The need to resume preventive policies for chronic noncommunicable diseases

diseases

(Olga Kononenko, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Bianca Pamela Soares, a 25 years old graduate student of the 10th period of medicine at Santa Marcelina Medical School, in São Paulo, Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


Noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) constitute the largest global health problem and have generated a high number of premature deaths, loss of quality of life, a high degree of limitation and disability, and are responsible for the economic impacts on families and communities. general society.¹

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that 16 million Brazilians suffer with diabetes. Still according to the study, the incidence rate of the disease has grown 61.8% in the last ten years.²

In Brazil, the rates of chronic diseases such as systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are highly prevalent and the main causes of death in the country are cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. These data must be adopted by preventive public policies. As for the healthcare professional its function is not just to measure blood pressure, perform dextro or prescribe a drug, it is necessary to advise family members to maintain a low carbohydrate diet by reducing their intake of fat and salt in food. Consume more organic foods instead of processed foods. The concern is great to prevent these diseases from controlling only the lifestyle. Prevention begins at home with parents, for example by encouraging them to walk 1 hour a day, reducing their consumption of bread, pasta and sugar. Decrease the salt of food and the consumption of all the fried foods, which contribute to the advance of chronic noncommunicable diseases.

Medium and long-term actions, with education of health professionals in primary care are essential, thus began by the college annual campaigns for prevention of diabetes and hypertension (SAH), disclosing in the community the importance of prevention, what are the long term bad effects of the disease and also measuring the BP, the blood glucose test, weigh on the participant and measuring the waist circumference. From these data and the participant’s history, we discuss the change in lifestyle, and a unit for family health strategy (FHE) follow-up is indicated.

The good health professional is not the expert who knows everything about his own specialty. But the one who cares about the patient as a whole. And it works so that in their own family and around people have better control of eating habits and physical activities, as these factors negatively influence the patient.

A surgery, for example, will not occur if a patient has decompensated SAH and DM, he is at greater risk of death due to comorbidities during surgery or postoperatively than the disease itself that needs surgery.

Bibliography

  1. Mortalidade por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis no Brasil e suas regiões, 2000 a 2011. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde, Brasília, 23(4):599-608, out-dez 2014.
  2. Taxa de incidência de diabetes cresceu 61,8% nos últimos 10 anos. Disponível em:< https://portal.fiocruz.br/noticia/taxa-de-incidencia-de-diabetes-cresceu-618-nos-ultimos-10-anos>.Acesso em 20/07/2019 as 19h00.

About the author

Bianca Pamela Soares is 25 years old and is a graduate student of the 10th period of medicine at Santa Marcelina Medical School, in São Paulo. Her goal as a doctor is to specialize in cancer surgery, but she has always kept in mind that if she does not look at her patients as a whole she won’t be a good professional. Considering that although the number of cancer patients grows by the day, chronic diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure are highly prevalent and can be controlled with lifestyle changes, so in college she has started local campaigns to discuss the issue with the population.

 

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

EU Commission spends billions without achieving targets

On the detention of children in the United States of America

Thought AIs could never replace human imagination? Think again

An entrepreneurial point-of view on tackling the migration crisis and the risks of abolishing Schengen

EU seeks foreign support on 5G from Mobile World Congress 2015 as the “digital gold rush” begins

Human rights: breaches in Russia, the Rakhine State and Bahrain

The challenges of mental health among the Syrian medical students

Millions of people eat octopus- here’s why we shouldn’t

Brussels enraged with Swiss referendum result to keep out EU citizens

The EU accuses Russia of bullying Ukraine to change sides

Bigotry makes politicians ‘complicit in the violence that follows’ : UN independent experts

Brexit: MEPs concerned about citizens’ rights

Tuesday’s Daily Brief: Libya civil war, African displacement, global trade tensions, terrorists’ children ‘secretly detained’, and more

Madagascar: UN chief commends leaders, State institutions following ‘historic milestone’ election

Alexis Tsipras ready to test Eurozone’s political sturdiness; Up to what point?

Worldwide terror attacks have fallen for the third year in a row

Alarming level of reprisals against activists, human rights defenders, and victims – new UN report

Who can compel Wallonia to unlock CETA, the EU-Canada free trade pack?

WEF Davos 2016 LIVE: Banking moguls continue brandishing financial Armageddon to intimidate us all but in Davos they worry about the very distant future

A Sting Exclusive: “Consumer expectations for the 2015 UN summit on climate change”, Director General of BEUC Monique Goyens outlines from Brussels

Rohingya refugee shelters ‘washed away’ in Bangladesh monsoon rains: UN agency

A Young student assesses the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

Why schools should teach the curriculum of the future, not the past

Decade ending 2019 likely to be hottest on record

A machine din

Financial Transaction Tax: More money for future bank bailouts?

Final preparations for DCX and IFRA Expo 2019, in association with The European Sting

These clothes were designed by artificial intelligence

We can save the Arctic if we follow the Nordic countries’ lead

Central African Republic: UNICEF outlines key actions so fresh peace deal can make real difference for children

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: “Am I a real Boy?”

This is the IMF’s latest take on the economy in 2020

Terrorism diverts resources from ‘much-needed’ development to ‘costly’ security, warns UN envoy for Central Africa

DR Congo: ‘New waves of violence’ likely, UN warns, unless State acts to prevent intercommunal reprisals

A Sting Exclusive: “Change is challenge, change is opportunity”, Commissioner Bienkowska cries out live from European Business Summit 2015

ECB indicates south Europeans can endure more austerity

IMF: How can Eurozone avoid stagnation

Will the French let Macron destroy their party political system?

“None of our member states has the dimension to compete with China and the US, not even Germany!”, Head of EUREKA Pedro Nunes on another Sting Exclusive

UN emergency relief fund has ‘never been more critical’: Guterres

In Finland, speeding tickets are linked to your income

UN chief saddened at news of death of former US President George H.W. Bush

‘Action and tangible progress’ needed to finally ‘win the peace’ for Syrians: UN envoy

Sri Lanka PM: This is how I will make my country rich by 2025

NHS: A great healthcare system but how accessible is it to migrants?

How Africa’s entrepreneurs are changing the direction of globalization

Tuberculosis infections declining, but not fast enough among poor, marginalised: UN health agency

Using ‘leprosy’ metaphors in political rhetoric ‘fuels public stigma’ and discrimination: UN rights expert

EU revengefully shows no mercy to Cameron by demanding a fast and sloppy Brexit now

Will 2020 be the year blockchain overcomes its hype?

At last a good price for the Greek debt!

Health privatization to blame for health inequality or poor investment in public health?

Why leaders need to upgrade their operating systems

Hospitals in Yemen attacked, disrupting healthcare for thousands of vulnerable civilians

Tiny Iceland teaches the West how to treat bankers

Finland is a world leader in clean energy. Here’s what’s driving its success

A new Europe for people, planet and prosperity for all

Climate change and health: creating global awareness and using earth resources wisely

3 reasons why Singapore is the smartest city in the world

5 technologies that will forever change global trade

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s