Global climate change: consequences for human health in Brazilian cities

drought.jpeg

(Unsplash, 2019)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Lívia Teodosio, a 3rd-year medical student at Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


The process of global climate change, which has been worsening in recent decades, reveals to the world a perspective on the causes and role of environmental changes on human health. Global climate change is gradually affecting human health mainly through changes in the patterns of endemic infectious diseases transmitted by water or animal vectors. In view of the creation of environmental conditions more favorable to the reproduction and survival of vectors and pathogens.

Furthermore, these climatic changes show that all countries and regions of the world can be considered more or less vulnerable to the consequences of climatic phenoms. Brazil, in its turn, has as its main vulnerabilities infrastructural problems in the socio-environmental and epidemiological area, as also the Brazilian territory, has several endemic infectious diseases sensitive to the climate, and may favor an increase in the incidence of these pathologies.

Nevertheless, it presents a large part of the population with low access to basic health goods and services, highlighting the neediest population that is most exposed to climatic hazards. It is worth highlighting the vulnerability of the semi-arid region of the Northeast of Brazil due to its greater predisposition to the impacts of the climate on health, due to its semiarid situation, associated with low social indicators, difficulty access to health and a high level of morbimortality aggravated by diseases changes.

Faced with this, the health sector faces a big challenge. Climate change threatens the achievements and efforts to reduce contagious and non-contagious diseases throughout Brazil. It is important to emphasize that the health sector must take measures aiming at the greater effectiveness of sectoral actions that are of predominant importance for the attendance of increased demand of services, due to exacerbated climatic effects.

Therefore, intensification of vector control actions (eg, dengue); urgent medical attention and other preventive actions will be required. Nonetheless, the role of governments is to anticipate events that may expose plots of the population, and it is of fundamental importance to develop public strategies that may mitigate the effects of warming in Brazil. In addition to the necessary and expected social improvements, such as improved sanitation infrastructure, as well as improved effectiveness of health care and disease control in general.

So here’s the maxim: “For complex problems, there are no simple solutions.” The consequences of climate change on human health must be at the center of the global discussion so that both the prevention and adaptation measures are taken to minimize and improve the consequences that are already being felt. It is up to the health sector not only to prevent such risks but to mitigate social vulnerabilities by taking “adaptation” measures and interventions. Adaptive actions specific to the health sector should prioritize reducing the incidence of endemic infectious diseases and reducing the exposure of urban populations to climate risks.

About the author

Lívia Teodosio is a 3rd-year medical student at Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL) , Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA BRAZIL), as currently an active Trainee. She is very interested in the area of ​​research and extracurricular projects. Also, she really hopes to work as a surgeon for Doctors without borders someday. Furthermore, she has a lot of interest in projects that try to make health a human right for everyone and disseminating health information to lay people and academics.. She believes that any human has the chance to live a dignified life

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Here’s how tech can help governments fight corruption

Khashoggi trial in Saudi Arabia falls short of independent, international probe needed: UN rights chief

Mobile technology saving lives: Changing healthcare systems with simple technology solutions

Tuesday’s Daily Brief: Venezuela-Colombia baby breakthrough, Italy piles on rescue boat pressure, States must combat hate, Kashmir rights latest and a musical plea to combat CAR hunger

Climate change will force us to redefine economic growth

This AI can predict your personality just by looking at your eyes

Northern Ireland: Parliament wants to secure post-Brexit regional funding

UN launches Facebook Messenger-powered bot to take on climate change

Keeping cool in the face of climate change

‘Favour dialogue’ over violence, UN chief urges all parties following clashes in Mali’s capital

Building climate resilience and peace, go hand in hand for Africa’s Sahel – UN forum

Being blinded by labels stops social change. Art helps us see a better future

Here’s why upskilling is crucial to drive the post-COVID recovery

UN, African Union make significant joint commitment to global health

Protecting refugees in Europe: UNHCR calls for a ‘year of change’

Yemen: UN envoy asks Security Council for more support ‘to move back’ to the negotiating table

Is the EU denying its social character favouring a banking conglomerate?

UN rights chief Bachelet appeals for dialogue in Sudan amid reports ‘70 killed’ in demonstrations

How the US should react to the pandemic, according to Bill Gates

One million facing food shortages, nutrition crisis after Mozambique cyclones: UNICEF

4 ways Africa can prepare its youth for the digital economy

UN agencies launch emergency plan for millions of Venezuelan refugees and migrants

Do doctors need to know their patients’ sexual orientation and gender identity?

The next 48 hours may change the European Union

The UK referendum has already damaged Europe: even a ‘remain’ result is not without cost to Britain and the EU

Mali facing ‘alarming’ rise in rights violations, warns UN expert

A European Discovers China: 3 First Impressions

5 things to know about African migration

MWC 2016 LIVE: GTI shifts to phase two – 5G – after hitting milestones

If we want to solve climate change, water governance is our blueprint

Minsk “ceasefire” leaves more doubts than safety, with EU already planning steps further

Trade: First year of the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement shows growth in EU exports

Electronic Cigarettes: Are they really as safe as we think?

UN and African Union in ‘common battle’ for development and climate change financing

Parallel downfalls of Merkel and Deutsche Bank threaten Germany and Europe

For video game addiction, now read official ‘gaming disorder’: World Health Organization

A new proposal breaks the stalemate over the Banking Union

To Brexit, or not to Brexit…rather not: 10 Downing Street, London

AI can be a game-changer for the world’s forests. Here’s how

What young people can teach world leaders about mental health in 2020

How can you or your organization support the Hour of Pride initiative?

Why do humanitarian crises disproportionately affect women?

Russia and the West to partition Ukraine?

Uzbekistan wins its long fight against malaria, as global rates continue to rise

Clean air is good for business

These are the world’s 20 most dynamic cities

Making the most of the Sustainable Development Goal 3: its overlooked role in medical education

Capital transaction tax on Ecofin table

International Women’s Day 2019: more equality, but change is too slow

An all-out fight for the EU budget

World Digital Media Awards winners announced at WNMC.19 in Glasgow, in association with The European Sting

Millennials (and Gen X) – Here are the steps you should take to secure your financial future

Forget GDP – for the 21st century we need a modern growth measure

David Attenborough’s worried about this ocean threat – and it’s not plastic

Is this the way to finally beat corruption?

80 adolescents a day will still die of AIDS by 2030, despite slowdown in epidemic

UN ceasefire monitoring chief tours Yemeni port of Hudaydah

DR Congo elections: ‘historic opportunity’ for ‘peaceful transfer of power’ says Security Council

Consumers’ rights against defective digital content agreed by EU lawmakers

Parliament mobilised to channel EU funds to those affected by Coronavirus pandemic

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s