Air pollution could be responsible for 1 in 7 new cases of diabetes

Air Pollutuon UN 2018

Wu Zhiyi A hazy day in Beijing increases the urgency of air pollution control. World Bank/

This article is brought to you thanks to the strategic cooperation of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Rosamond Hutt, Formative Content

Outdoor air pollution – already a major cause of disease and death globally – contributed to 3.2 million new cases of type 2 diabetes in 2016, according to a new study.

Tiny particulate matter (PM 2.5) are known to increase the risk of heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease and other non-communicable diseases, and the study authors say there’s now a growing body of evidence to suggest that air pollution is also strongly linked to type 2 diabetes.

Although previous research has shown an association between the disease and air pollution, this US study is the first to quantify new diabetes cases globally that can be attributed to breathing dirty air: about one in seven, or 14% of the total in 2016.

The study, published in the journal Lancet Planetary Health, found that there was an increased risk of diabetes even when air pollution levels were below what is deemed safe by the World Health Organization (WHO).

“Our research shows a significant link between air pollution and diabetes globally,” said Ziyad Al-Aly, the study’s senior author and an assistant professor of medicine at Washington University.

“We found an increased risk, even at low levels of air pollution currently considered safe by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the WHO. This is important because many industry lobbying groups argue that current levels are too stringent and should be relaxed.

“Evidence shows that current levels are still not sufficiently safe and need to be tightened.”

Fast-growing disease

Diabetes is one of the world’s fastest growing diseases – the number of people diagnosed worldwide reached 422 million by 2014, up from 108 million in 1980, with low- and middle-income countries experiencing the most dramatic increases.

The most common form is type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels, or the insulin does not work properly.

Obesity, poor diet and lack of exercise are all major risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Air pollution is thought to trigger inflammation and reduce insulin production.

For the study, the researchers at Washington University School of Medicine and the Veterans Affairs Saint Louis Healthcare System in Missouri analyzed the impact of air pollution on 1.7 million US veterans without a history of diabetes, following them for an average of eight-and-a-half years.

They developed a model to assess diabetes risk and used data from the Global Burden of Disease study to help them estimate annual cases of diabetes and healthy years of life lost due to air pollution.

From this, the authors estimated that globally air pollution contributed to around 3.2 million new cases of diabetes and the loss of 8.2 million years of healthy life due to disability in 2016.

Overall, low- and middle-income countries, where air pollution is a growing problem, faced a higher diabetes-pollution risk than the United States and other rich countries, the study found.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Three myths keeping government procurement stuck in the past

Hungary: people born in the 2020s won’t have legal rights any more to buy tobacco

Free trade agreement between EU and India?

How fungi could save the world

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed wins Nobel Peace Prize

UN strengthens ties with Eurasia regional body to tackle terrorism and crime

Commission imposes a fine of €561 million on Microsoft

5 lessons from China on how to drive sustainable growth

MWC 2016 LIVE: Orange targets VoLTE and Voice over Wi-Fi; strikes Google partnership

Civil society groups matter for Cambodia’s sustainable development: UN expert

These countries have the most powerful passports

EYE to kick off on Friday: 8000+ young people discussing the future of Europe 1 – 2 June

Opening – Parliament expresses support for victims of Fuego volcano in Guatemala

Germany openly seeks more advantages for its banks

Bayer’s cross at night (Copyright: Bayer AG)

The EU clears Bayer-Monsanto merger amid wide competition and environmental concerns

Parliament elects Ursula von der Leyen as first female Commission President

YO!FEST ENGAGES 8,000 YOUNG EUROPEANS IN FUTURE OF EU

UN chief laments ending of Cold War-era disarmament treaty

This tiny new grain could save the planet

World’s human rights watchdog spotlights Afghanistan, Yemen and 12 others: Here’s the scoop

Slovakia and its failure to abide by the European law

Built by a woman: supporting the dreams of mum entrepreneurs

Hate speech exacerbating societal, racial tensions with ‘deadly consequences around the world’, say UN experts

‘Grave consequences’ await if new deadly escalation of violence in Gaza continues – top UN official

Is Eurozone heading towards a long stagnation?

Innovation for a smarter world: ITU Telecom World 2018

Competing with Apple and leading innovation: Google’s world replies to EU on android charges

Theresa May expresses her optimism about Britain’s economic success while UK business outlook seems ominous

Solidarity needed to overcome ‘isolated’ attacks on Venezuela refugees, migrants

These are the best cities for tech

COP21 Breaking News_12 December: 195 countries adopt the First Universal Climate Agreement

South Korea once recycled 2% of its food waste. Now it recycles 95%

What you need to know about the Sustainable Development Impact Summit

Technology can help us save the planet. But more than anything, we must learn to value nature

These 4 Nordic countries hold the secret to gender equality

Greece lost a month that cannot be found neither in “mini Summits” nor in Berlin

With the right leadership, sustainable finance can help us shift to a low-carbon economy

We are ‘burning up our future’, UN’s Bachelet tells Human Rights Council

The role of students in a migration crisis in Roraima, Brazil

SMEs are the most valuable partners. Here’s why

Cities: a ’cause of and solution to’ climate change

UN chief praises impact of Palestine refugee agency as ‘our common success’, at key pledging conference

EU Trust Fund Bêkou for the Central African Republic extended until 2020

Trump to subject the Fed, challenge the ECB and make Wall St. bankers even richer

Deep chasm still divides Athens and Brussels; can Eurozone use the nuclear arm of liquidity against Greece?

Four ways innovation can help to beat heart disease

Food finally features in the climate debate. Now what?

Unity, regional cooperation and international support needed for Horn of Africa to develop sustainably

One in three fish caught never gets eaten

New energy Projects of Common Interest for the Energy Union built on European solidarity

Resettlement needs set to rise to 1.4 million people in 2019, UN refugee agency reports

UN climate summit aims to speed up transition to cleaner, greener future

This is how we can empower 8 billion minds by 2030

Denmark’s last circus elephants are retiring – here’s what might take their place

Franchise India 2016, returns in 14th year 

Now’s the time to take up cycling – here are 6 reasons why

How wealthy people transmit this advantage to their children and grand children

To my Chinese friend

ECB bets billions on Eurozone’s economic recovery

More Stings?

Trackbacks

  1. […] Air pollution could be responsible for 1 in 7 new cases of diabetes – Outdoor air pollution – already a major cause of disease and death globally – contributed to 3.2 million new cases of type 2. […]

  2. […] Air pollution could be responsible for 1 in 7 new cases of diabetes – Obesity, poor diet and lack of exercise are all major risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Air pollution is thought. […]

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s