These countries are all building brand-new cities

Cities UN 2018_

Gerardo Pesantez/World Bank High rises and hotel buildings in Punta Pacifica, Panama City, Panama.

This article is brought to you thanks to the strategic cooperation of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Johnny Wood, Writer, Formative Content

In the early years of this century, completely new cities began emerging across Asia and Africa, transforming previously unremarkable expanses of land or reclaimed ocean areas. Could some of these new urban creations become the economic powerhouses of the future?

The fervour for building cities from scratch seems inexhaustible, with construction starting on mega-projects in Malaysia, China, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Kenya, Oman and Saudi Arabia, among other countries. According to United Nation estimates, 66% of the world population will live in cities by 2050. Meeting the needs of these billions of people will provide huge challenges.

Degree of urbanization (% of urban population) by continent in 2017

Image: Statista

In North America, over 81% of the population are city dwellers, although only New York City ranks in the top 10 largest cities in the world. Latin America and the Caribbean almost equal the US with 80% urbanization and Europe is third with 74%. With rapidly growing populations, Asia (49%) and Africa (41%) are urbanizing fast.

Many traditional cities have dated infrastructure and old technology, which can hold back progress. But if developers start with a clean slate the cities of the future may look very different to our current cityscapes.

Green cities

Forest City, Malaysia

The city is being built on artificial islands.
Image: Forest City Country Garden

Just 2km from Singapore’s north-western tip, Malaysia’s Forest City is a controversial new development that sits on land reclaimed from the sea. Quite a lot of land, in fact. Designed to house 700,000 people the city will cover 14 square kilometres, an area four times the size of New York’s Central Park.

This smart city will have no cars and the residential and commercial eco-skyscrapers are set to be covered in plants to reduce noise and air pollution. Due for completion in 2035, it aims to create 220,000 jobs.

Forest City, China

Liuzhou Forest City’s plant-covered buildings.
Image: Stefano Boeri Architetti

A new green development near Liuzhou has a few things in common with its namesake in Malaysia. Designed by Italian Architect Stefano Boeri Architetti, the project will house 30,000 people when it is completed, and feature commercial and recreational spaces.

Featuring spaces and buildings covered in plants and trees, it provides the perfect environment for birds, insects and people to thrive. The project aims to combat air pollution by absorbing CO2 (around 10,000 tons each year) and producing oxygen (900 tons each year).

Smart cities

Belmont, US

Technology entrepreneur and Microsoft founder Bill Gates is creating a smart city in the Arizona desert. Covering 25,000 acres of land, Belmont will be designed and built with technology at its core.

Developers, Belmont Brothers, say the city will focus on liveability and feature high-speed internet connectivity embedded into the environment. The 182,000 projected inhabitants will be able to move around the city in self-driving cars, with smart traffic lights that minimize congestion.

Songdo, South Korea

Image: Gale International

The International Business District (IBD) of Songdo City in South Korea is designed to maximize public transport and make the daily car commute a thing of the past. The district was planned so that most offices, schools and non-residential buildings are close to apartment buildings and accessible within a short walk.

Approximately 40% of Songdo is dedicated to green space, which together with less road traffic and integrated public transport has helped the city reduce greenhouse gases. Instead of trash being collected by trucks, the city’s waste is sucked by pneumatic tube from chutes in residential buildings and collected centrally, where it is recycled or converted into energy.

Industrial cities

Colombo Port City, Sri Lanka

An artist’s impression of the city at night.
Image: Port City Colombo

Built on reclaimed land, Colombo Port City artificially extends Sri Lanka’s coastline more than 200 hectares into the Indian Ocean. The new city sits on the world’s busiest shipping route, with access to east Asia, Africa and the Middle east, adding to the strategic collection of newly acquired Chinese ports stretching from Asia to Europe.

Colombo Port City is strategically positioned to become one of the most prominent finance and trade centres in the region, boasting independent investment legislation and policies. The development could reset Sri Lanka’s economic and geopolitical position in the world.

Sino-Oman Industrial City, Oman

A design for the refurbished port area.
Image: Port of Duqm

Sino-Oman Industrial City is a US$ 10.7 billion city being built on the Arabian Sea south of Muscat, the Omani capital. Located in the Duqm Special Economic Zone, the 11-square-kilometre development aims to transform an underused port surrounded by sand into a transport-oriented desert supersite, with homes, infrastructure and recreational facilities for 25,000 residents.

The port operation also hosts an oil refinery and a methanol plant, with a manufacturing plant for solar energy equipment, an oil and gas equipment production facility, as well as a car assembly factory and a building supplies distribution operation. Port of Duqm predicts total cargo traffic will increase exponentially in the next few years, approaching 40 million tons by 2022.

A challenging future

A few decades ago urbanization was seen as a problem. Now it is viewed by some as an opportunity to reshape the global economy.

Traditional cities grow over time, spreading and sprawling as the population expands, but these new cities are purpose-built. Strategically located, they are designed to become tomorrow’s trade, finance, logistics, technology or commercial centres, directed at long-term economic growth that could challenge existing global networks.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Featured Stings

Quicker freezing and confiscation of criminal assets in the EU

Do you dare to go to China?

Greece’s future solely in the hands of Tsipras; he can direct the poor country any way he likes

20th EU-China Summit in Beijing, 16/07/2018

Do the giant banks ‘tell’ Britain to choose a good soft Brexit and ‘remain’ or else…?

China is sending science students to live with rural farmers – and crop yields are skyrocketing

More ‘political commitment’ needed urgently for HIV prevention: UNAIDS chief

Greece bailout programme: Full agreement after marathon negotiations on debt relief between IMF and Eurozone

State aid: Commission finds Luxembourg gave illegal tax benefits to Engie; has to recover around €120 million

Parliament: Last compromise on bank single resolution mechanism

UN chief welcomes agreement by rival leaders in South Sudan, as a step towards ‘inclusive and implementable’ peace

Egypt urged to free prominent couple jailed arbitrarily since last June: UN rights office

Towards the Rise of the United States of the Atlantic?

VW emissions scandal: While U.S. car owners are vindicated, Europe still unable to change its laws and protect its consumers

What do Europeans believe about the crisis and the possible way out?

Conflict and climate change challenge sustainable development effort: UN report

Parliaments can be pillars of democracy and defenders of human rights, says UN chief on International Day

Have central banks missed the exit train?

Germany openly seeks more advantages for its banks

GSMA Mobile 360: Connecting Cities, Connecting Lives, Connecting Europe

MEPs call on EU countries to end precarious employment practices

The EU learns about fishing and banking from tiny Iceland

Facebook/Cambridge Analytica: MEPs pursue personal data breaches probe

The Eurogroup offered a cold reception to IMF’s director for Europe

Infinite Oath

EU-Russia relations: the beginning of a warmer winter?

Innovation for a smarter world: ITU Telecom World 2018

UNICEF appeals for end to ‘war on children’ in Syria and Yemen

A ship with containers at the port of Rotterdam. (Copyright: European Union. Source: EC - Audiovisual Service. Photo: Robert Meerding)

US follows the EU in impeding China market economy status in WTO

The new North America trade deal USMCA punishes German cars

Draghi hands over to banks €77.7 billion more

Treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons marks first anniversary, but still lacks sufficient numbers to become law

EU’s Bank signs € 150 million loan to India as part of record investment in clean energy

Medical Doctors in Industry 4.0: pure science fiction

Two major EU projects falter; the Schengen Agreement now freezes and Eurozone fails to resolve the Greek enigma

Why do medical students need to emigrate to become doctors in 2017?

Back to school: Schoolchildren to receive milk, fruits and vegetables at school thanks to EU programme

South Eurozone urgently needs fairer distribution of taxation burden

Draghi’s top new year resolution: Quantitative Easing

Samsung’s profits fall as cheaper smartphones gain market share

5 ways to go green in your own kitchen

The Syrian knot cannot be cut without devastating consequences

European Employment Forum 2013 and not European Unemployment Forum 2014

ILO: Progress on gender equality at work remains inadequate

Parliament sets conditions on EU-China investment deal

The Americans are preparing for the next financial crisis

Foreign direct investments the success secrete of Eurozone

Girls groomed for suicide missions fight back against the extremists of Lake Chad

The 28 EU leaders unable to start a relevant debate on migration and Brexit

5 ways to fast-track the transition to a carbon neutral world

YO!Fest back in Strasbourg for the 2nd edition of the European Youth Event – 20-21 May 2016

Consumers suffer three defeats

Syria: UN Humanitarian Coordinator calls for unimpeded access from within the country

End of plastic water bottles at European Parliament

Why banks escape from competition rules but not pharmaceutical firms

Eurozone economy desperately needs internally driven growth

Can We(esterners) ever understand (the) Chinese

“Decisions taken in the coming weeks will shape Europe’s experience of the internet”, Joe Mcnamee from EDRi says live from European Business Summit 2015

The true EU unemployment rate may have soared to 21.9%

OECD sees global growth moderating as uncertainties intensify

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s