Myanmar military leaders must face genocide charges – UN report

UNHCR/Roger Arnold Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar flee to Bangladesh after facing brutal persecution that UN officials have said may amount to crimes against humanity.

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.

Top military commanders in Myanmar should be investigated and prosecuted for the “gravest” crimes against civilians under international law, including genocide, United Nations-appointed investigators said on Monday.

The development follows the release of a report into the circumstances surrounding the mass exodus of more than 700,000 Rohingya people from Myanmar, beginning in mid-August last year – events previously described by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights as a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.

The crimes committed include murder, rape, torture, sexual slavery, persecution and enslavement, according to the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar.

Speaking to journalists in Geneva, the investigators – Marzuki Darusman, Radhika Coomaraswamy and Christopher Sidoti – underlined the horrific and organized nature of the brutality meted out on civilians in Myanmar’s Rakhine state since 2011, as well as Kachin and Shan states.

“The fact-finding Mission has concluded, on reasonable grounds, that the patterns of gross human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law that it is found, amount to the gravest crime under international law,” Mr. Sidoti said.

“These have principally been committed by the military, the Tatmadaw,” he added, referring to Myanmar’s armed forces. “The Mission has concluded that criminal investigation and prosecution is warranted, focusing on the top Tatmadaw generals, in relation to the three categories of crimes under international law; genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.”

Included in the list of alleged perpetrators are Commander-in-Chief Senior-General Min Aung Hlaing and five other commanders.

“In Myanmar, there is a very clear chain of command,” Mr. Sidot explained, and added: “There is no doubt in our minds whatsoever that what we saw happen in Rakhine as a whole, would not have happened without it, firstly, being within the knowledge of the senior military leadership and secondly, under their effective control. And it’s because of the clarity of the chain of command in Myanmar that we have recommended the investigation and prosecution of these six.”

Of well over 800 testimonies gathered, one in particular highlighted the extent of the abuse, that of a survivor who fled to neighbouring Bangladesh. “I was lucky, I was only raped by three men,” she is quoted as saying.

Such was the extent of the horrific violations that Ms. Coomaraswamy – a former UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict – said she was shocked by what she had found.

“The scale, brutality, and systematic nature of rape and violence indicate that they are part of a deliberate strategy to intimidate, terrorize, or punish the civilian population,” she said. “They’re used as a tactic of war that we found include rape, gang rape, sexual slavery, forced nudity and mutilations.”

Before the fact-finding Mission delivers its findings to the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council in September, Chairperson Marzuki Darusman highlighted that one of the panel’s key recommendations required the attention of the UN Security Council:

“The Mission called for the situation in Myanmar to be referred to the international criminal court and that, of course, is the task of the Security Council to undertake. And so, the message to the Security Council is of course, ‘Refer Myanmar to the [International Criminal Court].’”

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Inegalitarian taxation on labour haunts Europe’s social model

The West – the EU and the US – is writing off Turkey’s Erdogan

This is what the world’s CEOs think about the global outlook

Prolonged economic crisis and drought demands urgent response for Zimbabwe’s ‘hardest hit’: UN relief chief

We can’t tell if we’re closing the digital divide without more data

Western Balkans: European Parliament takes stock of 2018 progress

Egypt is building one of the world’s largest solar parks

China revisited by the former Ambassador of Hungary to China

For the future of Europe youth remains a priority

Yellen and Draghi tell Trump and markets not to expedite the next crisis

Berlin’s governing elite leads Eurozone to recession to win the September election in Germany

This graphene battery can recharge itself to provide unlimited clean energy

Strengthening security through an EU-wide information system

Fighting for minds of youth in Latvia

How do we make artificial intelligence more humane?

Fostering global citizenship in medicine

General Elections in Spain: Twitter organises the first digital debate to empower young people.

Is China about to launch its own cryptocurrency?

EU Commission indifferent on Court of Auditors’ recommendations

The China-US trade deal will be signed on time; the path is set

Leveraging digital for high quality internships

Young people worldwide can ‘determine the future of migration,’ says UN senior official

Air pollution could be responsible for 1 in 7 new cases of diabetes

‘Bring to life’ precious moments caught on film or tape, UN agency urges on World Day

We underestimate the power of data at our peril. This is why

Antitrust: Commission imposes binding obligations on Gazprom to enable free flow of gas at competitive prices in Central and Eastern European gas markets

Draghi, Letta: All Eurozone countries must be able to borrow like Germany

Students in Milan are moving in with the elderly to fight loneliness and save money

ECB: Euro area should smooth out the consumption and income shocks of its members

The EU slowly exits from “Excessive Deficit Procedure” and hopefully from ‘Excessive Austerity Procedure’ too

Banking Union: ECOFIN and Parliament ready to compromise

Libya: $202 million needed to bring life-saving aid to half a million people hit by humanitarian crisis

Women’s empowerment ‘essential to global progress’ says Guterres, marking International Day

100 years after Polish independence, 5 reasons to be cheerful for the future

UN, Egypt help avert another Israel-Palestine war in Gaza that was ‘minutes away’, Security Council hears

Brexit update: Leave campaign leads race but undecided voters will determine the outcome of the EU referendum

UK must make clear what it wants, MEPs say in Brexit debate

Out with the old: Young People transforming Humanitarian Action

Advancing multilateralism goes ‘hand-in-hand’ with work of the UN

In China things are moving in the right direction

The IMF sees Brexit’s ‘substantial impact’ while the world’s economy holds its breath

ECOFIN: Choosing between the re-unification of Eurozone and a stalemate

Commission: New proposal for centrally managed bank resolution

UN official sees ‘unprecedented opportunities’ to make progress on peace in Afghanistan

Joris in Indonesia

This heroic doctor is waging war on rape and the stigma around it

Want a Sustainable Earth? Bring on the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Ebola outbreak in DR Congo conflict zone ‘remains dangerous and unpredictable’ – UN chiefs

The US calls off globalization, targets Germany. Paris offer to Berlin comes at a cost

The Catcher in the Rice

Data and the future of financial services

Trump fines China with $50 billion a year plus some more…

Syrian Government’s ‘different understanding’ of UN role, a ‘very serious challenge’ – Special Envoy

UN must provide redress for minorities placed in toxic Kosovo camps, says rights expert

Mine ban agreement ‘has saved countless lives’, but ‘accelerated efforts’ needed to end scourge for good: Guterres

‘Comprehensively include migrants’ or sustainable development won’t happen, warns General Assembly President

Finally an answer to the hottest question of European youth today: How to make sure Juncker’s Investment Plan works for youth

UN sounds alarm as Venezuelan refugees and migrants passes three million mark

After globalization what? Europe’s long, straining shake-up post Davos wreckage

MWC 2016 LIVE: Stripe gives payments leg-up to startups in emerging markets

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s