gaps since 2006 in the annual Global Gender Gap Report.

The Global Gender Gap Report tracks progress towards closing gender gaps on a national level. To turn these insights into concrete action and national progress, we have developed the Closing the Gender Gap Accelerators model for public private collaboration.

These accelerators have been convened in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama and Peru in partnership with the InterAmerican Development Bank.

In 2019 Egypt became the first country in the Middle East and Africa to launch a Closing the Gender Gap Accelerator. While more women than men are now enrolled in university, women represent only a little over a third of professional and technical workers in Egypt. Women who are in the workforce are also less likely to be paid the same as their male colleagues for equivalent work or to reach senior management roles.

France has become the first G20 country to launch a Gender Gap Accelerator, signalling that developed economies are also playing an important role in spearheading this approach to closing the gender gap.

In these countries CEOs and ministers are working together in a three-year time frame on policies that help to further close the economic gender gaps in their countries. This includes extended parental leave, subsidized childcare and removing unconscious bias in recruitment, retention and promotion practices.

If you are a business in one of the Closing the Gender Gap Task Force countries you can join the local membership base.

If you are a business or government in a country where we currently do not have a Closing the Gender Gap Task Force you can reach out to us to explore opportunities for setting one up.

3. Kidney treatment

Sex and the incidence and prevelance of kidney replacement therapy
Inequality between men and women with kidney replacement therapy
Image: ERA-EDTA Registry

More men than women undergo kidney replacement therapy (KRT), despite a larger number of women being affected by chronic kidney disease. That’s one of the conclusions of the ERA-EDTA Registry, a European body that collects and monitors data on treatment and therapy for kidney problems.

The Registry’s data was obtained from nine countries – tracking 230,378 patients who had received KRT over the period 1965–2015 – and analyzed by a team of academics. “Since the beginning of KRT programs reporting to the ERA-EDTA Registry since the 1960s, fewer women than men have received KRT. The relative difference between men and women initiating and undergoing KRT has remained consistent over the last five decades and in all studied countries,” the researchers concluded.

4. Reading

A YouGov report on the difference between male and female readers.
A YouGov survey found women are more avid readers than men.
Image: YouGov

Women generally read more books than men, according to a YouGov poll of almost 9,000 adults in the US.

When asked how many books they read per year, only 2% of men said they read more than 50 books in a year, compared with 9% of women.

At the opposite end of the scale, men were in the lead – 14% of men said they don’t read books at all, compared with 10% of women.

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Coronavirus: Commission boosts budget for repatriation flights and rescEU stockpile

Theresa May’s global Britain against Philip Hammond’s Brexit fog

Preventing and resolving conflicts must form ‘backbone’ of collective efforts – UN chief

This woman solved one of the biggest problems facing green energy

The EU to bear the cost of eventual sanctions against Russia

This heroic doctor is waging war on rape and the stigma around it

Glasgow and Edinburgh race to become the UK’s first net-zero emissions city

OECD joins with Argentina to fight financial crime

Do men and women really have different leadership styles?

Amid ‘unprecedented combination’ of epidemics, UN and partners begin cholera vaccination campaign in DR Congo

EU-Turkey relations: EU considers imposing sanctions while Turkey keeps violating Cyprus’ sovereignty

‘Abhorrent’ ambulance attack in Libyan capital imperils life-saving work, warns UN

Bosnia and Herzegovina: MEPs concerned by slow progress in EU-related reforms

Japan’s agro-food sector would benefit greatly from policies to boost innovation, entrepreneurship and sustainable resource use

COP21 Breaking News: Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation Announced

Around 23 million boys have married before reaching 15; ‘we can end this violation’ says UNICEF chief

Real EU unemployment rate at 10.2%+4.1%+4.7%: Eurostat Update

US Middle East peace plan ‘lopsided’, says independent UN rights expert

How a 3-point plan could help rebuild business for the long-term

JADE Generations Club: Connecting perspectives, changing Europe.

US pardons for accused war criminals, contrary to international law: UN rights office

Coronavirus could trigger a hunger pandemic – unless urgent action is taken

Here’s how a circular economy could change the world by 2030

EP supports local authorities fighting the effects of the pandemic

Further reforms will promote a more inclusive and resilient Indonesian economy

Antitrust: Commission fines Google €4.34 billion for illegal practices regarding Android mobile devices to strengthen dominance of Google’s search engine

The Parliament defies a politically biased Banking Union

Europe, US and Russia haggle over Ukraine’s convulsing body; Russians and Americans press on for an all out civil war

Latin America is a mass-transit powerhouse. But it needs fine-tuning

How wealthy people transmit this advantage to their children and grand children

Can technology save life on Earth?

ECB: Monetary policy decisions

Why home is the least safe place to be a woman

Climate change: ‘A moral, ethical and economic imperative’ to slow global warming say UN leaders, calling for more action

Big world banks to pay $ 4.95bn for cheating customers; Is it a punishment or a gentle caress?

London wants new skyscrapers to protect cyclists from wind tunnels

How to talk to people about mental health – and support one another

President Juncker temporarily transfers portfolio responsibilities following departure of two Members of the European Commission

EU budget for 2019: do more for the young, SMEs and the climate, urge MEPs

Copyright: MEPs update rules for the digital age

An Eastern Wind

UN Assembly calls on all States to observe Olympic Truce throughout Tokyo Summer Games

CEOs say these 4 factors will shape business in 2020

Dare to be vulnerable, and three other lessons in leadership

This robot has soft hands. It could be the future of sustainable production

Four major resources for new European young entrepreneurs

ILO warns of widespread insecurity in the global labour market

This city in India swaps plastic for free meals

‘Multi-generational tragedy’ in Israel and Palestine demands political will for two-State solution

European Commission launches infringement proceedings against the UK following its failure to name a candidate for EU Commissioner

When is necessary understand the cultural marks in health-disease process

Bolivia: UN underlines support for ‘credible, transparent and inclusive’ election

MEPs urge the EU to lead the way to net-zero emissions by 2050

How COVID-19 compares to seasonal flu, and why you should take it seriously

Renewal of cross-border aid operation critical to northern Syria: UN relief chief

Supercomputing could solve the world’s problems, and create many more

European Junior Enterprise Network – Ready to take the Step Into the Future?

A Sting Exclusive: China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi on South China Sea issue at the ASEAN Regional Forum

Want to shop more sustainably and recycle better? This app could help

Electronic or conventional cigarettes – which is safer?

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s