5 things to know about African migration

Refugees Africa.jpgThis article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Johnny Wood, Senior Writer, Formative Content


Africa is so big that Europe, the US, India and China could comfortably fit inside its landmass. It is home to huge amounts of the world’s mineral resources. And by 2050, one in four humans on earth will be African, the UN predicts.

Despite all this, many Africans want to leave their country of birth. And more than one-third of Africans have thought about emigrating, according to new research conducted by Afrobarometer.

The vast majority are thinking about moving to another African country rather than travelling to North America or Europe.

So what’s behind their decisions? Here are five key facts about African migration:

1. Work is the top motivating factor

Most Africans who want to leave their homes are motivated by seeking work or higher pay in another country. Economic hardship and the desire to escape poverty are also big factors.

But while many survey respondents express a desire to leave, far fewer have a firm plan. Just 9% have taken concrete steps, such as obtaining a visa for their destination country.

Image: Afrobarometer

2. The desire to leave is strongest in the young and educated

Africa’s young adults are most likely to want to settle in a new country. More than 40% of people between the ages of 18 and 25 have considered emigrating, but the desire to leave decreases steadily as people age. Education is also an influence, with around half of people that have completed post-secondary education saying they’ve considered leaving at least “a little bit”.

Among the poor, emigration is viewed as a means of escaping poverty, while wealthier people viewed a move as an opportunity to improve their knowledge, seek adventure or take up a business opportunity.

3. Most Africans prefer to stay close to home

The largest group of potential emigrants seek a fresh start nearer home. Almost one-third of respondents want to move to another country within Africa, and the largest group prefer destinations in the same region as their home country.

Outside of Africa, the most popular destinations were Europe and North America.

Image: Afrobarometer

4. International migration from sub-Saharan Africa has soared

Countries in this region dominate the global migration list, with eight of the top 10 fastest-growing migrant populations since 2010.

Conflict in South Sudan has driven the growth rate for citizens leaving their homeland to 334% over the period – only Syria has seen a higher increase.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Here’s how to build energy infrastructures fit for the future

Countries urged to make ‘digital world’ safer for children

Project Manager – 2024

COP21 Breaking News_09 December: List of Recent Climate Funding Announcements

NextGenerationEU: European Commission raises further €10 billion in a successful third bond to support Europe’s recovery

Early detection of chronic kidney disease can save lives and cut costs

How learning in a crisis can build more resilient leadership

4 ways regulators must keep up with the global digital economy

One-sixth of the world’s economy has now pledged to cut CO2 to zero by 2050

France breaks budget promises once again and the EU’s finance offices are shaking

6 ways least developed countries can participate in the 4IR

This robot has soft hands. It could be the future of sustainable production

G20 starts to tackle inequality

Syria: UN-backed watchdog says chemical weapon ‘likely used’ in February attack

The impossible end of the war in Syria

LGBTQ+: The invisible poor on our healthcare

Warsaw wins 2020 Access City Award for making the city more accessible to citizens with disabilities

In Rwanda, high-speed drones are delivering blood to remote communities

How businesses can create an ethical culture in the age of tech

Haitian President at General Assembly calls for essential development aid as UN mission shifts away from peacekeeping

UN agencies launch emergency plan for millions of Venezuelan refugees and migrants

This city sent health workers instead of cops to hundreds of cases. This is what it found

Ending the era of dirty textiles

UN resolution paves way for mass use of driverless cars

Trump aims trade offensive solely to China, renews truce with EU

State aid: Commission approves UK schemes to support SMEs affected by coronavirus outbreak

Climate change as determinant of health: the 21st Century challenge

Happiness apps: how schools are joining the fight for better student mental health

€6.1 billion to promote sustainable fisheries and safeguard fishing communities

State aid: Commission approves €20 billion Spanish guarantee schemes for companies and self-employed affected by coronavirus outbreak

Africans can fight COVID-19 with stakeholder capitalism

7 key challenges for the future of ASEAN – and how to solve them

Does the “climate change” require ombudsman services for environment?

LUX prize will be awarded jointly by the European Parliament and the European Film Academy

Scotland “shows the way” to separatist movements as Catalonia calls a vote on independence

COVID-19 lockdown hits working mothers harder than fathers

Ukraine takes EU money and runs to sign with Russia

5G networks: to slice or not to slice?

FROM THE FIELD: Argentina Preserving Pristine Forests

Feeling the heat? This is how to keep cool as temperatures rise

GSMA Announces First Keynote Speakers for 2019 “MWC Los Angeles, in Partnership with CTIA”

End ‘political opportunism’ that’s letting hate speech flourish, urges top UN genocide official

Plastic waste from Western countries is poisoning Indonesia

5 things to know about African migration

State aid: Commission approves €2 billion Italian guarantee scheme to support trade credit insurance market in the context of the coronavirus outbreak

Only one in five countries has a healthcare strategy to deal with climate change

The real cost of addiction

This is why retail is such a sore point in India-US trade relations

Security Council urged to help spare Syrians from ‘devastation’

18th European Forum on Eco-innovation live from Barcelona: What’s next for eco-labelling?

2020: a year for the history books, in visuals

Breaking Down Gender Barriers

The global appetite for meat is growing, and it’s harming the planet

Security Council urged to act with ‘one strong voice’ on raft of ills plaguing Middle East and North Africa

How to harness the energy of social innovators for an inclusive recovery

Commission launches debate on more efficient decision-making in EU social policy

It’s time to change the debate around AI ethics. Here’s how

Climate change: won or lost in cities or by cities?

Refugee crisis update: EU fails to relocate immigrants from Greece and Italy

Qualcomm to be the next target of EU antitrust regulators? China might be the answer

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s