Poverty and social exclusion skyrocket with austerity

Proportion of the population at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion, 2011

Proportion_of_the_population_at-risk-of-poverty_or_social_exclusion,_2011_(1)_(%)
Social exclusion and poverty has been a constant danger for a very large part of our modern western societies. It is understandable that while the economies grow this danger recedes and the opposite is true in recession. To measure however the danger of social exclusion and poverty doesn’t seem easy. Apart from the income variables there are other non-quantitative factors which determine this risk. As it usually happens in order to arrive at concrete measurements of social phenomena, researchers tend to choose to rely on measurable factors.

This is exactly what Eurostat, the EU statistical service, did.
In order to arrive at a measurable variable of social exclusion and poverty Eurostat decided that the “overall risk of facing poverty or social exclusion is made up of three types of risk: being at-risk-of poverty; facing severe material deprivation; and/or living in a household with very low work intensity”.

Accurate measurements

Under this assumption the EU statistical service embarked in a very interesting exercise and seemingly measured more or less accurately the risk of social exclusion and poverty in the European Union. The results verify that the method used for the measurement was correct. As expected in countries with low-income and less mature social structures and services or in times of economic recession the index measured by Eurostat increases.

Material deprivation rate – proportion of persons who cannot afford to pay for selected items, 2011

Material_deprivation_rate_-_proportion_of_persons_who_cannot_afford_to_pay_for_selected_items,_2011_(1)_(%)

Now coming to the actual findings, the Eurostat study found that, “In 2011 there were 119.568 million people in the EU-27, equivalent to 24.2 % of the entire population, who lived in households facing poverty or social exclusion. Although the number of people at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion declined during the period from 2006 to 2009, this trend was reversed in 2010, as the proportion rose by 0.5 percentage points (equivalent to 2.5 million people) when compared with 2009. In 2011 that proportion increased by a further 0.6 percentage points (equivalent to 3.2 million people) compared to 2010. This indicator for the EU-27, calculated as a weighted average of the national results, conceals considerable variations between EU Member States. In Bulgaria (49.1 %) half of the population was considered to be at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2011, while in Latvia (40.4 %) and Romania (40.3 %) the proportion accounts for approximately two fifths of the population. In Lithuania (33.4 %) the proportion exceeded a third of the population”.

Eurostat also found that more than a quarter of the population was considered to be at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in five other Member States in 2011, namely Greece and Hungary (both 31.0 %), Italy (28.2 %), Poland (27.2 %) and Spain (27.0 %). Not to forget that Greece, Italy and Spain apply severe austerity programmes.

Austerity victims

Given that austerity policies were in force as from 2010, developments in the 2011 must be directly and exclusively connected with the overall worsening situation. While a number of Eurozone countries are applying austerity policies, fast rising unemployment is the most conspicuous development. Apart from that however government spending cuts tend to affect primarily social services and protection, a move that hurts mainly people in need.

According to Eurostat “… By far the largest increases (of social exclusion and poverty risks) occurred in Italy (up 3.7 percentage points) and Greece (up 3.3 percentage points), followed by Latvia (up 2.3 percentage points) and Spain (up 1.5 percentage points)”.
In absolute terms, the figures for Italy, Spain and Greece had the greatest upward impact on the number of persons considered to be at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in the EU-27 in 2011. These Member States reported increases of 2.3 million, 696 000 and 372 000 people respectively in terms of the number of people at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion between 2010 and 2011.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Here’s how data can shine a light on financial crime

The Schengen area is at a crossroads

These countries have some of the highest voter turnout in the world

Brexit: European Commission publishes Communication on preparing for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU

Towards a tobacco free India

Youth2030: UN chief launches bold new strategy for young people ‘to lead’

The MWC14 Sting Special Edition

What is hydroponics – and is it the future of farming?

First peaceful transfer of power in DR Congo ‘an extraordinary opportunity’ for advancing rights

UN forum spotlights cities, where struggle for sustainability ‘will be won or lost’

World Health Organisation and medical students: is there any room for improvement?

“France will be there, it will always be there!”, French President Hollande says in a rather disorganised speech; the Sting reports live from World Economic Forum 2015 in Davos

Is there a cure for corruption in Greece?

Fashion’s hot new trend: clothes you don’t need to wash (very often)

The EU Consumer Policy on the Digital Market: A Behavioral Economics View

Congolese expelled from Angola returning to ‘desperate situation’: UN refugee agency

What do the economic woes of Turkey, Argentina and Indonesia have in common?

Parliament wants to suspend EU accession negotiations with Turkey

Why Indian students are going abroad to become Doctors?

Office workers in these economies clock up the most extra hours

The Franco-German axis considers that all EU needs now is more armaments

Cancer is a growing global threat and prevention is key, UN study shows

How Hawaii plans to be the first US state to run entirely on clean energy

The secret weapon in the fight for sustainability? The humble barcode

Athens searches frantically for a new compromise between politics and economic reality

We need a fresh approach to climate change migration. This is why

‘Warp speed’ technology must be ‘force for good’ UN chief tells web leaders

Gaza probe finds ‘reasonable grounds’ Israeli forces committed international human rights violations

Report on EU trade defence – effective protection against unfair trade

EU job-search aid worth €9.9m for 1,858 former Air France workers

FROM THE FIELD: Survival in Yemen against all odds

Four million Syrian children have only known war since birth: UNICEF

MEPs list conditions for new EU-Azerbaijan deal

10 million Yemenis ‘one step away from famine’, UN food relief agency calls for ‘unhindered access’ to frontline regions

Paris, Washington, IMF against Berlin and ECB on money and interest

Future fit: 3 ways fashion can be more sustainable

FROM THE FIELD: Faces and Voices of Conflict

UN agencies welcome green light for Rohingya projects in northern Myanmar; urge ‘more effective access’

North Korean families facing deep ‘hunger crisis’ after worst harvest in 10 years, UN food assessment shows

Why capital markets have no more reservetions about Eurozone

SMEs and micro firms sinking together with south Eurozone

Innovation can transform the way we solve the world’s water challenges

UN says ‘many humanitarian achievements’, one year after ouster of ISIL from Mosul

The Brexit factor in the US-China trade war and other conflicts

‘Continuing absence’ of political solution to Israel-Palestine conflict ‘undermines and compounds’ UN efforts to end wholesale crisis

GSMA Announces Speakers for Mobile 360 – Russia & CIS 2018

The Brits are not an exception and that’s why they voted to leave

Fighting forest fires in Europe – how it works

European Semester 2018 Spring Package: Commission issues recommendations for Member States to achieve sustainable, inclusive and long-term growth

In Rome you can swap plastic bottles for metro tickets

EU Budget: A Reform Support Programme and an Investment Stabilisation Function to strengthen Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union

Fairness in the food supply chain: Commission proposes to increase price transparency

Meet Alice, the battery-powered plane that could herald the age of electric air travel

Eurozone slowly but surely builds its Banking Union

Ten reasons to be optimistic in 2019

Another doomed EU attempt to interfere in Libya?

Facebook/Cambridge Analytica: MEPs pursue personal data breaches probe

Inclusion, equality a must for ‘long-lasting peace and sustainable development’, UN official tells high-level event in Baku

Satellites and data are going to help us phase out fossil fuels. Here’s how

These are 2018’s stats of the year

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s