Poverty and social exclusion skyrocket with austerity

Proportion of the population at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion, 2011

Proportion_of_the_population_at-risk-of-poverty_or_social_exclusion,_2011_(1)_(%)
Social exclusion and poverty has been a constant danger for a very large part of our modern western societies. It is understandable that while the economies grow this danger recedes and the opposite is true in recession. To measure however the danger of social exclusion and poverty doesn’t seem easy. Apart from the income variables there are other non-quantitative factors which determine this risk. As it usually happens in order to arrive at concrete measurements of social phenomena, researchers tend to choose to rely on measurable factors.

This is exactly what Eurostat, the EU statistical service, did.
In order to arrive at a measurable variable of social exclusion and poverty Eurostat decided that the “overall risk of facing poverty or social exclusion is made up of three types of risk: being at-risk-of poverty; facing severe material deprivation; and/or living in a household with very low work intensity”.

Accurate measurements

Under this assumption the EU statistical service embarked in a very interesting exercise and seemingly measured more or less accurately the risk of social exclusion and poverty in the European Union. The results verify that the method used for the measurement was correct. As expected in countries with low-income and less mature social structures and services or in times of economic recession the index measured by Eurostat increases.

Material deprivation rate – proportion of persons who cannot afford to pay for selected items, 2011

Material_deprivation_rate_-_proportion_of_persons_who_cannot_afford_to_pay_for_selected_items,_2011_(1)_(%)

Now coming to the actual findings, the Eurostat study found that, “In 2011 there were 119.568 million people in the EU-27, equivalent to 24.2 % of the entire population, who lived in households facing poverty or social exclusion. Although the number of people at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion declined during the period from 2006 to 2009, this trend was reversed in 2010, as the proportion rose by 0.5 percentage points (equivalent to 2.5 million people) when compared with 2009. In 2011 that proportion increased by a further 0.6 percentage points (equivalent to 3.2 million people) compared to 2010. This indicator for the EU-27, calculated as a weighted average of the national results, conceals considerable variations between EU Member States. In Bulgaria (49.1 %) half of the population was considered to be at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2011, while in Latvia (40.4 %) and Romania (40.3 %) the proportion accounts for approximately two fifths of the population. In Lithuania (33.4 %) the proportion exceeded a third of the population”.

Eurostat also found that more than a quarter of the population was considered to be at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in five other Member States in 2011, namely Greece and Hungary (both 31.0 %), Italy (28.2 %), Poland (27.2 %) and Spain (27.0 %). Not to forget that Greece, Italy and Spain apply severe austerity programmes.

Austerity victims

Given that austerity policies were in force as from 2010, developments in the 2011 must be directly and exclusively connected with the overall worsening situation. While a number of Eurozone countries are applying austerity policies, fast rising unemployment is the most conspicuous development. Apart from that however government spending cuts tend to affect primarily social services and protection, a move that hurts mainly people in need.

According to Eurostat “… By far the largest increases (of social exclusion and poverty risks) occurred in Italy (up 3.7 percentage points) and Greece (up 3.3 percentage points), followed by Latvia (up 2.3 percentage points) and Spain (up 1.5 percentage points)”.
In absolute terms, the figures for Italy, Spain and Greece had the greatest upward impact on the number of persons considered to be at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in the EU-27 in 2011. These Member States reported increases of 2.3 million, 696 000 and 372 000 people respectively in terms of the number of people at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion between 2010 and 2011.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Coronavirus: European standards for medical supplies made freely available to facilitate increase of production

Excise duties: Commission welcomes agreement on rules governing alcohol

The British are the most positive in Europe on the benefits of immigration

One million facing food shortages, nutrition crisis after Mozambique cyclones: UNICEF

Climate change is threatening Switzerland’s stunning scenery

UN chief ‘deeply saddened’ by Ethiopia plane crash which killed 157, including at least 21 UN workers

Back to the Basics: Primary Healthcare

These are the 10 most in-demand skills of 2019, according to LinkedIn

How tech is helping the agriculture sector curb carbon emissions

Can the US-Iran rapprochement change the world?

“TTIP can boost the European project”; the Sting reports live from EBS 2015 on TTIP

Catalysing change for gender equality, co-authored by two United Nations Under-Secretary Generals

Betazone: The Beauty of Inclusion

Security Council urges countries to factor child protection into conflict prevention efforts

Coronavirus Global Response: EIB and Commission pledge additional €4.9 billion

Amazon fires: Health Effects, Near and Far

How close is Eurozone to a new recession which may trigger formidable developments?

The European Brain Drain: a truth or a myth?

The UK remains in the EU until a new Brexit date is set

Austria: reforms will be necessary to uphold high well-being levels

Migration crisis update: lack of solidarity not only among EU leaders but also EU officials

$683 million appeal to deliver reproductive health services, where they’re most needed

Colombia: ‘Terrible trend’ of rights defenders killed, harassed; UN calls for ‘significant effort’ to tackle impunity

The real cost of addiction

Reimagining the future for skills: What we learned from young people

5 ways students can graduate fully qualified for the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Eurobarometer: Not a single answer about what the Banking Union will cost to citizens

COP21 Breaking News_10 December: the final sprint of the Final Agreement Negotiations

How civil society can adapt to the Fourth Industrial Revolution

EU and Overseas Countries and Territories boost cooperation at annual Forum with €44 million

EU members commit to build an integrated gas market and finally cut dependency on Russia

Mine action is at ‘the nexus’ of peace, security and development: UN official

Coronavirus: truth and myth on personal risk perception

Terrorist content online: companies to be given just one hour to remove it

EU revengefully shows no mercy to Cameron by demanding a fast and sloppy Brexit now

Opponents of constitutional change in Burundi face torture and execution: UN investigators

Scientists have created biodegradable microneedles to fight eye disease

UN Member States overwhelmingly support end of US embargo against Cuba

Von der Leyen on EU long-term budget: our opportunity to make Europe fit for the future

Food safety: more transparency, better risk prevention

Discovering Europe: Free EU rail pass for 18 year olds

Mirrored classroom display highlights scale of massive education crisis

Failure to open accession talks with Albania and North Macedonia is a mistake

Why the evolution of blockchain reliability is critical to protecting your digital assets

ECB offers cheaper money despite reactions from Germany

Friday’s Daily Brief: UN chief in China, counter-terrorism, updates from Bangladesh, Mali and Mozambique

Mental health and suicide prevention – what can be done to increase access to mental health services in my local area?

Why Eurozone can afford spending for growth

Can cybersecurity offer value for money?

How to promote Primary Healthcare to the Young Healthcare Workforce?

Here’s what you need to know about the UK’s booming second-hand economy

Tsipras doesn’t seem to have learned his “almost Grexit” lesson and Greece faces again financial and political dead end

EU-Vietnam trade agreement enters into force

Venezuela migrant crisis begs a ‘coherent, predictable and harmonized’ response: UNHCR

OECD Secretary-General: coronavirus “war” demands joint action

Stress, overtime, disease, contribute to 2.8 million workers’ deaths per year, reports UN labour agency

Towards seamless patent registration and protection in 25 EU countries

A new dawn for Europe: Joint op-ed by President von der Leyen, President Michel and President Sassoli

A Sting Exclusive: “Climate Change needs to be demystified”, Anneli Jättenmäki Vice President of European Parliament underscores from Brussels

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s