Electronic cigarettes: is it really a safe alternative to smoking?

vaping youth

(John Caroro, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Tahreem Khalid, a student of second year BDS at Army medical college. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


Epidemiological studies, bringing massive  public health services discloses smoking as a greater risk factor to someone’s health than lifetime use of low risk alternative .Science is in a state of flux and evolving rapidly  in an era of revolutions involving use of steam power, electricity, digital technology and computing. Based on rigorous analysis of variation in outcomes and processes, industrial quality experts have developed principles and techniques for quality improvement and health care organizations. The first record of nicotine idea dates to 1963 when Herbert A. Gilbert registered a patent on “Smokers non tobacco cigarettes ’’.

Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes, a battery powered device that aerosolize nicotine and produce vapor for inhalation, were introduced in US market in 2007. E-Cigarettes, first marketed in 2004, have spread globally like wildfire.

Based on evidence, cigarette smoking has a heritability index around 53%. Genetic factors and cofactors influence smoking behaviors. According to WHO, 1 billion smokers are present worldwide. Smoking prevalence is about 80% in low and middle income countries and cause 5.4 million deaths per year worldwide. Serving as a risk factor for pathologies, cancer and pulmonary disease, lifelong  smokers has 50% chance of dying prematurely.

Smoking  revolution  and health claims based on smoking cessation that are unsupported by current scientific evidence are frequently used to sell E- cigarettes.

As of January 2014, 446 E- cigarettes brands with their own websites and 7764 unique flavors were identified online. E-cigarettes are rapidly growing internet phenomenon along with online stores, web searches and virtual user communities. 30-50% of E-cigarettes are sold online.

E-cigarettes nicotine delivery system is safe alternative to smoking in following ways ; undermine smoking prevention ,clean air laws and multi-flavors including tobacco, candy or cherry like flavors. Marketers claim benefits; cancer causing chemicals found in tobacco smoke are not found in electronic cigarettes. Unlike cigarette smoking, E- cigarettes contain ingredients that don’t produce nasty ash or damaging secondhand smoke, your breath won’t smell,less coughing and better overall health.

On  March 2011, the European conference on tobacco and health survey showed that 57% population choose E- cigarettes based on cost factor alone. The American Journal of Preventive Medicine showed that 30% of E- cigarettes users quit smoking entirely .Since the early 1990’s,multinational tobacco companies have promoted “ youth smoking prevention” programs as part of Corporate Social Responsibility campaigns.  These programs have met the industry goals of portraying the companies as concerned corporate citizens and undermining effective tobacco control interventions that are required by WHO framework convention on tobacco control.

Smoking cessation leads to development of specific maladaptive behavioral changes with physiological and cognitive behaviors associated with nicotine withdrawal .E- cigarettes fulfil demands of enhanced behavioral or medical interventions. Although E-cigarettes worldwide advertisements is claiming health safety; role of emotional playing with high level of fear and vigilance aroused by realistic quality of experimental situations appear a factor for increased anti-smoking attitudes. Despite that targeted anti-smoking training should be mandatory.

About the author

Tahreem Khalid is currently a student of second year BDS at Army medical college and a member of IFMSA.

 

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Electronic or conventional cigarettes – which is safer?

Questions and Answers about Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

8 things we need to do to tackle humanitarian crises in 2019

Why do overwhelming proportions of EU’s youth feel excluded?

Relieving the suffering of dying: Home Palliative Care as a spiritual coping strategy

The “Colombo Declaration” adopted at the World Conference on Youth 2014

These are the top risks for doing business around the world

I cycled over 6,000km across the United States to document climate change. Here’s what I learned

Strengthening the EU’s autonomy – Commission seeks input on a new anti-coercion instrument

Here’s how innovation could help car companies hit by COVID-19

How has technology changed – and changed us – in the past 20 years?

How Japan and Singapore are reinventing old age

Workplace bullies could now go to jail in South Korea

Warmongers ready to chew what is left of social protection spending

Eurostat overturns Commission’s assessment of the economy

Declaring commitment to ‘peace and stability’ for Libya, top UN envoy steps down as stress takes its toll

November infringements package: key decisions

Why COVID-19 shows the future not the end of globalization

Fighting Terrorism Online: EU Internet Forum committed to an EU-wide Crisis Protocol

ICC Appeals Chamber acquits former Congolese Vice President Bemba from war crimes charges

Circular Plastics Alliance: 100+ signatories commit to use 10 million tons of recycled plastic in new products by 2025

Coronavirus: Commission proposes a Digital Green Certificate

Coronavirus update: COVID-19 likely to cost economy $1 trillion during 2020, says UN trade agency

Telemedicine: union when the rule is isolation

Dual food quality: Commission releases study on sensory differences in food products

How artificial intelligence is redefining the role of manager

Africa cannot afford to lose doctors to COVID-19

People talk less now than during the Cold War, says Merkel at Davos

COVID-19: latest on evaluation and authorisation of vaccines

Unequal burden: how the COVID-19 pandemic is adding to women’s workloads

4 ways to build resilience to digital risks in the COVID-19 era

Reforms in the Western Balkans and Turkey: annual assessments and recommendations

3 reasons why business leaders can’t afford to ignore diversity

MWC 2016 LIVE: Ingenu steps up efforts to build LPWA networks across the globe

Some endangered languages manage to thrive. Here’s how

A perfect storm is pushing children in sub-Saharan Africa into crisis

More than nine in ten children exposed to deadly air pollution

We have a chance to build the gender-equal workplaces of the future. Here’s how

5 ways to go green in your own kitchen

3 reasons why civil society is essential to COVID-19 recovery

Microplastics have spread right to the sea bed, study finds

90% of plastic polluting our oceans comes from just 10 rivers

‘Great cause of concern’ UN chief tells Security Council, surveying ‘bleak’ state of civilian protection

These Dutch microgrid communities can supply 90% of their energy needs

EU-Turkey relations are at a historic low point, say MEPs

To Brexit or not to Brexit: British exceptionalism doesn’t allow any Obama telling Brits what to do

Medical Devices Regulation: Commission welcomes Council support to prioritise the fight against coronavirus

Kellen Europe Hosts EuroConference 2016

Who cares about the unity of Ukraine?

‘Vaccines are safe’ and save lives, UNICEF declares, launching new #VaccinesWork campaign

UN updates guidelines to ensure successful return to civilian life for former combatants

Regional competitiveness and growth: a Gordian knot for Europe

Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into possible anti-competitive conduct of Amazon

EU reconfirms support for Afghanistan at 2020 Geneva Conference

Across Europe, people are struggling to make ends meet. We need a common response immediately.

Help prevent children ‘from becoming victims in the first place’, implores Guterres at campaign launch

OECD Secretary-General: coronavirus “war” demands joint action

Why the 21st century’s biggest health challenge is our shared responsibility

MWC 2016 LIVE: Freemium MVNO model a success, claims FreedomPop head

Why we all need farmers to have access to better seeds

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s