Climate change and health: public health awareness in an international framework

(European Parliament, 2017)

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Ms. Leena Hatem Moshref, a medical student in in King Abdulaziz University. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA). However, the opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

As the world gets older and years pass by, the climate gets hotter as concentration of greenhouses gases increases nowadays, and it can’t be prevented. Moreover, loss of internal temperature control can result in series of illnesses, including heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heatstroke, and hyperthermia in the presence of extreme heat. It is associated with increased hospital admissions as US global change states.

Climate changes affect human health by changing the severity or frequency of health problems that are already affected by climate or weather factors. For example, worsen chronic conditions such as, cardiovascular disease, diabetes-related conditions. By creating unprecedented or unanticipated health problems or health threats in places where they have not previously occurred according to US global change.

That is why certain measurements need to be taken into consideration to protect people from hot climates. For example, making wells in rural areas for safe water supply and making small market stops in railways. Also, conducting centers run by doctors and medical students can volunteer in rural areas for first aid or basic medical services, or even medical students can train villagers first aid and CPR in case of an emergency.

Desert air conditioning can be placed in desert areas like Africa and equator line countries to soften the weather. Tents can be distributed in endemic areas by medical students to people in need. Allergic diseases can be decreased in spring season by decreasing pollen inspiration by playing indoors, cleaning home and furniture every now and then.  Moreover, vector borne diseases will arise, thus it is a must to reduce vector by nets, insects repellent either natural or synthetic by educating people, and even getting rid of swamps.

All in all, public health awareness is needed with international collaboration between medical field and business companies.

About the author

Leena Hatem Moshref is a medical student in King Abdulaziz University and has 1 year to obtain her MBBS. She is an author and a researcher. She believes that all people should be treated equally and that everyone around the globe, regardless of their age and health issues, should receive the best education and health services. She loves exploring new countries and cultures. Finally, she hopes to be a good physician in the future to serve patients the best care.

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