Why education and accountability are important for developing countries?

European Youth Insights is a platform provided by the European Youth Forum and the European Sting, to allow young people to air their views on issues that matter to them. The following entry is written by Arif Shala,  doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany.

Arif Shala is a doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany and executive director at the Institute for Economic Development Studies in Prishtine, Kosovo.

Arif Shala is a doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany and executive director at the Institute for Economic Development Studies in Prishtine, Kosovo.

What is good governance?

What is good governance and why is it important for economic and social development?   Good governance is the striving for rule of law, transparency, equity, and accountability in exercising political, economic, and administrative authority. How can good governance be measured? The two ways of measuring good governance are transparency and accountability.

What is meant by transparency?

Transparency refers to decisions made and enforced openly in accordance with rules and regulations.  In this regard it is important that the information provided not only be sufficient but in the mean time easily understandable to those who will be affected by decisions.

What is meant by accountability?

Good governance will never be achieved without accountability. Accountability ensures that all institutions, governmental institutions as well civil society organizations, are accountable to the public, stakeholders and most importantly to those who will be affected by decisions and actions.

Nowadays good governance is considered to determine the pace of economic development in the coming decades. There is a large amount of literature that evaluates the relationship between governance indicators and development outcomes. The majority of these studies argue that improved governance does lead to better developmental outcomes (Rajkumar & Swaroop, 2008). Chauvet and Collier (2004) on a cross-sectional analysis of developing countries found out that those countries which suffer from poor governance experience 2.3 percentage points less GDP growth per year, compared to others.

It has been pointed out in the past years that good governance plays a key role in the effectiveness of development initiatives (Rajkumar & Swaroop, 2008). It has also been argued that the mere allocation of public resources for the good of the people will not be successful if the institutions conducting the budged formulation, execution and monitoring are not functioning properly (World Bank, 2003).

Similarly countries that have good governance and which increase public spending on education are more likely to be effective in their undertaking compared to countries that do not enjoy an effective governance (Rajkumar & Swaroop, 2008). The same authors, in their study on the role of governance in determining the efficacy of public spending in improving human development outcomes discovered that the impact of public spending on outcomes is simply higher in countries which have good governance. 

Drawing on previous research and studies we can safely conclude that good governance is of vital importance for Kosove. The success of all development policies is dependent upon good governance, future economic stability of Kosove can only be achieved when the two conditions of good governance namely accountability and transparency are met.

Why education is important for developing countries?

Education helps people work better and can create opportunities for sustainable and viable economic growth now and in the future. Education encourages transparency, good governance, stability and helps fight against graft and corruption. Education in developing countries “is key to future economic growth and lasting democracy, leading t greater stability and improved standards of living” (The White House). Overall, the impact of education in developing countries is one that cannot be undermined.

The benefits of education go well beyond the individual and ensure an impact in the whole society. Workers who are educated earn more, on average, as a result of which they spend more. On the other hand the businesses which employ educated workers tend to have higher profits in comparison to others. Consequently, the economy flourishes (McLendon, Jones & Rosin, 2011). The public benefits of education include, but are not limited to the following: increased tax revenues, greater business productivity, increased consumption, increased workforce flexibility and decreased reliance on government financial support. Individuals, on the other hand, enjoy the benefits of higher income, more opportunities, higher savings and professional mobility (McLendon, Jones & Rosin, 2011). The public on the other hand enjoys reduced crime rates, increased charitable giving, increased quality of civic life, improved health and life expectancy, and higher personal status (McLendon, Jones & Rosin, 2011).

The importance of quality education is twofold in the case of Kosovo. Firstly, increased levels of education will positively impact our society. Secondly, our economic future, in my opinion, heavily depends on the ability to transform into a knowledge society, providing services and expertise. Kosovo, with its limited resources can find salvage once it is transformed into a knowledge society. If the quality of education is to be improved the following indicators are of special interest: a) financial and human resources invested in higher education; b) access to higher education, participation and progression; and c) output of educational institutions. A combination of these factors will impact the education quality of institutions in Kosove.

Conclusively, every endeavor made in developing Kosovo is completely dependent on the presence of good governance. Accountability and transparency should never be considered as a luxury or “good to have” components, they should be an expectation and a direct demand made upon all governmental and non-governmental institution. While good governance ensures present progress, the economic future of Kosovo is directly dependent on its ability to supply services. Consequently, education is our means of survival in this globalized and competitive world.

About the author

Arif Shala is a a doctoral student at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany and executive director at the Institute for Economic Development Studies in Prishtine, Kosovo.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Featured Stings

UN chief welcomes ‘positive steps’ towards peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia

Eurozone: GDP development heads to naught; the expensive euro serves only Germany

European Commission: Does Apple, Starbucks and Fiat really pay their taxes?

UN rights expert ‘strongly recommends’ probe by International Criminal Court into ‘decades of crimes’ in Myanmar

Austrian Presidency priorities discussed in committees

Does the Commission subsidise a forced labour scheme in Britain?

COP21 Paris: The Final Agreement Adopted-full text

Industrial products: Lifting the last impediments in the EU single market

Ukrainian civil war: Is this the beginning of the end or the end of the beginning?

COP21 Breaking News: Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation Announced

Deutsche Bank: the next financial crisis is here and the lenders need €150 billion from taxpayers

Rural Bangladesh has already embraced renewable energy. Here’s what the rest of the world can learn

Air quality: Commission takes action to protect citizens from air pollution

Why Microsoft is a regular to Almunia’s

ECB to people: Not responsible if you lose money on Bitcoin, your governments are

Oh, well, you are wrong, Google responds to the European Commission

Health Committee MEPs back plans to boost joint assessment of medicines

EU leads the torn away South Sudan to a new bloody civil war

JADE at European Business Summit 2015

10 Downing street: Another desperate attempt to unite Britain on Brexit


Re-thinking citizenship education: bringing young people back to the ballot box

Investing in working conditions and quality jobs

Free and secure access needed in DR Congo conflict zone to tackle Ebola – WHO

Indonesia: Psychological impact on earthquake survivors turns villages into ‘ghost towns’

The MH17 tragedy to put a tombstone on Ukrainian civil war

Uncovered liabilities of €5 billion may render EU insolvent

The G7 adopted dangerous views about Ukraine and Greece

Catalan Pro-Independence vote: how many hits can Brussels sustain at the same time?

Innovation can transform the way we solve the world’s water challenges

Facts and prejudices about work

Young people are Europe’s biggest value and hope

ECB’s billions fortify south Eurozone except Greece; everybody rushes to invest in euro area bonds zeroing their yields

EU Ombudsman investigates the European Commission

“We need to use the momentum globally to ensure that corporations pay their fare share of taxation”, EU Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis outlines from the World Economic Forum 2017.

YOUTH RIGHTS AT RISK FROM RISE OF EXTREME-RIGHT AND POPULISTS IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Innovation and Entrepreneurship Changing the Face of Europe

Theresa May attempts to ease the EU stance as Britons request another EU referendum

Banks cannot die but can be fined

Draghi’s top new year resolution: Quantitative Easing

The Franco-German axis considers that all EU needs now is more armaments

GSMA head urges regulators to help Europe regain leadership

Commission’s Youth Initiative fails first hurdle by not sufficiently consulting young people

Eurostat confirms a dangerously fast falling inflation in Eurozone

My unlimited China

The Commission tells Berlin it is legally obliged to help Eurozone out of stagnation

Pakistan has just planted over a billion trees

ITU Telecom World 2016: it’s all about working together

Azerbaijan chooses Greek corridor for its natural gas flow to EU

Dark spots on EU humanitarian aid spending

The IMF overstates the risks for Eurozone and downgrades the threats for the US economy

4 reasons why women should lead the G7 agenda in 2018

UN rights chief calls for international inquiry into Kashmir violations

What UK and EU risk if Brexit “wins” these elections

4 reasons cities should embrace Universal Basic Income

The New Year 2016 will not be benevolent to Europe

Eurozone officials play with people’s deposits and minds

ECB to buy corporate bonds: Will government financing be the next step?

3 ways to ensure the internet’s future is creative, collaborative and fair

Guinea President Alpha Condé: “We must tackle the root causes of migration”

Medicine and mental health: relax, the doctor is a lifelong learner

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s