The fires in the Brazilian amazon rainforest may be related to the increase in the number of hospitalizations for respiratory complications in the state of PARÁ

amazon fires

(Arthur V., Unsplash)

This article was written exclusively for The European Sting by Laryza Souza Soares, Maria Iara Alves Araújo, Ana Carla da Silva Mendes, Ana Beatriz Pereira Sobreira, Brenda Lacerda Menezes and Virginia Maia Lacerda, medical students at the Faculdade de Medicina Estácio de Juazeiro do Norte, Brazil, with the support of Dra. Isabelle Lima Mendes. All authors are affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Student Associations (IFMSA), the cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writers and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the subject, nor The European Sting’s view.


The Brazilian Legal Amazon concentrates more than 85% of forest fires. This percentage is of concern worldwide as it can accelerate global climate change and the release of toxins into the atmosphere. In the directly affected territory, the damage is numerous. Among the health impacts, the respiratory system is the main target.

Admittedly, burning biomass releases harmful gases, such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrous oxides (NO3), hydrocarbons, ozone (O3), aldehydes and peroxyacyl nitrates, which damage the respiratory epithelium and may initiate or aggravate disease. such as COPD, rhinitis, asthma, pneumonia, and bronchitis, especially those who already have a weakened immune system, such as immunosuppressed, children, and the elderly.

According to Burnt program of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), there are 415,403 fires in the Amazon rainforest of Pará, with prevalence among 2008 (p: 48449), 2009 (p: 41,664) and 2010 (p: 57,196), with other peaks in 2015. (p: 46,164) and 2017 (49,770). Across the country, the city Altamira (PA) was the most prevalent. This municipality has area of ​​159,533.328 km², Brazil’s largest city and one of the largest closed forest areas in the Eastern Amazon, is home to a biodiversity-rich forest containing numerous endangered animal species.

It is known that in areas close to burnings there are direct short and medium term consequences, therefore, according to DataSUS from 2008 to 2011, the increase in hospitalizations for lung diseases was correlated from 2008 (which remained high until 2013 and decreased by end of 2018), recorded the numbers of hospitalizations: 2008 (p: 66,616), 2009 (p: 77,658), 2010 (p: 73,349), 2011 (p: 70,801), 2012 (p: 64,523), 2013 (p : 63,435), 2014 (p: 55,686), 2015 (p: 48,898), 2016 (p: 44,678), 2017 (p: 50,420), 2018 (p: 45,922), totaling 666,329. There are very similar variations in the amount of forest fires in the region.

Some ecologic studies consider the relationship between the impacts of oxidative stress burns on the airways and the development of cancer in these organs, this fact is not proven, but there is suggestive evidence in the present study, with a prevalence of 45% mortality in Altamira. malignant neoplasm of the bronchi, lungs, trachea and other parts of the airway, compared with a national rate of only 23.61%.

The lungs of Altamira residents and others 143 cities in the state of Pará are already directly suffering the impacts of the fires, which are not decreasing in proportion, on the contrary, had in August the highest monthly records of the last ten years. The date August 10 was called by some journalists as the “day of the fire”, because it represented a date in which there were multiple outbreaks of fires, suggesting that it was the work of a group architecture of the country’s powerful agronomists. Thus, by the years of such devastation and by the immense extent burned annually, the lungs of the world are also at imminent risk.

About the author

This article was written exclusively for The European Sting by Laryza Souza Soares, Maria Iara Alves Araújo, Ana Carla da Silva Mendes, Ana Beatriz Pereira Sobreira, Brenda Lacerda Menezes and Virginia Maia Lacerda, medical students at the Faculdade de Medicina Estácio de Juazeiro do Norte, Brazil, with the support of Dra. Isabelle Lima Mendes. All authors are affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Student Associations (IFMSA), the cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this
piece belong strictly to the writers and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the subject, nor The European Sting’s view.

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

The EU seals CETA but plans to re-baptise TTIP after missing the 2016 deadline

Residents and visitors to this Dutch neighborhood could share a pool of cars and bikes

Chart of the day: These countries have the largest carbon footprints

European Commission calls on national political parties to join efforts to ensure free and fair elections in Europe

UN chief welcomes formation of unity government in Madagascar

Cutting money transfer fees could unlock $15bn for developing countries. Here’s how

World Health Organization calls crisis meeting over deadly Ebola outbreak in DR Congo

Interview with ourselves: the mental health of health professionals

Smoking VS Vaping: is it a battle?

Universal Health Care: can it exist only in utopic society?

Further reforms in France can drive growth, improve public finances and boost social cohesion

Ukraine: €8 million in humanitarian aid to withstand winter

Siege of Syria’s eastern Ghouta ‘barbaric and medieval’, says UN Commission of Inquiry

Chronic illnesses: UN stands up to stop 41 million avoidable deaths per year

Could the EU’s ban on palm oil in biofuels do more harm than good?

4 reasons why women should lead the G7 agenda in 2018

EU-US trade war: Will Trump take advantage of WTO’s decision leading to ominous economic growth?

Understanding the gender gap in the Global South

1.4 million refugees set to need urgent resettlement in 2020: UNHCR

Why climate change matters for future health professionals

Parliament asks for the termination of EU-US bank data deal

Why poorer people suffer more from climate change

Agreement on linking the emissions trading systems of the EU and Switzerland

Gender parity can boost economic growth. Here’s how

China rare earth prices soar on their potential role in trade war

China has made a shocking food production discovery – electro culture

Malaysia can show the way towards a holistic model for human rights

One migrant child reported dead or missing every day, UN calls for more protection

EU-US Privacy Shield data exchange deal: US must comply by 1 September, say MEPs

COP21 Breaking News: “There is an ecological debt that the world needs to pay back to Africa”, French President Francois Hollande promises 2 Billion euros by 2020 from Paris

A new dawn for Europe: Joint op-ed by President von der Leyen, President Michel and President Sassoli

Mali: Two peacekeepers dead after dawn attack, several injured – UN Mission

Security Council imposes arms embargo on South Sudan

Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into Broadcom and sends Statement of Objections seeking to impose interim measures in TV and modem chipsets markets

Changing for the change: Medicine in Industry 4.0

Capital transaction tax on Ecofin table

Banks promise easing of credit conditions in support of the real economy

European tourism remains a strong growth factor

State aid: Commission concludes that recapitalisation of German NordLB is market conform

Khashoggi trial in Saudi Arabia falls short of independent, international probe needed: UN rights chief

The Commission calls for a climate neutral Europe by 2050*

Why do medical students need to emigrate to become doctors in 2017?

More than four in 10 women, live in fear of refusing partner’s sexual demands, new UN global study finds

Music is a vital urban resource. How do we plan for it?

‘We need to stand up now’ for the elderly: urges UN rights expert on World Day

FROM THE FIELD: ‘Hope’ on the horizon as UN Peacekeepers push deep into Mali

5 steps that could end the plastic pollution crisis – and save our ocean

Promoting rule of law and fundamental rights in the EU

More women in Latin America are working, but gender gap persists, new UN figures show

Humans aren’t made for repetition – it’s time AI took over manufacturing

First-ever World Braille Day underscores importance of written language for human rights

Trump after marginalizing G20 attacks Europe and China where it hurts, brandishes currency war

DR Congo: Electoral process advancing despite threat of armed groups, UN envoy tells Security Council

Technology can hinder good mental health at work. Here’s how it can help

Women still struggle to find a job, let alone reach the top: new UN report calls for ‘quantum leap’

UN receives ‘Humanium’ wristwatch gift, symbolizing peaceful transformation

Iraq protests: UN calls for national talks to break ‘vicious cycle’ of violence

How regenerative agroforestry could solve the climate crisis

Paris agreed with Berlin over a loose and ineffective banking union

European Parliament approves more transparency and efficiency in its internal rules

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s