Homicide kills far more people than armed conflict, new UN study shows

UN Women/Dzilam Mendez In Mexico City, an artistic installation consisting of a number of signs of Venus, representing women, stresses the magnitude of femicidal violence. (March 2018). Femicide is too often ignored, warns UNODC’s Global Study on Homicide 2019.

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Some 464,000 people across the world were victims of homicidal violence in 2017, more than five times the number killed in armed conflict over the same period, UN researchers said on Monday.

According to a study by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Central America is the most dangerous region to live, where the number of homicides – or unlawful killings – rises in some “hotspots”, to 62.1 per 100,000 people.

The safest locations are in Asia, Europe and Oceania (Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia), where murder rates are 2.3, 3.0 and 2.8 respectively – well below the 6.1 global average, the UN agency’s Global Study on Homicide 2019 shows.

At 13.0, Africa’s homicide rate was lower than the Americas (17.2), which had the highest percentage in 2017 since reliable data-gathering began in 1990, UNODC said, while also pointing to significant data gaps for some African countries.

Organized crime accounts for nearly one in five murders

One constant since the beginning of this century is the link between organized crime and violent deaths, according to the report.

Crime alone was responsible for 19 per cent of all homicides in 2017 and caused “many more deaths worldwide than armed conflict and terrorism combined”, said Yury Fedotov, UNODC Executive Director.

Like violent conflict, organized crime “destabilizes countries, undermines socioeconomic development and erodes the rule of law”, according to UNODC, while Mr. Fedotov insisted that unless the international community takes decisive steps, “targets under Sustainable Development Goal 16 to significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates by 2030 will not be met”.

Young men at highest risk in all regions

From a gender angle, the UNODC report also finds that while girls and boys aged nine and under, are more or less equally represented in terms of victim numbers, in all other age groups, males make up more than 50 per cent of the toll, according to data from 41 countries.

In all regions, the likelihood of boys becoming victims of homicide increases with age, while those aged between 15 and 29 are at the highest risk of homicide globally.

In the Americas, for instance, the victim rate among 18 to 19-year-olds is estimated at 46 per 100,000 – far higher than for their peers in other regions, while firearms are also involved “far more often” in homicides in the Americas than elsewhere, the UN report maintains.

“High levels of violence are strongly associated with young males, both as perpetrators and victims,” the report says, “So violence prevention programmes should focus on providing support to young men to prevent them from being lured into a subculture of… gangs (and) drug dealing.”

Femicide ‘too often ignored’

While women and girls account for a far smaller share of victims than men, they continue to bear “by far the greatest burden” of intimate partner and family-related homicide, the report finds, adding that more than nine in 10 suspects in homicide cases are men.

“Killings carried out by intimate partners are rarely spontaneous or random,” Mr. Fedotov said, noting too that the phenomenon is often under-reported and “too often ignored”.

In a bid to help Governments tackle homicide, the UNODC report identifies several drivers of the problem, in addition to organized crime. They include firearms, drugs and alcohol, inequality, unemployment, political instability and gender stereotyping.

‘Targeted’ anti-corruption policies needed

The study also underlines the importance of addressing corruption, strengthening the rule of law and investing in public services – particularly education; these are “critical” in reducing violent crime, it insists.

Highlighting the report’s broad scope – which covers everything from lethal gang violence involving firearms to links with inequality and gender-related killings – Mr. Fedotov maintained that it “is possible” to tackle the threat from criminal networks with “targeted” policies.

These include community engagement and police patrols, as well as policing reform, whose aim is to strengthen trust in officers among the local population.

For those young men already caught up in criminal gangs, they need help “so that they can extricate themselves” through social work, rehabilitation programmes and awareness-raising about non-violent alternatives.

These efforts could be more effective if they took place in “certain countries in South and Central America, Africa and Asia” and “even in countries with high national rates of homicide”, the report insists.

“Killings are often concentrated in specific states, provinces and cities,” it says. “Bringing down overall homicide rates depends ultimately on tackling lethal violence in these ‘hotspots’”.

Although the UNODC study shows that the number of homicides increased from almost 400,000 in 1992 to more than 460,000 in 2017, it explains that the actual global rate has declined (from 7.2 in 1992, to 6.1 in 2017) when measured against population growth.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Is Eurozone heading for disinflation?

Energy Transition: Commission announces three Energy Compacts at UN High-Level Dialogue in New York

IQ scores have been falling for decades, new study finds

3 things to know about our Sustainable Development Impact Summit

FROM THE FIELD: West Africa’s wishful gold diggers

Japanese banks to move their European HQ from London to Frankfurt after Brexit

Wednesday’s Daily brief: Day 3 of anti-hatred summit, UNFPA turns 50, Ben Stiller #WithRefugees, updates on Abyei

What are the real debates surrounding immigration in an increasingly globalized world?

Why a multi-stakeholder approach is essential to our risk resiliency

New European Bauhaus: new actions and funding to link sustainability to style and inclusion

Violent disorder is on the rise. Is inequality to blame?

Why cities hold the key to safe, orderly migration

This electric plane has flown successfully for 30 minutes – is this the future of flying?

Traffic congestion cost the US economy nearly $87 billion in 2018

How studying genetics and lifestyle can shape a healthier MENA region

First full satellite survey of devastated ancient Aleppo raises recovery hopes

MEPs approve boost to workers’ rights in the gig economy

New seat projections for the next European Parliament EU28

What living abroad does to your self-awareness

‘They’re not able to govern without 50% of the population.’ Former mayor speaks out for women in Afghanistan

COVID-19: latest on evaluation and authorisation of vaccines

Trade Committee advocates lower tariffs in Western Sahara

Repression, use of force risk worsening Bolivia crisis: UN human rights chief

Parliament adopts new rules for short-stay visas

Supply chains have been upended. Here’s how to make them more resilient

EU27 leaders unite on Brexit Guidelines ahead of “tough negotiations” with Theresa May

Guterres in Davos: ‘Dysfunctional’ response to common problems, shows need for effective multilateralism

EU Citizenship: New survey shows EU citizens are more aware of their rights

Missile strike kills at least 12 civilians, including children, in Syria’s Idlib: UN humanitarians

Somalia: UN mission head condemns deadly terrorist attacks in Mogadishu, Galkayo

Electronic cigarettes – The alternative we’ve been looking for?

Service and Sacrifice: Malaysian peacekeepers in Lebanon proud to serve their homeland and the United Nations

MEPs clear another hurdle for the COVID-19 recovery plan

“One Belt One Road”: Its relevance to the European Companies

Female directors reached record highs in 2019 Hollywood

More international support needed to curb deadly measles outbreak in DR Congo

How fungi could save the world

Rare earths are the new battlefront in the US-China trade war. But what are they?

How cultural understanding can help in the cultural shock

Why age inclusive workforces play a crucial role in building back a better society post-COVID

Wolves are back in Switzerland – but not everyone is happy about it

New study shows close link between GVCs participation and economic development

The future of global trade – in 7 charts

G7 summit: Trump Vs. G6 leaders on trade and climate change

EU to increase spending and improve delivery of education in emergencies and protracted crises

UN agency helps stranded Ethiopians return home, ending ‘harrowing migration ordeal’

Human health – litmus paper for the climate change?

Nuclear test ban treaty critical to global collective security – UN chief

The EU Parliament unanimously rejects Commission’s ideas about ‘seeds’

Here’s how to make ‘value-based healthcare’ a reality

As the year closes out, UN political chief talks the art of diplomacy – and crises to watch in 2019.

It’s not kids’ screen time you should worry about – it’s yours

Guterres hails historic Convention banning violence and harassment at work

3 charts that show the economics of European football

Statement by President von der Leyen on recent developments related to Iran and Iraq

Resisting EU budget cuts

The pandemic has damaged youth employment: Here’s how we can help

EU Parliament: The surplus countries must support growth

8 amazing facts to help you understand China today

MEPs back first EU management plan for fish stocks in the Western Mediterranean

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: