The fires in the Brazilian amazon rainforest may be related to the increase in the number of hospitalizations for respiratory complications in the state of PARÁ

amazon fires

(Arthur V., Unsplash)

This article was written exclusively for The European Sting by Laryza Souza Soares, Maria Iara Alves Araújo, Ana Carla da Silva Mendes, Ana Beatriz Pereira Sobreira, Brenda Lacerda Menezes and Virginia Maia Lacerda, medical students at the Faculdade de Medicina Estácio de Juazeiro do Norte, Brazil, with the support of Dra. Isabelle Lima Mendes. All authors are affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Student Associations (IFMSA), the cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writers and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the subject, nor The European Sting’s view.


The Brazilian Legal Amazon concentrates more than 85% of forest fires. This percentage is of concern worldwide as it can accelerate global climate change and the release of toxins into the atmosphere. In the directly affected territory, the damage is numerous. Among the health impacts, the respiratory system is the main target.

Admittedly, burning biomass releases harmful gases, such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrous oxides (NO3), hydrocarbons, ozone (O3), aldehydes and peroxyacyl nitrates, which damage the respiratory epithelium and may initiate or aggravate disease. such as COPD, rhinitis, asthma, pneumonia, and bronchitis, especially those who already have a weakened immune system, such as immunosuppressed, children, and the elderly.

According to Burnt program of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), there are 415,403 fires in the Amazon rainforest of Pará, with prevalence among 2008 (p: 48449), 2009 (p: 41,664) and 2010 (p: 57,196), with other peaks in 2015. (p: 46,164) and 2017 (49,770). Across the country, the city Altamira (PA) was the most prevalent. This municipality has area of ​​159,533.328 km², Brazil’s largest city and one of the largest closed forest areas in the Eastern Amazon, is home to a biodiversity-rich forest containing numerous endangered animal species.

It is known that in areas close to burnings there are direct short and medium term consequences, therefore, according to DataSUS from 2008 to 2011, the increase in hospitalizations for lung diseases was correlated from 2008 (which remained high until 2013 and decreased by end of 2018), recorded the numbers of hospitalizations: 2008 (p: 66,616), 2009 (p: 77,658), 2010 (p: 73,349), 2011 (p: 70,801), 2012 (p: 64,523), 2013 (p : 63,435), 2014 (p: 55,686), 2015 (p: 48,898), 2016 (p: 44,678), 2017 (p: 50,420), 2018 (p: 45,922), totaling 666,329. There are very similar variations in the amount of forest fires in the region.

Some ecologic studies consider the relationship between the impacts of oxidative stress burns on the airways and the development of cancer in these organs, this fact is not proven, but there is suggestive evidence in the present study, with a prevalence of 45% mortality in Altamira. malignant neoplasm of the bronchi, lungs, trachea and other parts of the airway, compared with a national rate of only 23.61%.

The lungs of Altamira residents and others 143 cities in the state of Pará are already directly suffering the impacts of the fires, which are not decreasing in proportion, on the contrary, had in August the highest monthly records of the last ten years. The date August 10 was called by some journalists as the “day of the fire”, because it represented a date in which there were multiple outbreaks of fires, suggesting that it was the work of a group architecture of the country’s powerful agronomists. Thus, by the years of such devastation and by the immense extent burned annually, the lungs of the world are also at imminent risk.

About the author

This article was written exclusively for The European Sting by Laryza Souza Soares, Maria Iara Alves Araújo, Ana Carla da Silva Mendes, Ana Beatriz Pereira Sobreira, Brenda Lacerda Menezes and Virginia Maia Lacerda, medical students at the Faculdade de Medicina Estácio de Juazeiro do Norte, Brazil, with the support of Dra. Isabelle Lima Mendes. All authors are affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Student Associations (IFMSA), the cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this
piece belong strictly to the writers and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the subject, nor The European Sting’s view.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Dinner with friends: how Switzerland is relaxing its coronavirus lockdown

Across Europe, people are struggling to make ends meet. We need a common response immediately.

Mindfulness: a freedom we can still have in the pandemic

Hate speech exacerbating societal, racial tensions with ‘deadly consequences around the world’, say UN experts

GSMA Announces First Keynote Speakers for 2019 “MWC Los Angeles, in Partnership with CTIA”

Erasmus+ and its predecessors: a life-changing experience for 10 million young Europeans

Europe bows to Turkey’s rulers, sends Syrian refugees back to chaos

These are the world’s least – and most – corrupt countries

UN rights chief ‘extremely concerned’ over deadly crackdown on protesters in Iran

The London City-EU connection holds despite of Brexit and the ban of LSE-Deutsche Börse merger

On their epic journeys, migratory birds connect nations and inspire people, UN says on World Day

What is systemic racism, and how can we combat it?

This Pacific island has banned fishing to allow the marine ecosystem to recover

Brexit update: Leave campaign leads race but undecided voters will determine the outcome of the EU referendum

Rising human trafficking takes on ‘horrific dimensions’: almost a third of victims are children

Rise in Caribbean children displaced by storms shows climate crisis is a child rights issue: UNICEF

No way out for Eurozone’s stagnating economy

Do we judge robots on their colour? This study says we do

Austria: reforms will be necessary to uphold high well-being levels

$1.4 billion needed this year to fund UN’s agency for Palestine refugees

Here’s why leaders need to care about mental health

‘Complacency is still strong’ over stopping genocide, says top UN adviser

‘Protracted crisis’ in Venezuela leads to ‘alarming escalation of tensions’: UN political chief

UN chief hails Libyan leaders’ agreement to hold general election

The missiles fired against Damascus, Syria divided Europe deeply

UN Human Rights Council resolution on youth and human rights: a step forward for youth rights

Public health through universal health coverage can help to attain many SDGs

EU summit: Are the London Tories planning an exit from the EU?

The Amazon is reaching a dangerous tipping-point. We need to scale solutions now if we have any chance of saving it

UN expert condemns new sentence for jailed Venezuelan judge as ‘another instance of reprisal’

2 trillion drinks containers are made every year – so where do they go?

UK: Customs Union with EU or a longer delay of Brexit

Number of members in Parliament’s committees to change after Brexit

UN forum to explore use of outer space to improve lives, protect planet

A ‘charismatic leader’ dedicated to making the world a better place for all: officials bid farewell to former UN chief Kofi Annan

AIESEC @ European Business Summit 2014: The Digital Era: A New Business Frontier

Mental health: what can be done to diminish increasing suicide rates?

Towards a seamless internal EU market for industrial goods

Cash for babies: How Europe is tackling its falling birthrate

5 reasons to be more cheerful about the future of the oceans

How does your immune system work?

5 ways to be a better humanitarian

Time to make a fundamental choice about the future of healthcare

Fairer and clearer rules on social benefits for EU mobile workers agreed

A new kind of company is revolutionising Africa’s gig economy

How LA plans to be 1.6°C cooler by 2050

Global Goals top General Assembly President’s priority list

Why the Greeks forgave Tsipras’ pirouettes around austerity and voted again for SYRIZA

WHO chief underscores need to address climate change following visit to Bahamas

‘Reef cubes’: could these plastic-free blocks help save the ocean?

Africa is helping the drone industry get off the ground. Here’s how

Banks get new capital for free and citizens pay the bill

Circular Plastics Alliance: 100+ signatories commit to use 10 million tons of recycled plastic in new products by 2025

Cyclone Idai: emergency getting ‘bigger by the hour’, warns UN food agency

MWC 2016 LIVE: Ericsson/Cisco partnership on track, insist execs

Youth for Climate Change

Alarming level of reprisals against activists, human rights defenders, and victims – new UN report

The energy industry is changing. Are governments switched on?

COP21 Breaking News_03 December: Europe’s children urge leaders to commit to climate action at UN Climate Summit in Paris

ECB: Reaching the limits of its mandate to revive the Eurozone economy

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s