Global Cooperation for Local Action: Fighting antimicrobial resistance

antibiotics

(Adam Nieścioruk, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Paula Pacheco Rocha, a student of the sixth period of Medicine of the Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas- PUC Campinas She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


Look around: antibiotics are everywhere. They are in the food people eat. They are in soaps. They are overly prescribed everywhere. What could seem paradoxical to someone outside the field of biology is actually happening: so much antibiotic, yet we have never faced such defeat on microorganisms’s threats. Bacteria have habited this planet for way longer than human beings and, sooner or later, they develop resistance. So, what should we do?

First and foremost, to  counteract  the spread of antibiotic resistance, the inappropriate use of antibiotics should be reduced.

What has been done already to reduce this threat? There has been a global recommendation that countries institute a “National Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Committee”. In Brazil, there is the Brazilian Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (BrCAST), which unites professionals from different backgrounds: the Brazilian Society of Clinical Analysis, Brazilian Society of Infectology, Brazilian Society of Microbiology and Brazilian Society of Clinical Pathology. In many other countries this effort is already being made.

The professionals taking part in these many National Committees are people who already understand deeply about the dangers of antibiotic misuse. But the threat needs to reach people outside the field of biology so that we rationalize antibiotic usage.

We need to perpass culture. For a long time, bacteria have been portrayed in mass media as only pathological organisms. Propaganda of soaps on tv wanted to get rid of 99.9% of them. Antibiotics were massively portrayed as pharmaceuticals that had much benefit and little danger. Moms want to give antibiotics to their kids, desperately. Maybe they think that the pediatrician that does not prescribe it does not want the best for her child. This war on bacteria became a global culture that impulsionated the ongoing overuse of antibiotics. We need to acknowledge that there has to be a cultural shift.

References

Donabedian SM, Thal LA, Hershberger E, Perri MB, Chow JW, Bartlett P, et al. Molecular characterization of gentamicin-resistant enterococci in the United States: evidence of spread from animals to humans through food. J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41:1109–13.

Sabtu N, Enoch DA, Brown NM. Antibiotic resistance: what,  why, where,  when and  how? Br Med  Bull.2015;116:105–13.

Burch, D. G. (1996). Is it time to ban all antibiotics as animal growth-promoting agents? Lancet 348, 1455–1456. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(04)70104-X

Arthur C. Ouwehand, Sofia Forssten, Ashley A. Hibberd, Anna Lyra & Buffy Stahl (2016): Probiotic approach to prevent antibiotic resistance, Annals of Medicine, DOI: 10.3109/07853890.2016.1161232

http://www.eucast.org/organization/nac/

About the author

Paula Pacheco Rocha is a student of the sixth period of Medicine of the Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas- PUC Campinas. Class monitor of Microbiology, assisting the Professor Dr. Maria Magali Stelato. Member of IFMSA Brazil- PUC Campinas as LEO-in (Local Exchange Officer for incoming students) and LORA-D (Director of the Standing Committee of Sexual and Reproductive Health including HIV and AIDS). She believes immensely in Global Cooperation for the future of human health on Earth, with the development of technologies like AI and nanomedicine backed by ethical, human intercultural knowledge exchange.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Here’s how to achieve growth in the Middle East and North Africa

UN Security Council condemns Taliban offensive as a blow against ‘sustainable peace’

Facebook and Google to treat Europe as the 51st State of the USA

European Solidarity Corps 2021-2027: First call for proposals to support youth volunteering activities

How music can help children with autism connect

To Bing or Not to Bing? That is the question

Gender equality: an issue much talked about but less acted upon

Terrorism and migrants: the two awful nightmares for Europe and Germany in 2016

Portugal can use its economic recovery to build up resilience

Pharmaceuticals spend millions to push TTIP while consumer groups spend peanuts

The EU Parliament slams Commission on economic governance

An economist explains the pros and cons of globalization

Protecting the front line: the healthcare of health professionals

State aid: Commission approves French scheme deferring payment by airlines of certain taxes to mitigate economic impact of coronavirus outbreak

Low productivity jobs continue to drive employment growth

“Fortress Europe”, “Pegida” and its laughing stocks

New challenge: Not going through “burnout” in times of quarantine

Mental and comportamental health in the pandemic context

An Easter Special: Social protection of migrants in Europe as seen through the eyes of European youth

Pharmaceuticals conceal drug side effects with the EU’s Court blessing

European Citizens’ Initiative: Commission registers ‘Mandatory food labelling Non-Vegetarian / Vegetarian / Vegan’ initiative’

Greenery: the miracle cure for urban living

Italy should boost investment in training for the future of work

Sustainable Finance: Commission welcomes the adoption by the European Parliament of the Taxonomy Regulation

Macro-Financial Assistance: Europe’s way to control Ukraine?

Companies can help build a more inclusive world. Here’s how

Joris in Indonesia

5 steps businesses can take to protect air quality after COVID-19

5 charts that show renewable energy’s latest milestone

Devastating storms like Hurricane Florence ‘unusual this far north’: UN weather agency

Inflammation is the fuel that feeds the cancer flame. So how do we fight back?

Digital democracy: a Swiss view on digital trust

Four in five adolescents failing to exercise for even 60 minutes a day, UN health agency warns

Gaza: deadly violence continues to escalate, top UN officials work to restore calm

This is Germany’s $45 billion, 18-year plan to move away from coal

‘Time is of the essence’ for refugees on Greek islands – UN agency

Huawei answers allegations about its selling prices

Break taboo around menstruation, act to end ‘disempowering’ discrimination, say UN experts

Can the whole world live in peace?

From Russia with love: Brussels and Moscow close to an agreement on Ukraine’s gas supplies

Innovations for Content Professionals at the DCX exhibition 2018 in Berlin, in association with The European Sting

EU prolongs economic sanctions on Russia by six months

Business is a crucial partner in solving the mental health challenge

UN chief welcomes event reuniting families on the Korean Peninsula

Rule of Law: Commission launches infringement procedure to protect the independence of the Polish Supreme Court

Auditors say EU spending delivers limited value for money but the timing of their report poses questions

Ebola Outbreak in Democratic Republic Congo is ‘largely contained’: WHO

Mergers: Commission refers acquisition of newly created joint venture by Telefónica and Liberty Global to the UK competition authority

Brexit: visa-free access to the EU for UK nationals and to the UK for Europeans

Statement following the European Medicines Agency review of the COVID-19 vaccine AstraZeneca

“Decisions taken in the coming weeks will shape Europe’s experience of the internet”, Joe Mcnamee from EDRi says live from European Business Summit 2015

We must rethink and repurpose cybersecurity for the COVID-19 era

Free and secure access needed in DR Congo conflict zone to tackle Ebola – WHO

Here’s what keeps CEOs awake at night (and why it might be bad news for your next job)

President Ursula von der Leyen welcomes the first official submission of a recovery and resilience plan by Portugal

THE COMMITTEES: ‘All roads lead to the Fifth’

EU summit: step up work for recovery, and update migration and asylum system

The Bavarians threaten Berlin and Brussels with immigration crisis

EU lawmakers vote to reintroduce visas for Americans over “reciprocity principle”

EU helps tackle air pollution in Kosovo with €76.4 million

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s