Insecurity and violence turn Nigeria into a ‘pressure cooker’ that must be addressed, says UN rights expert

Arne Hoel/World Bank Children walk through a field in Nigeria. (file)

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Nigeria is a pressure cooker of internal conflicts and generalized violence that must be addressed urgently, an independent United Nations expert said on Tuesday, following a fact-finding visit to the country.

“The overall situation that I encountered in Nigeria gives rise to extreme concern”, with issues like poverty and climate change adding to the crisis, said Special Rapporteur Agnes Callamard after presenting a preliminary statement at the end of her 12-day mission.

She pointed out that if ignored, the ripple effects of unaccountability on such a large scale, had the potential to destabilize the sub-region if not the whole continent.

“Nigeria is confronting nationwide, regional and global pressures, such as population explosion, an increased number of people living in absolute poverty, climate change and desertification, and increasing proliferation of weapons”, she elaborated. “These are re-enforcing localized systems and country-wide patterns of violence, many of which are seemingly spinning out of control”.

Ms. Callamard highlighted many areas of concern, including armed conflict against the Boko Haram terrorist group in the northeast; insecurity and violence in the northwest; the conflict in the central area known as the Middle Belt and parts of the northwest and south, between nomadic Fulani herdsmen and indigenous farming communities.

She also noted the prevalence of organized gangs or cults in Nigeria’s south; general repression of minority and indigenous groups; killings during evictions in slum areas; and widespread police brutality.

Some signs of improvement

The UN expert said there were some positive signs, including progress against the extremist Boko Haram group and affiliates, as well as a decline in allegations of arbitrary killings and deaths in custody at the hands of the military over the last two years.

However, she noted little progress in terms of accountability and reparations for grave human rights violations in the past.

“I particularly urge the Nigerian Government, and the international community, to prioritize as a matter of urgency, accountability and access to justice for all victims and addressing the conflicts between nomadic cattle breeding and farming communities, fueled by toxic narratives and the large availability of weapons”, she underscored.

While some high-profile cases of killings by police have resulted in the arrest and prosecution of the officers responsible and others involving clashes between Fulani herdsmen and indigenous farming communities have been investigated in Benue State, she flagged that “such examples of accountability remain the exception”.

“In almost all of the cases that were brought to my attention during the visit none of the perpetrators had been brought to justice”, lamented the Special Rapporteur.

“The loss of trust and confidence in public institutions prompts Nigerians to take matters of protection into their own hands, which is leading to a proliferation of self-protecting armed militia and cases of ‘jungle justice’”, she said.

Ms. Callamard called on the Nigerian authorities “to look carefully into my findings”, saying that she remains “available for further cooperation”.

During her mission, the UN envoy met Government officials, local authorities and civil society as well as family members whose relatives had been brutally killed and people forced from their homes. Among the cities on her itinerary were Abuja, Maiduguri, Makurdi, Jos, Port Harcourt and Lagos.

Special Rapporteurs are appointed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report back on the situation, which Ms. Callamard will do in June 2020.

The positions are honorary and receive no pay for their work.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

This man is turning cities into giant sponges to save lives

This credit card has a carbon-emission spending limit

10th ASEM in Milan and the importance of being one: EU’s big challenge on the way to China

EU prolongs economic sanctions on Russia by six months

Carnage must stop in northwest Syria demands Lowcock, as attacks intensify

This app uses augmented reality to rewrite ‘herstory’

Is euro to repeat its past highs with the dollar?

Electronic Cigarettes: Are they really as safe as we think?

Poor Greeks, Irish and Spaniards still pay for the faults of German and French banks

Ensuring the ‘lungs of the planet’ keep us alive: 5 things you need to know about forests and the UN

Darfur: Inter-communal tensions still high despite improved security, Mission head tells Security Council

Parliament: No consent to EU budget until €11.2 billion unpaid bills are settled

5 things you probably didn’t know about global health

The 27 EU leaders did nothing to help May unlock the Brexit talks

Why youth unemployment is so difficult to counter

‘Signs of hope’ toward a political settlement in Yemen, UN special envoy tells Security Council

Indian cities are running out of water

From drought to floods in Somalia; displacement and hunger worsen, says UN

Five things everybody needs to know about the future of Journalism

Dieselgate: Parliament calls for mandatory retrofits of polluting cars

Is the advent of nationalism to destroy economic neo-liberalism?

Online marketplaces can help close Africa’s skills gap

New European frontiers for renewable energy development

UN rights chief ‘extremely concerned’ over deadly crackdown on protesters in Iran

Trust in OECD governments back at pre-crisis levels as governments seek to be more open and engaged

Under fire, UN refugee agency evacuates 135 detained in Libya to Niger

How microfinance develops decent work

MWC 2016 LIVE: Mobile World Congress shows off planes, trams and automobiles

How smart tech helps cities fight terrorism and crime

Nagasaki is ‘a global inspiration’ for peace, UN chief says marking 73rd anniversary of atomic bombing

5 ways cities can use emerging technologies to fight climate change

How blockchain can cut the cost of new medicine

MWC 2016 LIVE: 5G to trigger disruption, claim industry leaders

Ramp up nuclear power to beat climate change, says UN nuclear chief

Safer roads: More life-saving technology to be mandatory in vehicles

A call for a new crop of innovators

COVID-19: research package welcomed, EU needs to be better equipped in future

We should treat data as a natural resource. Here’s why

Bank resolutions set to remain a national affair

This Pacific island has banned fishing to allow the marine ecosystem to recover

VW emissions scandal: EU unable to protect its consumers against large multinationals

Thursday’s Daily Brief: STIs worldwide, food safety and food prices, updates on Iraq and East Africa

Here’s how the global financial crisis is still affecting your wages

5 facts to know about Africa’s powerhouse – Nigeria

A Sting Exclusive: “Delivering on the Environmental Dimension of the new Sustainable Development Agenda”, Ulf Björnholm underscores from UNEP Brussels

5 ways to get your business ready for AI in 2020

Visiting North Korea, UN relief chief spotlights funding shortfall to meet humanitarian needs

Refugee crisis: Commission proposes a new plan urging EU countries to help Italy

Mental health in times of pandemic: what can each individual do to lessen the burden?

Frans Timmermans on the European Green Deal as a growth strategy at the Bruegel Annual Meetings

Coronavirus – here’s the public health advice on how to protect yourself

Syria: UN chief warns Idlib offensive may set off ‘humanitarian catastrophe’

The ethics of the Medical Technology Civilisation era

6 innovative technologies about to transform our infrastructure

“A divided Europe is not in China’s interests”, Ambassador Zhang of the Chinese Mission to EU welcomes Brussels

A ‘charismatic leader’ dedicated to making the world a better place for all: officials bid farewell to former UN chief Kofi Annan

The ECB proposes a swift solution for SMEs’ financing

Tackling Youth Unemployment

European Commission statement on the adoption of the new energy lending policy of the European Investment Bank Group

EU and Overseas Countries and Territories boost cooperation at annual Forum with €44 million

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s