Air pollution could be responsible for 1 in 7 new cases of diabetes

Air Pollutuon UN 2018

Wu Zhiyi A hazy day in Beijing increases the urgency of air pollution control. World Bank/

This article is brought to you thanks to the strategic cooperation of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Rosamond Hutt, Formative Content

Outdoor air pollution – already a major cause of disease and death globally – contributed to 3.2 million new cases of type 2 diabetes in 2016, according to a new study.

Tiny particulate matter (PM 2.5) are known to increase the risk of heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease and other non-communicable diseases, and the study authors say there’s now a growing body of evidence to suggest that air pollution is also strongly linked to type 2 diabetes.

Although previous research has shown an association between the disease and air pollution, this US study is the first to quantify new diabetes cases globally that can be attributed to breathing dirty air: about one in seven, or 14% of the total in 2016.

The study, published in the journal Lancet Planetary Health, found that there was an increased risk of diabetes even when air pollution levels were below what is deemed safe by the World Health Organization (WHO).

“Our research shows a significant link between air pollution and diabetes globally,” said Ziyad Al-Aly, the study’s senior author and an assistant professor of medicine at Washington University.

“We found an increased risk, even at low levels of air pollution currently considered safe by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the WHO. This is important because many industry lobbying groups argue that current levels are too stringent and should be relaxed.

“Evidence shows that current levels are still not sufficiently safe and need to be tightened.”

Fast-growing disease

Diabetes is one of the world’s fastest growing diseases – the number of people diagnosed worldwide reached 422 million by 2014, up from 108 million in 1980, with low- and middle-income countries experiencing the most dramatic increases.

The most common form is type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels, or the insulin does not work properly.

Obesity, poor diet and lack of exercise are all major risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Air pollution is thought to trigger inflammation and reduce insulin production.

For the study, the researchers at Washington University School of Medicine and the Veterans Affairs Saint Louis Healthcare System in Missouri analyzed the impact of air pollution on 1.7 million US veterans without a history of diabetes, following them for an average of eight-and-a-half years.

They developed a model to assess diabetes risk and used data from the Global Burden of Disease study to help them estimate annual cases of diabetes and healthy years of life lost due to air pollution.

From this, the authors estimated that globally air pollution contributed to around 3.2 million new cases of diabetes and the loss of 8.2 million years of healthy life due to disability in 2016.

Overall, low- and middle-income countries, where air pollution is a growing problem, faced a higher diabetes-pollution risk than the United States and other rich countries, the study found.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

UN programme to help spare millions from child marriage, extended to 2023

We need better alignment between climate and trade. Here’s a roadmap

Can collective action cure what’s ailing our food systems?

Getting in on the ground floor: how street-level lots could reinvigorate the post-COVID city

Climate adaptation could make the world more peaceful

Energy security: The synchronisation of the Baltic States’ electricity networks – European solidarity in action

Relieving the suffering of dying: Home Palliative Care as a spiritual coping strategy

ILO: Progress on gender equality at work remains inadequate

State aid: Commission invites interested parties to provide comments on proposed revision of Guidelines on State aid to promote risk finance investments

COVID-19 is an unmissable chance to put people and the planet first

European Solidarity Corps: three years on

GSMA Mobile World Congress Americas

China is winning the electric vehicle race

NHS: A great healthcare system but how accessible is it to migrants?

Private sector can help accelerate an equitable COVID-19 vaccine rollout – here’s how

Making Artificial Intelligence ethical, safe and innovative

EU trade agreements: delivering new opportunities in time of global economic uncertainties

European Commission kicks off major EU trade policy review

“France will be there, it will always be there!”, French President Hollande says in a rather disorganised speech; the Sting reports live from World Economic Forum 2015 in Davos

Coronavirus global response: 45 EU Humanitarian Air Bridge flights deliver over 1,000 tonnes of medical aid

State aid: Commission requires Italy to put an end to tax exemptions for ports

The Chinese retail revolution is heading west

How the digital economy is shaping a new Bangladesh

On the detention of children in the United States of America

After the George Floyd protests, what next for racial justice in the US?

Europeans show record support for the euro

Technology and public healthcare: the basis to fight COVID-19

Making money from meeting the SDGs? An overarching approach to sustainable development.

Migration: Commission takes action to find solutions for unaccompanied migrant children on Greek islands

Has the treacherous theory about the ‘French patient’ finally prevailed?

This is how CO2 can be transformed into food for animals

Italy solves the enigma of growth with fiscal consolidation: The Banking Union

EU Strategy on COVID-19 vaccines must guarantee safety and accessibility for all

Humans account for only 0.01% of life on Earth – but our impact has been immense

As inequality grows, the UN fights for a fairer world

UN chief urges ‘active, substantive and meaningful participation’ on International Day of Democracy

Eurozone: A Sluggish economy offers no extra jobs

Palliative Care: the guarantee of a Human Right

More than 80% of adolescents worldwide aren’t getting enough exercise

4 ways 3D printing can revolutionize manufacturing

Resolving banks with depositors’ money?

Coronavirus: Commission adopts new exceptional support measures for the wine sector

How neuroethics can advance innovations for positive social impact

Restoring prospect of peace in Middle East is ‘our shared responsibility’ UN envoy tells Security Council

EU-US to miss 2015 deadline and even lose Germany’s support in TTIP’s darkest week yet

EU elections 2019: Trump’s share in the support of populism

4 fixes for equipment supply chains before the next COVID-19 waves hit

Time is running out to protect Africa’s forests

Gender Equality in Medicine: are we now so different from the Middle Ages?

After Rio Grande tragedy, UNICEF chief highlights ‘dire’ detention centres on US-Mexico border

EU-China: Council authorises signature of the agreement on geographical indications

Czech PM conflict of interest: MEPs want investigation into rule of law breaches

MARKUP initiative to boost market access to Europe for East African SMEs

Uzbekistan wins its long fight against malaria, as global rates continue to rise

Globally, youth are the largest poverty-stricken group, says new UN report

UN forum to bring ‘big space data’ benefits to disaster response in Africa

Eurozone close to agreeing on a Banking Union

Key Brazilian border crossing for Venezuela refugees reopens as asylum numbers pass last year’s total

Delhi Declaration: Countries agree to make ‘land degradation neutrality’ by 2030, a national target for action

COVID-19: ‘Top priority’ must be on containment, insists WHO’s Tedros

More Stings?

Trackbacks

  1. […] Air pollution could be responsible for 1 in 7 new cases of diabetes – Outdoor air pollution – already a major cause of disease and death globally – contributed to 3.2 million new cases of type 2. […]

  2. […] Air pollution could be responsible for 1 in 7 new cases of diabetes – Obesity, poor diet and lack of exercise are all major risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Air pollution is thought. […]

Leave a Reply to Case History Of Type 2 Diabetes Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s