Botswana has decriminalized gay sex. But, it’s still illegal in 70 countries

Gay

(Markus Spiske, Unsplash)

This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Douglas Broom, Senior Writer, Formative Content


Human rights activists around the world have welcomed a landmark decision by Botswana’s High Court to decriminalize homosexuality. But progress towards equal rights for LGBTI people globally is uneven to say the least.

Overturning Botswana’s colonial-era ban on homosexuality, the High Court declared the law discriminatory, unconstitutional and against the public interest. “A democratic society is one that embraces tolerance, diversity and open-mindedness,” said Justice Michael Leburu.

The 2019 annual survey of state-sponsored homophobia by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) lists 70 countries that criminalize homosexuality.

 State of LGBT laws around the world

State of LGBT laws around the world
Image: EqualDex

Steps forward and back

The defeat of the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria has removed the imminent threat of capital punishment for LGBTI people living in those areas.

In last 18 months, Angola, India and Trinidad and Tobago scrapped laws banning consensual same-sex acts. This year Taiwan became the first Asian economy to legalize same-sex marriage.

But in 2017, Chad imposed new laws criminalizing homosexuaity and in April this year Brunei increased the penalty for same-sex acts from 10 years’ jail to death. After a global outcry, the Sultan of Brunei announced a moratorium on the use of the death penalty.

Homosexual acts are still punishable by death in six countries: Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen and in some states of Nigeria and parts of Somalia under the control of the Al Shabaab Islamist militant group, according to ILGA.

ILGA says that even in countries that have no explicit law prohibiting same-sex acts, public decency and prostitution laws are frequently used to prosecute and imprison LGBTI people. And discrimination remains widespread, it says, particularly in employment.

 

Businesses promoting equality

A business-led Partnership for Global LGBTI Equality was launched at this year’s Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, by Accenture, Deutsche Bank, EY, Mastercard, Microsoft, Omnicom and Salesforce.

The Partnership said discrimination against LGBTI people not only violates human rights but also harms the global economy. It cited a UN report which estimated the global cost of LGBTI discrimination at over $100 billion per year.

“Competitiveness can only occur for countries that provide opportunities for all and that absolutely has to include LGBTI diversity,” says Saadia Zahidi, head of the Centre for the New Economy and Society at the World Economic Forum.

“There is a clear economic case. It is very clear that countries that do this well, tend to be the ones that have faster growth. There is also a moral case, a values case.”

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