The Impact of climates changes in health: a problem for all of us

ice 2019 melt

(Unsplash, 2019)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Hiolanda Piler, currently a graduate of the sixth period of Medicine of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF-GV). She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


Heat. Pollution. Floods. The Climates changes is related to several types of human activities that alter the global atmosphere and the natural cycle of the earth’s components, culminating with intensified and modified phenomena such as those exemplified above.

These changes directly or indirectly affect daily life and human health, leading to various harms. Thus, health should certainly be at the center of discussions on climate change. This theme constitutes the greatest concern in the health area of ​​this century, since it causes several harms to biopsychosocial well-being.

The rising temperature of the planet impacts the heat waves, vector-borne diseases, and food for the entire world population. Temperatures above normal can also cause sunstroke, heart failure, and acute renal damage from dehydration. In addition, the elderly and workers in the open air are the most vulnerable to these conditions.

Several diseases can have their cycle modified. Among them, those of water transmission, those transmitted by vectors and respiratory diseases, such as cholera, dengue and asthma. In addition, the action of climate change causes lower crop produce in all regions of the world, as well as other problems in planting.

Another consequence is the increase in the incidence of flooding, which can change ecosystems and generate the appearance of new diseases, in addition to changing the incidence of vector diseases already known. Finally, there is still burning and deforestation that has an influence on respiratory diseases.

Therefore, it is observed that the entire world population is hostage to climate change. Thus, it is essential that institutions responsible for health maintenance instruct the population on the prevention of the risks they are exposed as well as encourage the reduction of environmental impacts.

References

FIOCRUZ. Portal Fiocruz. Estudo alerta para impactos das mudanças climáticas na saúde, Disponível em: <https://portal.fiocruz.br/noticia/estudo-alerta-para-impactos-das-mudancas-climaticas-na-saude&gt;. Acesso em: 17 Jan 2019.

BRASIL. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. Mudanças climáticas. Brasília: MMA, 2011. 32 p. Disponível em: < http://www.mma.gov.br/estruturas/smcq_climaticas/_publicacao/141_publicacao12012012100135.pdf&gt;. Acesso em: 17 Jan 2019.

About the author

Hiolanda Piler is currently a graduate of the sixth period of Medicine of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF-GV). She participates in professional trainings: writing, submission and presentation of articles. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA).

 

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