Myanmar: Conflict resolution at ‘total standstill’, military commanders must answer for crimes against humanity

UNOCHA/Vincent Tremeau The two children of Nomtaz Begum, 30, a refugee from Myanmar who is now in Bangladesh, were killed in front of her. (March 2018)

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Myanmar’s military commanders must answer charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in a credible court, a United Nations Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar (FFM) said on Tuesday, urging the international community to cut off all financial and other support to them.

Myanmar has not done enough to resolve the nation’s internal-conflicts or protect human rights, including those of over a million ethnic Rohingya civilians who have been forced into exile, according to FFM Chairperson Marzuki Darusman.

“There has been no movement toward a resolution of the crisis”, Mr. Darusman said after a 10-day visit to Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia. “The situation is at a total standstill.”

The FFM documented in its 444-page report to the Human Rights Council in September how Myanmar’s military brutally and systemically violated the human rights of ethnic minorities throughout the country.

It spotlighted the military’s so-called “clearance operations” in 2017, when security forces killed thousands of Rohingya civilians, raped and sexually abused women and girls and burned villages in Rakhine State in an explosion of violence that caused more than 700,000 people to flee across the border into Bangladesh, in just two months.

Moreover, Myanmar authorities have levelled abandoned Rohingya villages with bulldozers, effectively destroying criminal evidence, while making no substantive progress in resolving the ethnic animosities that have helped fuel the crisis.

For their part, the Government denies the facts and disclaim any responsibility for crimes under international law.

Rights abuses flourish

The report also condemns ethnic armed organizations within Myanmar, for committing human rights abuses and violating international humanitarian law.

The FFM visited Kutupalong Camp in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar, where Mr. Darusman told the refugees that when its mandate expires in September, it would hand over its evidence to the new Independent Investigative Mechanism on Myanmar to expedite fair criminal proceedings against the perpetrators.

“In short, this is not the end of the story,” he told them. “Please have hope that this will lead to eventual accountability of those who are responsible for what took place against the Rohingya community.”

Against the backdrop that the conduct of national security forces in Rakhine State “were the result of structural problems fuelled by the absence of a political and legal system that is willing to accommodate diversity”, Mr. Darusman said: “Any solutions should directly address the structural problems.”

He also advised the Government to “focus on the real betterment of the remaining Rohingya community in Myanmar” where many live in fear of security forces.

Since 3 May, the FFM Experts have met with different ethnic communities, where they have found that the Tatmadaw, or Myanmar military, has “committed similar atrocities” against other ethnic groups within the country’s borders.

Acknowledging human rights violations, holding people accountable and reforming the Tatmadaw is “the only way forward,” according to FFM member Radhika Coomaraswamy who said that “the repatriation of refugees remains remote unless and until the Myanmar Government takes concrete measures to provide conditions that are conducive for voluntary, safe, dignified, and sustainable return, including full and equal inclusion in Myanmar society”.

However team member Christopher Sidoti emphasized that the FFM “has seen no evidence” that the Government is acting in good faith, saying: “The situation demands an increase in international pressure”.

The Independent Investigative Mechanism is not the only body laying the ground for future prosecution. The International Criminal Court is conducting its own examination and discussions are also taking place about the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice under the Genocide Convention. The FFM has also called on national courts to exercise jurisdiction and prosecute alleged perpetrators.

Link camp closures to ‘improvements in freedom’

Meanwhile, after a six-day mission to Myanmar, UN Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator Ursula Mueller underscored the need for sustained humanitarian assistance and protection for the country’s vulnerable, crisis-affected people.

Noting the Government’s work in developing a national plan to find solutions for the more than 270,000 internally displaced people across Myanmar, she emphasized: “It is critical that the strategy be implemented in a way that addresses the root causes of displacement”.

“The closure of camps must be linked to improvements in freedom of movement and access to services and job opportunities”, she spelled out, calling on the authorities to work with all partners and the affected people themselves to find durable solutions that protect the rights of displaced people to voluntarily return home in safety and in dignity or to resettle some other place of their choosing.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Chart of the day: This is how many animals we eat each year

4 ways blockchain will transform the mining and metals industry

Ecofin: ‘The Friday battle’ for the banking union

Globalization 4.0 means harnessing the power of the group

Idai disaster: Stranded victims still need rescue from heavy rains as UN scales up response

Relieving the suffering of dying: Home Palliative Care as a spiritual coping strategy

UN chief welcomes establishment of inclusive government in Central African Republic

These companies can recycle nearly anything, from cigarette butts to fax machines

How China’s sponge cities are preparing for sea-level rise

10 months were not enough for the EU to save the environment but 2 days are

AI could be a silver bullet for healthcare in ASEAN

‘Everyone must be on board’ for peace in Central African Republic: UN’s Lacroix

Lagarde: Keep feeding the banks cut down wages and food subsidies

‘Negative forces’ at work in DR Congo threaten ‘largely peaceful’ relations across Great Lakes region, says outgoing UN envoy

Human rights champions from across the world receive top UN prize

UN chief highlights action across borders for ‘stable and prosperous Eurasia’

Importance of teaching ethics in Brazilian Medical Schools

Nearly a third of the globe is now on Facebook – chart of the day

Instability in Africa’s Sahel, spreading outwards, Security Council told

Trump fines China with $50 billion a year plus some more…

Innovating together: connectivity that matters at ITU Telecom World 2019 – in association with The European Sting

Benefits of rural migration effect often overlooked, new UN report suggests

Hydrogen power is here to stay. How do we convince the public that it’s safe?

rescEU: EU establishes initial firefighting fleet for next forest fire season

Marriage equality boosted employment of both partners in US gay and lesbian couples

Mosul’s ‘3D contamination’ adds to challenges of deadly mine clearance work

‘Once lost, hearing doesn’t come back,’ World Health Organization warns on World Hearing Day

UN Security Council welcomes results of Mali’s presidential elections

We need a global convention to end workplace sexual harassment

MWC 2016 LIVE: Ingenu steps up efforts to build LPWA networks across the globe

Financial services: Commission sets out its equivalence policy with non-EU countries

Why a multi-stakeholder approach is essential to our risk resiliency

Further reforms will move Slovakia toward a more innovative and inclusive society

Human rights chief calls for international probe on Venezuela, following ‘shocking accounts of extrajudicial killings’

Three myths keeping government procurement stuck in the past

We need new tools for the Big Data era

This AI-powered app aims to help people with autism improve their social skills

Draghi to lay his print on long term ECB policies prior to exiting next year

These are America’s most dangerous jobs

Now doctors can manipulate genetics to modify babies, is it ethical?

Informal meeting of heads of state or government, Sibiu, 09/05/2019

On World Bee day, human activity blamed for falling pollinator numbers

Why Italy will not follow the Greek road; Eurozone to change or unravel

Central African Republic militia leader and football executive, transferred to ICC

Brexit: the time has come for the UK to clarify its position

We need a reskilling revolution. Here’s how to make it happen

Why Renewable Energy is an attractive investment

Britain aligns with EU rivaling US on trade and Iran, abandons bilateral ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’

Migration and the climate crisis: the UN’s search for solutions

How will the EU face the migration crisis when the Turkish threats come true?

UN boosts humanitarian appeal to help tackle Zimbabwe’s ‘worst-ever’ hunger crisis

UN’s AIDS agency ‘greatly encouraged’ by latest scientific breakthrough showing cure is possible

How Japan became the world leader in floating solar power

I have a rare disease. This is my hope for the future of medicine

ECB bets billions on Eurozone’s economic recovery

Global economy to see ‘steady’ growth of three per cent in 2019 despite risks, says UN

More women and girls needed in the sciences to solve world’s biggest challenges

Guterres censures terrorist attacks in Nigeria, pledges UN ‘solidarity’

Torture is unacceptable and unjustified ‘at all times’ underscore top UN officials

European Elections: “Web giants” are urging users to vote

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s