Myanmar military leaders must face genocide charges – UN report

UNHCR/Roger Arnold Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar flee to Bangladesh after facing brutal persecution that UN officials have said may amount to crimes against humanity.

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.

Top military commanders in Myanmar should be investigated and prosecuted for the “gravest” crimes against civilians under international law, including genocide, United Nations-appointed investigators said on Monday.

The development follows the release of a report into the circumstances surrounding the mass exodus of more than 700,000 Rohingya people from Myanmar, beginning in mid-August last year – events previously described by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights as a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.

The crimes committed include murder, rape, torture, sexual slavery, persecution and enslavement, according to the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar.

Speaking to journalists in Geneva, the investigators – Marzuki Darusman, Radhika Coomaraswamy and Christopher Sidoti – underlined the horrific and organized nature of the brutality meted out on civilians in Myanmar’s Rakhine state since 2011, as well as Kachin and Shan states.

“The fact-finding Mission has concluded, on reasonable grounds, that the patterns of gross human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law that it is found, amount to the gravest crime under international law,” Mr. Sidoti said.

“These have principally been committed by the military, the Tatmadaw,” he added, referring to Myanmar’s armed forces. “The Mission has concluded that criminal investigation and prosecution is warranted, focusing on the top Tatmadaw generals, in relation to the three categories of crimes under international law; genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.”

Included in the list of alleged perpetrators are Commander-in-Chief Senior-General Min Aung Hlaing and five other commanders.

“In Myanmar, there is a very clear chain of command,” Mr. Sidot explained, and added: “There is no doubt in our minds whatsoever that what we saw happen in Rakhine as a whole, would not have happened without it, firstly, being within the knowledge of the senior military leadership and secondly, under their effective control. And it’s because of the clarity of the chain of command in Myanmar that we have recommended the investigation and prosecution of these six.”

Of well over 800 testimonies gathered, one in particular highlighted the extent of the abuse, that of a survivor who fled to neighbouring Bangladesh. “I was lucky, I was only raped by three men,” she is quoted as saying.

Such was the extent of the horrific violations that Ms. Coomaraswamy – a former UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict – said she was shocked by what she had found.

“The scale, brutality, and systematic nature of rape and violence indicate that they are part of a deliberate strategy to intimidate, terrorize, or punish the civilian population,” she said. “They’re used as a tactic of war that we found include rape, gang rape, sexual slavery, forced nudity and mutilations.”

Before the fact-finding Mission delivers its findings to the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council in September, Chairperson Marzuki Darusman highlighted that one of the panel’s key recommendations required the attention of the UN Security Council:

“The Mission called for the situation in Myanmar to be referred to the international criminal court and that, of course, is the task of the Security Council to undertake. And so, the message to the Security Council is of course, ‘Refer Myanmar to the [International Criminal Court].’”

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Governments should renew efforts to reform support to agriculture

UN gender agency hails record-breaking number of women in new US Congress as ‘historic victory’

UN chief welcomes Taliban’s temporary truce announcement, encourages all parties to embrace ‘Afghan-owned peace’

World Summit Awards 2016: Sustainable impact through digital innovation

GSMA Mobile 360 – Latin America at Mexico City: Intelligently Connecting to a Better Future, in association with The European Sting

A European young student shares his thoughts on Quality Education

Algorithms are being used to convict criminals and decide jail time. We need to make sure they are fair

How regenerative agroforestry could solve the climate crisis

UN chief laments ending of Cold War-era disarmament treaty

Russia and the West use the same tactics to dismember Ukraine

Brexit: MEPs concerned about citizens’ rights

EU-Japan relations: Foreign Affairs MEPs back Strategic Partnership Agreement

How can you or your organization support the Hour of Pride initiative?

From Russia with love: Brussels and Moscow close to an agreement on Ukraine’s gas supplies

It’s time to build a responsible media supply chain

Amazon on fire: the interference in global health

Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the outcome of COP 25

COVID-19 lockdown hits working mothers harder than fathers

Can privatisation be the panacea for the lack of growth in Europe?

Beyond 2020: How the world might recover and rebuild, according to experts

“The Arctic climate matters: to what degree?”, a Sting Exclusive co-authored by UN Environment’s Jan Dusik and Slava Fetisov

5G security: Member States report on progress on implementing the EU toolbox and strengthening safety measures

IMF: The global economy keeps growing except Eurozone

‘No steps taken’ so far to end Israel’s illegal settlement activity on Palestinian land – UN envoy

These are the countries best prepared for the fight against cancer

Guinea-Bissau needs ‘genuinely free and fair elections’ to break cycle of instability

A Sting Exclusive: “Delivering on the Environmental Dimension of the new Sustainable Development Agenda”, Ulf Björnholm underscores from UNEP Brussels

COVID-19: A new drug is tested, and other top science stories of the week

OECD tells Eurozone to prepare its banks for a tsunami coming from developing countries

Tax evasion and fraud threaten the European project

To all far-right partisans who exploit Charlie Hebdo atrocity: a peaceful reply given by a peaceful student

UN General Assembly President upholds value of multilateralism in speech closing annual debate

Australia wildfires: communities must stay vigilant, urges UN weather agency

The power of partnership: joining forces to fight financial crime

Climate change and health: an everyday solution

Russia: MEPs deplore military build-up, attack in Czechia and jailing of Navalny

The financial sector cripples Eurozone growth prospects

Trump’s trade wars: Aiming at long term gains for America

As children freeze to death in Syria, aid officials call for major cross-border delivery boost

3 steps to making multistakeholder partnerships a powerful force

Returning to free movement across borders is of utmost importance

Commission launches debate on responding to the impact of an ageing population

China joins list of nations banning the sale of old-style fossil-fuelled vehicles

“As German Chancellor I want to be able to cope with the merger of the real and digital economy”, Angela Merkel from Switzerland; the Sting reports live from World Economic Forum 2015 in Davos

Telecommunications and Internet: A Jungle with no principles?

Are we at risk of a financial crisis? Our new report takes a look

UN political chief calls for dialogue to ease tensions in Venezuela; Security Council divided over path to end crisis

COP21 Breaking News_09 December: The Draft Agreement Updated

An expert explains: How to turn industrial carbon emissions into building materials

Q&A on extraordinary remote participation procedure

COP22 addresses a strong global pledge to effectively implement the Paris Agreement

The ECB will do whatever it takes to set the Eurozone economy again in motion

ECB embarks on the risky trip to Eurozone banking universe

The US may be “open” to reviving TTIP, while the EU designs the future of trade with China

Businesses succeed internationally

Commission celebrates the 30th anniversary of the Jean Monnet Activities promoting European studies worldwide

Women vital for ‘new paradigm’ in Africa’s Sahel region, Security Council hears

Amazon fires: Health Effects, Near and Far

Journey of my life

Eurozone: Economic sentiment-business climate to collapse without support from exports

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s