Somalia’s population, international partners must be energized to sustain country’s ‘upward trajectory,’ says senior UN official

UN Photo/Loey Felipe A wide view of the Security Council as Raisedon Zenenga (on screen right), Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), and Francisco Caetano Jose Madeira (on screen left), Special Representative

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Despite Somalia’s persistent security threats, recurrent political crises, capacity constraints and the difficulties in navigating political obstacles to its reform agenda, the Horn of Africa country remains on a “positive trajectory,” the UN Security Council was told on Wednesday.

Briefing the Council, Raisedon Zenenga ,the Deputy Head of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), reported that the country had made significant progress on its economic and security sector reforms. There had also been progress on the inclusive politics agenda as well, including the constitutional review process and preparations for the universal suffrage elections.

“The Federal Government has decided to apply the same rigorous approach to bring accountability and transparency to the security sector,” he said, noting, among other recent steps, the completion in March of biometric registration of all Somali National Army soldiers. All 16,000 soldiers registered were now receiving their salaries directly into their bank accounts.

“This has cut out middle men, reduced corruption, and ensures regular payment of salaries to military personnel. It also paves the way for rightsizing the National Army,” said Mr. Zenenga.

In parallel with these security sector reforms, the Federal Governments had launched military operations in Lower Shabelle region to advance the Transition Plan, degrade Al Shabaab in strongholds that are contiguous to Mogadishu and thereby halt the recent increase in Al Shabaab attacks in the capital.

Yet, Somalia continued to grapple with significant challenges, he said, explaining that the Federal Government’s reform efforts have encountered “inevitable” resistance. The economic reforms and security sector reforms entail dismantling a war economy that had flourished for decades.

“There are many vested interests which pose obstacles to increased accountability. Taking on these vested interests requires not only the determination, which the Federal Government has shown, but an inclusive approach of building relationships with all stakeholders to demonstrate that the reforms will yield benefits for the whole nation,” Mr. Zenenga stressed.

He also noted that the dialogue between Somalia and Somaliland, which also has implications for the completion of the constitutional review process, remains stalled. “We are, however, encouraged by ‘Somaliland’ President Muse Bihi’s remarks on 18 May expressing his readiness to promote peace with Puntland, including through the exchange of prisoners, and to cooperate with Somalia on issues related to security, trade and education.”

Recalling that UNSOM began the new year facing a security crisis as a result of the mortar attack on the UN compound on 1 January, and a political crisis as a result of the expulsion of the Special representative of the Secretary-General Nicholas Haysom on the same day, Mr. Zenenga said the two incidents had severely disrupted the Mission’s engagement with the Federal Government of Somalia and had also elevated the security risk level for UN personnel and left our staff deeply demoralized.

While the Mission had immediately prioritized the safety and security of its staff while concentrating political efforts on mending relations with the Federal Government, Mr. Zenenga underscored that a lasting solution to the continuing security threat “will come from denying Al Shabaab the space and opportunities to prepare and launch attacks.”

Despite such challenges, he said Somalia has “immense opportunities” to make further progress in the coming months. He set out the following prescription for making headway:

  • The federal and sub-federal levels must agree to work together in a spirit of consensus.
  • Parliament must focus on passing priority legislation in a timely manner;
  • All national stakeholders need to collaborate effectively in responding to the imminent drought and avert a famine; and
  • Key relationships, including with national stakeholders, international partners and regional powers, both in the Horn of Africa and in the Gulf should be nurtured.

“The trajectory is upward, and we can all work together to energize Somalia’s population and their international partners towards reform and progress,” he concluded.

Somalia’s humanitarian situation ‘among the most protracted in the world’

Also briefing the Council, UN Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator Ursula Mueller, said that ongoing armed conflict and violence, as well as recurrent climatic shocks continue to drive humanitarian needs in Somalia. Governance challenges and underdevelopment compound fragility and make it difficult for communities to develop robust coping mechanisms.

She said that the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan, launched in January, identified 4.2 million Somalis – one third of the population – in need of life-saving assistance and protection. This shows a decline in needs from 2017, when famine was averted, raising hope that resilience activities led by the Government and development partners could make further gains.

“However, current humanitarian indicators across the country are showing a deterioration,” said Ms. Mueller, spotlighting three areas of concern: the severe drought conditions that have spread from northern and central areas throughout the country following two failed rainy seasons; the situation of internally displaced persons; and protection concerns.

“We must act now to avert a major humanitarian crisis. Humanitarian partners stand ready to deliver aid to those most in need and are capable of rapidly scaling up response, as was proven during famine prevention efforts in 2017,” said, but cautioned that significant funding shortfalls are constraining response and leading to a reduction in assistance in critical areas, including health, nutrition, food security, and water, sanitation and hygiene.

“I believe I was invited to brief you today to draw attention to the elevated risk of a major humanitarian crisis unfolding on the horizon. The immediate scale up of humanitarian response is essential to mitigate the impact of the drought and to prevent further breaking up of communities that continue to be fragile from the drought in 2017,” she said.

She encouraged the international community to urgently increase support for life-saving drought response efforts and to protect gains made in 2018, and added that it was here hope that immediate resources will be received to help us prevent a dramatic crisis from escalating.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

How do we upskill a billion people by 2025? Leadership and collaboration will be key

The Commission calls for a climate neutral Europe by 2050*

COVID-19: Budget MEPs call for quick progress on post-2020 contingency plan

4 steps towards wiping out cervical cancer

These are the best MBAs if you want to be an entrepreneur

China-EU Special Report: Chinese Premier Li Keqiang endorses China’s big investment on Juncker’s plan at 10th China-EU Business Summit

Sochi not far away from Ukraine

Why are Black people in the UK more at risk from COVID-19?

UN member states express their will to tackle global migration but specific actions are still missing

International Women’s Day: Where does she belong?

COVID-19 is an unmissable chance to put people and the planet first

In Pakistan, Guterres urges world to step up climate action, praises support to Afghan refugees

1 in 4 Africans had to pay a bribe to access public services last year

A Young student assesses the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

‘Over-reacting is better than non-reacting’ – academics around the world share thoughts on coronavirus

Berlin cannot dictate anymore the terms for the enactment of the European Banking Union

OECD’s Gurría calls for overhaul of economic thinking to address global challenges

Finnish Council Presidency priorities debated in plenary

7 innovative projects making cities more sustainable

ECB settles the bank resolution issue, makes banking union tangible

Tobacco-free Public Space in Africa’s Most Populous Country

There are more than 1 billion guns in the world and this is who owns them

UN lauds special chemistry of the periodic table, kicking off 150th anniversary celebrations

How video games can reunite a divided world

Brussels wins game and match in Ukraine no matter the electoral results

The true EU unemployment rate may have soared to 21.9%

Landmark EU Parliament – ECB agreement on bank supervision

GSMA announces first speakers for Mobile 360 Series-Middle East and North Africa

OECD sees rising trade tensions and policy uncertainty further weakening global growth

Does hosting a World Cup make economic sense?

How governments and mobile operators are easing network congestion during the COVID-19 crisis

Macron leads EU-wide minimum wage call as Merkel, Medvedev warn of global injustice

Coronaviruses: the truth against the myths

Sustainable fisheries: Commission takes stock of the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy and launches consultation on the fishing opportunities for 2021

Hungary: Commission takes next step in the infringement procedure for non-provision of food in transit zones

Do we need a new Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe after COVID-19?

Summertime Consultation: 84% want Europe to stop changing the clock

Groundbreaking cancer-fighting drugs now included in updated UN list of essential medicines

First-ever global conference of national counter-terrorism chiefs will strengthen cooperation, build ‘resilient’ States, says top UN official

Stricter rules to stop terrorists from using homemade explosives

3 innovations which are leading the fight to save our ocean

During the coronavirus pandemic, we must fight for LGBTQ rights more than ever

New rules make household appliances more sustainable

The world is failing miserably on access to education. Here’s how to change course

The ECB ‘accidentally’ followed IMF‘s policy advice for growth and job creation by printing more money

Don’t compare data to oil – digitization needs a new mindset

Q&A on extraordinary remote participation procedure

What kind of action on social justice should we expect from companies in the future?

Banks get new capital for free and citizens pay the bill

The widely advertised hazards of the EU not that ominous; the sting is financial woes

David Attenborough: The planet can’t cope with overpopulation

The future of suicide and depression prevention

These 5 start-ups are shaping the future of Africa’s cities

Migration and asylum: EU funds to promote integration and protect borders

Here’s how sustainability can make you stand out from the crowd

Dieselgate: Parliament calls for mandatory retrofits of polluting cars

It’s not summer holidays what lead to the bad August of the German economy

We need to deep clean the oceans. Here’s how to pay for it

As people return to work, here’s how we can make commuting more inclusive and sustainable

International Literacy Day: What you need to know about youth literacy

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s