The automotive market is changing. Can China show us the future?

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Wolf-Dieter Hoppe, Partner, Arthur D. Little & Klaus Schmitz, Partner, Arthur D. Little

  • The automotive sector is at a crossroads owing to changing customer behaviour and demand;
  • A new study suggests the move away from petrol and diesel-fuelled vehicles is growing stronger, but that there are significant difference between regional markets;
  • Consumer attitudes in China, where autonomous vehicles and new mobility options are more positively received, will have a big impact on the global industry.

For many of us, the car is one of the most important pieces of technology in our lives. Not only do we rely on it for travel, work and leisure, increasingly the type of car we use says a lot about our wider attitude towards the world in which we live.

Similarly, while the automotive sector remains a major part of the global manufacturing industry, many players find themselves at a crossroads in terms of the products they should be both developing and producing. There are also significant global differences – for instance, while most countries are still weighing up the pros and cons of electric and autonomous vehicles, China is forging ahead and, perhaps, offering a glimpse of the future.

One thing’s for certain: consumer demand is changing and brands need to react to this evolving market if they are to continue to thrive.

Beyond ‘business as usual’

The 2018 Global Automotive Mobility Study by Arthur D. Little’s (ADL) depicted a ‘business as usual’ industry only just taking its first steps towards electric; the latest study, based on a survey of over 8,500 end customers in 13 countries, suggests a markedly different automotive landscape three years later.

There has been a dramatic change in both demand for cars and how ownership of them is perceived, for example. While the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the protection and independence that a private car offers, a significant number of people are contemplating giving them up for environmental reasons and embracing alternative transport solutions. The auto industry’s 2% compound annual growth rate is much less than ADL’s last survey predicted.

How consumers value cars has been affected by the pandemic
How consumers value cars has been affected by the pandemic Image: Arthur D. Little

The study also shows that the move away from petrol and diesel-fuelled vehicles is real and growing stronger: asked about their next vehicle, 29% of survey respondents favoured a hybrid product, while 12% were considering the move to pure electric.

For established brands that don’t provide an electric vehicle offering, the research suggests many of their customers are ready to migrate to other manufacturers that do. However, market growth is hampered by both a limited model range and an immature charging infrastructure with vehicle range still dictated by the availability of public charging points.

One of the study’s most intriguing findings is the emergence of China as a “special market” with markedly different attitudes to consumers in the rest of the world. For instance, while excitement over self-driving autonomous vehicles has dimmed in both Europe and the US due to safety fears, 71% of Chinese drivers remain positive about using such vehicles. They are also more adventurous in trying new powertrains (the mechanism combining of engine and gearbox and axles), mobility services and even purchase options – 71% of drivers in China would be willing to buy a car wholly online versus 35% in Europe and 42% in the US. Given the size of China’s domestic market, these attitudes could have significant implications for the global automotive industry.

China has markedly different attitudes to AVs to consumers in the rest of the world
China has markedly different attitudes to AVs to consumers in the rest of the world Image: Arthur D. Little

Creating a new automotive value chain

Overall, there are four core areas that the automotive industry needs to address:

1. It needs to become better at anticipating changes in demand and ownership profile and adjusting vehicle and service offerings accordingly. As China has demonstrated, this will entail optimizing product portfolios on a region-by-region basis, given the differences between them, and developing ways to retain existing customers who are downgrading or exiting.

2. It needs to better exploit electric’s potential. At the moment, the limited range of models available means that original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) aren’t capitalizing on the pent-up demand for hybrid models. If they could aggressively fill this “choice gap”, they would be able to reap the rewards through brand messages about their green credentials to customers who are looking for more eco-friendly vehicles.

Alternative drivetrains increasingly preferred by ICE owners
Alternative drivetrains increasingly preferred by ICE owners Image: Arthur D. Little

3. It needs to help grow the mobility services segment. Despite widespread concerns about autonomous vehicles, 77% of respondents globally said they would nevertheless use them if they were available. The development of an autonomous system might not happen overnight, but companies should consider becoming involved in that future value chain now, putting their strategic position ahead of short-term profit. At the same time, OEMs should ensure that any autonomous features on their vehicles offer clear and demonstrable value to the driver.

4. It needs to create high-performance networks for electric charging by building partnerships with traditional, physical dealerships. In the future, market share and profitability will increasingly involve a trade-off between smart current investment and a commercial calculation about how markets and the value chain might look in 10 years’ time. For those who play their cards right, there will be a significant opportunity to capture a larger piece of the future profit pool.

Embrace the opportunity

While the global automotive industry isn’t exactly in turmoil, the findings of our study definitely indicate significant turbulence, plus uncertainty about the direction of the market. Established trends are meeting emerging challenges, which has inevitably led to a state of flux. At the same time, local differences in driver attitudes and the speed of adoption of cutting-edge technologies and services, as demonstrated by the Chinese market, means that the roll-out of new products may vary by region.

Ultimately, the automotive industry needs to develop a better understanding of the modern driver’s priorities if it is to fully exploit electric’s potential and counter concerns over autonomous vehicles. Brands also need to evaluate where they are currently spending their money and making profit, while investing in the value chain of the future. For those manufacturers who have prepared for what’s to come, there will be significant opportunities; for those who fail to heed the imperatives of a changing market, obsolescence may beckon.

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Humanitarian aid: €24.5 million in Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region

Radio still a powerful worldwide tool for ‘dialogue, tolerance and peace’: Guterres

Cities are at the heart of our journey to net zero. Here’s why

UN chief condemns attack targeting international forces in northern Mali

Data capture, not disclosure, is the way to meet our climate goals

Data protection: Commission decides to refer Greece and Spain to the Court for not transposing EU law

President Juncker temporarily transfers portfolio responsibilities following departure of two Members of the European Commission

The world needs carbon-neutral flying. Here’s how to bring it one step closer

Two major EU projects falter; the Schengen Agreement now freezes and Eurozone fails to resolve the Greek enigma

How to build public trust in a sustainable energy future

Consumer protection: Commission welcomes political agreement by Council on the Representative Actions Directive

Sustainable transport can’t just depend on batteries. Here’s why

Conference on the Future of Europe: preparations continue

Global initiative launched to keep top sports events safe from terrorism

With security improving in DR Congo’s Kasai, thousands of refugees head home from Angola

EU long-term budget deal must be improved for Parliament to accept it

New energy Projects of Common Interest for the Energy Union built on European solidarity

How leaders can use ‘agile governance’ to drive tech and win trust

Trump’s self-centered politics unravels

Trump ostracized by his party and world elites but still remains in course; how can he do it?

Commission launches new edition of the Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor 2019

How we can win the war against antibiotic resistance

‘Maintain calm’ and ‘exercise patience’ UN envoy urges, as Nigeria heads to polls

The Recruitment of Children as Soldiers Explained

‘The time for action is now’ senior UN peacekeeping official says, urging support for regional force combating Sahel terrorism

Eurobarometer: Not a single answer about what the Banking Union will cost to citizens

LGBTQ+: The social evolution of a minority

What is ‘circular denim’ and why are top brands redesigning jeans?

‘Abhorrent’ ambulance attack in Libyan capital imperils life-saving work, warns UN

Removing deadly mines means ‘new horizons and hope’, clears a path to SDGs, says UN chief

FROM THE FIELD: Murals help heal wounds of bloody conflict in Guatemala

EU mobilises international donors to support Venezuelan refugees and migrants and countries in the region

Resolving Israel-Palestinian conflict, ‘key to sustainable peace’ in the Middle East: Guterres

Combatting terrorism: EP special committee calls for closer EU cooperation

This ceramic ink can 3D-print bones directly into a patient’s body. Here’s how

Tanzania’s Dual Burden

5 insights to guide ASEAN’s digital generation in a post-pandemic world

Children suffering ‘atrocities’ as number of countries in conflict hits new peak: UNICEF

Ageing: Looming crisis or booming opportunity?

UN mourns death of former Secretary-General Kofi Annan, ‘a guiding force for good’

Turkish and Greek Cypriot leaders ready for talks with UN chief on improved relations

Eurozone: Economic sentiment-business climate to collapse without support from exports

Can climate change wait for the US to rejoin the Paris agreement?

MWC 2016 LIVE: Gamelab founder talks Apple TV, VR and monetisation

We need to talk about mental health at work, say employees

Hungary: Commission takes next step in the infringement procedure for non-provision of food in transit zones

This is the ever-changing state of the world’s top cities

Women outliving men ‘everywhere’, new UN health agency statistics report shows

How to outsmart bias when you’re recruiting

Hackers can use public USB chargers to steal personal data. Here’s what you need to know about ‘juice jacking’

EU integration: MEPs want to end permanent opt-outs from EU law

5 things you need to know about water

FROM THE FIELD: Persons with disabilities bike towards sustainability

‘Everyone must be on board’ for peace in Central African Republic: UN’s Lacroix

Commission launches debate on a gradual transition to more efficient and democratic decision-making in EU tax policy

Meet the man who drove from the Netherlands to Australia without visiting a gas station

Building a Climate-Resilient Future – A new EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change

UN study projects $32 billion loss for UK post no-deal Brexit

IMF launches a new offensive against Germany

‘Antagonistic gestures and accusations’ drown out Kosovo dialogue hopes, Security Council hears

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: