Humanitarian migration falls while labour and family migration rises

syrian refugees

UNHCR/A. Rummery Young Syrian refugees at Jordan’s Za’atri camp.

This article is brought to you in association with OECD.


Migration flows to OECD countries rose slightly in 2018, with around 5.3 million new, permanent migrants, a 2% increase over 2017. Family and labour migration increased, while the number of asylum applications fell sharply, according to a new OECD report.

The OECD International Migration Outlook 2019 says that asylum applications decreased to 1.09 million in 2018, 35% fewer than the record high of 1.65 million requests registered in both 2015 and 2016. Most asylum seekers came from Afghanistan, followed by Syria, Iraq and Venezuela. Because of the drop in asylum applications, the number of registered refugees also declined, falling by 28%.

Migrants’ employment prospects continued to improve in 2018, building on the positive trends observed during the last five years. On average across OECD countries, more than 68% of migrants are employed and the unemployment rate has fallen below 9%. However, young immigrants and low-educated immigrants still struggle in the labour market.

Temporary labour migration increased significantly in 2017, reaching 4.9 million, compared to 4.4 million in 2016. This is the highest level since the OECD started reporting these numbers more than a decade ago. Poland is the top temporary labour migration destination, surpassing the United States. In the European Union (EU) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) area, workers “posted” by their employers to work in other EU/EFTA member states represented the largest single group for temporary workers, with almost 2.7 million postings.

“The significant increase in temporary labour migration is a sign of the dynamism in OECD labour markets but also of their integration,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, launching the report in Paris. “Temporary migrants bring skills and competences that are needed by employers.”

Some temporary labour migrants stay for a few weeks, others for several years. The contribution of temporary migrants is sizeable in some OECD countries. In 6 out of the 20 countries with available data, temporary labour migrants add more than 2% to the resident employed population.

The Outlook also finds that OECD countries continue to adjust their labour migration programmes to improve selection and favour needed skills. A number of countries have also reformed their entry processes for migrants who are investors or have created new programmes for migrants developing start-ups. Some countries have introduced restrictions to family reunification procedures or streamlined their asylum procedures.

Family migration, where people migrate with, or to join, family members, increased by 9% and labour migration by 6%. 2018 also saw a sharp rise in the number of international students enrolled in tertiary education across the OECD, increasing by 7%, to over 3.5 million. The United States, the leading destination, however saw a decrease in student flows and a shrinking OECD market share.

Family migrants comprise 40% of total inflows, more than any other category. This broad category includes natives of OECD countries bringing spouses from abroad, but also immigrants arriving with accompanying family, or sponsoring their reunification. More than half of immigrants who have family did not bring their family with them at first.

Delays in reunification affect spouses and their integration prospects, especially for women. The report identifies a possible trade-off between stringent conditions on the integration of the principal migrant before family reunification is allowed and the integration of the spouse. Long delays can also hurt the integration outcomes of migrant children, reducing their host-country language proficiency and education outcomes.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Eurozone: A Sluggish economy offers no extra jobs

The Parliament paves the way for the creation of the European Banking Union

Libya: Thousands seek shelter in health clinics from Tripoli fighting, UN warns

These 5 countries are home to more than half the world’s forests

5 libraries doing innovative things to help their communities

Health equity and accessibility for migrants is a peremptory demand

How three US cities are using data to end homelessness

UN rights chief slams ‘unconscionable’ US border policy of separating migrant children from parents

Burning Amazon rainforests: Darting towards the doom of Human Race

New round of bargaining for the 2014 EU budget late in autumn

Mental health in times of a pandemic: what can each individual do to lessen the burden?

Visa liberalisation: Commission reports on fulfilment of visa-free requirements by Western Balkans and Eastern Partnership countries

Access still an obstacle to reaching stricken communities on Indonesian island: UN agencies

Vendor Pulse – 2000

A shortened EU Summit admits failures, makes risky promises

Africa will develop with oil and gas – whether the West likes it or not

‘Endemic’ sexual violence surging in South Sudan: UN human rights office

Europe bewildered by radicalisation and terrorism

These 4 scenarios show how we might be working in the future

We had the hottest June ever this year – this is what happened around the world

Swedish PM Löfven: “Our common values must guide us to an even better future”

Towards the new era of medicine

Do men and women really have different leadership styles?

How can the EU hit net-zero emissions?

We lack a global framework for saving our environment. Here’s how we change that

Trump’s Russophiles under investigation, Europe remains ‘en garde’

Why lay people don’t expect anything good from G20

The European Brain Drain: hard facts and harder truths

Latin America is a mass-transit powerhouse. But it needs fine-tuning

A Year in China

Why growth is now a one way road for Eurozone

World food security increasingly at risk due to ‘unprecedented’ climate change impact, new UN report warns

Zuckerberg preaches that Artificial Intelligence will protect Data Privacy in Facebook whereas Verhofstadt demands the big European state to take charge

Scientists have created biodegradable microneedles to fight eye disease

Eurozone: Despite anemic growth and shaky banks marks record trade surplus

The Next Web 2014, the biggest European conference on Internet so far and the Absence of Brussels from Amsterdam

How cocoa farming can help stop deforestation

The impact of refugees on the European healthcare system

We can feed the world in a sustainable way, but we need to act now

Contact the Sting

From ‘dead on the inside’ to ‘truly alive’: Survivor of genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda recounts her story as UN marks 25th anniversary

EU elections: The louder the threats and the doomsaying the heavier the weight of the vote

Opposite cultures: Should it be a problem?

Connected Claims Europe on 18-19 September 2019, in association with The European Sting

Trump questions US – Europe kinship, approaches Russia

Trade war or not New York bankers will have it their way

German synagogue shooting ‘another tragic demonstration of anti-Semitism’: UN chief

The sad show of Brexit

Food system failures in our age of abundance

The Central Mediterranean migration route in times of COVID-19

Google’s hot summer never ends: EC to launch ANOTHER antitrust inquiry against the American giant

Around 600,000 Afghan children face death through malnutrition without emergency funds: UNICEF

EU prolongs economic sanctions on Russia by six months

‘We need to stand up now’ for the elderly: urges UN rights expert on World Day

EU/African, Caribbean and Pacific partnership: MEPs list key aims for renewal

St. Vincent and the Grenadines breaks a record, as smallest ever Security Council seat holder

Female directors reached record highs in 2019 Hollywood

Europe enters uncharted waters with Kiev-Moscow standoff

These 4 trends are shaping the future of your job

Reset or perish: A guide to adaptive leadership

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s