A young student discusses the determinants of migration in the European Union

Written by Ardian Shala, Masters student at Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences.

Ardian Shala is a Masters student at Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences.

Ardian Shala is a Masters student at Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences.

Traditional definitions of migration consider it to be a durable movement of individuals across distances (Shaw, 1975). Migration has two components, namely time and distance. Migrants move across a distance to settle in a host country where they generally remain for a relatively permanent period of time. In literature, migration has been linked to economic benefits as well as social advantages including but not limited to social wellbeing.

In this rapidly developing world migration has undoubtedly become one of the most pressing issues of our time. Research evidence suggests that during the last 10 years roughly 10% of citizens of the EU 15 countries have migrated to another country, with stays in the host country being temporary or permanent.

The movements of people across international borders has huge economic, social and cultural implications for both origin and destination countries. Unfortunately, it is not yet clearly understood which determinants impact migration within The EU. Literature supports the hypothesis that people migrate because of economic reason with studies finding evidence that all forms of migration are at least partly impacted by material gains (Grogger and Hanson, 2008). Interestingly enough, a number of studies have provided evidence that employment and income do not impact the rate of migration across countries of the European Economic Area as previously postulated (Wissen & Visser, 1998). In the study of Wissen and Vissar (1998) which included 16 EEA Member States, 15 EU Member States as well as Norway, GDP and unemployment do not influence migration flows.

Migration is an important determinant of economic growth in the EU. Of special importance in this regards is labor mobility as it results in economic resources enabling increased welfare and most importantly increased outputs (Zimmermann, 2009). Consequently, understanding what influences migration is of special importance.

Many experts consider Germany to be an interesting country to study labor migration to urban areas. In the country there are rather visible labor market characteristics across regions in addition to striking differences in amenities between cities.

Employment

Migration of labor is important to be considered because it generally results in a number of positive effects (Zimmermann, 2005). This type of migration, in more cases than not, results in better utilization of resources as a result of which production and welfare are enhanced. Consequently, the benefits of worker mobility are great.

Unfortunately, Europe is failing to benefit from such an opportunity. At present Europe is characterized by a lack of mobility as opposed to having too much of it (Zimmermann, 2009) which has ultimately raised the question of the economic future of the union.

According to Eurostat (2008), 13% of people who migrated to Germany stated that the main reason of migration was work. In France and the Netherlands the ratio was migrants who migrated for work purposes was lower with 7% and 8% respectively. In Belgium 12% of migrants came because they found jobs in the country, and 14% of overall migrants in Italy stated work as their main motivator to move. Of all countries included in the study, Luxembourg showed the highest percentage of migrants who emphasized job opportunities in the country (35%). These results suggest that more research needs to be done in order to discover what truly motivates people to migrate within the EU.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Join the Hive!

Featured Stings

European Commission: the LED lights of your Audi A6 shall save our planet

How ‘small’ is Europe in Big Data?

Cyprus Parliament says no to blackmail

Tusk fights back while charismatic Boris goes against everybody in Brussels pushing the UK to leave the EU now or never

MWC 2016 LIVE: EC adds Brazil to partner tally

IMF – World Bank meetings: US – Germany clash instituted, anti-globalization prospects visualized

The next 48 hours may change the European Union

VW emissions scandal: EU unable to protect its consumers against large multinationals

Can the national and age groups pockets of unemployment cause irreparable damages to Eurozone?

Gender Equality as a platform to improve Medicine

Russia won’t let Ukraine drift westwards in one piece

Who is responsible for public health? The tendencies and its benefits –or not– on Health Education around the world

The Commission offers exit from the EU budget stalemate

Trade protectionism and cartels threaten democracy

Trump ostracized by his party and world elites but still remains in course; how can he do it?

Europe provides financial support to African countries while Turkey denies to change terrorism laws jeopardising the EU deal

Investment, not debt, can kick-start an entrepreneurial Europe

Tsipras bewildered with Berlin’s humiliating demands; ECB expects political sign to refinance the Greek banks

IMF to teach Germany a Greek lesson

EU decides “in absentia” of civil society

A Sting Exclusive: “Infrastructure can lay the groundwork for the Sustainable Development Goals” by Mr Fulai Sheng, UN Environment Senior Economist

World Retail Congress announces Dubai 2016 Hall of Fame Inductees

Fake news and Freedom of Press: can the EU ever find the fine line?

ECB to play down IMF’s alarms for deflation danger in the EU

G20 to Germany: Abandon miser policies

Eurozone stuck in a high risk deflation area; Draghi expects further price plunge

Real EU unemployment rate at 10.2%+4.1%+4.7%: Eurostat Update

Climate negotiations on the road to a strong Paris agreement rulebook

EU continues targeting on Chinese steel imports instead of the revival of its own economy

The great challenge of the 21st century is learning to consume less. This is how we can do it

EU regional differences betray an unjust arrangement

It’s Brexit again: Nigel Farage launches a personal campaign to lead the ‘No’ front

Draghi drafts a plan to donate more money to bankers, the era of ‘money for nothin’ is flourishing

Future Forces Forum: Prague will be hosting the most important project in the field of Defence and Security

Whose interests are protected by the new Mortgage Directive?

EU Trade Ministers come together in a desperate attempt to save TTIP

JADE Spring Meeting 2017– day 1: Excellence awards, panel discussion, keynote speeches

The EU can afford to invest trillions in support of employment

EU takes again positive action on migration crisis while Turkey asks for dear favors in exchange for cooperation

A new world that demands new doctors in the fourth industrial revolution

Bankers don’t go to jail because they are more equal than us all

Neelie Kroes at the European Young Innovators Forum: Unconvention 2014

Energy Union: EU’s effort towards a cleaner climate with integrated energy market

Markets are more sensitive to Greece’s woes than Merkel

Trump badly cornered at home by agribusiness and steel consumer lobbies: Trade

G20 LIVE: “This was not an attack against France, this was an attack against the universal human values!”, EU President Juncker cries out from G20 in Antalya Turkey

G20 LIVE: “Our response needs to be robust…otherwise we will only find the fire we are trying to put out”, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon just lit up G20 in Antalya Turkey

The inhumane face of crisis mirrored in numbers

European Court of Justice to Google: It is #righttobeforgotten but not #righttoberemembered

Yellen and Draghi tell Trump and markets not to expedite the next crisis

Berlin cannot dictate anymore the terms for the enactment of the European Banking Union

Eurozone: Statistics don’t tell the whole story

Is Britain to sail alone in the high seas of trade wars?

The Sichuan Province of China presents its cultural treasure to the EU

EU’s Finance Ministers draft plan to raise tax bills of online giants like Google and Amazon

ECB’s unconventional monetary measures give first tangible results

COP21 Breaking News: “There is an ecological debt that the world needs to pay back to Africa”, French President Francois Hollande promises 2 Billion euros by 2020 from Paris

Can Eurozone’s uncertain growth answer the challenges that lie ahead?

Commission: Raising the social issues that can make or break the monetary union

G20 LIVE: World Leaders in Turkey for G20 Summit. Global Economy will be discussed in Antalya

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s