A young student discusses the determinants of migration in the European Union

Written by Ardian Shala, Masters student at Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences.

Ardian Shala is a Masters student at Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences.

Ardian Shala is a Masters student at Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences.

Traditional definitions of migration consider it to be a durable movement of individuals across distances (Shaw, 1975). Migration has two components, namely time and distance. Migrants move across a distance to settle in a host country where they generally remain for a relatively permanent period of time. In literature, migration has been linked to economic benefits as well as social advantages including but not limited to social wellbeing.

In this rapidly developing world migration has undoubtedly become one of the most pressing issues of our time. Research evidence suggests that during the last 10 years roughly 10% of citizens of the EU 15 countries have migrated to another country, with stays in the host country being temporary or permanent.

The movements of people across international borders has huge economic, social and cultural implications for both origin and destination countries. Unfortunately, it is not yet clearly understood which determinants impact migration within The EU. Literature supports the hypothesis that people migrate because of economic reason with studies finding evidence that all forms of migration are at least partly impacted by material gains (Grogger and Hanson, 2008). Interestingly enough, a number of studies have provided evidence that employment and income do not impact the rate of migration across countries of the European Economic Area as previously postulated (Wissen & Visser, 1998). In the study of Wissen and Vissar (1998) which included 16 EEA Member States, 15 EU Member States as well as Norway, GDP and unemployment do not influence migration flows.

Migration is an important determinant of economic growth in the EU. Of special importance in this regards is labor mobility as it results in economic resources enabling increased welfare and most importantly increased outputs (Zimmermann, 2009). Consequently, understanding what influences migration is of special importance.

Many experts consider Germany to be an interesting country to study labor migration to urban areas. In the country there are rather visible labor market characteristics across regions in addition to striking differences in amenities between cities.

Employment

Migration of labor is important to be considered because it generally results in a number of positive effects (Zimmermann, 2005). This type of migration, in more cases than not, results in better utilization of resources as a result of which production and welfare are enhanced. Consequently, the benefits of worker mobility are great.

Unfortunately, Europe is failing to benefit from such an opportunity. At present Europe is characterized by a lack of mobility as opposed to having too much of it (Zimmermann, 2009) which has ultimately raised the question of the economic future of the union.

According to Eurostat (2008), 13% of people who migrated to Germany stated that the main reason of migration was work. In France and the Netherlands the ratio was migrants who migrated for work purposes was lower with 7% and 8% respectively. In Belgium 12% of migrants came because they found jobs in the country, and 14% of overall migrants in Italy stated work as their main motivator to move. Of all countries included in the study, Luxembourg showed the highest percentage of migrants who emphasized job opportunities in the country (35%). These results suggest that more research needs to be done in order to discover what truly motivates people to migrate within the EU.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Join the Hive!

Featured Stings

The three US financial war fleets

Achieving targets on energy helps meet other Global Goals, UN forum told

Industrial products: Lifting the last impediments in the EU single market

Poor Greeks, Irish and Spaniards still pay for the faults of German and French banks

EU makes key TTIP document public as protests get louder

EU budget: Will Germany alone manage Britain’s gap?

Imaginary Journeys Into Eternal China

The European Sting @ the European Business Summit 2014 – Where European Business and Politics shape the future

Only a few months away from the single European patent space

Sponsored content: when QUALITY meets OPEX in manufacturing

A Sting Exclusive: “Junior Enterprises themselves carry out projects focusing on the environment”, JADE President Daniela Runchi highlights from Brussels

The mother of all fights about inflation, growth and banks

German and French bankers looted the Irish and Spanish unemployed

The importance of collaboration in the digital economy

EU plans to exploit the Mediterranean Sea and the wealth beneath it

EU leaders slammed on anti-tax evasion inaction and expensive energy

Close to final agreement on the EU Banking Union

Who cares more about taxpayers? The US by being harsh on major banks or the EU still caressing them?

Why David Cameron’s large victory in UK elections will not pursue a ‘Brexit’

The Council of Europe adopts Recommendation on young people’s access to rights

Lithuania finds the ways to maintain its energy security

Parliament approves €104.2m in EU aid to Greece, Spain, France and Portugal

The big challenge of leadership and entrepreneurship in Europe

ECB: A revolutionary idea to revitalize the European economy with cheap loans to SMEs

It’s EU vs. Google for real: the time is now, the case is open

The Parliament defies a politically biased Banking Union

Obama turns the G20 summit into warmongering platform

Banking Union: ECOFIN and Parliament ready to compromise

Dealing with stress among healthcare professionals: are we missing the elephant in the room?

EU Youth Conference in Riga concludes with recommendations for ministers

At global health forum, UN officials call for strong, people-focused health systems

Germany resists Macron’s plan for closer and more cohesive Eurozone; Paris and Berlin at odds

Entrepreneurial leadership: what does it take to become a leader?

UN chief welcomes DR Congo President’s promise to stand down

Memoirs from a unique trip to China: “my new old dragon” (Part I)

Iran: UN rights chief ‘deeply disturbed’ by continuing executions of juvenile offenders

The 28 EU leaders show contempt for the European Elections results

Commission presents far-reaching anti-tax evasion measures

What living abroad does to your self-awareness

The Commission accused of tolerating corruption and fraud in taxation

UN chief hails ‘very important role’ of Human Rights Council, as US withdraws, citing alleged bias

UN rights chief calls for international inquiry into Kashmir violations

The EU accuses Russia of bullying Ukraine to change sides

Parliament asks for the termination of EU-US bank data deal

Permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) on the table of NATO Defense Ministers amid US concerns

We don’t need to ban plastic. We just need to start using it properly

Eurozone banks are unable to support real economy’s dawning growth

Where do health literacy and health policy meet?

Why embracing human rights will ensure Artificial Intelligence works for all

China Unlimited Special Report: at the heart of Beijing

Google’s hot summer never ends: EC to launch ANOTHER antitrust inquiry against the American giant

Europe should make voice ‘more heard’ in today’s ‘dangerous world,’ says UN chief

Stability in Europe has no chances because of Ukraine

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is changing how we grow, buy and choose what we eat

Can the EU afford to block China’s business openings to Europe by denying her the ‘market economy status’?

Spanish and Polish voters are crying out for an imminent European change while US urge now Germany to change route

Africa’s inspiring innovators show what the future could hold

Investing in working conditions and quality jobs

Commission’s spending totally uncontrolled

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s