Poverty and social exclusion skyrocket with austerity

Proportion of the population at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion, 2011

Proportion_of_the_population_at-risk-of-poverty_or_social_exclusion,_2011_(1)_(%)
Social exclusion and poverty has been a constant danger for a very large part of our modern western societies. It is understandable that while the economies grow this danger recedes and the opposite is true in recession. To measure however the danger of social exclusion and poverty doesn’t seem easy. Apart from the income variables there are other non-quantitative factors which determine this risk. As it usually happens in order to arrive at concrete measurements of social phenomena, researchers tend to choose to rely on measurable factors.

This is exactly what Eurostat, the EU statistical service, did.
In order to arrive at a measurable variable of social exclusion and poverty Eurostat decided that the “overall risk of facing poverty or social exclusion is made up of three types of risk: being at-risk-of poverty; facing severe material deprivation; and/or living in a household with very low work intensity”.

Accurate measurements

Under this assumption the EU statistical service embarked in a very interesting exercise and seemingly measured more or less accurately the risk of social exclusion and poverty in the European Union. The results verify that the method used for the measurement was correct. As expected in countries with low-income and less mature social structures and services or in times of economic recession the index measured by Eurostat increases.

Material deprivation rate – proportion of persons who cannot afford to pay for selected items, 2011

Material_deprivation_rate_-_proportion_of_persons_who_cannot_afford_to_pay_for_selected_items,_2011_(1)_(%)

Now coming to the actual findings, the Eurostat study found that, “In 2011 there were 119.568 million people in the EU-27, equivalent to 24.2 % of the entire population, who lived in households facing poverty or social exclusion. Although the number of people at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion declined during the period from 2006 to 2009, this trend was reversed in 2010, as the proportion rose by 0.5 percentage points (equivalent to 2.5 million people) when compared with 2009. In 2011 that proportion increased by a further 0.6 percentage points (equivalent to 3.2 million people) compared to 2010. This indicator for the EU-27, calculated as a weighted average of the national results, conceals considerable variations between EU Member States. In Bulgaria (49.1 %) half of the population was considered to be at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2011, while in Latvia (40.4 %) and Romania (40.3 %) the proportion accounts for approximately two fifths of the population. In Lithuania (33.4 %) the proportion exceeded a third of the population”.

Eurostat also found that more than a quarter of the population was considered to be at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in five other Member States in 2011, namely Greece and Hungary (both 31.0 %), Italy (28.2 %), Poland (27.2 %) and Spain (27.0 %). Not to forget that Greece, Italy and Spain apply severe austerity programmes.

Austerity victims

Given that austerity policies were in force as from 2010, developments in the 2011 must be directly and exclusively connected with the overall worsening situation. While a number of Eurozone countries are applying austerity policies, fast rising unemployment is the most conspicuous development. Apart from that however government spending cuts tend to affect primarily social services and protection, a move that hurts mainly people in need.

According to Eurostat “… By far the largest increases (of social exclusion and poverty risks) occurred in Italy (up 3.7 percentage points) and Greece (up 3.3 percentage points), followed by Latvia (up 2.3 percentage points) and Spain (up 1.5 percentage points)”.
In absolute terms, the figures for Italy, Spain and Greece had the greatest upward impact on the number of persons considered to be at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in the EU-27 in 2011. These Member States reported increases of 2.3 million, 696 000 and 372 000 people respectively in terms of the number of people at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion between 2010 and 2011.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

EU to gain the most from the agreement with Iran

Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the outcome of COP 25

5G networks: to slice or not to slice?

It’s not enough to respond to crises. We need to take action before they happen

France fails again the exams. Kindly requested to sit in on Commission’s class

6 surprising side effects of this year’s global heatwave

UN mourns death of former Secretary-General Kofi Annan, ‘a guiding force for good’

‘No other possibility but to leave’: UN News special report from the Nigeria-Cameroon border as 35,000 newly-displaced seek safety

‘Collective endeavour’ needed to strengthen peacekeeping further, says top UN official

Is there a cure for corruption in Greece?

A safer, more dignified journey for all migrants, tops agenda at global conference in Marrakech

A money laundering case on Vatican Bank’s road to renovation

‘No country, no region’ can tackle global challenges alone says UN’s Mohammed

This Chinese tech giant’s latest gadget is… a bus

We’ve lost 60% of wildlife in less than 50 years

OECD joins with Japan to fight financial crime by establishing new academy

Yemen: Tackling the world’s largest humanitarian crisis

Mental health problems costing Europe heavily

Appreciation of euro to continue

Spirit unlimited

Terrorist content online should be removed within one hour, says EP

Roxane in Cambodia

‘Laser-sharp focus’ needed to achieve Global Goals by 2030, UN political forum told

Releasing trapped value is key to success in the digital world

These are the 4 most likely scenarios for the future of energy

A Sting Exclusive: China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi on South China Sea issue at the ASEAN Regional Forum

European Commission statement on the adoption of the new energy lending policy of the European Investment Bank Group

How cities can become more resilient to climate change

Zhua Zhou: Choosing The Future

EU Trust Fund Bêkou for the Central African Republic extended until 2020

Here are the biggest cybercrime trends of 2019

‘Two pack’ austerity package in force but with less vigor

FROM THE FIELD: Murals help heal wounds of bloody conflict in Guatemala

EU fundamental rights under threat in several member states

Zeid calls for ICC probe into Myanmar Rohingya crisis

A young student discusses the determinants of migration in the European Union

Electronic or conventional cigarettes – which is safer?

Building climate resilience and peace, go hand in hand for Africa’s Sahel – UN forum

False promises to Small and Medium Enterprises

EU guidance on the handling of visa applications from residents of Ukraine’s Donetsk and Luhansk regions

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2019

Iran: women hunger strikers entitled to medical care, UN rights experts urge

UNICEF delivers medical supplies to Gaza in wake of deadly protests

UN human rights report cites ‘multiple root causes’ of deadly Chile protests

Antisemitism, intolerance, can be unlearned, Guterres tells New York commemoration

Trade in counterfeit goods costs UK economy billions of euros

Germany to re-invent its security position in Europe and a chaotic world

3 charts that show how global carbon emissions hit a record high in 2018

Access to healthcare: what do we lack?

European Youth cries out: Sustainable Development Goals ambitious, but lack focus on youth

G20 LIVE: G20 Leaders’ Communiqué Antalya Summit, 15-16 November 2015

Seize the opportunities of digital technology to improve well-being but also address the risks

Governments urged to put first ever UN global migration pact in motion, post-Marrakech

Why capital markets have no more reservetions about Eurozone

In dreams and in love there are no impossibilities

Russia can no longer be considered a ‘strategic partner’, say MEPs

Forests ‘essential’ for the future, UN agriculture chief spells out in new report

7 key challenges for the future of ASEAN – and how to solve them

Close to 7,000 evacuated from Syrian towns after enduring nearly 3-year siege

EU continues targeting on Chinese steel imports instead of the revival of its own economy

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s