EU Commission announces Safe Harbour 2.0 and a wider Data protection reform

Joint press conference by Andrus Ansip, Vice-President of the EC, Günther Oettinger and Vĕra Jourová, Members of the EC, on the conclusions of the weekly meeting of the Juncker Commission (© European Union, 2015 / Source: EC - Audiovisual Service, Shimera / Photo: Jennifer Jacquemart)

Joint press conference by Andrus Ansip, Vice-President of the EC, Günther Oettinger and Vĕra Jourová, Members of the EC, on the conclusions of the weekly meeting of the Juncker Commission (© European Union, 2015 / Source: EC – Audiovisual Service, Shimera / Photo: Jennifer Jacquemart)

The new EU-US data transfer deal, currently under development, will give the European Union the right to suspend the pact if privacy concerns are raised again, EU Justice Commissioner Věra Jourová said in a statement last week. For the first time, such right is formally guaranteed, and even though the pact is still a draft, the news sounds already like a game changer.

Biggest news in place

Indeed when more than two months ago the former data agreement between the European Union and the United States – the so-called “Safe Harbour” – was declared not valid, it became clear that the history of data protection between the two blocs would be changing sensibly. “In the new Safe Harbour there will be a suspension clause, saying that under concrete conditions we are going to suspend (it),” Commissioner Jourová said at the 6th Annual European Data Protection and Privacy Conference that took place last Thursday in Brussels.

The safe harbour story

The Safe Harbour, which was slammed on October 6 by the European Court of Justice because of worries about mass US surveillance practices, was basically making it legal for American firms to handle European citizens’ data if they could demonstrate – through a “self-certification” – that they met Europe’s privacy controls. Since 2000, more than 4,500 US firms have relied on Safe Harbour to go along with the EU Data Protection Directive on the protection and the transfer of personal data from the EU to the US. The two blocs have been negotiating for the past two years over a new agreement to replace Safe Harbour, but the Snowden scandal first and the Schrems’ case thereafter have rapidly changed things.

The ECJ ruling

Overall, Commissioner Jourová strongly defended the ruling by the European Court of Justice. “The Court ruling reaffirmed the fundamental right to data protection, including where data is transferred outside the EU”, she said. She then spoke about the importance of the economic ties the EU and the US have, and the consequent need of a “more comprehensive framework in place”, to ensure “proper protection and enforcement on both sides of the Atlantic”. “And this is what the Court ruling requires: where personal data travels, the protection has to travel with it”, the Commissioner for Justice underscored.

A wider reform

But the opening of the Annual European Data Protection and Privacy Conference was not limited to the new Safe Harbour. Indeed Commissioner Věra Jourová’s words last Thursday paved the way towards a wider EU data protection reform, whose aim would be to “strengthen the fundamental rights of individuals” and at the same time to “simplify the regulatory environment for businesses operating in Europe’s single market”. Surely not an easy mission, given the complexity of the matter, and the tight deadline she set: “We hope to reach agreement already within the next two weeks”, she added. Let’s try to see what the possibilities are and how the whole situation with the US looks like, starting from the Commissioner’s remarks on business.

“A renewed arrangement will mean robust safeguards for citizens and legal certainty for businesses”, she said. “Businesses”, she continued, “will benefit by saving around 2.3 billion Euros per year only in terms of administrative burden and compliance costs deriving from the current fragmentation of national data protection laws”. For the attendants expecting more on the business side there was not a wider focus unfortunately.

An optimistic deadline?

All in all, Commissioner Jourová spread wide enthusiasm also towards her American counterparts by saying that she got the impression in Washington that the American side share the same aim and that she hopes “they share our sense of urgency after the judgment”. However, many things are still to be put in shape for such a revolution. Commissioner Jourová, again, maintains that she hopes the deal would be in place “by January”, but this deadline sounds a bit too optimistic right now. Indeed, Ted Dean, a US department of commerce official, who is also part of the US negotiating team, said the January deadline is meaningless. “It is not our goal to be done at the end of January. It is our goal to be done as soon as we possibly can,” he reportedly said.

American concerns

This happens for many reasons. It’s true for instance that US officials never admitted any violation of the European citizens’ privacy, and refused claims of mass surveillance. Robert Litt, a general counsel in the US office of the director of national intelligence, was quoted as saying that the ECJ basically has no evidence. “The Court did not find that US law and practices in fact did not protect privacy rights”, he reportedly argued. Moreover, there’s still an enormous sense of frustration on the other side of the Atlantic, among the some 4,500 US companies that previously signed up the self-certification regime, post the ECJ ruling. It’s pretty sure that no big collaboration without concessions will eventually come in the end.

EU to mitigate risks

The EU is now pushing for stronger privacy guarantees from the US negotiators, in order to ensure that a new framework won’t be slammed in the court’s door again, but it seems this won’t happen easily. The US has been historically reluctant to offer broad openings regarding the way American authorities access data for national security purposes, and the whole question seems to be ‘too’ thorny at this moment.

Sceptics now warn that in the absence of strong privacy protections, a new Safe Harbour could be found again not valid in court, as it happened to its predecessor. Nevertheless, what would be much needed now is surely a wider reform of privacy laws on both sides of the Atlantic, something that would iron differences and prepare the ground for a long-lasting pact.

Then another data privacy pact could come along again. In that scenario the 31st of January rather sounds indeed a bit too optimistic.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

How we can win the war against antibiotic resistance

Record-breaking heatwaves killed about 1,500 people in France

UN chief condemns air strike that hit school bus in northern Yemen, killing scores of children

Charges against Baha’i in Yemen must be dropped: UN experts urge release of detainees

Better outreach to citizens needed to improve effectiveness of European Commission’s public consultations, say Auditors

This South African lawyer is reading while running marathons – for book donations

Intervene, don’t overthink – the new mantra of systems design

How storytelling can be a force for social change

Brexit talks started with a London handicap and Brussels’ sternness

Why the 33,000 staff European Commission did not have a real contingency plan for the refugee crisis?

MEPs call for EU rules to better protect minorities’ rights

The EU learns about fishing and banking from tiny Iceland

Tougher defence tools against unfair imports to protect EU jobs and industry

Iceland’s slowdown underlines the need to fix structural issues

The COP22 is under full deployment while Donald Trump threatens openly to withdraw the US from the Paris agreement

Britain aligns with EU rivaling US on trade and Iran, abandons bilateral ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’

The EU Parliament blasts the Council about the tax dealings of the wealthy

Parliaments broadly agree on next steps for economic, monetary union

One million facing food shortages, nutrition crisis after Mozambique cyclones: UNICEF

Zuckerberg, a paella, and the mighty EU questionnaires that would stop Whatsapp acquisition by Facebook?

UN chief ‘alarmed’ by violations of UN-backed ceasefire in Libya

Millions denied citizenship due to ideas of national, ethnic or racial ‘purity’: UN rights expert

Why press freedom should be at the top of everyone’s agenda

ECB money bonanza not enough to revive euro area, Germany longs to rule with stagnation

Erasmus+: an expected budget of €3 billion to be invested in young Europeans and to help create European Universities in 2019

Court of Auditors: EU spending infested with errors well above the materiality threshold of 2%

Why Obama asks approval from Congress to bomb Syria?

A Sting Exclusive: “Regulators and the shipping industry collaborating for a sustainable future”, written by the Secretary General of IMO

Nicaragua ‘crisis’ still cause for concern amid murder, torture allegations: Bachelet

Tax evasion and fraud threaten the European project

Meet Cipta: the comic book hero using her powers to tackle bullying in schools

The Ecofin deceives the SMEs with the EIB €10bn capital increase

What does a good digital ID look like?

“The markets have moved on renewables, policy makers must keep up”, A Sting Exclusive by Erik Solheim, Head of UN Environment

Future of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh ‘hangs in the balance’ – UNHCR chief

How can batteries become more sustainable? This young scientist might have the answer

G20 LIVE: “Our response needs to be robust…otherwise we will only find the fire we are trying to put out”, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon just lit up G20 in Antalya Turkey

The Future of Retail: Changing shopping patterns will mean retailers need to invest in costly and complex solutions

EU and New Zealand launch trade negotiations

Lagarde’s metamorphoses, not a laughing matter

The ‘abuse of food relief in Yemen’ must end now

We know ethics should inform AI. But which ethics?

China greenlights first underwater high-speed railway

EU Youth Conference concludes in Luxembourg with concrete plans on how to create real youth participation

EU Parliament shows its teeth in view of 2014 elections

How to stop data leaks

2019 Innovation Scoreboards: The innovation performance of the EU and its regions is increasing

Youth platforms call on German Government to break down legal barriers for young volunteers and pupils

Economic growth ‘exceeds expectations’ but trade tensions are rising: UN report

Now’s the time to take up cycling – here are 6 reasons why

Much more than a ‘lifeline’ for millions of households, remittances can spur global growth, says UN agency

‘Ticking bomb’ health warning over deteriorating conditions facing Cyclone Idai victims

Rapid action needed for people to meet challenges of changing world of work

UN agency chiefs condemn Saudi-coalition led air strike that killed dozens in western Yemen

UN General Assembly President defends ‘landmark’ migration compact

Antibiotics are contaminating the world’s rivers

How young entrepreneurs should be supported: what assistance should governments provide?

Around 23 million boys have married before reaching 15; ‘we can end this violation’ says UNICEF chief

A dangerously hot climate, simmering political tensions: ‘This is not the summer of our youth,’ UN chief warns

Yemen ceasefire deal: ‘Potential’ now to restore humanitarian lifeline to millions

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s