Countries should focus on labour market policies to help refugees and improve coordinated actions to tackle illegal immigration

Refugee Crisis Sea 2018

Syrian and Afghan refugees paddle towards the Greek island of Lesvos. UNHCR/Ivor Prickett

This article is brought to you in association with OECD.

Migration flows to OECD countries have dropped slightly for the first time since 2011, with around 5 million new permanent migrants in 2017, down from 5.3 million in 2016. This trend is mainly due to a significant decrease in humanitarian migration as a result of the decline in new asylum applications, with 1.2 million applications in 2017 compared to 1.6 million in 2016, according to a new OECD report.

The 2018 International Migration Outlook says only about half of asylum applications are now registered in Europe, while a very large increase has been recorded in the United States (+ 26%), Australia (+ 29%) and Canada (+ 112%). OECD member countries currently host around 6.4 million refugees, more than half of whom are in Turkey. The top three countries from which asylum seekers have come are Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq.

“Countries have made good progress in terms of integration and strengthening initiatives linked to improving language skills and recognising qualifications,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, launching the report in Paris on the occasion of World Refugee Day. He also underlined “the need for increased cooperation with employers on integration”, as highlighted in the recent OECD-UNHCR joint action plan to expand job opportunities for refugees. The Secretary-General also called for “more and better coordination among recipient countries to deal with migration flows, especially in the European Union.” Read the full speech.

Public opinion in many countries remains concerned about the impact on the labour market of the influx of new migrants and the effects of irregular migration. The report analyses, for the first time, the impact of the recent arrival of these refugees on the job markets of host countries. For European countries, the labour market impact of this refugee inflow will be small and concentrated on the working-age population, which would increase by no more than 0.4% by December 2020. Taking into account the low participation rates of refugees, the impact on the labour market as a whole would be more limited, at around 0.24%.

 

In some countries and sectors, however, notably among young, low-educated men in Austria and Germany, the impact is expected to be higher, of up to 15%. Putting in place effective labour market integration measures for the most vulnerable refugees should be accompanied by strengthening policies to support these groups, particularly in terms of training and skills development, according to the report.

 

In addition to the challenge of labour market integration, the report also notes the importance of tackling irregular immigration, including the illegal employment of foreign workers. The 2018 edition examines the measures put in place by OECD countries to prevent, control and sanction the employment of foreigners in an irregular situation.

 

The lack of data and profiles of people staying and working illegally in OECD countries may lead to people underestimating the extent of the issue and its impact on public opinion, according to the report. Policies to combat illegal work by foreigners should extend beyond verification checks and forced returns to include strengthening labour inspections, creating legal pathways for labour migration according to labour market needs and a more effective fight against informal employment in general.

 

Also for the first time, the International Migration Outlook presents consolidated data on all categories of temporary labour migration, including seasonal work. In total, OECD countries are home to more than 4.2 million temporary foreign workers (up 11% from 2016), the largest figure ever measured, reflecting the continuing demand for labour at all levels of qualification in many OECD countries.

 

The 2018 edition highlights that the employment rate of migrants in OECD countries is up 1 percentage point in relation to 2016, to 67.1%. The improvement between 2016 and 2017 was more marked for foreign-born women, whose average participation and employment rates rose faster than those of immigrant men.

 

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Featured Stings

1.1 billion people still lack electricity. This could be the solution

A Sting Exclusive: “One year on from the VW scandal and EU consumers are still in the dark”, BEUC’s Head highlights from Brussels

Eurozone set to abandon monetary and incomes austerity and adopt growth friendly policies

Parliament approves key directive regulating professional qualifications

Eurozone: Sovereign debt decreases for the first time since 2007

The US bugged Europe: Is this news?

The role of public affairs in student NGOs

World Health Organisation and young doctors: is there any place for improvement?

Dangers of poor quality health care revealed ‘in all countries’: WHO report

Google strongly rejects EU antitrust charges and now gets ready for the worst to come

Impossible Brexit options: WTO or new referendum?

EU Commission closer to imposing anti-dumping duties on Chinese solar panel imports?

Global Citizen-Volunteer Internships

Militias force nearly 2,000 to leave Libyan capital’s largest shelter for internally-displaced: UNHCR

EU-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement sees the light as Moscow’s reaction once more looms

EU Ambassadors in the EP: a multilateral approach to global challenges needed

We know ethics should inform AI. But which ethics?


Re-thinking citizenship education: bringing young people back to the ballot box

EU to spend €135.5 billion in 2014 or 6.5% less than this year

Presentation of Juncker’s Investment Plan: Can 315 billion euros save the EU?

The EU bows to Turkey in view of the talks for a political settlement in Syria

Gender disparity in salary and promotion in medicine: still a long way to go

Why is Grexit again in the news? Who is to pay for Eurozone’s banking problems?

At epicentre of Indonesia disaster, Guterres praises resilience of Sulawesi people

Google’s hot summer never ends: EC to launch ANOTHER antitrust inquiry against the American giant

Brexit: PM May must hush Boris Johnson to unlock the negotiations

Internet of Things: a Force for Good or Evil?

Deal on protecting workers from exposure to harmful substances

UN rights office appeals for peaceful Zimbabwe elections amid reports of intimidation

Cancer research put at risk by General Data Protection Regulation? The possible dangers of a data privacy EU mania

Shinzō Abe, on the right, and Jean-Claude Juncker at EU-Japan Summit in Tokyo last week. (Copyright: European Union, 2018 / Photo: Etienne Ansotte)

EU and Japan ratify first FTA ever to include Paris Climate Agreement provision

Women’s leadership ‘critical’ to future of Niger

Worldwide terror attacks have fallen for the third year in a row

The Council unblocks all EU budgets

These are the 3 key skill sets workers will need to learn by 2030

EU finally agreed to cut roaming charges in 2017 but criticism is always there

Trump to run America to the tune of his business affairs

Why the World Cup is a bit like international trade

EU and Indian flags at EU-India Summit in New Delhi last October (copyright EU 2018, Source: EC - Audiovisual Service)

India and the EU get close to revive talks on proposed Free Trade Agreement

Trump’s trade war splits the EU; Germany upset with Juncker’s “we can be stupid too”

How a possible EU budget deficit affects the migration crisis

Berlin favours economic and social disintegration in certain Eurozone countries

Vegans in France are using extreme tactics to stop people eating meat

Sustainable Infrastructure and Connectivity in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): a stimulating China-EU dialogue at European Business Summit 2018

How and why Mercedes fakes the EU fuel consumption tests

Europe’s far-right launches attacks on neighboring nations

Syria: Civilians bear brunt of unilateral sanctions, exacerbating ‘unparalleled suffering, destruction,’ says UN expert

The widely advertised hazards of the EU not that ominous; the sting is financial woes

ECB to people: Not responsible if you lose money on Bitcoin, your governments are

The decline of our oceans is accelerating, but it’s not too late to stop it

OECD: Mind the financial gap that lies ahead

Athens searches frantically for a new compromise between politics and economic reality

EU confronts environmental threats as global leaders attempt to revive the global sentiment at NYC climate week

Eurozone: There is a remedy for regional convergence

€5 billion of EU energy efficiency project money spent on “comfort”

EU/Africa, Caribbean and Pacific: towards which partnership?

Will Cameron succeed in keeping UK inside the EU and reverse the present economic downturn?

Human Resources Information Systems Specialist Trainee – 2013

Germany is the world’s most innovative economy

Young and unemployed the perfect victims of ‘vultures’

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s