Global warming: our responsibility

_climate change

Greenland ocean sunset (William Bossen, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Bianca Batista dos Santos is a third year medicine student and works as a Local Exchange Officer at IFMSA Brazil Unicesumar. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


Global warming has been a subject much discussed in the last decades, mainly due to the increase of its effect. Population growth, urbanization and industrialization are among the reasons why carbon dioxide and methane, greenhouse effect gases, have increased dramatically, as well as deforestation. All this cooperates so that global temperatures are increasing. [1]

Because of such climatic changes, several aspects of society are affected and one of them is health. With changes in temperatures, humidity and rainfall, many diseases are transmitted. The main diseases related to climate change are water, respiratory and vector-borne diseases. [2]

Some examples of changes that end up affecting health are hurricanes, floods, droughts and frost. There are many deaths, either directly or indirectly. Leptospirosis, hepatitis, diarrheal diseases, difficulty-accessing water, leading to dehydration and, often, malnutrition are also some of these consequences. In addition to the thermal inversion that occurs in urban environments, leading to episodes of asthma, allergies, sinusitis, etc. [3]

Dengue and malaria, vector diseases, are the most common in the rainy season and due to climatic fluctuations, consequences of global warming, such diseases have increased their incidence. [2] Another example is heat waves, such as that of the summer of 2003, which occurred in Western Europe, in which many died. [4]

Therefore, according to the sustainable development objectives of the UN 2030 agenda, 3 and 13, which correspond to health and well-being and action against global climate change, the demands for them to be fulfilled must be met and deserve attention of the whole world, since it is an issue that has been getting worse over the years. Thus, it is incumbent upon all governments to be aware of this global problem, which must be dealt with urgently,  since we are responsible for climate change. [5]

  1. McMichael AJ, Woodruff RE, Hales S. Climate change and human health: present and future risks. The Lancet 2006; 367:859-869.
  2. Barcellos Christovam, Monteiro Antonio Miguel Vieira, Corvalán Carlos, Gurgel Helen C., Carvalho Marilia Sá, Artaxo Paulo et al. Mudanças climáticas e ambientais e as doenças infecciosas: cenários e incertezas para o Brasil. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde [Internet]. 2009 Set [citado 2019 Jan 18]; 18(3): 285-304. Disponível em: http://scielo.iec.gov.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-49742009000300011&lng=pt.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742009000300011.
  3. https://archive.epa.gov/epa/climate-impacts/climate-change-and-health-factsheets.html
  4. https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/learning/learn-about-the-weather/weather-phenomena/case-studies/heatwave
  5. https://nacoesunidas.org/

About the author

Bianca Batista dos Santos is a third year medicine student and works as a Local
Exchange Officer at IFMSA Brazil Unicesumar. She is part of two academic leagues:
ophthalmology and otolaryngology and neurology. She is also very active in college
activities, from IFMSA campaigns, coordinating or participating, as well as conferences,
congresses and scientific projects.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Coronavirus response: over €1 billion from EU Cohesion policy to support Spain’s recovery

The hidden pandemic: mental illness

JADE Team at the European Business Summit 2017

Populist Eurosceptics helped by Trumpists seriously threaten the EU edifice

A Sting Exclusive: “Entrepreneurship in the Coronavirus (COVID-19) era” written by the Vice-President of Junior Enterprises Europe

‘Endemic’ sexual violence surging in South Sudan: UN human rights office

Eurozone governed by an obscure body and gray procedures

Climate changes and the imminent public health crises

Eurozone recession subsides

More funds needed to counter ‘persistent and multi-faceted humanitarian problems’ in Ethiopia

Cohesion Policy after 2020: preparing the future of EU investments in health

On their epic journeys, migratory birds connect nations and inspire people, UN says on World Day

Rapid action needed for people to meet challenges of changing world of work

Libya ‘in race against time’, but dissolving conflict ‘a realistic prospect’, Security Council hears

Why India can show us how to achieve growth with purpose

Opening – February plenary session, 27 new seats

Telemedicine and the Brazilian reality

This is what great leadership looks like in the digital age

UNESCO food and culture forum dishes up fresh serving of SDGs

‘True’ peace, requires standing up for human rights, says UN chief Guterres

Iran: UN rights chief ‘deeply disturbed’ by continuing executions of juvenile offenders

WhatsApp to face scrutiny from EU regulators task force over data sharing with Facebook

Tuesday’s Daily Brief: funding for Palestine refugees, families today, tech surveillance

UN and African Union in ‘common battle’ for development and climate change financing

China is adding a London-sized electric bus fleet every five weeks

UN investigates systematic sexual violence across South Sudan

They won this year’s Nobel for economics. Here’s why their work matters

Living to 100: why we should plan for more sushi, chocolate and work

COP22 addresses a strong global pledge to effectively implement the Paris Agreement

Restore hope that peace will come to the Middle East, UN negotiator urges Security Council

Seaweed straws and loose-leaf tea: 6 ways to reduce plastic waste

South Sudan ‘heading towards lasting peace and stability’, UN General Assembly told

3 ways activists are being targeted by cyberattacks

Facts and prejudices about work

How global tech companies can champion ethical AI

Universal Health Coverage in the EU: Are we really leaving no one behind?

Easier Schengen Visas for non-EU holiday makers: A crucial issue for south Eurozone countries

Yemen agreement to end southern power struggle ‘important step’ towards peace: UN Special Envoy

System value can power the energy transition in emerging markets

Future of Insurance Claims in Focus at Fourth Annual Connected Claims Europe Summit

The multidisciplinary team facing the multidrug resistant form of Tuberculosis in the state of Amazonas (Brazil)

Ukraine pays the price for lying between Russia and the EU

UN experts urge Turkey to repatriate Irish woman associated with terror group

We won’t win the online security war without people power

Across the world, women outlive men. This is why

A ‘system value’ approach can accelerate the energy transition. Here’s how

How tiny countries top social and economic league tables (and win at football, too)

Geopolitics and investment in emerging markets after COVID-19

The blackened white coat of the doctors

COP21 Breaking News: “There is an ecological debt that the world needs to pay back to Africa”, French President Francois Hollande promises 2 Billion euros by 2020 from Paris

Conference on Future of Europe should start “as soon as possible in autumn 2020”

Roma integration: fight social exclusion, poverty and anti-gypsyism, MEPs demand

Car rentals: EU action leads to clearer and more transparent pricing

Paradise islands of Pacific increasingly vulnerable to climate change, as UN boosts resilience

Key quotes from China’s Premier Li on COVID-19, the economy and US relations

Right2Water initiative: Is the Commission ready to listen to citizens?

Coronavirus: Commission Statement on consulting Member States on proposal to prolong and adjust State aid Temporary Framework

3 ways to stop COVID-19 from drying up start-up talent pools

UN launches ‘South-South Galaxy’ knowledge-sharing platform in Buenos Aires

Investors have a role in securing our shared digital future

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s