Will Turkey abandon the refugee deal and risk losing a bonanza of money?

Erdogan-Juncker-Tusk

Jean-Claude Juncker, Donald Tusk and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, President of Turkey (from left to right) © European Union , 2016 / Source: EC – Audiovisual Service / Photo: Etienne Ansotte Date: 04/09/2016 Location: Hangzhou

Last week Turkey threatened Europe to reinstate capital punishment and to drop the EU-Turkey pact which was signed one year ago. The desperate need of the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to gain more power has forced Turkish officials to release accusations to Europe and especially to the Netherlands, Germany and Brussels in view of the upcoming referendum in April 16.

However, the financial aid that Europe is providing to Turkey is not at all negligible and Erdogan must be very careful before unleashing thousands of refugees to Europe.

Turkish threats

Last Friday the Interior Minister of Turkey Suleyman Soylu mentioned that his country will dump the migration deal with the EU in retaliation of the fact that several EU countries are not letting Turkish officials carry out rallies and convince the Turkish people who live in Europe to vote “yes” in the constitutional referendum. More specifically, Suleyman Soylu said that: “If you want, we could open the way for 15,000 refugees that we don’t send each month and blow the mind.”

Furthermore, Recep Tayyip Erdogan promised last Saturday that he will reinstate capital punishment after April’s referendum. Particularly, the Turkish President stated: “I believe, God willing, that after the 16 April vote, parliament will do the necessary concerning your demands for capital punishment”. However, Erdogan had again threatened to reintroduce death penalty after the end of the failed coup of July 15.

EU’s response

The foreign minister of the largest economy in the EU though didn’t let these threats unanswered. Sigmar Gabriel characterised Erdogan’s comments as ridiculous and urged the EU not to respond to such provocative threats. In detail, the German Foreign Minister stated last Saturday in an interview with the German Der Spiegel: “He (Erdogan) needs an enemy for his election campaign: Turkey humiliated and the West arrogant. What has been said these last few weeks is so ludicrous and absurd that it is difficult to continue to listen to them.”

The EU-Turkey relations have been tensed after the Netherlands and Germany didn’t allow Turkish ministers from holding rallies in their counties in an attempt to persuade Turks to vote in favor of the referendum. If the result is “yes”, then Turkey will be changed from a parliamentary system to an executive presidency, giving Erdogan extreme power and control to appoint ministers, choose senior judges and dismiss parliament. Consequently, the Turkish president will do whatever is possible to secure a clear victory.

Commission believes in the pact

The President of the European Commission is confident that Turkey will not ditch the migration agreement with the EU and believes that most of the Turkish people living in the EU are not supporting the Turkish President. Specifically, Jean-Claude Juncker mentioned:  “Not all Turks are little Erdogans. I absolutely don’t have a problem with the millions Turks living in our part of Europe. They are well-integrated and contribute to prosperity. Turkey will not terminate this agreement, even if Erdogan has repeatedly threatened me with this.”

However, the Turkish Minister for EU affairs is not having the same view as the EC president. Omer Celik said that the migration deal is volatile as the EU has not been complying with the pre-agreed. Mr Celik said to Reuters on the issue that: “It has emerged that the EU has not kept its word. Turkey does not have any obligation to the other side concerning the implementation of this deal. Hence it can reassess it when it wants and in the way it wants. I think the time has come to review it.”

Turkey needs the EU money

The EU has committed to provide to Turkey, apart from visa liberalization for Turkish citizens and continuation of EU accession talks, financial aid of three billion euros to assist refugees and improve border controls. The latter was a very strong motive for Turkey, which has already received half of the aforementioned amount according to Jane Lewis, Ankara’s head of office for ECHO, the EU’s emergency aid department, to sign the migration agreement.

Refugees’ allocation in the Turkish society is vital and it can be achieved via access to education, health care and labor markets. Turkey though has to spend a great amount of money in order to implement it and one of the easiest ways is to use EU funds. Therefore, it is hard to imagine Turkey abandoning the refugee deal and risk losing all this financial supply.

Empty threats

All in all, it seems that Turkey is not willing to leave from the pact even if has threatened to do so several times in the past. It is most likely a political game that Erdogan is attempting to play with the EU in order to win more votes and become more familiar to its citizens showing that Europe is the “bad” partner which is not complying with the terms of the agreement.

Thus, it is easier for the Turkish President to request and negotiate for further financial support, visa liberations for its citizens and restart of EU accession talks. However, Europe does not seem to be falling for it and is holding a hard stance.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Featured Stings

EU Commission retracts on the Chinese solar panel case

Greece did it again

Greece: The new government of Alexis Tsipras shows its colors

Chinese economy to raise speed and help the world grow

Ahead of State of the Union the European Youth Forum highlights lack of action on youth employment

Minsk “ceasefire” leaves more doubts than safety, with EU already planning steps further

Far from a healthy Health Workforce: lack of workforce planning leaves our citizens without access to proper care

On Youth Participation: Are we active citizens?

Syria: Why did the US now take the Russian offer for a truce? What next?

ISIS fighters fleeing Mosul for Syria can topple Assad. Why did the US now decide to uproot them from Iraq?

An introduction to ‘Eco-Medical Literacy’ and its importance in shaping expert medical professionals

Council Presidency: Floundering with the EU 2014 budget

Commission to decide definitely on genetically modified Maize 1507 seed

The European Parliament x-rays the troika’s doings

Commission considers anti-dumping duty on Chinese solar glass imports

MWC 2016 LIVE: The top 5 themes of this year’s Mobile World Congress

ECB offers cheaper money despite reactions from Germany

Who threatens the lives and livelihoods of Ukrainians?

Nigel Farage and Boris Johnson: who forced the two ‘brave’ Brexiteers to quit?

Does the EU want GMOs and meat with hormones from the US?

Politics still matter in the US but not in Europe

Entrepreneurship in a newly shaped Europe: what is the survival kit for a young Catalan and British entrepreneur in 2018?

TTIP: why it is worth not to pull the covers over your head?

The Eurogroup protects Germany and blames others

Tsipras imposes more austerity on insolvent Greece; plans to win new early election soon

A new world that demands new doctors in the fourth industrial revolution

EU seems to fail its moderate migration promises postponing them for end 2015

Bankruptcy or referendum: which one is going to be first?

Public opinion misled by the Commission on air transport safety

EU Summit’s major takeaway: a handkerchief cannot save Greece from austerity

Access to ‘affordable’ medicines in India: challenges & solutions

Mobile 360 Africa 11-13 July 2017

A Sting Exclusive: “Regional Policy: a fully-fledged investment policy”, Commissioner Cretu reveals live from European Business Summit 2015

IMF asks Europe to decide on bank resolutions and the Greek Gordian knot

Who is to profit from the quasi announced ECB rate cut?

EU Commission: Germany can make Eurozone grow again just by helping itself

Bitpay @ TheNextWeb 2014: Innovation’s Best Friend

Innovation and Entrepreneurship Changing the Face of Europe

Education expenditure in the EU not hurt much by crisis

Love unlimited

Will Europe be able to deal with the migration crisis alone if Turkey quits the pact?

Brexit update: Leave campaign leads race but undecided voters will determine the outcome of the EU referendum

Drowning in the Mediterranean this summer? Many happy returns

The Brussels bureaucracy blocks the Youth Guarantee scheme

EU Top Jobs summit ended with no agreement: welcome to Europe’s quicksand!

Does the world have strong enough institutions to handle risks like Trump and Brexit?

GSMA Mobile 360: Connecting Cities, Connecting Lives, Connecting Europe

G20 LIVE: “ISIL is the face of evil; our goal is to degrade and ultimately destroy this barbaric terrorist organisation”, US President Barack Obama cries out from Antalya Turkey

Refugee crisis: Commission proposes a new plan urging EU countries to help Italy

France: New labour laws for more competitiveness

Merkel’s triumph will make Berlin more unbending

A new arrangement between Eurozone’s haves and have-nots

European Business Summit 2015: In search of a vision for the future

France sneaks into the Geneva US-Iran talks to claim its business share in Tehran

A Sting Exclusive: “There can be no global deal on emissions without China and the USA”, Conservative MEP Ian Duncan stresses from Brussels

UK economy in dire straits: leading banks now officially plan to Brexit too

European Youth Forum on Summit on Jobs and Growth

The West and Russia accomplished the dismembering and the economic destruction of Ukraine

Greece: Tsipras’ referendum victory does not solve the financial stalemate of the country and its banks

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s