Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Education around the world

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Ms Gabriela Amaral, medical student from Brazil. Mrs Amaral is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA).

gabriela-amaral-ifmsa

Mrs Gabriela Amaral is a medical student from Brazil, affiliated to IFMSA.

Since the Ancient Greece, when Hippocrates instituted a new concept of medical analysis – Normality x Pathology – until nowadays where the scientism rules, medicine has acquired different roles into people’s lives going from distant observer until a caring father.

Today the relationship between doctors and patients obtain different aspects based on the latter needs, but it is known that there has been a great effort to raise people’s awareness on their responsibility in their own health.

There is where the concept of Health Education goes in the discussions daily topics of the greatest governors and health organizations. “Health education is any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes” (WHO).

In this context, Primary Health Care has grown, since the Alma- Ata in 1978, to be now the leading guideline of most of the countries health policies. This concept states clearly that “Education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them” (Alma Ata – 1978) should be priority when it comes to sustainable development.

Each country has then tried to fulfill these requirements on their health system, what in case of Brazil correspond the Basic Health Units, implemented by Unique Health System (UHS), which work on the Family Health Strategy (FHS). One of the concerns of this strategy is to educate the population against the endemic diseases of the country and the referred community – most tropical or chronical diseases like Zika, STDs, obesity, odontological problems and other more. So, how – and how well – is it working?

It works based on lectures, dynamics, captation of the risk groups and interaction between the health team and the population. We can say that it works very well promoting sanitation and prevention, diminishing the infant and maternal mortality and facilitating the treatment pathway as well. However, the problems that affect Brazil and most of the developing and poor countries are still bureaucracy, lack of organization and resources for more expensive treatments.

On the other hand, “around 450 schools of public health worldwide” (Swiss School of Public Health) work primarily on workforce training. Nevertheless, they insist on the idea of medicalization and according to the article “Public Health Education in Europe: Old and New Challenges”, written by Fred Paccaud, Alison Weihofen and Sandra Nocera and published on Public Health Reviews, Vol. 33, No 1, 66-86, one problem that affects developed countries is “delayed development of the nonmedical dimensions of public health”.

This information shows that neither technology nor basical attention alone can build public health, instead, when it comes to medical care, they shall work side-by-side. Therefore, every country can learn with the others health policies and even more with its population needs to incentivize the deficient areas on their own system.

Only then, when everyone feels responsible for common health, will we reach “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO), the meaning of health.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Featured Stings

Europe provides financial support to African countries while Turkey denies to change terrorism laws jeopardising the EU deal

“Be aware where you put your I Agree signature on and something else”; now Facebook by default opts you in an unseen private data bazar

Ukrainian civil war: Is this the beginning of the end or the end of the beginning?

Will the French let Macron destroy their party political system?

MWC 2016 LIVE: Stripe gives payments leg-up to startups in emerging markets

Zhua Zhou: Choosing The Future

Merkel’s triumph will make Berlin more unbending

“Hasta la vista” Google says to Spain and now Europe is next?

Alexis Tsipras ready to test Eurozone’s political sturdiness; Up to what point?

Press coverage of migration crisis in Europe: a call for collaborative action

G20 LIVE: The European Sting covers online world news and the latest developments at G20 from Antalya Turkey

Mario Draghi didn’t do it but Kim Jong-un did

The EU Commission by serving the banks offers poor support to European mainstream political parties

What options the new President of Ukraine has?

EU Parliament says ‘no’ to austerity budget

Parliament toughens its position on banking union

Alexandre in Czech Republic

EU Commission: a rise in wages and salaries may help create more jobs

American negotiators can’t pay for their trip to Brussels, EU-US trade agreement freezes

The European Commission cuts roaming charges. But “it’s not enough”…

Can one FTA and 110 lobby meetings make the dirty oil clean in Europe?

A day that Berlin and Brussels would remember for a long time

Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Education around the world

China’s stock markets show recovery signs while EU is closely watching in anticipation of the €10bn investment

Europe must regain its place as world leader in digital technology

EU: Protecting victims’ rights from cartels and market abuses

Not much of a help the new EU Directive on pensions

Merry Christmas from Erdogan, Putin, Mogherini and the Polish firefighter

Quality Education on the table at the European Parliament

A Sting Exclusive: “Youth voice must be heard in climate change negotiations!”, Bérénice Jond Board Member of European Youth Forum demands from Brussels

Global Citizen-Volunteer Internships

The Franco-German axis considers that all EU needs now is more armaments

Eurozone dignitaries play with people’s life savings

Access to healthcare: what do we lack?

Advocate General ‘outlaws’ Data Retention Directive

The EU slowly exits from “Excessive Deficit Procedure” and hopefully from ‘Excessive Austerity Procedure’ too

The MWC14 Sting Special Edition

Catalan Pro-Independence vote: how many hits can Brussels sustain at the same time?

Lithuania should find its own way in the EU

IFMSA and IPSF on the Health of Migrants and Refugees

EU’s Mogherini visits Turkey “to step up engagement” and highlight interests

EU Parliament: It takes real banks to fight unemployment and recession

What the US and the world can expect from the 8 November election?

Hardened creditors drive Greece to dire straits; Tsipras desperate for an agreement

Let’s Learn

Only the Americans are unhappy with the ceasefire agreement in eastern Ukraine

Landmark EU Parliament – ECB agreement on bank supervision

A young student discusses the determinants of migration in the European Union

Breaking news on European Youth Employment: European Youth Forum Guide tackles poor quality internships!

Can China deal with climate change without the U.S.?

Solitary Britain sides with US aggressing Russia and chooses hard Brexit

A Year in China

The Banking Union divides deeply the European Union

EU threatens Japan to suspend FTA negotiations if…

The EU Parliament endorses tax on financial transactions

France and Poland to block David Cameron’s plans on immigration

How to provide health education and thus create better health systems

ECOFIN: Protecting bankers and tax-evaders

Bureaucracy in the member states again the obstacle for long due strong European Hedge Funds

Why France, Italy and the US press Germany to accept a cheaper euro and pay for Greece

More Stings?

Trackbacks

  1. […] Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Educati… – Alison Weihofen and Sandra Nocera and published on Public Health Reviews, Vol. 33, No 1, … […]

  2. […] In this context, Primary Health Care has grown, since the Alma- Ata in 1978, to be now the leading guideline of most of the countries health policies. This concept states clearly that “Education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them” (Alma Ata – 1978) should be priority when it comes to sustainable development. For the full article click here  […]

  3. […] Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Educati… – Since the Ancient Greece, when Hippocrates instituted a new concept of medical analysis – Normality x Pathology – until … […]

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s