The importance of the strategy of health of a country working in accordance with the theory

Brazil 2019.jpg

(Rafaela Biazi, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Daniela Andrade de Sá, a fourth-year medical student at Uniredentor in Itaperuna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


The Unified Health System (SUS) is a state policy created in 1988 by the Citizen Constitution, which considers health a right of everyone and the duty of the state. It is a project that assumes and enshrines the principles of Universality, Equity and Integrality of the Brazilian health care, in which it aims at universal access of the population to services that guarantee health and well-being.

Therefore, every Brazilian, by birth or naturalization, has the right to health, just as it is the responsibility of the State to promote health, protect the citizen against the risks that are exposed and ensure that assistance in case of illness or health damage is made, describing the principle of integrality. Migrants bring with them health problems due to cultural issues, but this does not mean that they are not integrated into our network, but they add to the country’s problems through social and economic impact.

In order for the SUS to be universal, it is necessary to break legal, economic, social and cultural barriers that exist between the population and the health services, because the creation of programs for community awareness or for the eradication and control of harmful agents has broader coverage. This is due to the fact that the poorest population does not have minimum conditions of access to services, contradicting this guideline.

Equity means “treating inequalities unequally,” ensuring that members of a society achieve equal opportunities for survival, personal and social development, since inequality is unfair and must be overcome. In health, inequality is faced with falling ill and dying, with the need to create strategies that reduce harm and guarantee living conditions and health for all. It takes investment to develop the services in the regions and reorganization of the actions, because these are created according to the profile of needs and problems of the user area.

Studies show that in 2011, Brazilian public health expenditure was 3.84% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), while the average of European countries was 8.3%, evidencing the difficulty found by the SUS services to provide actions. For this reason, the principles and guidelines of the SUS work in theory, but they fail to be desired in practice, confirming that the resources do not reach the needs of basic health units, emergency services and hospitals.

For that reason, in order to consolidate the implementation of SUS, municipalities must receive financial support corresponding to their requirements and build campaigns that promote health and reduce disease. Financial resources are the basis for the functioning of the system and its absence interrupts health promotion, disrupting the programs that are part of improving the quality of life of those living in Brazil. In this way, re-establishing the structure of the SUS to progress according to its principles and guidelines requires an exchange of management and time, so that the financial transfer body can ensure that the funds will promote adequate health for all.

References

TEIXEIRA, Carmen. Os princípios do sistema único de saúde. Texto de apoio elaborado para subsidiar o debate nas Conferências Municipal e Estadual de Saúde. Salvador, Bahia, 2011.

SILVA, Pedro Luiz Barros. Serviços de Saúde: o dilema do SUS na nova década. São Paulo em perspectiva, v. 17, n. 1, p. 69-85, 2003.

SIQUEIRA-BATISTA, Rodrigo et al. Educação e competências para o SUS: é possível pensar alternativas à (s) lógica (s) do capitalismo tardio?. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, v. 18, p. 159-170, 2013.

MENDES, Áquilas. A longa batalha pelo financiamento do SUS. 2013.

MARTIN, Denise; GOLDBERG, Alejandro; SILVEIRA, Cássio. Imigração, refúgio e saúde: perspectivas de análise sociocultural. Saúde e Sociedade, v. 27, p. 26-36, 2018.

About the author

Daniela Andrade de Sá is a fourth-year medical student at Uniredentor in Itaperuna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She is Local Coordinator to the Internacional Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA Brazil) and coordinator project Hearts For The Homeless Brazil Uniredentor. She shared her academic experiences through two articles published in Brazilian journals and an experience report at the Brazilian Congress of Medical Education (COBEM). She participates in social actions constantly and aims to promote health wherever she goes.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Terrorism ‘spreading and destabilizing’ entire regions, Guterres warns States, at key Kenya conference

Here’s how we get businesses to harmonize on climate change

Drones are saving lives in Tanzania’s remote communities

Dignified health for all who live here

Austria, Italy, Portugal, Spain receive €279m after natural disasters in 2019

China, forever new adventures

A day that Berlin and Brussels would remember for a long time

I cycled over 6,000km across the United States to document climate change. Here’s what I learned

Climate action ‘both a priority and a driver of the decade’: Guterres

Antitrust: Commission consults stakeholders on guidance for national courts when handling disclosure information

No more lead in PVC to protect public health, say MEPs

Commission reviews relations with China, proposes 10 actions

Available mental health services: is it only about professionals or institutions?

UN rights experts ‘gravely’ concerned at spike in civilian casualties in north-west Myanmar following internet shutdown

COVID-19: Single market must emerge stronger from the crisis, say MEPs

Europe and the tragicomic ‘black sovranismo’

Humanitarian migration falls while labour and family migration rises

Facebook has built an AI-based tool that fixes the social network when it crashes

Africa’s future is innovation rather than industrialization

UN rights expert calls for civilian protection as fighting escalates between military and armed group

East Africa locusts threaten food insecurity across subregion, alerts UN agriculture agency

Migration crisis update: What are the chances of a fair deal at this EU Summit?

2021 EU budget must focus on supporting a sustainable recovery from the pandemic

David McAllister underlines the need for rapid progress in EU-UK negotiations

Prisons are failing. It’s time to find an alternative

This tool shows you which cities will flood as ice sheets melt

How to build a digital infrastructure that benefits emerging economies

A rapid deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the war-torn Yemen

Banking Union: ECOFIN and Parliament ready to compromise

4 ways family businesses can lead the pandemic recovery

Could electric vehicles pose a threat to our power systems?

GSMA Announces Final Event Lineup for Highly Anticipated 2019 “MWC Los Angeles, in Partnership with CTIA”

Summer 2018 Interim Economic Forecast: Resilient Growth amid increased uncertainty

“The winner is who can accelerate the transition to a new digital era”. The Sting reports live from EBS 2015: a Digital Europe 4.0

EU mobilises €21 million to support Palestine refugees via the UN Relief and Works Agency

EU: Divided they stand on immigration and Trump hurricanes

Under-fives’ daily screen time should be kept to 60 minutes only, warns WHO

Preventing the Pandemic of Mental Illness

COVID-19: Emerging technologies are now critical infrastructure – what that means for governance

Mario Draghi quizzed for last time by Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee

MEPs and European Youth Forum call on EU to Invest in Youth

EU to host international donors’ conference for Albania to help with reconstruction after earthquake

Manufacturing is finally entering a new era

Business could learn plenty about cybersecurity from the secret state

In Bali, UN chief Guterres outlines importance of international financial cooperation for sustainable development

Detecting online child sexual abuse requires strong safeguards

The ‘yellow vests’ undermined Macron in France and the EU

UN conference agrees better ways for Global South countries to work together on sustainable development

How India is solving its cooling challenge

Meet Alice, the battery-powered plane that could herald the age of electric air travel

Kids who live in the countryside have better motor skills, a study in Finland has found

Cohesion Policy after 2020: preparing the future of EU investments in health

MEPs demand an end to migrant deaths across the Mediterranean Sea

Search Engine neutrality in Europe in danger: Are 160.000 Google filtering requests good enough?

Our children’s career aspirations have nothing in common with the jobs of the future

World Editors Forum President: Credible media vital in the fight against COVID-19 and fake news epidemic

Coronavirus: here’s what you need to know about face masks

Donor countries set international standard for preventing sexual exploitation, abuse, and harassment in development sector

Can medical students be prepared for Global Health ethical issues?

Merkel refuses to consider the North-South schism of Eurozone

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s