Changing balances: leaders of medical research worldwide

Un employé spécialisé l'Immunoglobuline travaillant dans un laboratoire

An employee specializing in immunoglobulin working in a laboratory. © European Union , 2014 / Source: EC – Audiovisual Service / Photo: Phlippe Huguen.

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Hatun Mine Şahin is a third year medical student at the Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey. Ms Hatun Mine Şahin is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Association (IFMSA). The opinion expressed in this piece belongs to the writer and does not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

Medical researches are consisted of some main areas that are basic researches, clinical studies, epidemiological studies and translational researches, which allow cooperation between pre-clinical and clinical studies.Talking about who leads the changes and developments in these medical researches, it can be evaluated by geographical areas.

Considering the number of publications and citation rates, there are some studies showing the statics of contributions of the leading countries, also giving idea howcountries have developed and will progress in the next years.

United States has been the center of global innovation in medicine for decades.Most of the articles published in biomedical research came from the United States.The output of every other single country in the world is dwarfed by what Americaproduces. Further more, not only is the U.S. producing more research, it isproducing a greater share of those publications with other countries. U.S. dominance is not shocking considering the behaviour of big drug companies, sucha s Novartis which is a Switzerland based drug company but chose to place its research headquarters in U.S.

On the other hand, many claim that the U.S. is steadily losing the ground to Asiaand Europe. If trends continue, it will relinquish its leadership in the coming decade. Particularly Asia is eroding U.S. leadership. There are different interpretations which give right to this coming future of science. Mark Michaud, from the University of Rochester, says that in 2004, U.S. medical R&D spending had represented 57 percent of the global total. By 2014, the U.S. share had fallen to 44 percent with Asia – led by China, Japan, South Korea, India, and Singapore – rapidly making up ground and increasing investment by 9.4 percent per year.

If current trends continue, the U.S. will be overtaken by China as the global leader in medical R&D in the next ten years. Grace-Marie Turner, from Galen Institute, also has a similar argument but this time with underlining the friendlier regulatory policies, lower taxes and other incentives to boost private investment in new medicines and medicaldevices in other countries. She stated the U.S. remained the undisputed leadership for now, but continued leadership was far from guaranteed.

Additionally, after Asia, particularly China, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Canada and Spain take place on the list of leading countries. Interestingly Iran is the country which has the fastest development in medical research in recent years , nearly catching up with Israel in the Middle East. Russia and Poland are falling behind. In South America, Brazil is the leader by a long way. Countries like India, Mexico and Arab nations in Middle East are lagging behind in medical research.

In conclusion, the leading role of U.S. for many years now is leaving its place to new nominees. Changing balances are effecting the classical view on the future holders of science and leaders of medical research.

References
https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/news/story/4233/u.s.-slipping-as-global-leader-inmedical-research.aspx

https://www.forbes.com/sites/gracemarieturner/2012/05/23/though-the-u-s-ishealthcares-
world-leader-its-innovative-culture-is-threatened/#60964ad77ebd

http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/india-lagging-behind-in-field-of-medicalresearch-pm-narendra-modi/

http://www.medimagazin.com.tr/authors/haluk-savas/tr-dunyadaki-biyomedikalarastirmalar-ve-turkiyenin-yeri-72-99-2526.html

https://www.forbes.com/sites/matthewherper/2011/03/23/the-most-innovativecountries-
in-biology-and-medicine/#2b46cc101a71

About the author

Hatun Mine Şahin is a third year medical student at the Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey. She is a member of National External Affairs Team 2016-2017 of Turkish Medical Students’ Association, responsible for the work of IFMSA. She has been volunteering for IFMSA for two years. She is interested and actively taking part in scientific researches since high school. Besides, she is interested in visual arts and loves to do all sorts of water sports.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Featured Stings

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Phone lines open between Ethiopia and Eritrea, and people are calling strangers

EU continues targeting on Chinese steel imports instead of the revival of its own economy

‘Terror and panic’ among Rohingya who may be forced to return to Myanmar – UN rights chief

SMEs and micro firms sinking together with south Eurozone

For video game addiction, now read official ‘gaming disorder’: World Health Organization

Euro-Mediterranean Assembly fixes its permanent seat in Rome

UN Forum examines three pillars of 2030 Global Goals

Why is the EU launching a doomed policy in stopping immigrant waves? What are the real targets?

The migration crisis is slowly melting the entire EU edifice

Global Citizen-Volunteer Internships

A European Discovers China: 3 First Impressions

Lies and reality about incomes and wealth in the EU

The EU Commission openly repudiates the austere economic policies

Parliament approves key directive regulating professional qualifications

UN chief welcomes resolution to 27-year-old disagreement over renaming the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

EU unveils plan to accelerate Capital Markets Union ahead of London’s departure from the bloc

Key Brazilian border crossing for Venezuela refugees reopens as asylum numbers pass last year’s total

Digital development: technology-enabled, but human-centric

10 months were not enough for the EU to save the environment but 2 days are

London to say hello or goodbye to Brussels this week

MEPs want robust EU cyber defence and closer ties with NATO

Brussels enraged with Swiss referendum result to keep out EU citizens

Conflict and climate change challenge sustainable development effort: UN report

Nicaragua must end ‘witch-hunt’ against dissenting voices – UN human rights experts

Discussion at Europe House: Brexit & Food

No tears for Cyprus in Brussels and Moscow

China is building 8 new airports a year

FEATURE: Niger’s girls find sanctuary in fistula treatment centres

COP21 Breaking News_03 December: Unprecedented Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction to Combat Climate Change

A geared turbofan at Pratt & Whitney's production hub in West Palm Beach (copyright: Pratt & Whitney - a UTC Company- 2018; Source: Pratt & Whitney's website, media center)

The EU Commission approves UTC’s acquisition of Rockwell Collins under conditions

How bad could British healthcare get for its citizens abroad post-Brexit?

Cancer research put at risk by General Data Protection Regulation? The possible dangers of a data privacy EU mania

Teenage girl’s death sentence spotlights Sudan’s failure to tackle forced marriage, gender-based violence – UN rights office

Greece and Ukraine main items on EU28 menu; the course is set

Diversity training doesn’t change people’s behaviour. We need to find out what does

Let Nagasaki remain ‘the last city’ to suffer nuclear devastation says museum director, as UN chief arrives

UN Environment Assembly 2017: where the world convenes to #BeatPollution

European Parliament calls on Russia to end occupation of Georgian territories

France sneaks into the Geneva US-Iran talks to claim its business share in Tehran

Europe provides financial support to African countries while Turkey denies to change terrorism laws jeopardising the EU deal

Global Citizen-Volunteer Internships

‘Much more’ can be done to raise awareness about the plight of persons with albinism: UN chief

Rule of law in Hungary: Parliament should ask Council to act, say committee MEPs

“There are many converging visions and interests between the One Belt One Road initiative and the Juncker Investment Plan”, Ambassador Yang of the Chinese Mission to EU highlights from Brussels

The EU launches € 1 billion plan on supercomputers and tries to catch-up with competitors

The EU threatens to occupy Libya militarily; is another colonial war brewing?

Ukraine turns again to the EU for more money

How will the EU face the migration crisis when the Turkish threats come true?

Disintegrating Tories will void May’s pledge for Brexit deal in seven weeks

Is the West gradually losing Africa?

Devastating storms like Hurricane Florence ‘unusual this far north’: UN weather agency

How civil society must adapt to survive its greatest challenges

What washing your hands can teach you about global change

EU countries invested €5 trillion abroad

Why Microsoft is a regular to Almunia’s

AIESEC @ European Business Summit 2015: The power of an individual and how we can awaken Europe’s Youth

Where are people most proud to be European?

Brussels terrorist attacks: Schengen in danger once again while leaders gather Europe’s multiple broken pieces

Can the world take the risk of a new financial armageddon so that IMF doesn’t lose face towards Tsipras?

Paris agreed with Berlin over a loose and ineffective banking union

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s