Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Education around the world

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Ms Gabriela Amaral, medical student from Brazil. Mrs Amaral is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA).

gabriela-amaral-ifmsa

Mrs Gabriela Amaral is a medical student from Brazil, affiliated to IFMSA.

Since the Ancient Greece, when Hippocrates instituted a new concept of medical analysis – Normality x Pathology – until nowadays where the scientism rules, medicine has acquired different roles into people’s lives going from distant observer until a caring father.

Today the relationship between doctors and patients obtain different aspects based on the latter needs, but it is known that there has been a great effort to raise people’s awareness on their responsibility in their own health.

There is where the concept of Health Education goes in the discussions daily topics of the greatest governors and health organizations. “Health education is any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes” (WHO).

In this context, Primary Health Care has grown, since the Alma- Ata in 1978, to be now the leading guideline of most of the countries health policies. This concept states clearly that “Education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them” (Alma Ata – 1978) should be priority when it comes to sustainable development.

Each country has then tried to fulfill these requirements on their health system, what in case of Brazil correspond the Basic Health Units, implemented by Unique Health System (UHS), which work on the Family Health Strategy (FHS). One of the concerns of this strategy is to educate the population against the endemic diseases of the country and the referred community – most tropical or chronical diseases like Zika, STDs, obesity, odontological problems and other more. So, how – and how well – is it working?

It works based on lectures, dynamics, captation of the risk groups and interaction between the health team and the population. We can say that it works very well promoting sanitation and prevention, diminishing the infant and maternal mortality and facilitating the treatment pathway as well. However, the problems that affect Brazil and most of the developing and poor countries are still bureaucracy, lack of organization and resources for more expensive treatments.

On the other hand, “around 450 schools of public health worldwide” (Swiss School of Public Health) work primarily on workforce training. Nevertheless, they insist on the idea of medicalization and according to the article “Public Health Education in Europe: Old and New Challenges”, written by Fred Paccaud, Alison Weihofen and Sandra Nocera and published on Public Health Reviews, Vol. 33, No 1, 66-86, one problem that affects developed countries is “delayed development of the nonmedical dimensions of public health”.

This information shows that neither technology nor basical attention alone can build public health, instead, when it comes to medical care, they shall work side-by-side. Therefore, every country can learn with the others health policies and even more with its population needs to incentivize the deficient areas on their own system.

Only then, when everyone feels responsible for common health, will we reach “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO), the meaning of health.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

UN must bring more women police officers into the fold to be effective – UN peacekeeping official

IMF: European banks do not perform their duty to real economy

A Europe that protects: Continued efforts needed on security priorities

Global warming: our responsibility

Why sustainable products are a win-win for all of us

Main results of Foreign Affairs EU Council, 16/07/2018

The COP24 Agreement: Yes, it happened at last

Afghanistan: UN mission condemns deadly attack near Kabul airport

International Women’s Day 2019: more equality, but change is too slow

Further reforms will move Slovakia toward a more innovative and inclusive society

The world is facing more disasters. This is how data can help us reduce that risk

Here’s how to check in on your AI system, as COVID-19 plays havoc

Big data is coming to agriculture. Farmers must set its course

Leaders need hard data to make the hard decisions about sustainability

The global response to the coronavirus pandemic must not be undermined by bribery

ECB guarantees the liquidity of the Atlantic financial volume

European Youth Capital 2019 announced: Novi Sad, Serbia

JADE Generations Club: Connecting perspectives, changing Europe.

Here are four steps SMEs can take for long-term success

Commission and EIB provide CureVac with a €75 million financing for vaccine development and expansion of manufacturing

What COVID-19 tells us about the changing nature of disaster risk

Greece and Ukraine main items on EU28 menu; the course is set

How privacy tech is redefining the data economy

Cyber attacks are shutting down countries, cities and companies. Here’s how to stop them

Will the end of QE come along with ECB’s inflation target?

World Malaria Day: 7 things to know about the deadly disease

A young person’s perspective on the Paris and Beirut attacks and aftermath

Convincing the Germans to pay also for the unification of Eurozone

A sterilised EMU may lead to a break up of Eurozone

US and Mexico child deportations drive extreme violence and trauma: UNICEF

Reintegrating former rebels into civilian life a ‘serious concern’ in Colombia: UN Mission chief

Combatting terrorism: EP special committee calls for closer EU cooperation

“If they think they can slave an entire nation, then they will just have the opposite results!”, Alexis Tsipras cries out from the Greek parliament

Hurricane Dorian: Bahamas death toll expected to rise as thousands remain missing

This is how travel hotspots are fighting back against overtourism

Berlin to pay at the end for Eurozone banks’ consolidation

‘Fire-fighting approach’ to humanitarian aid ‘not sustainable’: Deputy UN chief

The Working Methods of the von der Leyen Commission: Striving for more at home and in the world

Commissioner Hogan announces new transparency package

Syrian crisis is ‘clearest example’ of foreign investment in terrorism, Deputy Prime Minister says at UN

EU Commission: Germany can make Eurozone grow again just by helping itself

This robot has soft hands. It could be the future of sustainable production

Davos participants call for digital trade deal

4 key steps towards a circular economy

Tax revenues have reached a plateau

6 charts that show how Japan’s economy stacks up as it enters a new era

Migration and asylum: EU funds to promote integration and protect borders

Nicaragua: MEPs demand an end to repression of political opponents

The 10 most common types of plastic choking Europe’s rivers

In Pakistan, Guterres urges world to step up climate action, praises support to Afghan refugees

Protecting citizens’ access to social security in case of no-deal Brexit

China’s impact as a global investor; the Sting reports live from World Economic Forum 2015 in Davos

5 ways governments can unleash the power of young entrepreneurs

Europe must remember its past to build its future

The world wide web is 30 years old. What better time to fight for its future?

JADE Spring Meeting 2017– day 1: Excellence awards, panel discussion, keynote speeches

Population in crisis hit EU countries will suffer for decades

How a chocolate bar gives hope for a new economy

Five ways to increase trust in e-commerce

Fairer food supply chain: Agriculture MEPs clamp down on unfair trading

More Stings?

Advertising

Trackbacks

  1. […] Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Educati… – Alison Weihofen and Sandra Nocera and published on Public Health Reviews, Vol. 33, No 1, … […]

  2. […] In this context, Primary Health Care has grown, since the Alma- Ata in 1978, to be now the leading guideline of most of the countries health policies. This concept states clearly that “Education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them” (Alma Ata – 1978) should be priority when it comes to sustainable development. For the full article click here  […]

  3. […] Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Educati… – Since the Ancient Greece, when Hippocrates instituted a new concept of medical analysis – Normality x Pathology – until … […]

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s