Canada has the most comprehensive and elaborate migration system, but some challenges remain

world refugees 19

(Ninno JackJr, Unsplash)

This article is brought to you in association with OECD.


Canada has the largest and most comprehensive and elaborate skilled labour migration system in the OECD, according to a new OECD report.

Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Canada 2019 finds that Canada admits the largest number of skilled labour migrants in the OECD. Additionally, Canada also has the most carefully designed and longest-standing skilled migration system in the OECD. It is widely perceived as a benchmark for other countries, and its success is evidenced by good integration outcomes. Canada also boasts the largest share of highly educated immigrants in the OECD as well as high levels of public acceptance of migration. In addition, it is seen as an appealing country of destination for potential migrants.

According to the OECD, Express Entry – the two-step Expression of Interest system for federal permanent labour migration introduced in 2015 – has greatly improved efficiency and the effectiveness of permanent labour migration management. It allows for ranking migrants for selection from a pool of eligible candidates. A unique feature of the Canadian model, in contrast to other selection procedures, is the degree of refinement in the ranking of candidates eligible for immigration. It considers positive interactions of skills, such as between language proficiency and the ability to transfer prior foreign work experience to the Canadian context.

The OECD report stresses that core to Canada’s success is not only its elaborate selection system, but also the comprehensive infrastructure upon which it is built, which ensures constant testing, monitoring and adaptation of its parameters. This includes a comprehensive data infrastructure, the capacity to analyse such data, and subsequent swift policy reaction to new evidence and emerging challenges. Recent reforms addressed several initial shortcomings in the Express Entry system, such as too many points being attributed for a job offer (which led to a high intake of migrants working in the hospitality sector, for instance), and which were subsequently reduced. The current selection system focuses on human capital factors such as age, language proficiency and education and is largely supply driven – meaning that most labour immigrants are admitted without a job offer – in contrast to the majority of other OECD countries.

To further strengthen the system, Canada should address some remaining inconsistencies. For instance, entry criteria to the pool are not well aligned with final selection criteria and language requirements for several groups of onshore candidates are lower than for those coming from abroad. In addition, a specific programme designed to attract tradespeople allows migration for only a few occupations and not necessarily where there are shortages, which contrasts with its original objectives. Providing for a single entry grid based on the core criteria for ultimate selection would simplify the system and ensure common standards.

The management of permanent labour migration is shared between Canada’s federal and provincial/territorial (PT) governments. The increasingly significant role played by regional governments in selection and integration has resulted in a more balanced geographic distribution of migrants across the country. PT-selected migrants have a lower skills profile than federally selected migrants but boast better initial labour market outcomes and high retention. The OECD also recommends considering a provincial temporary foreign worker pilot programme, to allow PTs to better respond to regional cyclical or seasonal labour needs that are not otherwise met, without the need to resort to permanent migration through provincial nomination.

Most of the provincial nominees – like their federally selected counterparts – settle in metropolitan and agglomeration areas, a development that Canada is currently addressing with an innovative rural community-driven programme. This includes a whole-of-family approach to integration, designed to enhance retention. Indeed, the report notes that Canada has been at the forefront of testing new, holistic approaches to managing labour migration and linking it with settlement services, especially in areas with demographic challenges.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

This one small change could transform education for millions

General Elections in Spain: Twitter organises the first digital debate to empower young people.

How quantum computing could beat climate change

UN ‘comes together in sadness and solidarity’ to honour staff who died on board Ethiopian Airlines flight

How transparency can help the global economy to grow

Human rights experts call for ‘paradigm shift’ on arbitrary detention in Qatar

Draghi reveals how failing banks will be dealt, may cut interest rates soon

Climate change is a disruptor. Here’s how to harness it for innovation

Energy: EU priority projects should be aligned with 2050 climate objectives

Somalis ‘will not be deterred’ by Friday’s terror attacks – UN chief

European Agenda on Migration: Still fragile situation gives no cause for complacency

Trailing the US-EU economic confrontation

The EU Spring Summit set to challenge austerity

Portraits show ‘dignity and humanity’ of Holocaust survivors, 75 years after Auschwitz liberation

UN chief urges ‘active, substantive and meaningful participation’ on International Day of Democracy

What can stop the ‘too big to fail’ bankers from terrorising the world?

3 things you need to know about securing a blockchain

The EU lets the bankers go on rigging the benchmarks

Dozens killed and injured by new airstrikes in western Yemen, UN coordinator condemns ‘outrageous’ toll

Alarm over violent attacks on lawmakers, opposition in Malawi, ahead of elections

“Only through energy policy we can trigger competitiveness”. The Sting live from #EBS2015: Energy Union – When will it happen?

These countries are driving global demand for coal

Disillusioned young people – France thinks it has a solution

DR Congo: Restore internet services as ‘a matter of urgency’, urges UN expert

4 ways sporting events are becoming more sustainable

How to talk to people about mental health – and support one another

There’s a global learning crisis and it’s leaving millions without basic skills

COP22 addresses a strong global pledge to effectively implement the Paris Agreement

Technology is delivering better access to financial services. Here’s how

Why good cybersecurity in business is everyone’s responsibility

More children killed by unsafe water, than bullets, says UNICEF chief

We have to learn to trust Artificial Intelligence. Here’s how

Remarks by High Representative/ Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the press conference following the EU-China Strategic Dialogue

Arrest of three Libyans wanted for grave crimes ‘would send strong and necessary message’ to victims, urges top Prosecutor

UN Envoy urges Burundi leaders to ‘seize opportunities for national unity and peace’

Mediterranean migrant drownings should spur greater action by European countries, urge UN agencies

“A sustainable economy, low-carbon, resource-efficient, resilient and more competitive on the global stage”, EU Commissioner Vella in a Sting Exclusive

Courage of terrorism survivors underlines ‘urgency’ of UN Investigative Team’s work in Iraq

Antibiotics are contaminating the world’s rivers

Main results of European Council of 18/10/2018

New UN report launched to help ratchet up action to combat climate crisis

Is there a drug for every disease?

‘Open, cordial, and frank discussions’ held over future Somalia-UN relationship

OECD presents analysis showing significant impact of proposed international tax reforms

These countries spend the most on education

5 reasons to be more cheerful about the future of the oceans

Measles in Europe: infection rates highest in a decade, says UN health agency

To retire at 65, American millennials need to save almost half their paycheck

A comprehensive strategy for Eurozone’s long term growth gains momentum

Why transparency in drug pricing is more complicated than it seems

Climate Change: A Healthcare Emergency

Europe must remember its past to build its future

Saudi Arabia, China, among 14 nations under UN human rights spotlight: what you need to know

Mainland Europe adopts Germanic cartel business patterns

Monday’s Daily Brief: Independent UN experts on Myanmar, UN chief renounces attacks in US, Libyan airport violence, UN spokesperson on Kashmir, and FAO and Italy on development

7 amazing ways artificial intelligence is used in healthcare

Sri Lanka PM: This is how I will make my country rich by 2025

Italy’s revised budget remains roughly unchanged waiting for Europe’s fury

This is how we make cancer care sustainable and available for all

6 innovative technologies about to transform our infrastructure

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s