Venezuela’s needs ‘significant and growing’ UN humanitarian chief warns Security Council, as ‘unparalleled’ exodus continues

©UNHCR/Vincent Tremeau Venezuelan migrant in Colombia. About 5,000 people have been crossing borders daily to leave Venezuela over the past year, according to UN data. Colombia, April 2019.

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Over a month after two competing resolutions on Venezuela failed to pass, the UN Security Council met on Wednesday to discuss the “very real humanitarian problem” facing the country, where close to seven million people are in dire need of aid, and some 5,000 people continue to flee across borders every day.

Tensions in the country escalated in January this year, when Juan Guaidó, head of the country’s National Assembly, challenged the legitimacy of the sitting President, Nicolás Maduro, in power since 2013 and sworn in again for a second term this past January, following an election process disputed by many in opposition.

This was the fourth meeting of the Council on Venezuela, since the first one took place on 26 January. With both Russian and United States draft resolutions failing to pass in February, US Vice-President Mike Pence briefed the Council on Wednesday, calling on the UN to recognize interim leader Guaidó as the legitimate President, revoke the credentials of Venezuela’s current Permanent Representative and seat Mr. Guaidó’s nominee in his place “without delay”.  But Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said the US was looking to install its own “pawn”, describing the US effort as a “lawless, thuggish violation of international law”.

Humanitarian overview

“There is a very real humanitarian problem in Venezuela,” said Mark Lowcock, the UN humanitarian chief. “We estimate that 7 million people in Venezuela need humanitarian assistance. That is some 25 per cent of the population,” he added, noting that the situation further deteriorated recently given the “recurrent widespread power outages”, which have hampered the capacity to deliver many services, including water and sewage systems, as well as medical care.

“The context is a severe and continuing economic contraction, with associated dramatic increases in inflation, on a scale seen in few if any other countries around the world in recent years,” Mr. Lowcock explained, adding that “The scale of need is significant and growing.”

The UN’s head of humanitarian affairs went on to present some key figures:

  • 3.7 million are believed to have suffered from undernourishment in 2018.
  • 2.8 million people are estimated to need health assistance.
  • 400,000 cases of malaria were recorded in 2017, a 70 per cent increase from 2016.
  • 17 per cent of people living in poverty have no access to safe water, or receive it only once a fortnight.
  • 2.7 million vulnerable people in the country need of protection assistance.

The United Nations has been expanding its humanitarian operations, releasing US$9 million from its emergency response fund, the CERF, and increasing the number of staff in the country from 210 to 400.

“Our efforts are in line with the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence,” Mr. Lowcock said.

Dr. Kathleen Page, a professor at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Medicine, also briefed the Council based on recent findings from the non-profit organisation Human Rights Watch. She stated that the country was facing a deep health-care crisis, with a measles epidemic that could stand at 9,300 cases, and a diphtheria outbreak that could have affected as many as 2,500 people.

‘Unparalleled’ flow of migrants, refugees

Regarding the situation of migrants and refugees outside the country, Eduardo Stein, the Joint Special Representative of the UN refugee and migration agencies (UNHCR and IOM) described the current “population outflow” as “unparalleled in the modern history of the region.” There are currently 3.7 million Venezuelans living outside of their country; 4 in 5 of them left after 2015.

“Last year Venezuelans left the country at a net rate of 5,000 per day and they continue to leave the country despite recent border closures on the Venezuelan side. If the trends in 2019 continue, we estimate that the total number of Venezuelans outside the country will exceed 5 million by the end of the year,” he warned.

He listed some of the factors that are pushing people to leave, sometimes under “very dangerous conditions”: insecurity and violence; lack of access to food, medicine and essential services; loss of income and lack of effective national protection systems.

As more than 20 countries are affected by these population movements, the Special Representative insisted on the importance of a harmonized multilateral approach regarding reception conditions, stay requirements, services offered by receiving countries, efforts for cultural integration, and access to rights and legal documentation.

Meetings to address these key issues have been taking place in Ecuador, with the participation of a dozen countries, several UN agencies, international cooperation agencies and financial organisations. Argentina and Paraguay have agreed to host the process hereon after.

“Despite these efforts, national capacities are increasingly strained, in some cases with the risk of denial of entry or access to regular migration schemes,” deplored Mr. Stein.

Five action points to ease humanitarian crisis

UN humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock and Special Representative Stein made five keys asks to the 15 members of the Council.

  1. Ensure respect for principled humanitarian action:
    “There is a need to separate political and humanitarian objectives,” said Mr. Lowcock, who stressed that humanitarian aid should be delivered “based on need alone”, and that the support of the Council is needed to “safeguard the neutral and impartial nature of humanitarian action.”
  2. Improve humanitarian access:
    Recognizing recent steps taken by the Government of Venezuela to facilitate the entrance of additional humanitarian staff into the country, the UN relief chief said more organisations are needed on the ground, as well as additional data to ensure that the understanding of the needs “evolves with the situation”.
  3. Additional funding for more relief:
    Thanking Member States for the funds already provided for the humanitarian response, both Mr. Lowcock and Mr. Stein stressed that “a lot more” is needed give the scale of the crisis.
  4. More support for migrant-receiving countries:
    The initiatives adopted in the multilateral meetings in Ecuador require more support, as do the States “employing open doors policies to receive, assist and host Venezuelan outflows”, Mr. Stein explained.
  5. Remember the needs of host communities:
    The UNHCR-IOM Special Representative noted that, by addressing the needs of host communities too, “we can increase the impact of the humanitarian response” as well as “mitigate the possibilities of xenophobic expressions”.

US, Venezuela trade diplomatic blows

As Member States laid out their views, the US Vice-President said that the United States had simply been “standing with the people of Venezuela” who have been “devastated by the Maduro regime”, by positioning humanitarian cargo at the border and by funding humanitarian operations.

He said that “all options are on the table” for resolving the crisis, stating that the time “is up” for Mr. Maduro. Mr. Pence announced that the US was preparing a Security Council resolution “recognizing the legitimacy of Juan Guaidó” and he asked all UN Member States for their support, beyond the several dozen countries which have already done so since the beginning of the year.

The Permanent Representative of Venezuela to the United Nations, Samuel Moncada, responded by stressing that Venezuela has suffered under the weight of international sanctions and asset freezes.

“If it was true that the Venezuelan Government is killing its own people, then why is this group of countries doing everything it can to increase the suffering?” he asked, stating that the emphasis placed by the US on humanitarian needs in Venezuela was merely a “pretext of foreign military intervention” and “calculated cruelty.”          

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Thursday’s Daily Brief: dire living conditions in Idlib, migrants at US southern border, end in sight for trachoma, Human Rights Council

Parliament closes legal loophole to stop excessive Ukrainian chicken imports

Juncker and Tusk killed Greece on 07 July 2015 to meet the Commission’s summer vacation plan? #Grexit #Greferendum #Graccident

New energy security framework will help meet growing needs in East Africa, sustainably – UN economic wing

More than one billion people do not have access to electricity. What will it take to get them connected?

What is carbon offsetting?

EU integration: MEPs want to end permanent opt-outs from EU law

We should look to nature for solutions to the global water crisis. Here’s why

Somalia: UN Security Council condemns terrorist attack in which dozens were killed or injured

Parallel downfalls of Merkel and Deutsche Bank threaten Germany and Europe

Two States ‘side-by-side’ is the ‘peaceful and just solution’ for Israel-Palestine conflict: Guterres

Lost in translation

We need to rethink the way we heat ourselves. Here’s why

How to change the world at Davos

Bayer’s cross at night (Copyright: Bayer AG)

The EU clears Bayer-Monsanto merger amid wide competition and environmental concerns

State aid: Commission approves close to €94 million support for waste-to-energy high-efficient cogeneration plant in Bulgaria

How a trade war would impact global growth

“None of our member states has the dimension to compete with China and the US, not even Germany!”, Head of EUREKA Pedro Nunes on another Sting Exclusive

Germany may prove right rejecting Commission’s bank resolution scheme

Is Germany yielding to pressures for more relaxed economic policies?

ITU Telecom World 2018 takes place in Durban, South Africa

It takes far too long for a rare disease to be diagnosed. Here’s how that can change

CHINA UNLIMITED. PEOPLE UNLIMITED. RESTRICTIONS LIMITED

Libya: EU efforts should focus on protecting migrants, MEPs say

Security Council must ‘come together’ to address the plight of children trapped in armed conflict, says UN envoy

Why the Fourth Industrial Revolution needs more arts graduates

The West and Russia took what they wanted from Ukraine

MEPs call for safety and liability rules for driverless cars

India’s 1.3 billion residents start 21-day lockdown – Today’s coronavirus updates

Commission concludes that an Excessive Deficit Procedure is no longer warranted for Italy at this stage

Why rich countries are seeing more poverty

Technology can help solve the climate crisis – but it will need our help

Next time you fly, could you be boarding a train instead of a plane?

EU-U.S. trade talks: milestone reached in mutual recognition on pharmaceuticals

UN spotlights ‘explosive’ obesity rates, hunger in Latin America and Caribbean

UN chief appeals for calm as Mali presidential election draws to a close

Climate change will never be combatted by EU alone while some G20 countries keep procrastinating

It’s ‘time to #EndTB’, says UN on World Tuberculosis Day

Mental health: a medical school’s demand

This is how climate science went mainstream

The world has made spectacular progress in every measure of well-being. So why does almost no one know about it?

EU fight against tax-evasion and money laundering blocked by Britain

These cities have the best quality of life

Eating less beef and more beans would cut deaths by 5-7%

We are on the edge of a new ‘cyber’ space age. This is how we make it a success

The EU resumes budget support assistance to the Republic of Moldova

Sweden is fighting loneliness by housing older and younger generations together

OECD survey reveals many people unhappy with public services and benefits

UN chief calls for Security Council to work with Myanmar to end ‘horrendous suffering’ of Rohingya refugees

JADE Spring Meeting 2016 highlights

European Young Innovators Forum @ European Business Summit 2014: Europe for StartUps, vision 2020

EU out to conquer African Union summit

Imported and EU fisheries products should be treated equally

Ben Stiller’s new role, more about hope than humour, as he’s named Goodwill Ambassador for UNHCR

Some endangered languages manage to thrive. Here’s how

High unemployment to continue haunting the EU

5 ways to swim, not sink, as part of a ‘liquid workforce’

Will France vote for more or less Europe in the next presidential elections?

MWC 2016 LIVE: Intel focuses on 5G “beyond the Powerpoint”

Budget MEPs approve €34m in EU aid to Greece, Poland, Lithuania and Bulgaria

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s